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basin below. Let their names, however, be what rarer wild flowers grew, unknown by any less enthey might, they constituted a peculiar feature in terprising than herself. She seemed to have an this sweet village.
unerring eye for floral treasures, and would return Another of these wells or fountains was situated from her excursions with her face glowing with in the lime avenue leading up to the church. What health and delight, her dress turned up and loaded a pleasant place, on a summer's evening, for a with flowers, her bonnet off and slung on one arm, walk, inhaling, as you went, the fragrance of the i to contain the more precious and delicate sort, her lime blossoms, which were quite alive with bees curls all in disorder, and altogether presenting a busily employed in extracting the luscious sweets fine subject for our painter Collins. Then, as the from the flowers, and making the air musical with handiest of workwomen, she had been likewise intheir low monotonous hum, while the pleasant valuable; her light active fingers were here, there, rippling sound of the water as it fell gave a feel- and everywhere in a minute; so light was her ing of freshness and coolness most delightful at touch that the slightest and most fragile blossoms the close of a hot oppressive day. Peeps, too, of were uninjured by it; she had, too, an exquisite the blue sky might be seen through the thick fo- knack of turning and twisting them about in the liage forming a verdant arch over our heads. way most becoming to their several beauties. Many a pleasant moment have I spent in that What a busy scene it used to be as matters spot, enjoying the beauties I have now referred to. drew near a conclusion! Such kindly emulation
The fourth well was just in front of the parson- between the different parties ; such seeking for age, and almost touched the garden fence; it was flowers at the last hour, in previously unknown the largest of them all, and was always, in honour and romantic places, often high up in the hills ; of the good pastor, rather more richly adorned than such levying of contributions upon all the gardens the others-a delicate and touching tribute to the far and near; and what stores of the beautiful worth of one who had for nearly fifty years largely treasures were at last collected, of every name and contributed to the temporal and spiritual welfare hue, wild and cultivated! Oh! it was a goodly of his flock. With much amusement have I watched sight even then; and often have I stood watching the way in which these simple-minded peasants, as their interesting labours, and wondering to see the time for the festival drew on, sought to screen how order and purpose and regularity seemed to their pretty labours from the eyes of the good man, be the result of apparently the wildest confusion. till the proper moment should arrive, when the On the last day of these preparations, I sat at result was to burst upon him in all its splendour.my favourite well, being the one near the lime
The fifth and last of the wells was situated close trees, and to which my little favourite maiden to the gate that gave entrance to the grounds of belonged. Everything wore a most festive air. the lord of the manor. It stood on a mound of the The birds were rejoicing all around, and indulging softest, greenest grass, which was always kept with themselves in one incessant twitter and warble ; the most sedulous care, till it might have rivalled all nature looked gay and gladsome; and there in smoothness and evenness the most highly-kept sat all the clever artists absolutely buried in lawn. A tiny path led up to the well, that no foot flowers—including daffodils, hyacinths, and cow. steps might soil the grass ; and immediately behind slips, with their deep golden cups spotted with it there was a magnificent holly, such as one only ruby; lilies of the valley, with their long green sees in bits of reclaimed forest ground; a finer silken leaves and pearl-like flowers; wild blueindeed I have seldom seen, and its dark shining bells, pale primroses, violets sweeter than all green leaves and picturesque form made the most earthly perfumes, and daisies like the little stars barmonious background to the well.
