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FOR JULY 1802.
JAMES RENNELL, ESQ. F. R. S. OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH.
(WITH AN ENGRAVING.) W
with an admirable Portrait, we Major Rennell was for the second time must express our regret that we have it engaged in the lege of Pondicherry. but little in our power to satisfy the Some time, we believe, about the laudable curiosity of the Public as to year 1978, while in India, be marthe personal history, of so justly emi- ried Miss Thackeray, daughter of the nent a character,
Rev. Dr. T. many years Heal Master
of Harrow School ; by whom he has MAJOR RENNELL was born of a very living two sons and' a daughter. ancient and respectable family at Chud. Few men (particularly who have tra Jeigli, in Devonshire, on the 22d No. elled) are so much attached to do veinber, 1742 ; and is first cousin, by meltic enjoyments as the Major, who, the paternal lide, to the reverend and having long declined public employSearned Master of the 'Temple (whose ments, now leads, for the most part, a father, the Rev. Dr. Rennell, was a retired life in the bofom of his family, Prebendary of Winchester).
but asliduoully pursues his literary After receiving a private education, labours. his first outset in life was in the naval In his intercourse with his friends, service. While yet very young, he the Major possesses a remarkable Bow of was employed at the fiege of Pondifpirits, and abounds with interesting cherry, and was much noticed for his subjects of converfation : at the same active assistance in cutting out some time, as to whatever relates to himself, French men of war from the roads in he is one of the most diffident, une the night.
assuming men in the world, At what time he exchanged the naval To the indefatigable labours and for the military service, we have not profound knowledge of Major Renheard ; but about the year 1970 we nell, the science of gcography has been find him in India, attached to the more indebted than to any modern corps of Engineers, his zeal and ser- writer that we can name, not except. vices in which promoted him in no ing even D'Anville or De Lille ; and long course of time to the rank of when bis name was enrolled among Major ; and his very extensive and the Fellows of the Royal Society, that accurate acquaintance with the requi- learned body received, perhaps, as fite sciences foon pointed him out to much honour as it conferreii. the Government as the most proper ! We entertained a liope that we should person to fill the important office of have been enabled to furnish our Surveyor-General in Bengal.
Readers with some account of the Ma. We remember to have heard from jor's active military services in India, good authority fome years since, that of which we understand he bears many one day, marching in India at the honourable testimonials about his perhead of a detachment, he was suddenly fon; but in this expectation we have attacked by a tyger ; when with great heen for the present disappointed : at a coolness he received the animal on the future time, however, we may, perhaps, point of the bayonet, which he thrust be enabled to render more complete down his throat, and dispatched him: and satisfactory, both to the Public the bayonet was much bent by the and to ourselves, a Memoir which force of the thrust. - It is worthy of we must here close by a brief but
complete enumeration with occasional attack with certainty. In its course remarks) of the literary productions of through the plains, it receives eleven Major Rennell.
rivers, some of which are equal to
the Rhine, and none smaller than 1778. ". A Chart of the Bank and the Thames ; besides many others
Current of Cape Lagullas :" with of lesser note." The inland navigaLetter-press.
tion of Bengal gives constant em. 1981.. " A Bengal Atlas," in folio: ployment to 20,000 boatmen ; and with Letter-press.
by the laker end of July all the lower “ An Account of the Ganges and parts of Bengal, contiguous to the Burrampooter Rivers ;" which in.' rivers, are overflowed more than 100 tersect the country of Bengal in fuch miles in width –From what we have a variety of directions, as to form here extracted, the reader will see the most complete and easy inland that this is a very curious work, navigation that can be conceived. and will well recompense the trouble This account is contained in a letter of a reference to the Philosophical written from the spot to the Pre. Transactions, in which it will be fident of the Royal Society, and found at length. accompanied by a plan of the course 1782. “ Memoir of a Map I of Hinof the Ganges, than which we find dootan ; or, The Mogul's Empire : the Burrampooter (though much less with an Examination of some Posi. heard of) is a ftill larger river. They tions in the former System of Indian both “ derive their sources (says the Geography, and some Illustrations Major) from the vast mountains of of the present one: and a complete Thibet, from whence they proceed Index of the Names to the Map." in opposite directions, the Ganges 4to.-An analytical review of this seeking the plains of Indoltan by work will be found in our Illd the Weft; and the Burrampooter volume (for 1783), p. 52. by the East. The Ganges, after 1784. A Second Edition of the “ Mewandering 7.50 miles through moun. moir," &c. improved. tainous regions, issues forth a deity 1788. " A Map of Hindoostan in to the superstitious, yet gladdened, four Sheets : with a new Memoir, inhabitants of Hindoftan or Indoltan: From Hurdoar, in latitude 30 deg. “ A Map of the Peninsula of where it gushes through an opening India in two Sheets." in the mountains, it Hows with a 1790.
