Page images

wolves by Scheemaker, and Roman emperors dug temporary visitation, while the fever was like a out of Adrian's garden, and stone seats said to destroyer always lurking in the neighbourhood, have been in the forum of the imperial city; and, and, from time to time, appearing in forms so ma. to finish, rather than crown, our enumeration, we lignant as to resemble rather the plague of old may mention a gateway by Inigo Jones, erected by times than the fevers of modern date. Without him at Chelsea, and presented-an odd present by- going into all the statistics of the village " in the the-by-by Sir Hans Sloane to the earl of Bur- fever-times," we may close the statement with one lington. The gardens are kept in exquisite order, general fact; namely, that in a population of rather and the green-house is full of beautiful healthful more than 500 persons, not less than sixty cases plants; but for the duke's botanical curiosities, as of fever, all at the same time, have been known well as for his lordly magnificence in the horti- among men, women, and children; in some families cultural line, you must go to Chatsworth. five or six cases of malignant fever having been

Adjoining the grounds, and forming a part of crowded together in a small cottage! his grace's domain, are the gardens belonging to In our journeys to the village we have sometimes the Horticultural Society, which on the grand ex- reflected on the singular circumstance, that men are hibition days are thrown open to the public, often impressed more by the forms than by the reali. and both from the display of plants and fruits, and ties of evil. Suppose, for instance, we could believe the assemblage of rank and fashion, generally at- thatas so many ancient legends tell—some" huge tract a large number of visitors. But they are too dragon," or other destructive monster, had found far from the Thames for us to say anything about a lurking-place near an unhappy village, and occathem here ; so, returning to our boat, we proceed sionally came forth, breathing pestilence and spread. along the river past Barnes and Mortlake, which ing destruction through the neighbourhood:-what present nothing very tempting, on our way to Kew- excitement would prevail in the country! how bridge, where, kind and candid reader, we shall be soon we should attempt some exploit like that so glad to meet you again, amidst modern scenes full graphically told in Schiller's “ Fight with the Dra. of ancient memories.

gon," where the bold knight ventures into

“The cavern dark and deep,

By blessed sunbeams never lit:

Rank fætid swamps engirdle it;

And there by night and there by day,

Ever at watch, the dragon lay." A PAPER appeared not long since in the pages of our journal, entitled, “What Typhus Fever has done Supposing, for a moment, that a creature like that in our Village," and told a tale which, unhappily, is invented by poets existed, we may venture to say not yet obsolete; or, in other words, not "a tale of that no “ dragon" could find safe lodgings in Engolden times," as it might be and ought to be. In land. Then why should typhus fever? What were corroboration of the principles advocated in that all the ravages of fabled monsters, supposing them article, an intelligent correspondent has favoured true, when compared with the disease once so preus with the following simple narrative of facts, valent at C- and other places ? which are in themselves so clear and striking as But, it may be said, “the fever depends on almost to render medical theory and argument on causes lying out of the reach of human agency, the subject unnecessary.