of heaven ; while the fragile cups of the graceful Having thus endeavoured to place before my wood anemones waved their delicate and drooping readers the scene of the festival, I will now de- heads before the gentlest breeze that was blowing. scribe what the festival itself was. The various There were marsh-marigolds, too, with their wells I have described had to be dressed with glistening, golden flowers; wild geraniums, meaflowers, not in the common way in which such dow-sweet, rightly named, with its rich almond adorning is accomplished, but in one which re- perfume; the delicate wood-sorrel; bright blue quired no small rural skill, both in the choice of squills, the very colour of the summer sky; the the materials and the manner of their arrange- snowy hawthorn, contrasting well with the scarlet ment. The flowers were cleverly disposed so as to peone, whose gorgeous flowers looked as though imitate a gorgeous mosaic, and no one can judge they had been cut out in coral ; together with of the great beauty of this display who has not the rosy double peach ; and all these foral embelassisted at the ceremony. But I must go a little lishments brought out by a background of verdure more into detail. I had been spending some weeks and foliage of all the diversified tints of the fresh with the kindly owners of the great house, as it and early spring. Oh, what a treat it was for the was called, and in consequence I had become tho- genuine admirer of nature in its rich luxuriance, roughly interested in all that was going on, even and how delightful to watch the processes by in the important question as to who was to be se- which such brilliant results were to be produced. lected queen of the festival; this dignity being I remained till the moon was absolutely shining always conferred on the young damsel who was clear and bright in the sky, for it was necessary judged to have been the most expert, first in pro- that all should be completed that night; and when caring the flowers, and afterwards in their arrange everything was finished at our well, a cheering ment. My wishes all centred in one bright little shout was raised by all present, which rose so village maiden, with a particularly pleasing expres- clear and harmoniously in the still evening air that sion of countenance. As a flower seeker, she was it thrilled through one with a most pleasing effect. wholly unrivalled, for she knew places where the When the last finishing touches had been given, well might the rural artists feel elated as they their full hearts. The company were all attired in gazed upon their handiwork, and saw the well their best clothes, and everything wore a festive literally glowing with its magical combination of appearance. A band of the school girls accompabright colours. But I must attempt to describe nied the procession, and, as they paused at each one of these adorned wells, so as to give as far as well, they raised their voices in a simple hymn possible an idea of the whole effect. The flowers appropriate to the day, and most touching did being placed so as to show no stalks, nothing those childish voices sound, singing the praises of could be seen but gorgeous masses of colouring, their Creator and Redeemer. so disposed that each colour set the others off There were not the slightest indications of unto advantage; while a stone ornament stood out becoming mirth, but all the proceedings were in the midst, bedecked with the snowy blossoms tranquil and orderly in the extreme, without in of the may, and looking more silvery and beautiful any degree repressing the real heartfelt joyousness from the deep red setting surrounding it prodnced of the occasion by such sobriety:. We visited the by the peone. Every other part of the well, which various wells in succession, admiring and praising, we have not space minutely to detail, was orna- as they deserved, their exquisite beauty; but we mented in a similarly effective manner, the whole returned again to the well that had been prowork being framed with the young tendrils of the nounced by universal acclaim the most beautiful hop, the vine, the woodbine, and the ivy. Thus among the beautiful, and, it is gratifying to add, embowered, it really formed a magic picture. without any unkindness or mortification being
Previous to the judges of the festival visiting shown on the part of those who were thus prothe wells in succession to pronounce upon their nounced defeated. respective merits, all the rural population attended It was almost immediately decided that my divine service at the church, so that thus a sort young friend was to be the queen of the day; and of religious improvement was given to the occasion, so popular was the little maiden in the village, that and the villagers reminded of Him who gave fruit- no one seemed to begrudge her the honours, and ful seasons and springing fountains. The church more especially when they witnessed the modest stood on a little hill surrounded by the irregular air with which she received the crown of white and straggling village with its fields and gardens, roses--the emblem of her new dignity--and the some of the latter coming close up to the church deep red of her blushes when the garland was yard wall, and many of the fruit trees hanging placed on her brow by the trembling fingers of the their rich and beautiful blossoms over the humble venerable clergyman. On venturing to look up, resting-places of the dead. The aged clergyman, though almost overpowered by timidity, she enat the time I speak of, had been long ailing, and countered nothing on all sides but kindly glances, it was much doubted