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expend so large a sum without the most satisfac- “But, to make no mention of other and higher tory assurances, based on the fullest inquiry, that, reasons, are you sure that you should be drowned, as a commercial speculation, the investment will as you term it? Are there not others--a few, I meet with a remunerative profit. They bring for. confess in this neighbourhood who close their ward this design on the scale proposed, as the only shops on a Sunday ? Is health of no value ? and I one which will meet all the requirements of mari- am sure you look the worse for such close confinetime nations, both politically and commercially; ment; and do you not think that many would but should they feel satisfied, upon carefully.di- prefer to deal with one who showed that he had gested data, that the merits of commerce alone some respect for the sabbath, and who therefore will not produce a sufficient revenue, the scale of might be expected to deal honestly with his custhe navigation will be reduced, so as to bring the tomers, which is more than can be said for many capital within the scope of such revenue; and the of your Sunday-trading neighbours P” principal powers of Europe and America will be Ay, well, sir; you and I see things differently. invited to assist, either by grants of money or I know very well that I must either open my shop guarantees of interest, in carrying out the larger every day in the week or shut it altogether, for í project.”
find business bad enough as it is; and what should I do if I lost my best day's profits ?"
“Well, you confess that your present plan is not SHOPKEEPING UPON TWO PRINCIPLES. a very prosperous one. I will say as I said before,
• All's well that ends well, Good morning, Mr. “Ir's all nonsense, old boy. I take more money Johnson ; no offence, I hope.” on a Sunday than on any day in the week; so don't “Plague the old fellow,” muttered George, think I shall be so foolish as to shut up my shop after his visitor had departed; “I wish he'd mind and trust to God's blessing, as you say. God his own business: though, after all,” he added, helps them that helps themselves'that's my musingly, "I feel he's in the right, for I know maxim."
this Sunday trading is wrong. But what can I do?” "Well, Mr. Johnson, you quote one proverb, Six months more had scarcely passed away and I will quote another : 'All's well that ends before a handbill was posted on the closed-up winwell.' Good morning."
dow of George's shop, advertising a sale of his Shut up my shop on a Sunday," said George effects. He had been compelled to give up his Johnson, with some bitterness, to himself. “Oh business, for he could not live by it. Competition, yes, I am sure to do that, to please a set of sancti- and especially the opening of a large and gailyfied hypocrites, who wouldn't care if I was starving decorated shop in George's immediate neighbour. so long as I made my appearance with a long face hood in the same way of trade as himself, seemed at church every Sunday. But I am too old a bird to be the chief causes of his want of success. He to be caught by snch chaff as that.
applied for and obtained a situation in the recentlyA few months rolled on, and George was still opened shop. Here he was made to feel keenly the toiling in his shop; but from some cause or other, evils of the system which he had defended. When notwithstanding his Sunday gains, he could only a master, he could relax somewhat when he felt just meet his daily expenses, and sometimes he disposed to do so through sheer weariness, for cercould scarcely do that. He lived in a poor, over- tainly he seldom if ever did this for any other cause. peopled district of London, where Sunday trading But here he could not rest; he must tug at the was general, and he candidly believed that he must oar through the whole work-day week, and through do as others did, or be compelled to give up busi. a good part of the Sunday besides. His master ness, in a neighbourhood where his fellow-trades was a grasping, selfish, and unfeeling man, and men had the seeming advantage of an additional George groaned under his load. At length a day's profits. But this advantage proved of no holiday did arrive a whole day was his own-and great service to George; and judging from appear he hailed it as a prisoner would rejoice at a day's ances, few of his neighbours were enriched by it. freedom from his chain. He arranged with one He felt, too, that there were some great draw- of his companions to have a trip to the sea-side. backs. The confinement to a close, small shop, in Starting early, they resolved to make the day as a narrow and dark street, for so many hours of the long as possible. They rambled upon the beach, Sunday, was a grievous burden. Borne up at first breathing the sea-breeze with greater zest than by the hope that he should reap a silver, if not a ever any epicure quaffed his choicest wine. They golden harvest from his business, George had clambered up to a point on the rocky cliffs that endured the confinement patiently; but when he towered above the beach, from whence they obfound that he reaped nothing but thin and withered tained a good view of the magnificent prospect. ears, barely sufficient for his necessities, he viewed But, tempted by the success of their first ascent, this grievance in a very different light.
