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slow for the enlightenment of men, have been long were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in superseded by an invention which has dispersed marriage, until the day that Noe entered into over almost all lands the knowledge of science and the ark, and knew not till the flood came, and took of truth. The apparatus for the worship of the them all away; SO SHALL THE COMING OF THE gods many and lords many" have yielded to the SON OF MAN BE!" How many will that day find knowledge of a purer faith, then beginning to be unexpectant ! how many unprepared! In how many taught, but very inadequately known! Our days cases will the awful fact anticipate the morrow have incomparable advantages. We have, therefore, which the thoughtless and self-indulgent had promore for which we must give account !
mised themselves ! May it be ours to be found in a Some of the remnants of this Roman city are posture of watchfulness, expectation, and prayer, extremely affecting. The accompanying engraving as those who know not " at what hour their Lord is from a bas-relief at Pompeii, and is supposed to doth come; so that whilst the delusions of the represent a mother hastening in grief to bind a ungodly shall be swept away, leaving them naked funeral fillet about the head of her child, who had and desolate, we may be found to have lost nothing. perished in some previous earthquake, and whose skeleton had been just discovered. The represen.
RAILWAY SIGNALS AND COLOUR
BLINDNESS. NOTWITHSTANDING mechanical improvements and increased experience, railroad accidents multiply with distressing frequency. Moved by this, our legislators are now determined on a thorough scru-" tiny of the régime of our iron roads; and we rejoice that scientific men also are taking up their more peculiar department of the question. 'Foremost amongst the many interesting papers recently called forth by this topic, is one on the subject which forms the title given above, lately communicated by Dr. George Wilson, of Edinburgh, to the Royal Scottish Society of Arts.
Colour blindness has now for a considerable_period excited interest amongst scientific men. Dal. tonism is the name given to it by continental philosophers, who call the subjects of it Daltonians. As
might have been anticipated, however, this coutation is in sad accordance with the last crisis of pling of the name of the Manchester philosopher the city itself. Mournful evidences of the sudden with a personal defect was not to be brooked by ness of the event which surprised the inhabitants his countrymen, and the peculiar defect of vision abound. Bread has been discovered, ready baked referred to has accordingly, got other names. and prepared for the next meal. A table exhibits More generally intelligible and expressive than the the staining of the wine-cups last used upon it. many Greek compounds, is that which we have Another house exhibits the remains of the calcined above employed. dresses hung up in the wardrobe. Fish-bones, and Of the three primary colours, yellow seems opon other remnants of the repast, showed the place the whole the tint which gives the least difficulty where the inhabitants had partaken of their last to those not absolutely unconscious of colour; meal. The impress of another, apparently hurrying blue, when pure and well illuminated, is readily away with her infant in her arms, was left in a recognised by the majority of those affected by mass of indurated ashes. Skeletons were found in colour blindness; red, however, the least refranvarious positions--some grasping, money, some gible coloured ray of the spectrum, is the primary apparently overtaken whilst hurrying away with colour most distracting. For some it has absoprecious articles, and a number crowded in a con- lutely no existence, and for the majority it appears fined spot, exhibiting true evidence of having been undistinguishable from its complementary colour unable to escape from a narrow room, in which green. So it was with Dalton, who by daylight they had been confined by the catastrophe, and of saw no difference betwixt the red of sealing-wax having been starved to death.
