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5th. The last thing to be noticed might be this :—That the record of what Job said and did during these “ months of vanity," as he called them, has instructed and edified the Church ever since, and will do so till the end of time.
But for these “ months of vanity,” Job would most probably never have been heard of; or his name might only have occurred in some list of a number of good men, without any special mark of distinction. He owes all of what we denominate his sacred celebrity to those months of suffering, under which he chafed so much, and to the end of which he looked with such a longing-for deliverance. The book called by his name has, for thousands of years, been deemed a treasure by the Church ; is studied still by intellects at once robust and devout, and is regarded as pregnant with the loftiest lessons. Hebrew prophets and Christian apostles alike refer to the character and the story of the Patriarch ; place him on a level with Noah and Daniel, and cite him as “ an example of suffering and patience.” His words have been listened to by the tempted and tried in every generation; thousands of hearts have been strengthened and sustained by them ; eyes, eager and sympathetic, have gazed on the picture of the poor, naked, and desolate man, and have seen in his demeanour, and have heard from his lips, what has taught them endurance, fortitude, faith, trust in God under the clouds and darkness in which he sometimes hides himself, and adherence to the belief, at all hazards, that “the judge of all the earth must do right.” If Job now looks back to any one portion of his life as more important than another, as less worthy to be deemed vain and unsubstantial, it is to these very months which he so misunderstood when he described them as he does in the words before us. So it is still ; Christians have sometimes to admit into their houses what appears a dark and repulsive guest, and they find, afterwards, that they have been entertaining “an angel unawares." It may even happen that a season of calamity, sorrow, or loss, may be the turning point in a man's religious history; by bringing him to God in penitence and faith, it may be that which shall give to his eternity its glory and joy. Busy men, who never had time for reading or thought; men of the world, who were absorbed in its pursuits; such men have sometimes been detached from all the engagements of active life, and, at first, they have been exasperated by the feeling that they could do nothing ; but just at that point God has met them, and they have found that the greatest work of life was waiting to be done, and that an opportunity was afforded them for doing it, and they have received grace to do it. “In their trouble they have sought the Lord;" they have “ acquainted themselves with him," and have found “ life and peace.” It has been whispered in heaven, “ behold, he prayeth ;” and the angels of God, who cared nothing for the man's glory and success in his worldly activities, have been interested in his solitary tears, and have rejoiced over his repentance ! In this way it may come to pass that, to a sinful, godless man, what was regarded as a period of loss—a time in which he must cease from activity and enjoyment—that may just be the crisis which may make him capable of both, in the highest and sublimest sense, for ever!
In this way, the words of Job may admit of illustration and improvement. Of course, other aspects of the subject might have been presented, and many general practical lessons might now be added. But we content ourselves with what has been advanced, and leave you to make the practical application for yourselves. “ Now unto Him who is able to keep us from falling, and to present us faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy ”
• the God of all grace, who, after that ye have suffered awhile, can perfect, stablish, and strengthen you—to Him be glory, majesty, and dominion, now and for ever. Amen."
THE CATHOLIC REVIVAL.
II.-IN ITS RELATION TO THE ROMAN CHURCH.
By the Reb. war. M. Statham. In this second article it is proposed many who sympathise with the Cato consider the great Catholic Revival tholic Revivalists, there is no very of this day, in its relation to the Ro- definite understanding as to where
church. Questions naturally in reality the movement will take enough suggest themselves to all ob- them. servers of Catholic ritual, and all Now one main consideration must students of Catholic teaching such as not be forgotten, and that is how far these :—Is the movement designed to legitimately this Catholic Revival, promote the re-union of England and having its place in the English Church, Rome as one church, alike in doctrine may claim oneness with Rome? It and practice, or is it intended to pro- will be seen, as we proceed to study mote a return to a primitive Catholic the differentia, that the commonplace church, such as that of the third cen- so often uttered, that Ritualists and tury, the church of Augustine and Romanists are one, is neither honest Anselm ? Or is it designed to return nor just. to the status quo ante, viz., that in We shall gain clearer conceptions which it was at the time of the rup- of the state of the case if we turn to ture of the Pope with Henry VIII., the leaders of the Catholic movement when the Romish church was not so who have remained in the English developed as it is now? Or is it Church for nearly a quarter of a merely intended to revive the sacer- century, and who seem to keep, in dotal theory of the church, and to this Revivalist movement, from direct raise the Eucharistic supper to a place union with Rome! There was, for of supremacy in Christian teaching, instance, the early statement in Tract as a sacrifice to be offered up by an xc., which is manifestly in direct conofficiating priest? In truth, the flict with the ultramontane ideas of answer to these queries is not so easy Popish supremacy, and which, if peras it looks, and doubtless Catholic sisted in, must for ever act as a barrier Revivalists contain representatives of to union with Rome.