whether he would be able to and another hearty cheer was given to celebrate address his parishioners as usual on that day. her coronation honours. We were all assembled in the churchyard, the day The rest of the day was spent in innocent enjoy. being one of those glorious ones when the very ment, and the recreations concluded by a general privilege of having life appears sufficient to inspire tea-drinking in the grounds of the patron of the a feeling of happiness, so richly do all things seem village, who was always too happy to promote the given us to enjoy! No sound disturbed the still pleasure of the people. Were there more like him, ness, save the solemn toll of the bell summoning able and willing to encourage the innocent recreato prayer and thanksgiving ; when just as the last tions of the toiling poor, there would be a more faint reverberation of that sound was fading upon kindly feeling between the different classes of the the ear, the venerable old man was seen slowly community than unhappily often now exists. walking up to the church porch. A soft murmur The day had been to me one of unmixed enjoy. of approving welcome was all the greeting his ment; and when the last sounds of joyousness had humble friends ventured on, and in a moment died away upon the ear, I sallied forth, resolved more he had entered the church and given out the once again to visit, by the clear calm light of the psalm, whereupon all worldly thoughts and feel moon, these most magical structures. If I had ings seemed at once to disappear in the solemn thought them beautiful when emblazoned by the tranquillity that reigued in the house of God. A gaudy light of day, how far more lovely were conviction resting on the aged shepherd's mind they now, when seen partly in light and partly in that it was in all probability the last time he shadow, all defects concealed by the soft tremulous should address his flock on this anniversary occa- glow that fell upon them, and the brilliant colours sion, gave unusnal fervour to his touching and shining out more and more vividly, from the force simple discourse; and when we left the church, of contrast, with the parts in shadow; the moonand the procession formed to go through the vil beams at the same time silvering the water as it lage, there was a sort of solemn hush instead of dripped into some of the basins, while, beside the the burst of joyfulness that customarily took place rippling noise thus produced, and the occasional at that time, so deep was the impression produced low chirp of a bird disturbed in its rest, not a by the words they had heard, together with the sound disturbed the solemn stillness of the night. circumstances in which they had been spoken. It was a scene to be lastingly impressed upon one's
It was not long, however, before the old man's mind, and I felt, as I turned away, that these voice was raised in expressions of the warmest Well-dressings would never be forgotten by me. admiration as he reached the first well
, decked by I can only, in conclusion, express a hope that my young favourite. Its beautiful appearance the interest and gratification which I experienced seemed to break the spell which had been for a in witnessing these simple and primitive ceremowhile cast over the assembly, and they once more nies may be to some extent participated by those gave unrestrained utterance to the gladness of who peruse this feeble description of them.
THE APARTMENTS OF THE VENETIAN with the doom of captivity or death before him. INQUISITORS.
Of course in many of the trials here, whatever may The following description of the apartments occu- be thought of the sentence inflicted, guilt, and that pied by the terrible Council of Ten, in Venice, of a heavy kind, was proved against the accused. during the days of her declining greatness, is taken The place was not always a slaughter-house for from a compendions history of that celebrated city, innocence, a butchery for men guilty of light just issued in the Monthly Volume series of the offence. Grave crimes against the state were here Religious Tract Society, and which is from the pen of disclosed, and the memory especially dwells on that an accomplished writer, who has personally visited night in the April of 1355, when Marino Faliero, the scenes which he so graphically delineates: a traitor to the government of which he was the
There is another most interesting suite of three head, was arraigned before his old companions in rooms, formerly devoted to the use of the Council office, and when the sword of justice, covered with of Ten, which the visitor acquainted with Venetian crape, was placed on the throne which he had been history will be sure specially to notice. By the side wont himself to fill. of the door of an ante-chamber is the little wicket Next to the hall of the Council of Ten is the belonging to the lion's mouth, which received cabinet of the inquisitors of state, the three out of denunciations against persons touching offences the ten in whom there was a concentration of the that came under the cognizance of the tribunal highest power of the state. The room is very occupying these rooms. Along the left wall were much altered, having now the appearance of "a six desks for the secretaries of the inquisitors of café decorated in bad taste." But the ceiling, the state and the Council of Ten. The benches all inlaid floor, and the chimney-piece are the same as around served for persons summoned to appear as when the three used to sit here in dire conclave. witnesses or as accused. "Here they attended What mainly fixed our attention were the two here they trembled."
