« PreviousContinue »
bling storm above, and says it will surely catch us in concert. One continues to fly at the kangaroo's if we linger; so the mules are mounted, and away face till it becomes confused, while the other is we go. Ah! long before we reach the houses, ready whenever it stands still to pounce upon its here are the wives and friends of the guides come head and pierce the brain with its talons. to assure themselves of our safety, and down they Swiftly as the bounding gait of the animal cardart to tell the news. Hark! as we approach ries it along, the natives sometimes effect its capChamouni, how the merry bells are ringing, and ture by the process of tracking. This method of the bands playing, while the whole population has hunting elicits every qualification prized by savages turned out to receive and welcome us back. Ere -the skilful exercise of the senses, endurance of we can alight, there is one aniversal long cheer :- hunger and thirst, unwearied bodily exertion, and " Huzza to the heads that have overtopped Mont indomitable perseverance. To perform this feat, Blanc !"
the track of the kangaroo is found, and followed till the animal is seen. It flees timidly before the
hunter, who pursues its course, and the same proZOOLOGICAL CURIOSITIES OF
cess of flight and pursuit is repeated. At nightAUSTRALIA.
fall, the native lights his fire, and sleeps upon the The principal quadrupeds in Australia are the track. With the early dawn the hunt is resumed, kangaroos, à numerous family, containing many and towards the close of the second day, or in the species. These are vegetable-feeding animals, brows-course of the third, the kangaroo is wearied out, ing upon herbage, and in some cases chewing the and falls a victim to his pursuer. None but a cud like the ruminants. They move by a succes. savage in the pride and strength of manhood can sion of springs, compassing twenty feet or more at succeed in this chase, and he who has frequently a single bound; they clear broad gullies and the practised it always enjoys great renown among his lower brushwood with surprising agility, and pro- fellows. One of the aboriginal dances is called the ceed by this singular mode of locomotion at a rate 'kangaroo dance." A savage, wearing a long which outstrips for a time the fleetest horse. Some tail, drops down on his hands and knees, pretends are of great size, being nearly as tall as a man to graze, starts to look about, and mimics the when in their common erect position ; others are demeanour of the animal as closely as possible ; as small as the common hare, and strongly resem- others, in the character of dogs and hunters, perble it in their general appearance. The kangaroo form their part in a circle round him, at a short is timid and inoffensive, but will defend itself with distance. A few years ago, droves of these pacific great vigour when closely pursued in the chase, creatures were of common occurrence ; but the gun having a formidable weapon in its claws. The and dog of the colonist have destroyed them. It natives hunt it for food, and the colonists for may be long before they are wholly exterminated, sport. But this is only at the very outskirts of but their doom is fixed. the settled districts, and even there the animal has The most peculiar animal of Australia is the become strange. Two, three, or even six large ornithorynchus paradoxus, a creature so anomastrong greyhounds are put upon its track, and a lous, that when the first specimens of it arrived in smart chase is the result. If water is near at hand, Europe, naturalists suspected the organization to the kangaroos make for it, and take possession of have been fabricated for the purposes of imposture. the deepest part in order to keep their pursuers at It has the bill and webbed feet of the duck united bay. In some cases they drown the dogs, seizing to the body of a mole, and bears the common name them with their fore-arms and keeping them under of the water-mole, being semi-aquatic. It frethe water. Frequently they take up a position quents tranquil waters, seeking its food among with their back against a tree, and show fight for aquatic plants, and excavating burrows in the steep a considerable time, occasionally with success, by and shaded bank. The motions of its mandibles ripping up or wounding the dogs in a severe man- when procuring food are similar to those of a duck ner with their hind claws. Reptiles and rapacious under the same circumstances. A number of these birds are other enemies. A traveller relates having animals are always found together, but it is difficult had his attention drawn to a curious misshapen to watch their habits, as their sense of hearing is mass, which came advancing from some bushes so acute that they disappear at the slightest noise, with a novel and uncouth motion. He fired, and plunging into the water, in which they swim so it fell. On going up to the object, he found it to low that only a very small portion of the body car be a small kangaroo, enveloped in the folds of a be seen. Familiarity with the ornithorynchus has large snake. The kangaroo was now quite dead, not diminished the astonishment excited by the and flattened from the pressure of the reptile, which, first observation of it, as in almost equal proporbeing surprised at the disturbance it met with, tions it partakes of the nature of quadrupeds, birds, began to uncoil itself, and was dispatched. In and reptiles. the course of an excursion to a settler's farm in a There are no beasts of prey of importance except sequestered part of the country, Dr. Lang observed the dingo, or wild dog, the “warragat” of the two eagles in the act of killing a young kangaroo natives. It is about the size of a small fox-hound, of one of the larger varieties, which they had been partaking in form of many of the characteristics of running down. The birds, scared by his approach, both dog and wolf, and not unlike the cross proleft their prey, and perched themselves leisurely duced by the intermixture of those two races. It on the branches of a neighbouring tree; while the has a bushy tail, and a coat of moderate length, animal, which had only been stunned or