6. The coneach of these ideas. In the minds of federacy of sees and churches, the
metropolitan, patriarchal, and papal most courteously and tenderly of the systems, are matters of expediency or Tractarian movement, and watched of natural duty from long custom, or every sign of approximation to Rome of propriety from gratitude or re- with an eye of encouragement; but a verence, or of necessity from voluntary different spirit seems to animate his oaths or engagements, or of eccle- successor, Archbishop Manning, who, siastical force from the
in his letter to Dr. Pusey, “The councils, but not necessary in order to Workings of the Holy Spirit in the the conveyance
Church of England,” distinctly denies ment of the ceremonial law, as it may o the Church of England to be the be called, of unity.” Not necessary! Catholic Church, or any part of it, or Mark that. Modern Romanism makes in any divine and true sense a Church the supremacy of the Pope a sine quâ at all.” This strong utterance might
This utterance may be locked be supposed to be accounted for from at in two lights-as giving room for the fact that priests are ever strongly the Catholic movement if they could antagonistic to communions with which not get back to Rome, or as affording they were once connected ; but this meanwhile an honourable resting-place, will not explain the altered tone of the from whence they could ultimately Roman press. The ultramontane march with fiying colours over the journal, the Weekly Register, October borders to the embrace of Pius. We
12th, 1867, says :cannot shut our eyes to the fact, that 6. RITUALISM DEFINED.-It seems in reading the Catholic Revivalist lite- to us—and this we say with all respect rature, there is a secret determination to those who differ from us on the to gain point by point, to carry with subject—that a Catholic journalist them gently and unsuspectingly all must either keep silence altogether on converts whose sympathies are merely the subject of Ritualism, or else speak with some aspects of Catholic doctrine, out what he and the immense majority and then to carry the movement by a of Catholics consider to be the truest clever coup straight into the bosom of thing to say on the subject. All CaRome herself. But it is the duty of tholics, without a single exception, the student to look calmly at the hold that the Anglican Church has no movement in its present state, and to real orders, and that her recent apsee what keeps it from coalescing proach to us is merely like the yokel, with Rome! Somehow or other a who once a year puts on a yeomanry change has come over many of the uniform, and believes himself to be a literary organs of the Romish Church. soldier who has seen a great deal of Some of them, that said fair things service. The difference of opinion for the Catholic Revival at first, now between us is, ought or ought not we snarl at it and ridicule it. This looks to undeceive these men ? We believe as if they felt that it would not coalesce that we ought to give things their with Rome ; nay, more, that it would right names, and to say out what we fulfil the promise of the Tractarian think and mean.
In the words of Dr. leaders, and keep multitudes from Newman, we hold that the truest Rome itself. It is a well-known fact, expedient is to answer right out what that in 1841 Cardinal Wiseman spoke you are asked; the best pradence is
not to be a coward ; the most da- stand on loftier altitude than they did maging folly, to be found out shuffling; ten or twenty years ago. The quesand the first of virtues is to tell the tion is this : whether, when they have truth and shame the devil.' These attained the last step, there is not “a are not days, nor is this a country, great gulf” between them and Rome? when milk-and-water writing will ever This will be clearer when we reachieve any good. Unfortunately for member that all Catholic Revivalists the Catholic cause, we have already who become Romanists have to go enough and to spare of the diluted over,” by certain definite processes,
to précis style, which is misnamed leader- that Church. They cannot by any writing, forced upon us from other
means merge into it, as from the lesser channels for our sins every week. to the greater; the difference is not one With all due respect to our friends of degree, but of kind. They must who have found fault with us in re- have fresh orders, they must be penispeet to the Ritualistic question, we tents, they must crave admission as believe they will find us to be right converts, and have some successor of before long. But in any case the Cardinal Pole, who absolved members cause of truth will not allow us to
of Parliament from heresy in olden praise as warriors children whom we times, to absolve them from heresy see playing with wooden guns and too. To all other difficulties this penny trumpets. We may praise must be added, so far as “priests” their pretty toys, and believe that
many Catholic Retheir game will keep them out of fur- vivalists are married men; they canther mischief; but we cannot find it
not, by “conversion,” become Romish in our hearts to say they are soldiers, priests; they are generally, be it noticed, and are fit to go forth as the de- the least developed Ritualists, and comfenders of their country. And when monly rank rather with the ultra high all is said and done, what is Ritualism churchmen than the Catholic Revivalmore than a few silly Protestants ists, as it is impossible to drag wife playing at being Catholics, and ima- and children through any gate, howgining themselves to be exactly that ever wide, which Rome might please which they are not ?”