and, consequently, must be regarded as an inscrutAbout four or five miles from Bedford, and not able providential visitation.". No! it is our pur. far from the river Ouse, lies the straggling village pose to prove, by facts, that the God of providence of C-, formerly notorious as the haunt of typhus has placed in our hands the means of staying-yes, fever. One long lane, styled Water-lane, with and we will add of terminating-the inroads of the groups of cottages irregularly scattered here and disease. As surely as the dragon in old fable rethere, forms a considerable part of the village. quired his cave or lair"in rank fætid swamps," so The immediately surrounding land is almost a dead surely typhus fever must find a suitable locality for level; but hills rise in the neighbourhood. There residence or frequent visits; and we have now to is nothing in the locality that necessarily tends to relate how the " lair" of the disease, if we may so the spread of disease. The soil is good and well speak, was found at C-, and how, when its cultivated, and a sufficient fall for drainage can be habitation had been disturbed, the destructive peseasily obtained. Yet, only a few years ago, this tilence fled from the place. The facts will be suffivillage was almost the fixed residence of typhus cient to show that the sanitary victory achieved at fever in its most malignant forms. If fever pre- Cmay as easily be repeated in other places. vailed anywhere in the neighbourhood, C-- was In the first place, attention had been directed, generally and justly regarded as the head-quarters from time to time, to lime-washing the cottages, of the foe, and, in many cases, while the disease ventilation, and other measures of domestic cleanliappeared in its milder forms in other places, it as- ness; but still fever penetrated into cottages, hopsumed at C- a malignant aspect, carrying away ever clean. The proprietors of dwellings very children and heads of families, and sometimes de- wisely enforced stringent rules against the overstroying, in the course of a few weeks, a whole crowding of families in small rooms. This un. family. Few households could be found in the doubtedly did some good; but fever still prevailed ! village in which the ravages of typhus fever had Its “lair" had not yet been disturbed. Vain were not een felt. In 1832, cholera seemed to find these measures of ventilation while the breath of some especial attractions in the place, and raged the disease, malaria, entered at all points through here for some time; in one case taking away a doors and windows! Happily, the medical gentlefamily of four in a few days. But this was only a man mostly employed in the village directed his snspicions to the true quarter. He observed, run- | view and follow the same course as that described ning along one side of the road, in Water-lane, in the case of C-typhus fever might speedily a wide, open ditch, full in the rainy season, re- be banished from the homes of our rural populaceiving water from the neighbouring hills, and in tion, and would, in the course of a few years, be the dry season, laden with decomposing vegetable known-like the black death, the plague, and other matter. In very dry weather, when the water had diseases of similar origin — only as matter of evaporated, the exposed bed of the ditch was found history, covered with a slimy and offensive mud.

Here was the “ lair" of typhus fever! Vain all whitewashing, ventilation, separation of crowded

WALKING-STICKS.* inmates of cottages, and other partial sanitary Few of the numerous appendages of personal commeasures, while the general, ever-active cause of fort and utility can boast a higher antiquity or discase remained unaltered! The medical attend greater historical interest than the walking-stick. ant, therefore, at once stated his belief that here, In all ages man has made the sons of the forest in this open ditch of stagnant water or muddy re- contribute means of support under his weariness, fuse, was found the source of the malignant disease weapons of defence from hostility, and sceptres or which had so long made this village notorious as the wands to display official dignity. The tiny babe haunt of fever. Happily, attention to the fact and will throw aside the most glittering toys to arm co-operation for the health of the village were himself with an undecorated stick ; the schoolboy promptly afforded as soon as the truth had been will wander miles to ferret ont from the tangled stated. The medical attendant represented his opi- brake a tempting sapling of the ash or oak; and nions to the duke of Bedford, who immediately com- the wrinkled man of years has few better friends missioned his intelligent steward to make inquiries than the stout staff that supports his tottering into the case and devise remedies. The water from steps. Many interesting references are made in the hills was diverted into a new channel cut the old testament scriptures to the use of the staff. through the fields; the ditch in Water-lane was The patriarch Jacob, when about to meet his brofilled up, and, in connection with this main benefit, ther, and filled with apprehension for the issue, in a considerable area of garden-ground was added to his prayer for divine protection, exclaimed, “With the neighbouring cottages. At the same time, my staff' I passed over this Jordan;" and it is not strict attention was paid to other points of sanitary improbable that the same companion of his early regulation. Some of the older cottages were troubles supported his dying frame when he worpulled down, and new and more roomy dwellings shipped God and blessed the sons of Joseph. The were raised, with improved ventilation and more simple shepherd's rod of Moses, more powerful than conveniences, while over-crowding was strictly the sceptre of Pharaoh, was the appointed instruprohibited. And, no v, what has been the result ment for conveying the wrath of God to devoted of these measures ? Only, one case of typhus Egypt, and for performing miracles of mercy to fever has been known in the improved village : Israel.' The rod of Aaron was for centuries preand, let it be remarked, that case was contracted served amid the mysteries of the sacred place, as a at a distance from Cm, and the young man memorial of the divine appointment of the Jewish who was its victim merely came there to die. This priesthood. The staff of Elisha was laid upon was an extreme case of typhus fever ; but it did the body of the Shunammite's child to afford aid not spread, and no other cases have since occurred. in restoring him to life. Homer describes the