they resolved to try for a higher point. In doing "Well, Mr. Johnson, are you still of the same so the foot of George's companion slipped, and opinion as when I last spoke to you about Sunday he was precipitated on the sands beneath them. trading?" said the old gentleman who had ad- George almost rushed down-he often wondered dressed to him on a former occasion the inquiry how-and arrived only in time to see his compawith which our paper opens.
nion breathe his last. “Not exactly, Mr. Hooper; for I confess there This melancholy incident made a deep impresare great disadvantages connected with the system. sion upon his mind. He became an altered man. But what is the use of talking ? here I am fixed Quitting hiş present master, he obtained, through in it, and I must swim with the stream, or be the influence of Mr. Hooper, a situation where his drowned.”
Sundays were his own. Here he remained for
three years, acquiring a character for steadiness, them, both in the quantity and the quality of the integrity, and aptitude for business, which proved articles with which he supplied them. Some famiafterwards, as we shall see, of eminent service to lies in the neighbourhood bought from Mr. John. him. He put by also a portion of his salary. son solely because he made a stand against the
"Well, George,” said his old friend Mr. Hooper, prevailing Sunday trading of the district. on accidentally meeting him one day after having In short, the experiment succeeded signally, for heard from him the recital of what had occurred Mr. Johnson became one of the most flourishing since they last met, “I think we agree now about tradesmen in the neighbourhood. He still lives at Sunday trading ; suppose we put our principles to the same place where he achieved his victory, but the test."
he has been compelled to enlarge his premises “In what way do you propose to do this, Mr. more than once. A wife and a family of bloom. Hooper ?"
ing children now add to his happiness; and he is " I have thought of your starting in business an active member of several societies which have again in your old neighbourhood. 'I am not a been formed for the amelioration, physical and wealthy man-far from it-but for several years moral, of the poor and ignorant. I have been a prosperous one, and I can advance “Well, Mr. Johnson,” said his old friend one something for you. I know you have saved a part day, “it is now a good many years since I entered of your salary, and your master is willing to send your shop, and in the course of our conversation a helping hand, by supplying you with goods at a proposed to you to give up Sunday trading. I low rate to commence with. What do you say to met with a very unfavourable reception; and I this proposal ?"
little expected then to see what I behold now." Give me a few days to consider, Mr. Hooper ; “No, Mr. Hooper, I was ignorant and conceited but allow me at once to return you my grateful in those days; but bitter experience made me wiser. thanks for your kindness.”
Putting higher considerations aside, I see that in Certainly; take your own time for weighing many other points of view Sunday trading is to be the proposal. I have watched your career, and I condemned. The benefits of my present course are feel a warm interest in your welfare. I know, too, many and important: its physical advantages are that you wish to marry, and in your present situa- repose, cleanliness, and health ; its mercantile adtion I see that you cannot well do so.
vantages to the labourer are diminished competiIn a few days George gave his consent to the tion and increased wages ; its intellectual advanproposal. A shop was taken and neatly fitted up, tages are opportunities for reading and reflection, and in about two months from the time of the public oral instruction, and Sunday-school training above conversation he entered upon his new sphere for the young ; whilst its moral advantages are too of action. ...
numerous and too obvious to be insisted upon." “Give him a rouser, Mrs. Vanes," said a slat- "Well spoken, Mr. Johnson. You are yourself a ternly-looking woman to another still more so, who good example of the truth of the doctrines you had come rather early on the first Sunday morning preach. The aid which you received cannot be after George had opened his shop, for some articles said to have made the experiment an unfair one, which she required. Accordingly, Mrs. Vanes gave for it was scanty and limited. Allow me to add one a few vigorous knocks with a penny-piece upon the more advantage in this case, and that is, the good shop-door.
interest which I have always punctually received Mr. Johnson opened a window overhead. “Aint for the small sum that I advanced to you. May you latish this morning, Mr. Johnson ?" said the many follow your good example.” female who had advised the trial of knocking for admittance; “I want some things."