slightly which is usually of a buff or bay colour. It is easily wounded, instantly sprung up, and bounded off rendered tolerably tame, but is never to be trusted, with prodigious leaps down the valley. This for the lessons of years will be forgotten in a mospecies of hunt is always conducted by two eagles ment, on escaping from confinement, and ferocious habits be immediately resumed. The dingo never, I breast and under parts are the most intense rose or very rarely, barks, but howls or yells at night colour. Seen for the first time, it is scarcely poswith a most dismal, unearthly kind of tone. This sible to believe them real, as they rise in a flock animal is remarkably tenacious of life, an obstinate from the ground, brightening the sunshine with fighter, contends in silence, utters no cry of pain, their glorious hues. The Australian robin is anand, like the grim wolf, dies as hardly as he bas other exquisitely lovely member of the feathered lived. Remarkable instances are related of this tribe, having some correspondence to his English power of endurance. Mr. G. Bennett mentions namesake, with the same brisk air and manner. The the case of one, which had been beaten so severely breast is the most vivid geranium colour, softening that it was supposed all its bones were broken, and to a paler shade towards the wings, which are it was left for dead; but after the person had walked glossy black, with clear white markings across away some distance, upon accidentally looking back them. The back is also black, with a white spot he was astonished to see the dingo rise, shake him- on the crown of the head, and the tail-feathers self, and march into the bush, evading all pursuit. are barred with white. These colours are so disThe wild dogs are the scourge of the flocks of re- tinct and sharply defined, as to convey the idea of mote settlers, and are carefully exterminated. They different garments, arranged with extreme care, seldom kill their victim at once, but commence and fitting with the utmost precision. A small eating it, at whatever part they chance to have bird, the blue wren, is remarkable for the change first laid hold of, three or four often gnawing to which its appearance undergoes. In the winter gether at the unfortunate animal. When inter months, the garb worn is plain and unassuming, rupted in their visits, a goat, a calf, or sheep will and the sexes correspond in costume; but as spring frequently be found with a limb half eaten away; advances, the male exhibits a total transformation, and the utmost vigilance is requisite at far inland not only in the hue, but in the texture of the plusheep stations to protect the flocks from their mage. It is hardly surpassed for resplendent attacks. The latter are all carefully folded and beauty by any of the feathered race, except perhaps guarded at night; two yards or folds are usually the humming birds of America. Nor is the change erected near together, between which the watch- confined to the plumage, but extends to the habits man has his box, with a bright fire, and frequently of the warbler, which pass from a somewhat staid he walks round with his dogs to keep off the auda- demeanour to great vivacity of song and manner. cious prowling enemy.
Among the migratory birds, the bee-eater is fasciThe ornithology of Australia, though not so nating from the elegance of its form, and the anomalous in its character as that of the animal graceful mode of its flight. The same pleasing tribes, has peculiar and striking features. The associations are connected with it in the colonies largest of the birds is the emu, or cassowary, found as with the swallow and cuckoo in England, its in nearly all parts of the country beyond the colon arrival being a certain harbinger of the return of ized territory, but annually becoming scarcer as spring. It appears in New South Wales, and all settlements advance inland. It closely resembles parts of the same latitude, in August, and departs the ostrich in appearance, next to which it is the northwards in March, the intervening period being tallest bird known, standing from five to seven employed in the duties of incubation and rearing. feet high. The general colour is a dull brown, During the summer months, it is universally mottled with dingy grey. It has only miniature spread over the southern portion of Australia, and wings, and a kind of downy clothing as a substi- over the northern in winter. tute for feathers. The eggs are about a foot in The lyre-bird, so called from the graceful form of length, of a green colour, esteemed good and nu- the tail in the male, which resembles that of a lyre, tritious food. The flesh of the bird is also eatable, is peculiar to the south-eastern coast. But little especially of young individnals. The emu is re- is known of its habits, as it very rarely approaches markably wild and shy, but is easily tamed if taken the abode of civilized man, and is so excessively young. It runs with extraordinary speed, and is shy, that even a sight of it can with difficulty be not readily overtaken by the fleetest greyhound; obtained. " While among the bushes,” says
Mr. any noise may be made in hunting it without in- Gould, “I have been surrounded by these birds, convenience, the sense of hearing being dull, but pouring forth their loud and liquid calls for days that of sight is proportionably keen; hence it fre- together, without being able to get a sight of them; quents the open plains, being there most secure and it was only by the most determined perseverance from whoever may invade the solitude of the desert. and extreme caution, that I was enabled to effect this Its capture requires skill and caution as well as desirable object, which was rendered the more speed. To attempt to lay hold by the side is dan difficult by their often frequenting the most inacgerous, as an emu would break a horse's leg with cessible and precipitous sides of gullics and ravines, a kick; but if a dog fastens upon the neck, as those covered with tangled masses of creepers and umbrawhich are trained learn to do, the bird is imme- geous trees. The cracking of a stick, the rolling diately overthrown, and easily killed.