About three years have elapsed since the Grecian'heroes as “ sceptre-bearing princes,” and abore improvements were made. In the memory represents Achilles saying: “I will swear a great of the oldest inhabitant, Chad never been oath, even by this sceptre which shall never again free from typhus fever for any such space of time bear leaves or shoots, nor will bud again from the in the days when the ditch lay open. A more time it left its trunk upon the mountains, when satisfactory result could not have been antici- the axe stripped it of all its leaves and bark.” pated. The contrast with the former condition

These sceptres were not only the insignia of of the village is altogether too clear to be re. authority, but the ordinary walking-sticks of the garded as accidental. And the facts of the case Grecian magnates. Agamemnon is stated never are surely enough to establish our assertions- to have gone forth without his paternal staff of that typhus fever requires for its spread certain royalty. Not less eminently was the walking. conditions—that these conditions, especially stag. stick signalized in the celebrated enigma of the nant and putrid water, may be removed—and that, sphinx. This monster is said to have infested the by these simple measures, the destructive pestilence neighbourhood of Thebes, ill-treating the passengers may, with God's blessing, be banished from a and committing many grievances. The oracle of neighbourhood. The case deserves to be made' Apollo gave forth that these evils would cease so generally known, as an encouraging instance of soon as the following riddle had been solved : what can be effected by co-operation. Many thanks, i “What animal is that which goes upon four feet too, are due to the proprietor of the estate, the in the morning, upon two at noon, and upon three duke of Bedford, for his prompt, liberal, and kind at night?” The solution was given by the hero attention to the suggestions offered by the medical Edipus : " That animal,” he said, " is a man, who attendant of the poor at C-, and for having in his infancy creeps upon his hands and feet, when carried out in village a part of his generous he grows up he walks upon two feet, but when he and magnificent plan for improving the dwellings of the peasantry. May other landed proprietors be induced to follow this example! If every large report of the Fury, Class vaix, Great Exhibitiou, for some of becomes old he uses the support of a staff, and so enriched their refectory and other coffers, and gave may be said to go upon three feet.” The story a name to the town which grew upon its cultureillustrates not only the extreme antiquity of walk- Saffron Walden? In the same manner, a solitary ing-stieks, but of riddles also. By the way, when silkworm found its way into the south of Europe, at school, we never noticed that Edipts (so called and made the wealth of the Italian valleys. So from his swollen feet, as his name implies in Greek) great are the advantages of travel, that there would doubtless possessed singular advantages in solving often lurk beneath the contracted brow of the the enigma, from the painful necessity he experi- crusader purposes that expanded into deeds of the enced for the use of artificial feet or crutches. greatest utility. Upon a hook near the top of his Diodorus Siculus informs us that the sceptre of staff hung the traveller's water-bottle, and the the Egyptian kings. bore the shape of a plough, whole was surmounted by a hollow globe. A bunch a testimony contirmed by existing monuments, in of palm, tied round the head of the bourdon, denoted which the long staff which forms the sceptre ter- the traveller's return. These palm-leaves were the minates in a shape obviously representing a plough. guerdon of the enterprise, and gave the name to The land in which "every shepherd was an abo the tribe" Palmer.” mination " thus carefully stamped its ensigns with All the modern inventions which have been conan agricultural rather than a pastoral origin. cealed in sticks, swords, pipes, telescopes, maps, or Upon some of the monuments of Egypt, persons medicines, are but imitations of the palmer's invenin authority are depicted walking with

* The writer of this paper is indebted to the interesting owner of land and villages would take the same the facts and figures it contains.