“I do not intend to open the shop on Sundays, Mrs. Mellish; I have given up Sunday trading,"
OUT OUR WAY. replied Mr. Johnson, closing the window as he I am no scholar, and not much given to writing, spoke, to avoid altercation, which, from the known except a letter now and then since the Penny Post character of Mrs. Mellish, he felt sure would en- came up, and a few figures once a week, may be, just sue if he prolonged the conversation.
to see how my little affairs stand: but there isn't Well, here's a pretty go! and so a poor woman much scholarship wanted, I take it, to tell the plain isn't to have a bit of butter on a Sunday morning, truth, whether it is to be written or said by word becase he's so mighty religious. Howsumiver, if of mouth; so I shall say what I have to say in a he wont have my Sunday money, he shan't have plain way, in the hope that what I do say may be my week-day; I'll take care o' that.”
to the purpose, and do a little good where it is very Yis, aint he pious now?” chimed in Mrs.Vanes. much wanted. I am a hard-working man, and have “Oh deary me, but I know what it'll all come to. been all my life. I don't complain of that; work He keeps his shutters up to-day, and he'll very never comes amiss to me, so long as it's fairly paid soon keep 'em up altogether.”
for; and I'm willing to work to the end of the They then departed to procure what they re- chapter, as far as that goes. But what I do com. quired elsewhere.
plain of is a grievance which ought to be remedied, Mr. Johnson steadily persevered in the conrse because the continuance of it entails a mischief which he had commenced, though freqnently ban. upon me and mine, which was none of my own tered at first by some of his old customers. But seeking, and for which I am not to blame. his firmness in sustaining pecuniary loss won the When I was but a bit of a boy, I lived with my admiration of some, and the secret respect of nearly father and mother in a snug cottage with a fair all of them. They argued that a man who would patch of garden-ground behind it, a goodish way act thus would be almost sure to deal fairly with out of London; and now that I'm nigh forty, though I've never moved out of the cottage, I'm ship? Not seven, it's my opinion; and what's living as much in the heart of the town, to all in- more, they haven't got the clothes to go in; and if tents and purposes, save and except those of con- they had, they haven't got the heart to go. You'l venience, as though me and my family had been see 'em lounging about in shirt-sleeves all day pitched into the middle of Whitefriars. I've long, only half dressed and not half sober. Treble never moved to London, but London has moved X is hat, coat, and boots to whole tribes of them. to me, and taken me into her arms whether I I've always observed that the three golden balls and would or no; and I must say she has not done the the three golden X's go very much together--they neighbourly thing at all, but quite the contrary. must be first cousins, I'm thinking. The publican When I was a lad, and my father and mother were and the pawnbroker, at any rate, are feathering alive, out our way used to be thought as healthy a their nests pretty tidy out our way; and very few place as any in Middlesex, and people used to come besides, as far as I can see, are doing much tothere for change of air-and all the better for it wards getting rich. Mrs. Brown, who keeps a too. The little patch of garden-ground found us general shop, told me the other night that there all in vegetables, and a little stream of water that wasn't a family in her street (and it's a goodish ran through it afforded us the means of cleanliness long one) but what is on her books for sums of and health. Now the garden will grow nothing money owing and standing over-the debtors payfit for a man to eat, and the stream that used to ing ready cash for what they now purchase, being sparkle like crystal is changed into an open sewer, refused further credit till the standing accounts are with a smell so bad, in summer time, it's almost paid-which, in nine cases out of ten, they never will enough to knock a fellow down.
be. Of course I know well enough, though Mrs. This has all come of so much building on the Brown didn't tell me as much, that those that pay cheap system-building that ought never to have their way pay all the more on account of the debeen allowed, and would never have been done if faulters—it don't take much arithmetic to teach the builders had had to live in the houses they me that. put up.