down of a small stone, or any other noise, however Rapacious birds are numerous everywhere ; slight, suffices to alarm them; and none but those eagles, vultures, falcons, hawks, and owls of vari- who have traversed these rugged, hot, and suffoous kinds. A species of vulture, when pressed by cating bushes, can fully understand the excessive hunger, is said to be sufficiently daring to attack labour attendant on the pursuit. Independently the natives themselves. Birds of exquisitely beau- of climbing over rocks and fallen trunks of trees, tiful plumage also abound: parrots, parroquets, the sportsman has to creep and crawl beneath and and cockatoos. The lories are the most brilliant among the branches with the utmost caution, of the parrot tribe. The back and upper portion taking care only to advance when the bird's attenof the body is a bright gleaming blue, while the tion is occupied in singing, or scratching up the leaves in search of food. To watch its actions, it perfectly upright, with the large, end upwards. is necessary to remain perfectly motionless, not ven- They are covered up as they are laid, and allowed turing to move even in the slightest degree, or it to remain till hatched. It is not unusual to obtain vanishes from sight, as if by magic.” The lyre- nearly a bushel of eggs at a time from a single bird is capable of performing extraordinary leaps, heap, and, as they are delicious eating, they are and will spring ten feet perpendicularly from the eagerly sought after. The leipoa and megapodius ground. Though called a pheasant by the settlers, are other mound-raising birds. The latter, an init is in reality a member of the thrush family, habitant of the north coast, constructs a mound of about the size of a small domestic fowl. Its vast dimensions, and of different materials, appanatural note is most frequently heard morning and rently increasing the same every season. One of evening, and resembles the cry of a bleu bleu ; but sand, shells, and a slight admixture of earth, was the bird is a mocker, and will imitate every sound found to be twenty feet round at the base, and five heard in the bush—the croak of the crow, the feet high. In another example, the circumference scream of the cockatoo, the chatter of the parrot, was sixty feet, and the height fifteen feet. But and even the howl of the dingo.
captain Stokes measured one composed of earth, The melody common to the English woods is not fragments of coral or stone, and pieces of stick, heard in the Australian forests, the notes of birds which had a circumference of a hundred and fifty being far more generally monotonous and dis- feet. cordant, than musical. Some are familiarly styled More extraordinary still are the bower-like teneafter their tones. The bell-bird has won the ments, constructed by the satin bird and other appellation from the resemblance of its deep full species. They are formed of sticks and twigs voice to the sound of a bell. The coachman has firmly interwoven, and ornamented with various that title from its chief note being a long clear decorations, being apparently designed to be places whistle, finishing with a noise exactly resembling of resort, or halls of assembly, where both sexes the smart crack of a whip. The knife-grinder is occasionally meet and indulge in giddy playfuldistinguished by giving utterance to a sound, which ness. These bowers are usually placed under the might be mistaken for that of grinding a knife on shelter of the branches of some overhanging trees, the grindstone. But the most extraordinary chant in the most retired part of the forest. The inte is that of the laughing jackass, which it is impos- rior, particularly near the entrance, is decorated sible to hear without risibility. “He commences, with gaily-coloured articles, collected by the birds, says a writer, “by a low cackling sound, gradually such as gaudy feathers and shells, which are either growing louder, like that of a hen in a fuss; then strewed upon the floor or hung up among the suddenly changing his note, he so closely imitates twigs. The propensity of these birds," says Mr. Punch's penny trumpet, that you would almost Gould,“ to pick up and fly off with any attractive affirm it was, indeed, the jolly "roo-too-too' of that object is so well known to the natives, that they public favourite you heard. Next comes the pro- always search the runs for any small missing arlonged bray of an ass, done to the life, followed ticle, as the bowl of a pipe, etc., they may have by an articulate exclamation, apparently addressed accidentally dropped in the bush. I myself found to the listener, sounding very like, 'Oh, what a at the entrance of them a small, neatly-worked Guy! and the whole winds up with a suppressed stone tomahawk, of an inch and a half in length, chuckle, ending in an uproarious burst of laughter." together with some slips of blue cotton rags, which Where many of these merry birds congregate to the birds had doubtless picked up at a deserted gether, the effect is droll in the extreme, provoking encampment of the natives. For what purpose the most gloomy-minded listener to laugh in con- these curious bowers are made is not yet, perhaps, cert. First one begins alone, and laughs lustily at fully understood. They are certainly not used as the top of his voice; a second, third, and fourth, a nest, but as a place of resort for many individuals then take up the strain like glee-singers, till the of both sexes, which, when there assembled, run whole party are fairly off, and the very trees seem through and around the bower in a sportive and to peal out along with them. The bird is one of playful manner, and that so frequently, that it is the parrot tribe, useful as an adroit destroyer of seldom entirely deserted." snakes, gnanas, and other reptiles.