and grass green, and who could not distinguish Can we fail to be reminded of the words of one the leaves on the trees from the brilliant scarlet of who had, at the time of the destruction of Pompeii, his Oxford doctoral gown. Once, indeed, he is just left the world which he came from heaven to said to have walked the streets of Manchester in visit that he might teach and save it? When de-knee-breeches and red stockings, which latter he scribing the future destruction (which took place thought were blue. He saw in the solar spectrum only nine years before the swallowing up of Pom- only yellow, blue, and purple; or rather two shades peii) of Jerusalem, and when employing it as an of blue at the more refrangible end of the spec. emblem of the suddenness with which the judg. trum, and yellow throughout the rest of its extent. ment of the last day shall come, he says: “Two M. Sismondi and Dugald Stewart were also diswomen shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall tinguished by this defect. The latter could tell be taken, and the other left. There shall be two in the cherries on a tree from the leaves by their the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. shape alone, being insensible to red. Mr. TroughFor as in the days that were before the flood they 1 ton, the celebrated optician, and all the male mem
bers of his family, are also examples of the defect, ing the many recent catastrophes from false signals, now under notice. They see blue at the more re- or misapprehension of those shown, it is evident frangible end of the spectrum, and yellow through- what directors ought to do. Signal men, engi. out the rest of its extent.
neers, railway policemen, and guards, must in fu. Red, green, and white being the colours used as ture not only be interrogated as to their character signals on railways, it becomes interesting to in- and qualifications, but also regarding their eyequire how far the prevalence of colour blindness sight. Besides, there must be a strict scrutiny of may lead to misconstruction of their meaning. The the whole of our existing staff. Directors need question again arises-to what extent does this not be over-squeamish on this point. It is better malady prevail? Although our information is that a man otherwise well fitted for service should still very defective, the answer is sufficient to have his pride hurt, than that his defect should be startle us. According to Prevost, it occurs in one first discovered amidst the agonies and wild confu. male among twenty. Leebeck found five cases sion of a railway disaster. among forty youths in Berlin. In his own che. Even those in non-official stations have been mistry classes, where from mistakes as to precipi. sometimes long in learning the true nature of tates and the like he had long previously suspected their affection. It was first revealed to a surgeon, it, Dr. Wilson found, last winter, two well-marked by his inability to distinguish the scarlet berries of cases; five other cases have likewise made them the rowan, or mountain-ash, from the leaves of selves known to him. One of his pupils has four the tree. "What is that funny green thing ?” relatives possessing the same peculiarity of vision said another in his childhood, as, suiting the action as himself. Amongst some 150 students, Profes. to the word, he forthwith took up a red-hot cinder. sor Kelland, of Edinburgh University, has also A stationer, afflicted with a similar infirmity, would found three examples of marked colonr blindness. persist in offering blue sealing-wax when asked for
To these Dr. Wilson adds, on less definite autho- red; another person in the same trade knew no rity, at least twenty additional cases as existing in difference between pink and pale-green tissue Edinburgh, and several in other places. “With papers; and so many blunders did he make in three exceptions,” he says, “ the whole of the cases satisfying parties regarding the colours of book known to me occur in persons of the male sex; and bindings, that his master forbade him to take any frequently in members of professions which might orders in reference to them. An excellent artist seem to necessitate for their successful prosecution would in a landscape colour the waves of the sea the nicest sense of colour. Thus, on my list I bright pink; while a distinguished connoisseur, find four well-known painters, three surgeons, two possessing a capital eye for form, and whose collecstationers, two dyers, a shawl-manufacturer, a tion of paintings and engravings was wont to be clothier, a paper-maker, and an enamel maker. It visited by many, betrayed when at school his defect, will thus be seen, that although it would be unwise by colouring the flowing mane of a horse bright to generalize widely from the few statistical obser- red! A gentleman went, a few years ago, to a vations yet made on colour blindness, the number draper's shop, to buy some green baize; unfortuof persons subject to it is, according to all pub- nately he purchased a very bright red, excessively lished accounts, so high, that among the servants painful to his eyes by lamplight, although agreeon every railway line cases may be expected to able enough by daylight. While in Paris, another show themselves.” Professor Allen Thomson, of procured for himself, as he thought, a green cap, Glasgow University, who, some ten years ago, in- but it turned out to be a bonnet rouge; and he vestigated this subject, has also arrived at a con- startled a lady who commissioned him to procure clusion similar to Dr. Wilson's,“ namely, that it for her a green dress by bringing a red one. Thus, rendered the employment of coloured signals on a person may grow up from childhood to manhood, railways perilous to the safety of the public." and it may be years ere he discover this peculiarity