Out our way now there's little else but You should see the sight of children there is out cottages a brick thick, and manufactories where our way. I don't know how it comes about ; but stinking trades are carried on, and all sorts of bad it seems to me always that the more muck and dirt smells taint the air we breathe. There's lots of and disagreeableness of all sorts there is in a place, tanners' and skinners' pits, and bone-works and the more children there is sure to be. Hundreds glue-boilers, and all that sort of thing; but there's of them are left at home all day by themselves, next to no drainage, and no water at all that's while fathers and mothers are out at work; and really fit to drink, though we are obliged to drink some of them get no food, but a penny or halfit for want of better. I caught four shrimps the penny, perhaps, to do what they like with, from other morning in the basin I drew from the buat breakfast to supper. It's uncomfortable to me to that stands in a corner of our yard-shrimps as see the poor things slopping about, half clad, in the big pretty near as them you buy at Billingsgate, wet, and playing at their dreary games, or crouchthough not being boiled they were the colour of ing on door-steps, nursing of sickly babies, bawling an old bank note, instead of being red. Further. for their mothers' breast. It's my belief that half more, when I put my face into the basin I could of 'em die, poor things, before they're four years see the water-lice by the thousand at the bottom old; but there's plenty left, for all that. I'm and I did feel a little queerish, when I thought bound to say the deaths are by no means confined how many generations of them I must have drunk to the children. Every fall there's awful work in my time. I've got a water-butt myself, because among the grown-up people. The doctors say the the old man made a stir when they first poisoned fever is never out of the neighbourhood; and I the brook with the sewers, and they sunk a butt can bear witness that it makes woeful ravage in the ground and let on a pipe to quiet him; but whenever hot weather sets in after long and heavy half my neighbours have no such convenience, but rains. The undertakers know that well enough : have to beg of me or somebody else for every drop you wouldn't believe how sharp they are after of water they use.
business, without you was to see it. Why, when But if they are short of water, they've got the sickly season comes on, as it's pretty sure to plenty of beer and gin—a great deal too much of do towards the end of the summer, you can't it. There is hardly a house out our way fit for a walk twenty paces out our way without seeing an decent man to live in, but what is a public-house undertaker's bill, with a picture of a burying on of some sort or other. When I was a boy, I used the top of it, and the prices of coffins and shrouds, to stroll in the garden of a summer's night and and the hire of cloaks, palls, and hatbands, and watch the sunsets, and the crowds of London the churchyard omnibus that does the genteel for steeples and towers shooting up into the barred poor folks, and packs living and dead together bered clouds miles away. Now the setting sun only hind one pair of horses, or one horse if you want flashes upon the gilded sign-boards of the publican, it extra cheap, and anything else that you may regleaming on the tops of fifty houses, and blazing quire, all ticketed off at the lowest possible figure. upon treble X's as long as your arm. This is a I must confess that they certainly do it very cheap : Fery ngly change, to my thinking, and tells a very why, you can have a flannel shroud and trimmings, ugly tale if you don't turn a deaf ear to it. You and a pillow-case well stuffed for your head, and a should just come out our way of a Sunday after- stout elm coffin with gilt handles, or leastways noon, and then you'd know what I mean. Why, lacquered, and a zinc inscription plate, and the top out of the thousands of labouring men, working of a grave, and cloaks and hathands for half-aall the week at unwholesome trades, how many in dozen followers, and I don't recollect what besides, a hundred would you think go to a place of wor. and all for a matter of fifty shillings, out our way.
It's as cheap as dirt; but for all that it strikes , it looked after ? The dust and refuse of a nobleme it aint worth while to be killed with bad air man's house, if it was left to ferment in large and unwholesome smells, for the sake of being quantities, would poison the nobility just as soon buried at a bargain ; and I can't help wishing that as it would a costermonger, perhaps sooner. But our neighbourhood didn't furnish so many custom- the nobility never have the chance; the scavenger ers to the undertaker.