The reptile tribe is represented by harmless The habits of some of the Australian birds are lizards, hideous-looking guanas, larger members very peculiar. Thus the talagalla, the brush of the same family, scorpions, centipedes, and turkey of the colonists, avoids the personal toils of snakes. The latter are numerous, and of many incubation by depositing its eggs in an immense species, as well as of very varying size. A large heap of vegetable matter, and trusts to the heat kind, the diamond snake, exquisitely adorned with engendered by the process of decomposition for the different colours like mosaic work, has been met development of the young. The heap employed with nearly twenty feet long, and is commonly for this purpose is not the work of one pair of eaten by the natives. Some are so renomous, birds, but a number labour at the construction for that a bite produces speedy death, unless suction, several weeks previous to the period of laying. It cauterization, and other remedies are promptly varies in size from two to four cart-loads, and is of applied. But fatal occurrences of the kind are a perfectly pyramidal form. The materials are ac- rare, as all the formidable reptiles are as glad to cumulated, not by the bill but by the foot, which retire from the approach of man as he can be to firmly grasps a quantity of grass, leaves, and rubo avoid them. The great danger arises from some bish, throwing the load back to a common centre. of the smaller snakes being so exactly similar in When the work is completed, the eggs are depo- colour to the dead sticks and leaves on the ground, sited, not side by side, but from nine to twelve that they may be accidentally trodden on while inches apart, and planted at nearly an arm's depth, | indolently reposing, and inflict a wound before the passenger is aware of their presence. “Whilst where the gardener's art had produced a concenplodding forward,” says a settler, “ now watching tration of floral beauties. Seated on a mossthe strangely-ornamented birds which were flitting covered block of timber, part of the materials of about, or talking over our plans, one of my com- some rural design, we have mused with pleasure panions, observing at the side of his path a thick upon the nascent promise of the scene, fancied we piece of stick, struck at it as he walked by; judge could see the vital energy diffusing itself through of his surprise as the fancied stick reared itself with the channels of vegetation, and pictured the an angry hiss and threatening eye; before it could change which would take place when the warm spring, however, he struck it down, but without hand of summer should impart the rosy hues of killing it; in another moment, therefore, the three ripeness to the luxuriant productions of the spring. saplings descended upon and destroyed it; even in A day or two after, we have visited the place again, dying, however, the reptile snapped at and fixed but now how forlorn its appearance ! The trees its fangs in the stick I held ; finding it dead, I looked lifeless, the buds were all withered on the allowed it to remain clinging to the stick, and car- outside, and many would evidently die unopened, ried it on with me to the end of our day's journey. while the ground was whitened with countless Before this we had not given one thought to the blossoms. The fact was plain : the east had sent possibility of meeting any poisonous reptiles, but here one of its strong blasts, and had strewn the our fright made us sufficiently careful, and a wide garden with the relics of death. berth was given to anything that looked suspicious, But let us be sparing of our emotion ; it is more either in our path or by the side of it.” Caution imperatively required elsewhere. What is matter is required when camping out in the bush at night. to mind? What are the blossoms of an appleThe unpleasant adventure has occurred of using a tree to the immortal offspring of man ? Our saddle for a pillow, and finding in the morning a cemeteries also are strewn with affecting relics. large black snake, one of the most deadly, coiled Coine and see thein. Not only the old and greyunder the saddle-cloth, close to the ear of the headed are laid here, but these sepulchres are slumberer. The warmth of the log fire had at almost the first earthly home of thousands. We tracted the nnwelcome visitor to become the tra- stand within the hum of a huge city; men are veller's bedfellow. Frogs abound, resembling in thronging hither and thither; wherever we turn form and size those with which we are familiar, we see crowds in the prime of life, earnestly bent but superbly coloured. The general hue is a vivid on schemes of business or pleasure. What a catasyellow.green, but this is pencilled with other trophe would it be if the earth were to open and shades, emerald, olive, and blue greens, with a few swallow them up! How the world would ring delicate markings of bright yellow, like an em with it! What brilliant cenotaphs would the hisbroidery of threads of gold on velvet.