But some one says that, supposing a guard or of vision. All these facts, then, cry out for an inengine-driver possessed of this peculiarity of vision, spection of eyesights. he has merely to read the signals not as they ac- Not only, however, are railway signals liable to tually appear, but according to what he knows to be misconstrued by Daltonians, but it would appear be their true interpretation. The "stop" signal, sometimes also by those possessed of perfect vision. red, will appear green, and vice versa. Facts, how. In a recent letter to the “ Athenæum," Mr. W. H. ever, do not coincide with this hypothesis ; for in Tyndall has pointed out, that the red and green the cases examined by Dr. Wilson, and also in danger signals, when seen together in certain cirthose encountered by Professor Kelland, there was cumstances, may be and were on actual trial misnot merely false vision of colours, but literally co- taken for white. He says: "Some weeks since, I lour blindness. Green was not merely affirmed to made an experiment on one of the metropolitan be red, and red green, but all colours were doubted, railways, with a green and a red signal lamp. A and the same colours were on different occasions man was stationed at the end of a tunnel about 400 named differently. Indeed, so uncertain were yards long, and directed to wave the two lights tothree of them as to their inferences of tints, that, gether : the pointsman at the other end, not know. in a court of justice, they were unable to swear ing anything of the nature of the experiment, was to any colour. Therefore, white and black would asked what light waved. He was satisfied it was be the only colours which these, as railway signal white, and could not be persuaded that two lights, men, could with confidence and ease distinguish. a red and a green, were really used, although the Thus do Daltonians—to repeat that term--not matter was afterwards explained to him. I did merely misconstrue certain of the primary colours, not then pursue the experiment; trains were ex. but dimly apprehend all.
pected to pass, and it was important not to inter. With these facts before us, and also remember. | fere with the ordinary lights. It is not improbable
that some of the accidents which have occurred in
Thomas Dalzell was the son of the laird of
the lights shown being indistinctly seen; perhaps family. He was early imbued with the most defrom a confusion of rays from two or both the voted sentiments of loyalty to the king, and all his lamps. In some cases, most contradictory evidence influence as a country gentleman was exerted in has been given as to the colour shown."
behalf of Charles the First. After the execution Thus, then, have we made out good cause for of that monarch, he allowed his beard to grow, in inquiry into our system of signals. Let us hope token of mourning; and, until the close of his life, that the discussion of these researches will not be he never suffered it to be shaved or trimmed, but confined to scientific societies and literary journals, used a large comb, which is still preserved as a bnt that they also will be deeply pondered at relic in the family, Disgusted with the Commonshareholders' meetings and directors' boards. To wealth, Dalzell sought military service abroad. those learned in the mysteries of engineering and He entered into the Russian army, and soon oblocomotives, and deeply versed in the maintenance tained high rank. He was lieutenant-general to of plant and permanent way, the writer pretends the czar Ivan, and distinguished himself in the not to offer counsel; will they, however, allow him wars which that monarch waged against the Tarto make but one remark? Let one system of signals tars. He was a stern, commanding old soldier, be submitted to competent scientific approval, and with high notions of military discipline, strict and then adopted by every line in the kingdom. Why conscientious views of what he considered his such an endless diversity as at present ? Although duty and loyalty to his master, which could not not given to travel, in the course of our short pil- be shaken. Although his rank was high, and his grimages we have been often struck by the fact of power was great at the court of the czar, he this diversity. We knew almost every new line of could not resist the impulse of his loyal feelings, railway we entered on, just as surely as if we had which urged his return to his native country on crossed the borders of a foreign country, by the the restoration of the Stuart line; and he came back new