tall, slender tion. Among many of this kind in the Exhibition of staves, crowned with the lotus, exactly as in our 1851 there was one stick which served the purpose own land wands are placed in the hands of those of a miniature wine-cellar and a larder, and others who conduct processions. And, among the dis- which contained severally a voltaic battery, subcoveries in that remarkable land, there have been jecting the handler to an electric current-a colfound sticks with knobs and hooks for the hand, I lection of maps-an umbrella- camp stool, and which do not differ in the least from those in pre- similar conveniences. The traveller over the Alps sent use. A Ninevite monarch, upon one of the is invariably equipped with the alpenstock, a stout valuable marbles unearthed by Mr. Layard, bears pole six feet in height, spiked with horn to in his hand a simple staff as the emblem of kingly gripe the glassy road, and mounted with a chamois dignity. It may be gratifying to our youthful horn. An inventory of the contents of the royal readers to know that the ferula, now so spar- palace at Greenwich, in the reign of Henry VIII, ingly, but in the days of our boyhood so.copi, contains the following entries : ' A cane garnished onsly administered, was equally well known, and with sylver and gilte, with astronomie upon it. for the same purposes, in the days of Pliny, A cane garnished with golde having a perfume sin and is called by Martial the sceptre of school the toppe, under that a diall with a pair of masters,

twitchers and a pair of compasses of golde; and a In the days when the enterprise, curiosity, or foot-rule of golde, a knife and a file of golde, with superstition of our conntrymen urged them by a-wlietstone tipped with golde.” multitudes on pilgrimage to the Holy Land, the None of the appliances of a man of fashion are roads of Dover, and indeed all the highways of the more given to change than the walking-stick. continent, were thronged with pedestrians, each Sixty or seventy years ago, canes were in use equipped with his bourdon--a strong, stout stiek, which were as high as the gentlemen who barabout five feet high, with a spiked foot to aid its dened themselves with them; they are now only possessor in the ascent of steep and perilous places to be foand in the hands of the footmen who hang About a foot from the top was a handle to facilitate behind the carriages of the great on state occasions. a powerful grasp, or bring down from trees adjacent In our own time, we have heard the flag-stones in to the road refreshing fruit. Glad to avoid all en- Regent-street groan beneath formidable clubs, far cumbrance upon his lengthened journey, and " lay- more appropriate, in girth if not in height, for him ing aside every .weight,” the pilgrim skilfully whose spear was like a weaver's beam than for the contrived to make this staff almost the sole recep- slim beaux by whom they were wielded. At antacle of his chattels. He was of the mind of the other time, eccentricity of shape has been the order Romans, who rightly called trunks and baggage of the day : grotesque knobs, multiform sinuosities, impedimenta, hindrances. Half way down the the spine of a shark, a strip of rhinoceros hide, the bourdon was a joint, which unscrewed and revealed horn of a ram, or something equally curious, anithe upper half hollowed for the reception of trea- mal, vegetable, or mineral. We say mineral, for

Here were the relics the wayfarer had though it may sound like an anomaly in connecpurchased from the imposing guardians of foreign tion with sticks, thin strips of agate have been long shrines; in this snug receptacle was the silent used for this purpose. Recently, the prevailing lute, which, as occasion served, would be drawn taste with the more youthful portion of west-end forth to earn a scanty meal in the towns through pedestrians has appeared to be in favour of a very which he passed, or to charm the denizens of a thin cane, mounted with precious metal or stone, wayside hostelrie. In this curious crevice, too, and designed to facilitate variety of attitude rather many a boon was smuggled which became a source than comfort in walking. This practice is the of private wealth and even national advantage. revival of one which was prevalent with the bucks Holinshed tells us, that in a pilgrim's staff was in the days of Pope, Addison, and Steele, neither brought over from Greece the first head of saffron, of whom thought the walking-stick beneath his at a time when it was death to take a plant out of notice. The former, in the “Rape of the Lock," that country. What price, we wonder, did the commemorates monks of Walden pay the bold adventurer for the “Sir Plume, of amber snuff-box justly rain, rare treasure, which in course of time so much And the nice conduct of a clouded cane."


In No. 103 of the “ Tatler,” published in 1709, we appropriately may the words by applied to all who find a graphic description of this “nice conduct” thus thoughtlessly seek self-in tulgence at the exof the cane.