“ Memoir on the Geography smooth navigable stream through de- of Africa," 4to. with a Map of lightful plains during the remainder Africa.- This was subjoined to the of its course to the sea (which is Narratives of Messrs. Ledyard and about 1350 miles €), diffusing plenty Lucas, in the Proceedings of the immediately by means of its living Association for promoting the Disn productions, and secondarily by covery of the interior Parts of Afri. enriching the adjacent lands, and ca:" 'a work not fold, but printed affording an easy means of transport for the use of the Members of the for the productions of its borders. Afsociation. In a inilitary view, it opens a com- 1791. “ On the Rate of Travelling munication between the different as performed by Camels ; and its posts, and serves in the capacity of a Application, by a Scale, to the Purmilitary way through the country; poses of Geometry.”—This paper l'enders unnecessary the forming of was presented to the Royal Society ll, magazines, and infinitely surpastes and ihe Major had the prize medal the celebrated inland navigation of awarded to him for it. It gives the North America, where the carrying results of the observations of several places not only obstruct the progress travellers g in the Great and Little of an army, but enable the adversary Deserts, and is extremely curious. to determine his place and mode of 1792. A Second Edition of the “ Me* Philosophical Transactions, Vol. LXXI. Part I. + In the whole, 2100 miles ! | The Map itself is on two sheets. # Phil. Trans. Vol. LXXXI. Part II. Mr. Carmichael, Colonel Capper, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Irvin, Mr. Holford, &c.
moir" of 1788 was published: with of the Nile, and the Canals of Suez ; additional Maps and Letter. press. the Oasis and Temple of Jupiter
“ The Marches (to Seringapa. Ammon, the ancient Circumnavigatam) of the British Armies in the tion of Africa, and other Subjects of Peninsula of India, during the Cam. History and Geography. The whole paigns of 1790 and 1791; illustrated explained by Eleven Maps, adapted and explained by Reference to a Map, to the different Subjects, and accomcompiled from authentic Documents panied with a complete Index." One transinitted by Earl Cornwallis from volume, quarto.
We find, how. India." 8vo. with a large Sheet ever, that this volume, though comMap.This is a very important and plete in itself, is only the cominteresting military detail, and affords mencement of a great plan of its the most regular and best connected Author, to corre& the Geography, narrative that has yet been published ancient and niodern, of that part of the operations to which it relates. of Alia which lies between India 1793. A Third Edition of the “ Me. and Europe ; a talk which the Major moir" of 1788 was published.
tells us, in his Preface, he had many “ A new Map of the Peninsula of years ago undertaken, and which he India," in one Sheet : with a Quarto has fince performed to the best of his “ Memoir,"on occasion of the I reaty abilities, lo far as his stuck of mateof Seringapatam in 1792.
rials admitted ; but that it would A Second “Memoir on the Geo. bave been an act of imprudence in an graphy of Africa ;" for the African individual to venture on so great an Allociation.
expence as the execution of the work “ Observations on a Current that in all its parts required. The Geoprevails to the Welt ward of the Scilly graphy of Herodotus, therefore, in Idan is."--This was printed in the the present voluine, may be consi. Philosophical Transactions.
dered as the first part. The remain. 1798. A Third “ Memoir" on the ing parts will contist of the ancient
Geography of Africa, with a Map geography, as it was improved by illustrative of Mr. Parke’s Route (for the Grecian conquelts and establih. the African Association).-In these ments ; together with such portions geographical illustrations the sources of military history as
ppear to want of modern error on the subject of the explanation. Maps of ancient geo. Niger are well pointed out ; the graphy, on scales adapted to the purauthority of Herodotus is established; pote, are intended to accompany the course of the Senegal river ascera them. tained ; the grounds for the con- “ A corrected Sheet Map of the Atruction of a map of Africa, and Peninsula of India, in which the Par. the variations of the compass, judi- tition of the whole Empire of Tippoo cioully laid down; the phyfical and Sultan is shewn; and ihe Cellions of political geography of North Africa 1792 clearly distinguished from those well discutled, and the comparison
of 1799." of the ancient and modern geogra. 1802. A Fourth “ Memoir" on the phy made with great judgment and African Geography, with an imprecision.