sign-language employed. All the lines start to Scotland, an old and war-worn veteran, to coning from Edinburgh, we believe, have a different secrate his latter days to the service of the son of code of signals. Seven or eight years ago, when that master whom he had dutifully defended when each railway was a separate and isolated line, this alive, and for whom he had never ceased to mourn. arrangement might have been tolerated; but now, A curious story is related of General Dalzell, when junctions and cross lines unite our country in which is noticed by a popular historian of the one great arterial system of iron roads, public present day. In the course of his continental safety demands that a uniform code be employed. service he had been brought into the immediate From the facts above stated it will be evident, that circle of the court of the emperor of Germany, at night we must trust less to the colour of the possibly having been despatched on some diplolamps than to their shape; (this remark, by the matic mission by the czar to the successor of the way, applies also to the use of signals at sea.) The Cæsars. He had the honour to be a guest at a day station signal, for instance, employed on the splendid imperial banquet, where, as a part of his north-western line, in which the red signal is on state, the German emperor was waited on by the a longer post than the green one, appears the most great feudal dignitaries of the empire, one of unobjectionable of those now in use. This too, how- whom was the duke of Modena, the head of the ever, may have its disadvantages. At present we are illustrious house of Este. Thus the veteran Scot content merely to draw attention to the subject. was seated at a table, which, for form's sake, was
Dr. Wilson, we understand, still continues his served by princes. After his appointment, by king rescarches, and will gladly receive any details of Charles the Second, as commander-in-chief in yet unpublished cases of colour blindness. He Scotland, he was one day invited by the duke of draws particular attention to the fact, that only York to dine with him and the duchess of Mosome six cases of this defect are as yet on record dena. As this was what might be called a family as occurring in the female
dinner, the duchess manifested some degree of repugnance to admit the general to such an honour; whereupon the veteran remarked that this was not
his first introduction to the house of Este, for that THE LAIRD OF DUDDINGSTON'S
he had formerly known her royal highness's father, DINNER.
the duke of Modena, and that his highness had The following curious anecdote of General Dal stood behind his chair, while he sat by the empezell, so generally known in connection with his ror's side ! persecutions of the Covenanters, is extracted from After his period of foreign service, Dalzell reà work recently published, entitled “Family Ro- turned with great wealth and houour to Scotland, mance; or, Episodes in the Domestic Annals of where, during the remainder of his life, he united the Aristocracy."
the functions of a country gentleman and improver Lord Dundee has found many admirers, but no of his paternal estate with those of a stern and voice has ever yet been raised in favour of another severe military commander. King Charles II apo noted persecutor of the Covenanters, General Tho- pointed him commander-in-chief in Scotland. He mas Dalzell. . Yet, in this stern executor of the exercised this authority strictly, perhaps unmerci. behests of his sovereign, there were gleams of fully, while he resided at his beautiful seat of kindly and amiable feeling, with which the exer- Binns, which he embellished with handsome buildcise of his authority was occasionally tempered. ings and fine woods and gardens. His long
residence in foreign countries, his outlandish ap• Dr. Wilson's address is 24, Brown-square, Edinburgh. pearance and habits, his venerable, white, flowing
beard, and a certain reserve and mystery in his moved with immediate fears for the safety of her manners and deportment, contributed to environ husband and family. She knew that the daily him with a superstitious awe; and he was noted, mid-day prayers would not be omitted before the far and wide, as a necromancer and wizard. He commander-in-chief; and she was well aware that himself enjoyed the wonder and dread with which many expressions occurred in them which might this reputation inspired his country neighbours. offend Dalzell, and perhaps bring his vengeance He surrounded his pleasure-grounds with walls, upon her husband and children. She, therefore, in which he had formed secret passages, which secretly gave orders to her old grey-headed butler enabled him to overhear mucho that went on to cause dinner to be served up in the hall without while he was supposed to be at a distance ; and, the usual preliminary exercise of prayer and praise. in the house of Binns, there are hidden stairs and Dalzell and the other guests were assembled; corridors, and concealed doors, which enabled the Duddingston, his lady and family, had done the general to maintain a character for ubiquity as honour of reception with due courtesy to their well as preternatural knowledge.