The beau pleads for its continuance, pense of divine commands : "10! thou trusteth in because it "had become as indispensable as any the start of this broken reed, hereon if a man lean other of his limbs, and the knocking of it upon his it will go into his hand and wierce it.” shoe, leaning one leg upon it, or whistling upon it with his mouth, are such great relief to him in conversation, that he does not know how he should be good company without it."

HINTS TO THE MARRIED. The carving of heads and grotesque figures on FORBEARANCE is needful in every family. A book the handles of sticks is probably traceable to the has been arritten to illustrate the maxim, “ Temper baton carried by the fools or jesters, who were re- is everything." of the book I cannot speak ; but tained by sovereigns and noblemen for the amuse- certain it is, that in conjugal life temper is almost ment of themselves and their guests in the 16th everything. While marriage is a blessed institucentury. Chantrey, the eminent sculptor, began tion, it is a crucible to character. The great his career when, as a milk-boy in the neighbour- transactions of life are much less trying to the hood of Sheffield, he used to carve heads with his temper, than the secluded, intimate, constant fel. pocket-knife upon sticks taken from the hedges. lowship of the family. If there is any badness in It was the accuracy of one of these which found a man or woman's disposition, this will bring it him a patron, who kindly took him by the hand till out. It has long been proverbial, that to underhe entered the path to fame and fortune. ‘A still stand a person's character you must live with him ; more interesting fact, in connection with his history, and the reason is, partly because home is the only is that in the days of his prosperity, when popula- place where we are quite free from restraint and rity and a title had fallen upon him, he would re- act out our real "feelings, and partly because we vert to his origin without a blush, and with hu- encounter more petty annoyances and perplexities morons exactness repeat the inimitable “milk-ho!" there than elsewhere. "It should not be so; but of his early days.

the illusion with which parties set out in wedded Though so simple an article, the walking-stick is life is too commonly dispelled, and that at an early an important item both of commerce and manufac- day. Abraham and Sarah entertained three stranture. The principal trade in sticks. for Europe and gers, and were amazed, when their visit was conthe world is carried on in London. One wholesale cluded, to find that their guests were angels. The dealer in the metropolis has 'many thousands of reverse of this has sometimes happened in conjupounds invested in his varied stock, which to the gal life. The parties have been certain, at their uninitiated would present the appearance of only so nuptials, that they were marrying each an angel ; much firewood. The magnitude of this gentleman's and have subsequently learned, with equal certainty, transactions may be gathered from the fact, that he that they were mistaken—that instead of an angel, prepares annually two millions and a half of ratans each had been joined to a piece of fallible humanity, for umbrella ribs, and sells annually 509,000 manu- not deficient possibly in some seraphic qualities, factured walking-sticks. The commonest and cheap- but possessing others to which seraphs can ilay est stick, previous to sale, passes through at least no claim. Again, therefore, we say: forbearance is twenty pairs of hands. The forests and hedgerows needful in every family.-Bible in the Family. of the entire world, and every shrub and tree, have been placed under contribution for woods of various qualities; though choice is made either of strength, elasticity, susceptibility of polish, or eccentricity of

WORTH REMEMBERING. growth. The common curved, handle is formed by CHRISTIANS, you little think how much the life of softening the wood in hot damp sand, after which all your graces and the happiness of your souls deit retains the required curvature when it has been pend upon your ready and cordial obedience to the made by the hand. The wood is straightened in a Holy Spirit. When the Spirit urges thee to secret similar manner, after being steeped in hot dry sand. prayer, or forbids thee thy known transgressions, When the bark is not retained, the stick is boiled or points thee out the way in which thou shouldst for an hour or two, and then it is easily, peeled avith go, and thou wilt not regard ; no wonder if heaven the fingers. In order to polish the article, it is and thy soul be strange. If thou wilt not follow brought to a very smooth surface by means of the Holy Spirit while it would draw thee to emery paper and fish skin, when it is dyed accord- Christ and duty, how shall it lead thee to heaven ing to the taste of the maker and the demand in and bring thy heart into the presence of God? the market. In “London Labour and the 'London What supernatural help, what bold access, shall the Poor,” we learn that the street stick-sellers ply soul that constantly obeys the Spirit, find in its their trade almost entirely on the sabbath. “On the approaches to the Almighty! And how backward, Mondays there are not above a third of the number how dull, how ashamed, will he be in those addressof stick-sellers there are on the Sundays; and on the es, who hath often broken away from the Spirit other days of the week not above a seventh, or an that would have guided him! Christian 'render, eighth." It is a deplorable fact, that so unneces- dost thon not feel sometimes it strong impression sary a traffic should be so extensively pursued, that to retire from the world and draw near to God P sometimes 200 dealers are thus engaged on a fine Do not disobey ; but take the offer, and lioist up Sunday in the summer. One of these dealers says: thy sails while this blessed gale may be had. The "I once saw a:boy I'd sold a stick to break it and more of this Spirit we resist, the deeper will it throw it away, just before he knocked at the door wound; and the more we obey, the speedier will be of a respectable house one Sunday evening." How our pace.--Baxter.