proved Map of Africa, and a Mip 1800. “ The Geographical System of of Mr. Housemann's Route (for the
Herodotus examined and explained, African Allociation). by a Comparison with those of other ancient Authors, and with modern The foregoing list exhibits strong Geography: In the Course of the proofs of the talents and industry of Work are introduced Dillertations Major Rennell; who still enjoys a gea on the itinerary Stade of the Greeks, neral State of health and spirits that the Expedition of Darius Hydalpes · enable, and will we hope encourage, to Scythia, the Position and Remains him to lay the learned and political of Antient Babylon, the Alluvions world under additional obligations. J.
SOME ACCOUNT OF THOMAS GARNETT, M. D. &c.
a . still living, was born the 2nit of About the age of fourteen, after having April 1766, at Barbon, near Kirkby received the first rudiments of educa.
tion at his native village, he was placed fituation, which was far too laborious under the tuition of Mr. Dawson, at for the state of his healtb, at the close Sedbergh, in York shire, where he laid of 1801, he devoted himself to his prothe foundation of his medical and phi. fessional practice, and took the house in lofopbical kpowledge. After this the Great Marlborough-street, where he proceeded to Edinburgh, and took his built a new and convenient apartment, degree about the year 1788. During and completed an expensive apparatus his relidence there, he became the pupil for the purpose of giving le&tures to the of Dr. Browni, wliose new fyftem of public. During the winter of 1801 medicine Dr. Garnett, from this time, and 1802, he gave regular courses on held in the highest estimation. Soon experimental philosophy and chemistry, after this he vifited London, and at and also a new course on “Zoonomia," tended the practice of the hospitals, or, " the Laws of Animal Life," He had now arrived at an age which arranged according to the Brunonian made it neceffary for him to think of theory. These were interrupted in fome permanent establifhment. With February, for some weeks, by a dan. this view he left London, and, on the gerous illness, which left him in a death of Dr. Wilson, repaired to Har- languid state ; though he not only Bogate, where he published an analysis resumed and finished the lectures he of ihe Spa there, and was soon engaged had begun, but also commenced two in an exteritive practice. As this, how- courses on botany, one at his own ever, was neceffarily limited to the house, and the other at Brompton. length of the featon, which lasted only In the midst of these, he received, three or four months, Dr. G. soon after by infection, from a patient whom hic his marriage, which took place in 1795, had attended, the fever which termiformed the design of emigrating to Ame- nated his existence in the space of ten sica. At Liverpool, where he was days. waiting to embark, he was so itrongly Thus, in the prime of life, at the folicited by Dr. Currie, and several precise period when manhood attains others, to give a chemical course of its highest point of perfection, and the lcetures, that he could not refuse his labours of early industry and applicaconsent. Thefe lectures met with a tion were about to be conipensated by most welcome reception, as did also a a proportionate degree of emolument course on experimental philosophy, and reputation, Death closed the which he was afterwards induced to scene :-the hope of friendship was begin. He then received a presling blighted, and the bright prospect, just invitation from Manchester, where he opened to the view, fhrouded in darkdelivered the same leciures, with equal nefs. His loss will be felt and lamented fuccess. These circumstances happily far beyond the circuit of his immediate operated to prevent his departure to
acquaintance ; but who can paint the America, and he became a successful distress of his family and connections, candidate for the vacant Professorhip of those who knew him well, and ten of Anderfon's institution at Glalgow, derly loved him ; who have experiwhich made it impossible for him to enced his amiableness of disposition, accept an invitation he had received to his intrinfic goodness of heart, his give lectures at Dublin. In Scotland, steadiness of friendship, his manly beBis leisure hours were employed in nevolence and sensibility, and the uncollecting materials for his Tour assuming modelty of his deportment. through the Highlands ;" which work As an author, his writings have uniwas in fonie degree impeded by the formly tended to encourage and profudden death of his wife (for whom he mote the cultivation and advancement had the fincerett affection) in child. of useful knowledge; as a philosopher birth ; an event which so strongly and a man of science, he has secured for affected his feelings, that he never himself a lofty place in the temple of thought of it but with agony. Dr. G. Fame, and an honourable mention in *as induced to relinquish the inftitu. the annals of pofterity ; as the private tion at Glasgow, by favourable offers friend and companion, his name is en. from the new Royal Institution in graven on the hearts, and will be dear London, where, for one fealon, he was to the recollection, of all who enjoyed Profetfor of Natural Philosophy and the happiness and the advantage of his Chemistry, and delivered the whole of fociety, the lectures. On retiring from this
ESSAYS ESSAYS AFTER THE MANNER OF GOLDSMITH.