doors and the passages connected with them leadThe hall of the Council of Ten has a ceiling ing to the cells of the inquisition. Those doors, partly by Paul Veronese, and a frieze by Zelotti
. those passages, those cells ?—who that has ever Yet neither these ornaments nor the three histori- seen them but must retain their image burnt into cal pictures on the walls obtain much notice, com, the memory? One door opens upon a narrow pared with the deep but painful interest which all winding passage and staircase which leads up to must feel in thinking of the uses for which this the roof. Here were the famous "piombi," or apartment was originally employed. Here is the leads, places of confinement, dark, close, and invery centre of that terrible jurisdiction which tensely hot, even when we were there, though they almost always recurs to our mind when the name are now much better than they used to be. We of Venice is pronounced—that irresponsible and cannot think of those prisons without feeling asdespotic authority which lorded itself over the tonished at some modern attempts which have liberty and lives of the most powerful citizens been made to represent them as after all not very that agency which from its secresy and mysterious- disagreeable residences. ness seemed like something supernatural. Know- The piombi are bad enough, but they are far ing what human nature is, and how men freed exceeded in horror by the pozzi, or dungeons. We
from accountability to their fellows are apt to descended to them by another narrow winding | trample on the principles of justice in their eager- staircase, which awakened indescribable sensations,
ness to retain the power they possess, especially and brought over the mind a rush of fearful associ. when existence would be jeopardized by its loss, ations relative to the hapless victims dragged down
we cannot but feel sure that there must have been this avenue, no more to see the light of day, and i proceedings going on in this awful room of a cha- soon to lose the light of life. We entered the
racter the thought of which makes us tremble. dungeons. They are square. The walls and the Admitting that the atrocities of this court may roof as well as the floor of some are covered with have been somewhat exaggerated, yet history re- boards, and there remains a sort of slab which cords enough of its doings, and our knowledge of served for the captive's bed. The only light adfallen humanity under such circumstances as this mitted is by a small hole opening into the narrow inquisition created sufficiently shows what it must passage that runs by the low door-way, and that have been, to convince us that nowhere else, except passage is only lighted by a series of small aper
in Rome and Seville, has there been so much of tures, corresponding with these dismal little win1 iniquity perpetrated under the name of justice. It dows in the cells. Only so much of light is admit
would show an absence of right moral feeling not ted as literally to make the darkness visible. Some to be moved with indignation at the thought of of the cells have now no boarding over the grim
the scenes once enacted on this spot; and connect- stone walls ; our cicerone, however, who evidently ! ing that thought with our irrepressible conviction wished to mitigate our idea of the horrors of the
of a righteous Governor in heaven, we are irresis. place, stated that formerly they were all boarded, tibly led to anticipate, as beyond all doubt, the yet he admitted there was a distinction between coming
of an hour when he will bring to light the cells for prisoners before confession and afterwards. hidden things of darkness, and when men shall be The lowest dungeons we saw were above the level judged by him according to their works. There of the water. Our guide assured us that there we ruminate as we think of the time when the were none lower, and that the statement of cells seventeen stalls around the room were occupied by under the line of the canal was "an idle dream,” the ten councillors, with the doge and his six “ a perfect phantasy." There certainly seems no assistants, when the secretaries were seated at access to any beneath those which we examined ; their desks, and witnesses were examined, and the but whether any such did exist, and have since been accused stood in the midst alone and undefended, stopped up, we cannot tell.
THE SCULPTOR AND THE CLERGYMAN.-At the time REVERSE OF CIRCUMSTANCES.-It is stated that M. when Bacon, the celebrated sculptor, was putting up the Flocon, formerly a member of the French Provisional monument of Lord Chatham, a minister, to whom he was Government, is now reduced to live upon eightpence a day, an utter stranger, was walking through the Abbey, and, and refuses offered subscriptions, saying he has sufficient coming up unsoen, tapped Mr. B. on the shoulder, saying, for his wants. "Take care what you are about-you work for eternity,"
NOVEL AND SIMPLE MODE OF INCREASING TIE SPEED (alluding to the story of Zeuxis). It happened the next
OF VESSELS.-A correspondent of the Shipping Gazette morning that Mr. B. heard this gentleman deliver a discourse from the pulpit, and, watching him in his passage of a material so prepared that the surface is rendered slip
says: “A highly important discovery has just been made, to the vestry, he came behind him, and, tapping him in a similar manner, said, “Take care what you are about—you sequently accelerating most considerably the speed of all
pery, or somewhat slimy, thereby non-resisting, and conwork for eternity."
craft, whether small or large, to which it may be applied. APPARATUS FOR TRANSPLANTING TREES, ETC.-An in. It also effectually protects them from the adhesion of genious invention, by Mr. M'Glashen, has lately appeared, barnacle and sea-weed, or other marine animal or vegetable by means of which shrubs, plants, trees, and even entire matter. This material, a sort of paint, is one of the borders may be removed with perfect safety from one situ- thousand and one useful purposes to which it has been ation to another, however remote. A trial has been made found that caoutchouc (indian-rubber) can be applied." at Edinburgh with satisfactory results; and still more re
A NEW SHIP PROPELLER.— The last files of the Sydney cently the power of the apparatus has been tested at the Morning Herald contain accounts of a new propeller, in. Chiswick Horticultural Gardens, in the presence of his vented by Sir Thomas Mitchell, the surveyor-general of Royal Highness Prince Albert, Sir Joseph Paxton, and New South Wales, a trial of which in a small steamer at other practical men, by the transplanting of a tree 56 feet that port had excited great interest. It is called the high and 4 feet 10 inches in circumference. The facility boomerang propeller, and is constructed on the principle with which an object so lofty and ponderous was handled, of the weapon of that name used by the natives to kill by means of the working of a screw on either side, is said game. Although the experiment was only on a small and chanics in our own land, reminds us of a somewhat similar imperfect scale, a speed of twelve knots an hour against a
head-wind is stated to have been obtained. The instrufeat which is recorded to have been performed a short time ment is described to combine great strength and simplicity, ago in New York, America. It appears that a two-story whilst it has the advantage that its motion in the water house was removed from the foot of Jay-street to Red Hook Point by water. The house, with contents, was capable of being adapted to canal boats as well as to other
causes but a comparatively slight agitation, so that it is placed upon two large barges, and towed to its new loca. vessels. At the conclusion of the trial Sir Thomas Mittion by a steam-tug.