distinguished guest. The great bell was rung; One of the nearest neighbours of General Dal- Dundas's countenance wore for the moment an zell was the laird of Duddingston, George Dun- expression of stern solemnity. He had a duty to i das, a gentleman of very ancient family, being a his God to perform, which he knew might involve
cadet of the old and distinguished line of Dundas. him in trouble, for he would not omit one iota of He was proprietor of an extensive estate, and his usual services before the king's lieutenant. dwelt in an ancient manor house standing on the Dundas, being thus prepared to brave the lion outskirts of a beautiful wood, about two miles in the pride of his power, was much displeased above the Frith of Forth, and four miles and a when his train of servants appeared in the hall, half from Binns House.
not bearing his usual cushions for prayer, bibles, George Dundas and Katherine Moneypenny, and psalm books ; but the smoking trenchers, cahis wife, were most exact in the punctual perform- pacious vessels, and portly flagons for the noonance of their devotional duties ; and the exercise, tide meal. He immediately ordered all these as it was called, of prayer, praise, and reading of preparations to be delayed, and the cushions, God's word was regularly engaged in three times psalm books, and bibles to be brought in in their every day..
, On these occasions every member place. The Lady Duddingston's heart sank with. of the family, without exception, was expected to in her when she saw the firm purpose of the laird. attend. And a goodly sight it was to see the She thought of the fate of many of the heroes numerous children of the laird and lady, their of the covenant, and expected to see her husband, large body of domestic servants, and the guests as soon as prayers were over, ordered down to his who were in the habit of surrounding their hospi- own hall door, and borne away by the dragoons table board, kneeling before the throne of grace, who had waited on the general, and who were and lifting up their voices with one accord in the at that moment being regaled with the best that praise of their heavenly Father.
the larder and cellars afforded. But there was Though Dundas was a strict religionist, he was no help for the laird's constancy to his cause and anxious to perform the dutiful offices of a country his custom, and all that she could do was to pray gentleman; and, as one of them, he considered | God to soften the persecutor's heart. the keeping up a friendly and neighbourly inter- The religious services were accordingly percourse. Much, therefore, as he disapproved of formed as usual. The prayers were said, the General Dalzell's severity in the exercise of his psalms were sung, God's mercy was invoked for office of commander-in-chief, and sincerely as he his suffering servants, the king's cruel purposes deplored the working of the measures of govern- were deprecated, and especial allusion was made ment, he was anxious to be, as much as possible, to the general himself, whose hard and stony heart on a footing of kindness and civility with him, as the Lord was entreated to soften. Dalzell quietly one of his nearest neighbours, and one with whom took his part in all the exercises, knelt, listened, his family had always kept ap intimacy, notwith- and stood up with the rest; and when all was standing an hereditary opposition of principles. over, he went up to Dandas, embraced him, and No sooner, therefore, was Dalzell returned from congratulated bím upon being an honest, highMoscow, than Dundas sought to renew his friend. principled, and courageous man, who did before ship with him, and the general gladly met him half his face exactly that which he would have done way; so that the puritan laird surprised many of behind his back. He said that he honoured his his covenanting friends by the familiar intercourse sincerity, and would scorn to take advantage of which subsisted between him and the king's lieu- the opportunity which his hospitality had afforded, tenant. But when persecution broke out this in- of letting his real sentiments be known. He then tercourse slackened, although it did not cease. sat down to dinner with much cordiality. Next
It happened one day, during a visit which the morning he sent a score of pikes and halberts to commander-in-chief paid to Binns House, to enjoy Duddingston, with which he laird might arm his a little relaxation from the fatigues of duty among servants to defend him or his house in case of any his grores and gardens, that he sent to say to sudden attack during those times of trouble Dundas that he would go to Duddingston to dine with him. With a heavy heart the Lady Dud. dingston heard her lord return a favourable answer
WORTH REMEMBERING. to this proposal. She had learnt to look upon her Occasions arise to every man living in which the hopes old neighbour as a wicked persecutor and enemy men have that within which cheers and comforts them in of God's people, and on that account alone she their saddest hourg. Ungodly men have that which strikes would have shunned his society. But she was the heart like a dagger in its gayest moments.