to open to a repentant Anglican Thus, however high Ritualists Church! Poor men; marriage has reach, they are, in the eyes of Rome, certainly in this sense done for them. as far off the grapes as the humblést But to turn to some special consect of Christians in all Christendom. sideration of doctrines which at present This state of feeling may be partially are separating questions. I have accounted for by the fact, that the touched one of these. In later times Church of Rome herself has not been the old doctrine of the Infallibility of very largely augmented by the Ca- the Church has been transmuted into tholic Revival of the past twenty-five the Infallibility of the Pope. A very years. Not that this movement has different thing that! showing us how lacked development. Far from that, the ground has shifted since the earif the altar stairs of Anglican churches lier days of Henry VIII. No æcucould lead directly to the Papal throne, menical council is considered necessary then assuredly the Catholic Revivalists or fitting now to decide theological dogmas, or to settle the common faith! the efficient cause, the meritorious A Catholic Revivalist, if he wishes cause, the instrumental cause, the for union with Rome, must set aside formal cause. The Romish doctrine his favourite appeals to councils, to contains the idea of an inner and ante. patristic or tridentine fathers, and cedent righteousness, which doctrine accept the Pope, only the Pope, and is manifestly condemned by the Ennothing but the Pope, as the divinely glish articles. It is a well-known infallible voice. We can see that this fact that one of the ablest and acutest is Dr. Pusey's great stumbling-block; men of the day, who became a Rohe does not seem to object to the manist, I mean the celebrated Dr. primacy of the Pope, but the infalli- Newman, made an earnest effort to bility! This makes all the past reconcile these opposite theories; but Catholic Revival movement a sham, every reader of his “Essay on Justificaand their present position an inglorious tion" must feel that, while as a casuist dissent.
he is very clever, as a controverAnother subject which forms a bar- sialist he has failed. This grand rier to union is involved in the Prayer- Reformation doctrine of Justification book articles, which some are seeking by Faith is in the Prayer-book as to set aside as Geneva after-thoughts, clearly and distinctly as Orion is in but which anyhow are there ! Catholic the heavens; and, so long as it stands Revivalists are now beginning to cla- there, constitutes one of the strongest mour for their removalas Anti-Catholic, barriers against the re-union of Enbut it is in the memory of most of us gland with Rome. I cannot say that that but a few years ago, knowing I think the question of the number of they formed an integral part of the sacraments so distinctly differences Anglican Church as constituted by the Anglican from the Roman Church. law, they endeavoured to explain them In the Church Times there have reaway. This is particularly the case cently appeared some remarks in fawith the doctrine of Justification by vour of auricular confession, and an Faith. In the articles appended to earnest pleading for it, not simply as King Edward's Prayer-book, in 1553, beneficial, but as a sacrament of the we read, “ Justification by onely faith Church. All earnest priests are called in Jesus Christ in that sence, as it is
upon, moreover, to have confessional declared in the homelie of justification, boxes put up in their churches at is a most certain and holesome doc- once, that the young may have the trine for Christian men." There need
eye appealed to in favour of the idea. be no cavil we should think concern- Now the doctrine of the English ing Article xi. of the English Church. Church on this sacrament question Not that we are made righteous, “but concerning number is very vague, the hat we are accounted righteous before homily reading thus :
“ If they God, by the merit of our Lord and should be considered according to the Saviour Jesus Christ, by faith.” Every exact signification of a sacrament, student knows that the Council of namely, for the visible signs expressly Trent lays down a distinctly different commanded in the New Testament, doctrine of justification, and speaks of whereunto is annexed the promise of several causes, such as the final cause, free forgiveness of our sins, and of an