A NEw MECHANICAL FORCE.--An ingenious mechanic SCHOOL STATISTICS.-A parliamentary return states, of this town, Mr. John Caig, says the " Liverpool Times," that in England and Wales there are 46,114 schools; of has invented a machine for raising weights, which he which 15,584 are public and 30,530 private. The scholars deems analogous in construction the appliances adopted in the public schools number 1,417,300, and in the private by the builders of the Egyptian pyramids. Mr. Craig did schools 727,077. There are 23,498 Sunday schools, connot feel bound to explain the principle and mode of action taining 2,407,409 scholars. of his invention, but the results obtained we had an oppor. SUBMARINE ELECTRIC TELEGRAPI PROM ENGLAND tunity of witnessing. By means of a model, a small weight TO HOLLAND.-The process of carrying out this enterwas made to raise and sustain another of five times the size. prising undertaking was effected on Monday and Tuesday The apparatus is capable of being applied, the inventor the 30th and 31st of May. The point of departure on the informs us, to the steam-engine, and with such success English coast was Orfordness ; the point of arrival on the that twenty-horse power of steain and fuel would be equal Dutch coast being Scheveningen-the nearest point to the to one hundred-horse under present circumstances. “With Hague. The distance was 115 miles, and the quantity of this machine," said Mr. Craig, “a small chain, capable of cable used 119); thereby showing that, from the undu. bearing six hundred-weight, and a small winch, to give lations of the ground, and deviations from the straight the first motion, I could raise five tons." We are informed course, but 44 extra miles of cable were expended-an event that there is not a wheel or block about the apparatus, and altogether unprecedented in the annals of submarine en. that the power is not gained by any modification of the gineering. Twenty-two out of thirty-four hours employed, lever-which latter seems a paradox certainly; but the a heavy sea was breaking over the vessels engaged in the results speak for themselves.

difficult and hazardous work. The king of Holland's

speech at the opening of the States-General at the Hague A PERIPATETIC DENTIST.-One M. Duchesne, we learn was the first public intelligence despatched by the new by the papers, has lately been driving about Paris, in a gaudy route. wagon and with a band of music, taking out teeth / He stops in some frequented place, collects a crowd by means

NINEVEI REMAINS.—The more recent letters of the of the cymbal, and then invites the afflicted to apply at indefatigable Col. Rawlinson announce still more curious once for extraction and relief. A notice on the side of the and wonderful discoveries. He has at length received the wagon reads thus : "5000 francs if I miss a tooth.” A long-expected cylinder from Kila Shergat, a splendid doculine of victims, sometimes extending twice round the ment, consisting of 800 lines of writing, which contains the wagon, is formed, each in his or her turn paying a franc bulletins of Tiglath-Pilesur 1, and is at least 200 yearsolder and leaving a tooth behind. A maid-servant passes M. than any other document yet discovered. The writing of Duchesne's equipage, remembers a sore spot in her upper

this inscription is said to be better, the language more jaw, feels in her pocket for a franc, and joins the tail-end polished, and the grammatical distinctions more nicely of the line. Each applicant mounts on the seat with marked, than in the later legends. The real treasure-honse of M. Duchesne, who demands the coin before proceeding. discovery, however, has been the débris of the royal library, The head is then inclined backwards, the mouth

opened, of which Layard's collection formed the upper and better prethe tweezers inserted, and the tooth snatched froin its served part. Here he has found fragments of alphabets, sylgory bed. It is held up in the air an instant for the ad. labaria, and explanations of ideographic signs; also a table of miration of the multitude, and at each extraction the drum notation, with the phonetic reading of the signs, showing that gives a bang of triumph!