Varieties. RAILWAY TRAVELLING IN TUSCANY.-“ A journey on DABING OF THE ÍTALIAN BANDITTI.—One of the most a Tuscan railway (which is government property) is no astonishing instances of effrontery on the part of these pests. trifle,” says Von Rochan. “At the railway terminus in of the Italian peninsula that we ever remember to have Florence there are formidable difficulties to be encoun. met with, is recorded by Von Rochan, in his “ Wanderings tered. In the first place, the entire body of the Florentine through the Cities of Italy.” Speaking of the Bolognese, flower-girls have their station here. Before the coachman he says:-"The whole province is now full of the sayings can open the door they sound their war-cry, and pour and doings of one Belloni, surnamed n Passatore, who, for forth a flood of sweet speeches and good wishes for the some time past, has been playing the robber-captain in it journey of the hapless traveller. One pokes a nosegay into on a grand scale, and after the most approved fashion of his right hand, another into his left; one bestows a decora- romance. The governor of the province set the price of tion on his button-hole, a fourth stuffs a handful of flowers 1000 scudi on Belloni's houd ; Belloni set 2000 scudi on the into his coat-pocket; and all these manæuvres do not for a governor's head, and everybody is convinced that he could moment interrupt the flood of chattering which makes and would pay the money if the conditions were fulfilled. your ears sing again. A swarm of porters have meanwhile His master-stroke was struck in Forlimpopoli three days thrown themselves on the Inggage, the coachman is in a before I passed through. This town counts five or six hurry to be paid, fruit and cake-sellers pester you with thousand inhabitants, and one evening, while the greater their very superfluous wares; in short, ten tongues and part of the people were at the theatre, without the slightest twenty hands would be but a scanty allowance to rid your idea of what was going forward, Belloni entered it with a self of the locust-swarm by which you are overwhelmed, numerous band and took possession.
“When at last I had actually escaped into the peaceful “The audience were awaiting the second act of the per. harbour of the waiting-room, the inexorable bell warned formance, when the curtain drew up, and showed the muz. me that I must uot spare a moment to recover breath; and zles of ten or twelve guns pointed into the pit by as many I obeyed its summons to the carriage. What a carriage! men with blackened faces. This scene was not in the play, Perhaps I have been put by mistake into the fourth class, but the explanation of it was soon received from the mouth thought I, and applied to the
guard. We have no fonrth of the robber-captain. 'I hope, gentlemen,' said Belloni, class, was the reply; 'there is the third'-he pointed to stepping forward, that you will not force me, by a useless an open truck, without any seat, and with a railing about resistance, to measures of violence, which would really pain a foot high as its sole protection : 'this,' he added, in con- me and must certainly frighten the ladies. The gens. clusion, is the second class.' The bench on which I sat d'armes are overpowered, these keys in my hands are was a good span across, stuffed, I should imagine, with those of the town-gates, every outlet of the theatre is well hazel nuts, and provided with a bolt-upright wooden back guarded ; in short, you are in my power. But do not fear -& real martyr-bench.