brings his cart round two or three times a week, You should have been out our way when the and hauls off everything, and keeps 'em sweet. cholera came in '49. It was really awful: all along Just notice how it is out our way, where there's the track of the open sewer people lay dead in nothing but six or seven pound houses--where Jack pretty nigh every house. It breaks my heart to Jinks, who hawks whelks and winkles about the think of it
. I lost my biggest boy and my poor old town, turns his stale stock into the road when it's father. Pretty nigh anybody that was took died; no longer fit for use--where Bilins, the vegetable the doctors could do nothing with 'em. My Tom dealer, does the same with his cabbages when they was as fine-growed a young fellow as you ever see, turn yellow; and where all the people throw their but he wasn't bad more than two days altogether dust and rubbish out at the front door, because before he died. I'll say that for the doctors, they there's nowhere else to put it. Why, the scavendid what they could, they were running about ger don't come there once in three months ; I night and day ; burat our way the disorder was haven't seen him myself since the Exhibition year, too strong for them, and had its own course. Some when there was a bit of a sweep up; but instead said it was the water ; some said it was the want of him, when the smell gets uncommon strong, of drainage, and some laid it to the foul air. there comes the parish engine, and plays upon it Poor father I don't think ever had the cholera at for an hour or two till the whole road is in a swim,
but he thought he had, and lay crouched up in and as much of it as gets afloat drains off into the bed for three weeks, and it's my belief 'twas the nearest ditch. I think they call this irrigatin' of fear of it killed him at last. I know I felt my: us; it's a very fine word, but it don't do anything self all the while just as I fancy a soldier may feel like the scavenger's broom. when the enemy is firing at his regiment, expect- I shall be told, as I have been told when I made ing to be hit himself every minute while he sees these complaints to our doctor, that the law has his comrades a-dropping around him. If I had provided a remedy, and that we have got it in our been took, I don't know what would have become own hands. I make bold to deny that altogether. of my family. When the worst on't was over the I know well enough that the Parliament, when the parish authorities come among us, and brought cholera was a-coming on, passed an act, called the surveyors and scientific gentlemen to see what was Nuisances Removal Act, and that that act speciwanting to be done ; and there was a talk of great fies that magistrates shall have power to enforce alterations and improvements; the open drain was the removal of a nuisance, upon a complaint being to be covered in, and a main drain was to be dug, presented, backed by the written testimony of a and cisterns and ball-cocks were to be put up in medical man that such nuisance is unfavourable to every house, and plenty of water was to be turned health. But how is it in practice ? Come out our
In short, the talking was very fine indeed, way and try. You may get the testimony of the everything that could be wished. The misfortune medical man fast enough, a hundred of 'em if you of it was, that beyond the talking nothing further like; but when you go to the magistrate, and comwas done. We looked out for the drainers and the plain of the fat-boiling, and require him to put diggers, and the water-cisterns and ball-cocks, but the act into execution, then says he, “I shan't act not a morsel of one of them have I seen from that unless the subject is brought before me officially." time to this. The open drain is growed worse That sounds very grand, but it signifies no more than ever, because the building is going on every nor less than this: "I shan't act unless the proday ; it isn't in fact a drain now at all, but a stag. prietor of the boiling-house comes and begs me to nant ditch of black soil; there is a current, to be turn him out." Because, you see, the subject can't sure, which runs at the rate of a yard an hour: come before the magistrate officially" without I've calculated it, and it takes thirteen hours to get the guardians move in it, and one guardian, perpast my bit of ground, which is a bare forty-four haps, is the fat-boiling proprietor, and another is feet.
his particular friend. It is true, they are bound to There's a many things, besides what I've stated, act if two housekeepers complain to them of the quite as bad, and worse, and which I mustn't put nuisance ; but seeing that out our way the owners down, because if I did people would say I was a of the nuisances are the landlords of all the houses, describing things as isn't decent—and that would that never comes to pass. be trne enough ; but then, if it isn't decent to 'Tis said that we live in a wonderful age for write about such things, should people that ought knowledge and improvement and progress. The to be decent people be compelled to live amongst progress we've made out our way I'm afraid has them? There's no reason why a labouring man, been latterly very much in the wrong direction. when he's off work, shouldn't be as clean in his We have more dirt, more sickness, more improviperson as a gentleman; but if he has to beg the dence, and more death than ever we had before water that is to give him a clean face, he's likely among us; and unless something is done to put to go with a dirty one all the longer. Moreover, things in better trim, we shall go on from bad to there's no good reason that I know of why all the worse. There are many worthy men come out our trouble that's taken to clean the streets of London way at times to talk and read the bible to the should be confined mostly to what I call the show people in the cottages, and there used to be some parts of the town. A working man's health is as ladies, but they gave it up, and no wonder, for valuable to him as a lord's is to a lord; but how is they couldn't stand it; I can hardly stand it my
self sometimes. What is most wanted, however, had only one question to answer to them-why an is the material for good advice to work upon. A Englishman should come on so strange an erpart of Christianity is decency, and cleanliness, as rand P-'Curiosity. C'est très extraordinaire !' everybody knows, is next to godliness ; and when Thanking the whole neighbourhood for their kind men are in circumstances which make decency and attention in doing the honours of the guillotine so cleanliness impossible, my experience tells me that satisfactorily, I mounted and rode out of the I need seldom look to them for a religious example court.” and I don't.
There! I've relieved my mind, and done my duty to my neighbours—and I hope some good
TIGER BEETLES. may come of it.
(FROM RYMER JONES'S NATURAL HISTORY OF ANIMALS.)