“ My mind to me a kingdom is."-Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. Tuz mind
is an indefeafible estate for as fast as he could, and looking behind which we owe homage to no Lord him at every initant, in apprehension of or Baron; it is derived from the Creator the park.keeper, in his green jacket himself; a treasure kindly beitowed on being still at bis heels, until he can.c his creatures for their felicity, sufficie to the gate, where he met a man of ent, if used with discretion, to be.ir us decent appearance, whom lie iinmedia through life, and comfort us when all ately accoited. “ Pray, my good friend, other ireasure fails. How truly great, am I out of the Park ?"_" Yes,". how independent, is the human mind, Moredius instantly began to jump and when unensaved by vice or prejudice, dance about, to the altonishment of the and how superior to the attacks of stranger.-" I am at liberty !" cried tyranny or the scorn of fools. The Morcdius ; "I am at liberty!"-It man of sense may feel hinself re- was time to think of returning lome ; proached or neglected ; but he has and le enquired the neareit way:only to retire from the objects of his “ The nearest way to the village,'' anvexation to Solitude, who will af all swered the franger, “is through the times receive the exile from the world, Park."--" Through the Park," reand present him purer delights and plied Moredius ; “ rather let me go pleasures for his entertainment and in- twelve iniles out of my way then whec itruction, unfading and immortal. Nature will invite ine in, and a racalle
There are few rational people who park-keeper turn me out, becaule i have not tafted at times the bliss of did not walk upon a chuk:d line. being free, who have not left the me- I have a great mind to write to his tropolis and its cares to snatch a mo. Lordihip, and complain of the treatment of tranquillity, abitracted froin ment of bis servant."-" You may common pursuits and amusements ; fave yourself that trouble," replied the who have not looked behind on the stranger ; " his Lordship has the line town with a kind of triumph, and cried chalked out too."-". How so?" interout, with exultation, “ Good bye l I rupted Moredios.-" She ground is am at liberty !"
every inch mortgaged, and the estate And yet, wander where we will, the juit 'now forecloled."" Good hextyranny of wealth and power will pur- vens !" cried Moredius, “what regres, fue us.
what remorse, muft occupy the mind of Moredius was one of those beings the man who sees, through his extravawho asked little from fortune or ambi. gaucies, one bleding fubtracted atter tion ; he was quiet and inoffensive, another, till nothing is left him but and shrunk back like the sensitive the contemplation of objects which ha plant at the touch of rudeness. More. cannot enjoy, and leave to walk like a dius was fond of peace and retirement, itranger in domains once his own; let and one day ftraggled from a country me no longer complain of the unfair dirvillage near town, within the bound- tribution of Fortune ; she may do all he aries of a Nobleman's park, through can for her favourites; but Providence which there was a public foot path. smooths all inequalities, and will perMoredius, attracted by some beautiful mit the good alone to be rich; the scenery to the left of the entrance, in- mind is the belt kingdom, and without cautioully bent his iteps toward their parks, mansions, servants, and the spot, to indulge in contemplation, luxuries of the table, are only the torwhen his attention was awakened by menting objects of reflection incident to the voice of a man who was pursuing the situation of the man who bas every, him at a distance, accompanied by a thing, and owns nothing Methinks I dng. Moredius itopped, when the fee him in a thoughtful attitude re. man in rude and insulting language clining on his fophia. How grand ! ordered him back, telling hun, that it how beautifu! how elegant į is every was his Lordship's orders that no one article of furniture. Žimpiy pomp! thould go out of the footway. More. wretched magnificence ! his company dius infantiy ubezed, without utters are vetired, he is left alone ; the eye ing a syllable, and kept the path with that just now sparkled-in all the riotous the móit exat measurement, walking pleasure of the moment is sunki Re.