that that power will be abused; fulfil my moderate wishes, JAMAICA COPPER MINES.-Considerable attention is and not a hair of your head shall be hurt. He then drew at the present time directed to the discovery of copper in
a paper from his pocket, and read the names of the wealthiJamaica, which is probably destined to produce a great est inhabitants of the town, imposing on each a tas in change in the commercial aspects of that island. Tradition proportion to his supposed fortune. Ås ench was named, has long pointed to its existence, and a survey undertaken he was despatched home in charge of one of the robbers, about three years ago, by some American gentlemen, and in every case brought back the desired sum. proved it beyond any doubt. Several companies have since
"In the meanwhile those remaining in the pit had been been formed for the purpose of opening mines in the most stripped of their watches, rings, and purses: the ladies in promising situations. A considerable quantity of ore has the boxes, however, were not molested. Towards midnight been already extracted from the mines; and a recent Belloni departed, carrying with him a booty of from 10,000 steamer from Jamaica brought a specimen weighing to 12,000 scudi. The boldness of the undertaking is only 380lbs., which it is intended to place in the new Crystal rightly understood, when it is considered that about four Palace. The locality of the mines is understood to be most miles from Forlimpopoli is the towu of Forli, strongly beautiful, presenting mountain scenery scarcely to be sur
garrisoned with Austrian troops, which would have had passed in any country. The climate is also agreeable, with time twice over to come to the rescue, if they had received a moderate and comparatively unvarying temperature.
intelligence of what was going on." PORTABLE IRON CHURCI FOR MELBOURNE.-The
SACKCLOTH ARCHITECTURE.-The architectural pomp application of galvanized iron to structures of various of Florence, it is found, on close examination, is for the kinds is extending with astonishing rapidity. We have most part mere show. One of the worst examples of this either seen or heard of railway termini, warehouses, On each side of the
great door, in that side which is turned
sort of deceit may be seen in the grand-ducal palace itself. manufactories, cottages, villas, hotels, and parsonagehonses ; one of the last examples is that of a church for to the Boboli gardens, there are eight handsome-looking and two side aisles, with pulpit, reading-desk, baptistry, believed my eyes had their
evidence not been confirmed by the district of Melbourne, Australia. It comprises a nave pilasters, and they are made-of sackcloth stretched over
latticc-work. “I would not,” says a recent visitor, "have vestry, and a tower; the whole covering an area of seventy that of touch, for I never rested till I bad felt with my feet by forty-eight. The outside casing is entirely of sals hands the object of my astonishment.” vanized corrugated iron; the inside walls being lined with half-inch boarding, canvas, and paper. The ceiling, under THE HEAD-QUARTERS OF POPERY.—There are cer. the roof, is of inodorous felt, also lined with canvas and tainly some rich families in Rome; but to every rich man paper. The church contains nearly 700 sittings, besides there are at least a thonsand who are receiving alms, the every fitting complete for divine service; and the whole number of whom indeed (if you include all who receive was erected in five weeks, at the cost of £1000.
any kind of assistance froin public institutions) amounts, SIAMESE TWINS.- These unique beings, who have been according to the most accurate calculation, to no less than for years flourishing farmers in North Carolina, are, it is 50,000. So much for the pauperizing influence of Popery ! stated, about again to visit the principal American and
BABYLONIAN INSCRIPTION8.- Dr. Grotefend, of Han. European cities.
over, in deciphering the inscriptions of Behistun, has SAFETY LAMPS.-Mr. Renben Plant, of Holly Hall, discovered one containing the offer of Nebuchadnezzar to let near Dudley, has patented a new modification of the safety his son be burned to death in order to ward off the affliction lamp, strictly on the principle propounded by Sir Hum of Babylon; which is very similar to what we read of the phry Davy; but, by an introduction of a novel material king of Moab, 2 Kings iii. 27. A second transcription in a portion of its construction, a greatly increased illumi- tells us about the hanging gardens laid out for his consort. nating power is obtained, superior to one with a glass To these Dr. Grotefend has added some other descriptions cylinder, and without being subject to the objections at which elucidate the Babylonian custom of child sacrifices, tached thereto, of their liability to fracture from drops of as illustrated by the cylinders published by the Syro. water falling on them while in a heated state.