torian's pen raise over them! It would command, Insect life is intensely prolific, and abundantly along with Pompeii and Herculaneum, the wonder annoying in various districts. In the summer, and sympathy of all succeeding time. And yet mosquitoes swarm in low situations near water, this vast population above-ground is only the and in the neighbourhood of thick woods-new-counterpart of one whose dust reposes beneath, comers being specially exposed to their attacks. and who found this resting place before they had Flies are also everywhere a perfect pest, and fileas tasted the fatigues of toil
. They died in infancy, are often a special torment. There are stingless or, at least, before they had emerged from the bees, living in hollow trees, yielding a fine honey; walks of childhood, and this is the fate of nearly giant ants, called “colonial bulldogs," from their one half of all who are born within the limits of ferocity, which inflict a sting as sharp as that of a this civilized land. As soon as they begin to inhale wasp ; and marsh leeches, insatiably drawing blood the breath of life, the spoiler marks them for his as opportunity offers. To guard against these victims, and in the course of a few short years as annoyances, strong leathern leggings are com- many have been consigned to the grave as are left monly worn in travelling on foot through unfre- to people the world and carry out its enterprises. quented parts of the country. The coasts of We cannot help feeling that such a condition of Australia abound with fish, denominated by names matters is unnatural. It cannot be what God with which we are familiar, as cod, bream, mullet, intended. This is demonstrated by the fact that whiting, and mackerel, though of different species. the more we act in accordance with his natural Rock and bed oysters, lobsters, crayfish, and laws, the greater progress we make in right conprawns, are also found in various places. The duct, the longer becomes the term of human life. rivers and lagoons have plenty of perch and eels, Cleanliness and sobriety are doubtless virtues, but with fresh-water shrimps in abundance. The these invariably issue in increased longevity. But " Murray cod” of the colonists, a beautiful and if this mortality is not inevitable, if it may be well-flavoured fish of large size, is caught in con- traced directly or indirectly to our neglect, how siderable quantities at certain seasons in that prodigious is our criminality! If to forbear river.
doing what will save life is equal in turpitude to the wilful destruction of it, what can mea
sure our guilt in permitting the existence of causes INFANT LIFE.
which result in such wholesale fatality ? A notion In early spring time, when the bare gaunt branches has been sometimes entertained that the death of which had lifted for many months their skeleton an infant is better than its life, and many heathen arms in the wrinkled face of winter, were covering nations, as is well known, practise the diabolical themselves with leaves, and a thousand buds were custom of infanticide with the view of preventabout to expand into flowers, we have often wan ing the undue increase of the population. Such dered—who has not ?-in some delicious inclosure a notion is false as well as murderous. Population is a source of wealth. Provide a man with glorious achievement of civic opulence! Might work and he will be able to produce much more not more lowly, but more useful labours, underthan is sufficient for his own support, the surplus taken, not on the conspicuous brow of another going to increase the well-being of the whole. In Mars hill, but in those back-slums and alleys where the multitude of councillors there is wisdom. Add every breath of air is pestilential, and where fever to the aggregate intelligence of the world, and the has taken up its fixed abode, have reflected, if not fruits of intelligence will be more plentiful. How more of that tinsel splendour which answers no many tears have been shed over the memory of higher end than that of inflating vanity, at least Kirke White, and others who, like him, have hid more of that benevolence which should animate a their face in death before midday! How many professedly Christian people? Why cannot low and unavailing lamentations have been uttered at the insalubrious situations be exchanged for others more sudden dissipation of the golden visions which healthy? Why cannot improper modes of conhovered in their fancy, and might have added so structing houses be forbidden ? Why cannot those much to the literary treasures of the world, if they crazy piles of filth, which are assailed within by had not perished with the earthly existence of the vermin and without by heaps of refuse, be pulled mind which framed them! But who can tell how down and carted into the sea ? Why cannot low many have died in infancy who, had they lived, lodging-houses be closed and the demand attracted might have won a place by the side of our Bacons to other and more convenient dwellings? Why and our Newtons, and extended immeasurably the cannot the advantages of complete drainage, streets boundaries of science ? Had all reached the average well paved and well lighted, water in abundance, period of human life, what an accession would have with baths and washhouses and public schools, each been made to our material and intellectual wealth, having its own spacious gymnasium attached, be and what additional energy would have been in- carried into the lowest haunts of our large towns ? fused into the progressive movements of man- If expense is any object, let every work of inferior kind!