chell expressed his conviction “ that the weapon of the A RIVAL TO THE GREAT VICTORIA NUGGET.-In one earliest inhabitants of Australia has now led to the deof the late arrivals of gold dust from Port Phillip, was an termination mathematically of the true form by which immense nugget weighing 545 ounces, which is stated to alone, on the screw principle, high speed in water can be be the largest piece ever brought into this country. It was obtained." found in a spot not more than six yards from the place ELECTRIC LIGHT AND THE MANUFACTURE OF Co. where the great Victoria nugget was discovered. It had LOURS.-A new application of electricity, invented by Dr. been repeatedly turned over, and many of the holes near Watson, is now exhibiting in the immediate vicinity of it were abandoned
and full of water. It was picked up by Wandsworth. The great feature of the invention is, that a seaman named Potter.
the materials consumed in the production of electricity Tenuity or COPPER.-A bar of copper, five-eighths of are employed for a profitable purpose independent of that an inch in diameter, was lately drawn into a coil of wire, of illumination. Thus, while a most brilliant light is at Birmingham, three miles long.
produced by galvanic action, materials are introduced into
the battery by which pigments of the finest quality are MONUMENT TO Nelson.-A monument to this great obtained, and these are so valuable that they equal, if they naval commander has just been completed at Portsmouth, do not exceed, the cost of the operation. The pigments It is a structure of granite surmounted by the identical
are of course first obtained in a liquid state, but they pass anchor of the Victory at Trafalgar, a gift from the through a filtering and drying process, which not only Admiralty. The memorial, at the cost of Lord F. Fitz. renders them available for ordinary purposes, but creates clarence, stands on the Southsea beach, where Nelson went variety of tint when the colour is the same. If the result on board for the last time to take command of the fleet.
of the inventor's discovery answers his expectations, thus OYSTERS AND Mice.- A person at Haverfordwest lately double employment of electricity will be a valuable addipurchased a small quantity of oysters, which he placed in a tion to practical science, since we may literally have light back room; in the course of a quarter of an hour he went for nothing, the illuminator being paid with his own pig. into the apartment, and there discovered that two mice had ments. been actually caught by one oyster, and their heads broken A NEW APPLICATION OF GUTTA PERCHA.-A New by the shells, when attempting to purloin the fish. York correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer says:
REDISCOVERY OF A COMET. Mr. Hind writes to the “I have just been inspecting a number of stereotype plates Times—"On the 6th of the present month (March) a
cast in gutta percha. The mould is of the same material, comet was discovered at the observatory of the Collegio and the letters all come up with a fair face. The
impresRomano, at Rome, which, I find, presents strong indica- sions from these plates are perfect; and, if it works as it tions of identity with that of 1604, one of the most mi at present promises to do, there must be a complete revonutely described comets recorded in history.”
lution wrought in the business of stereotyping." MOSLEM TOLERATION.—The Sultan has granted a large
RECEIPT FOR JOINING GLASS.-Melt a little isinglass piece of ground, at Constantinople, as a cemetery for in, spirits of wine, and add a sınall quantity of water. Christians of all communions, and it was said that he Warm the mixture gently over a moderate fire. When would even pay the expense of building a wall around it.
mixed by thoroughly melting, it will form glue perfectly
transparent, and which will re-unite broken glass so nicely BURIED TREASURES.-A man who was recently en- and firmly that the joining will scarcely be perceptible to gaged in digging up, for the purpose of removal, some the most critical eye. Lime mixed with the white of an gravel in the churchyard of Wedmore, Somersetshire, egg forms a very strong cement for glass, porcelain, etc., came upon an earthen vessel containing 120 coins of the but it must be done neatly, as, when hard, the superfluous reigns of Canute and some of his predecessors. They part cannot easily be smoothed or taken off.-Scientific were in a perfoct state of preservation.