The first division of this mighty army compreTHE GUILLOTINE OF THE FRENCH rapacious and bloodthirsty of the race, equally
hends the Tiger Beetles, conspicuously the most REVOLUTION.
remarkable for the beauty of their colours, their WHILE paying a visit in 1815 to the Hôtel de extreme activity, and savage propensities. The Ville, so celebrated in the annals of the first Revo- larvæ of these tigers are tolerably agile in their lution, “ I at once,” says Mr. Simpson, " asked to movements, and present a very remarkable apsee the guillotine, which I was informed was kept pearance, the eighth segment of their bodies, here. A man and woman, the concierge and his which is larger than the rest, being armed with a wife, told me that it had for some time been in the pair of sharp recurved hooks, implanted in a promipossession of a carpenter in the Rue Pont-à-Choux, nent fleshy retractile cushion. These larvæ excanear the Marais.". Being in the neighbourhood of vate cylindrical burrows in the ground, which are this spot a few days afterwards, Mr. S. extended many of them upwards of a foot in depth, in the his ride thither, and after many inquiries was suc- construction of which the larvæ exhibit extraordi. cessful in discovering the haunt of this terrible nary ingenuity, loosening the earth by means of instrument of crime. In answer to his interroga- their powerful jaws, and carrying it to the surface tions, he says, “I was directed to a gate, or porte- upon their broad heads, the hooks upon their cochère, through which I rode into a small paved backs assisting them to climb to the top, much in court. The noise of my horse's feet brought a girl the same way as a chimney-sweep ascends a chimto a window up-stairs, of whom I asked if the ney. Their den being completed, they station guillotine was kept here! She was too much di- themselves just within its entrance, where they lie verted with so strange an errand of a man and in wait for any poor passing insect traveller that aorse--and the man English-to answer at once, may be luckless enough to approach too near, when but said she would come down about it; and down it is instantly seized and dragged to the bottom of she came with two sisters with her, in great mirth the cave, there to be speedily devoured. Less about Monsieur l'Anglais and the guillotine. They active, but scarcely less carnivorous in their habits, pointed to a large door like that of a coach-house, are the predaceous ground-beetles, many of which and said it was there; but it was locked, and the are constantly employed prowling about upon the key with a person who lived at a great distance. surface of the ground, in search of insect prey, Observing about six inches of aperture above the lurking in the daytime under stones and other door, I thought I might see over it, and asked if similar places of concealment, and carrying on an they could get me something to stand upon ? By unrelenting warfare against innumerable noxious this time several of the less employed of their insects, the destructiveness of which they mateneighbours had joined us; and, by moving an rially assist in diminishing. Among these maempty cask, they most readily procured me the rauding beetles, the most remarkable are the Bommeans of elevation, held my horse, and encouraged bardiers, as they are not inappropriately named, me to ascend with— Allons, Monsieur, montez, several species of which are provided with a means montez à la guillotine !' Assuring them that it of defence unparalleled among the lower animals. was my wish to see it, not to try it, I got up on Of all the inventions which mankind seem fairly the cask, and, looking over the door, I certainly entitled to claim, as being exclusively of human saw the murderous instrument lying on the ground contrivance, perhaps that of guns and gunpowder -the same instrument that had struck off the might be deemed the most original, yet even in heads of the king and queen, and of the multi- this, strange to say, he has been forestalled. The tudes who followed them. So constantly was it in little bombardier beetles possessed an artillery of use, that a gentleman who lived about a mile from their own long before the fields of Cressy first Paris, during those dreadful times, said that, on a trembled at the unaccustomed roar of human calm summer evening, he distinctly heard the cannon, as any one will confess who may inadchop of the guillotine for an hour or two together. vertently lay hold of one of these living batteries. The same instrument which, while it spared It is quite true, that neither powder nor ball is neither sex nor age, immolated all descriptions of needed by the insect cannonier; but there is the persons, a Lavoisier as well as a Robespierre ; and flash, the smoke, the report, and although beside which, it is said, David the painter stood
“ The far-hissing globe of death" with his pencil, in French composure, to catch the convulsions of expiring nature. Looking at this is wanting, its place is more efficiently supplied by instrument, so frightful in dreadful associations, a burning drop, so caustic in its nature as to be I had almost forgot my merry friends around, and only comparable to nitric acid in its corrosive was not just in their mood when I came down. I effects.