utility stand still
, and not a farthing be expended But it is useless to deplore, if we are not willing upon" mere display, till the imperative claims of to mend. Here is a deplorable evil; shall it be justice and philanthropy have been fulfilled. allowed to go on unmolested ? shall society make no efforts to remove it? this is the question. But what can be done? Very much, if only we are willing to do it. Not that we expect to see a sud
A DAY AT CHATSWORTH. den change. Evils of every kind, when suffered to Among the many visits which it has been my prigrow to a certain height, can only be removed vilege to make to this noble mansion, there is one slowly. This is part of the punishment we have to which stands out in special prominence, and a few bear for having permitted them to exist at all. One jottings concerning which may interest the readers of the first steps to be taken in endeavouring to of the “ Leisure Hour.” It was in a beautiful anarrest the wholesale destruction of infant life at tumnal season, and the occasion was one on which present going on, is to improve those localities in the hospitality of its renowned host, lavish as it our large towns which are inhabited by the lower always is, bore even a more princely character than classes. Municipal authority ought here to be usual. This was owing to the reception given to absolute. Expense is a trivial matter when weighed the Grand Duke Michael, the brother of the empeagainst the health and morals of the community. ror of Russia, and commander-in-chief of the Rus. We pay enough in the shape of direct assessment sian army. In the approach to Chatsworth, through and benevolent contributions ; society pays no small the picturesque village of Rowsley, its beauties are sum in the mere interment of such infantine crowds, displayed to the greatest advantage. Scarcely have not to speak of the loss experienced in the with you left that very pretty spot, before one romantic drawal of so much intelligent energy from the scene after another unfolds itself to the wondering future labour market, and the moral influences, gaze. From the summit of a gently rising ground themselves expensive in the long-run, which spring you perceive the old hunting tower, from which from the sad frequency of death. Magnificent Hoats the flag that proclaims the duke's presence works can be undertaken where the interests of in his beautiful abode, just visible above the luxutrade and commerce are concerned. What large riant woods that form the background to Chatstown can we enter without being struck with the worth, and very soon after a portion of the noble appearance of some stately pile, which attests the edifice itself becomes visible. It is difficult to find princely opulence of the place ? Many millions have words sufficiently expressive to describe the glory been lavished in some of our largest cities in im- of the prospect as it thus bursts upon the visitor. provements of this nature, while the condition of Before you is the exquisitely varied park, watered their back streets is a disgrace to any civilized by the river Derwent, and combining in itself every community, In Liverpool a magnificent structure variety of picturesque scenery--fruitful meadows, has lately been reared. One's heart swells with majestic woods, and the wild and desolate moor with patriotic emotion in contemplating such a glorious its dark and sombre outline, contrasting finely with monument, erected, according to its own motto, the richer and more luxuriant beauties that form “Artibus, Legibus, Consiliis. Yet while stand the foreground of the picture. The ground, look ing in front of St. George's Hall, and giving way which way you may, is picturesquely formed; someto this enthusiasm, is there nothing chilling in the times rising into bold and abrupt hills, or sloping thought that of all who are born beneath its stately away in the distance into innumerable dells and shadow, 53 per cent. are consigned to the grave ravines; while immediately on the left rises the within five years of their birth? Do we not catch hill that separates the vales of Haddon and Chatsa glimpse, in fancy, of some other, and yet more worth.