the Assyrians counted by sixties. There are treatises on

weights and measures, divisions of time, points of the comNEWSPAPER CORRESPONDENCR ACROSS THE SEA.- forming a cycle like that of the Monguls : each year bears

pass, etc. There is an almanack for twelve years, apparently Occasionally some accident occurs which reveals the com

a name, generally that of a god ; and all the old annals are position of some of the colonial mails. Several months ago a sailing vessel was wrecked, and the

contents of its mail-bag metals, and trees, or elementary tracts on geology, metal

numbered after this cycle. Again, there are lists of stones, brought to light, and were found to stand thus :

lurgy, and botany, and astronomical and astrological formula Letters, 780; newspapers, 3850. But this newspaper cor

without end. Besides these, there are what appear to be respondence seems to increase vastly. A few weeks ago a vessel, called the “ Orestes," met with an accident on its

veritable grammars and dictionaries; and much guessway to Australia, and its mail-bags were sent back to Eug- thus found

to the determination

of ideographic signs, and

work will be spared by a sure guide which the colonel has land, to be forwarded by another ship. Their contents consisted of 15,000 newspapers. There were no letters. lection is in fragments, but it gives a most curious insight

their distinction from phonetic characters. The whole col. Such was the simple statement, without comment. Who into the state of Assyrian science whilst Greece was still can say how many of these were mere newspaper let

sunk in barbarisin. ters, transmitted solely for the intelligence conveyed in the mere direction on the cover! And this intelligence is STATISTICS OF MUSCULAR POWER. — Man has the often varied ingeniously to embrace facts that pertain to power of imitating every motion but that of flight. To business as well as affection. In some cases persons have effect this he has, in maturity and health, 60 bones in seals, cut in glass for 2d., one bearing, for instance, the his head, 60 in his thighs and legs, 62 in his arms and simple name William," the other the words "All Well." hands, and 67 in his trunk. He has also 434 muscles. These items are superadded, in wax, to the manuscript His heart makes 64 pulsations in a minute; and therefore direction on the cover. Receipts of money and other facts 3,840 in an hour, 92,160 in a day. There are also three comare indicated frequently in a way more simple. A gentle- plete circulations of his blood in the short space of an hour. man travelling in France, a few months since, received from In respect to the comparative speed of animated beings and his agent in England a remittance, which, in order to of impelled bodies, it may be remarked that size and con. save the postage on a special letter, he was requested to struction seem to have little influence, nor has comparative acknowledge by sending an old newspaper, with an e added strength, though one body giving any quantity of motion to the last letter of the agent's name. Thus Bilham to another is said to lose so much of its own. The sloth is would be written Bilhame, the final e communicating the by no means a small animal, and yet it can travel only 50 fact that Mr. Bilham, in France, had received safely the paces in a day; a worm crawls only five inches in 50 seconds; 201. for which he had written. Thus, under the present but a lady-bird can fly 20 million times its own length in high rates of postage on letters, the post-office is swelling less than an hour. An elk can run a mile and a half in seren the bulk of the mail matter conveyed across the ocean by minutes ; an antelope a mile in a minute; the wild mule of crowding into its bags and boxes tous of old newspapers, Tartary has a speed even greater than that : an eagle can despatched for no other purpose but to convey what fly 18 leagues in an hour; and a Canary falcon can even may be expressed in the direction on the cover. Does not reach 250 leagues in the short space of 16 hours. A this fact plead for the establishment of an Ocean Penny violent wind travels 60 miles in an hour; sound, 1,149 Postage ? --Illustrated London News.

English feet in a second.-



« PreviousContinue »