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CHAPEL RE-OPENED. June 21.-Sheffield Road, Barnsley. After being virtually closed for nearly thirty years, by Rev. J. Browne, B.A.
July 14.-Sardis, Pembroke (Rev. D. Mathias, Pastor). Revs. J. M. Jones, Urijah Thomas, and D. Thomas, D.D., preached on the occasion.
SCHOOLS. June 23.–Foundation of Schools, and Mission Station at Stanningley by Mr. W. Stead. Pastor, Rev. H. Watts.
July 9.-Schoolroom opened, Stockwell Street, Colchester, by Rev. S. McAll. Pastor, Rev. T. Batty.
ORDINATIONS. May 23.-J. S. Waide, Bollington. In. troductory discourse, Rev. Watson Smith. Prayer, Rev. G. B. Kidd. Charge, Professor Newth.
June 18.-J. Woolard at Keld, Swale. dale, as pastor of Keld and Thwaite. The Revs. R. McAll, M. White, J. Boyd, W. Thomas, A. C. Wood, and J. R. J. Binns took part in the service.
June 19.-W. Spurgeon, Nether Stowey. Address, Rev. R. P. Coleback. Prayer and Charge, Rev. W. Tyler.
June 23, 24.-J. R. Lewis, Glasbury and Maesyronan. Introductory Address, Rev. Professor Roberts. Prayer, Rev. W. Jones. Charge, Professor Morris. Charge to the Church, Rev. D. Rees. Sermons, Rev. F. A. Philps, B.A., Professor Morris, and Dr. Rees.
June 25.-W. J. Holder, Rotherfield. Introductory discourse, Rev. F. S. Atten. borough. Prayer and sermon to people, Rev. R. Hamilton. Charge, Rev. J. Radford Thomson, M.A.
June 26, J. Kitchen, Woodhouse near Sheffield. Introductory discourse, Rev. E. S. Prout, M.A. Prayer, Rev. D. Loxton. Charge, Rev. Dr. Frazer. Charge to Church, Rev. J. Calvert.
June 30.-W. A. Livingstone, Thetford. The Revs. J. Blenkara, J. W. Walker, B.A., J. Hallet, and F. S. Williams joined in the engagements.
July 2.-Rev. T. E. M. Edwards, Launceston. Opening discourse, Rev. C. B. Symes, B.A. Charge, Rev.J. M. Charlton, M.A. Sermon, Rev. C. Wilson, M.A.
July 9.-C. Lankester, B.A., Newport Pagnell. Prayer, Rev. J. Bull, A.M. Charge, Rev. John Stoughton. Addresses, Rev. W. Roberts, and S. Parkinson.
RECOGNITIONS. May 17.-Rev. T. S. Forsaith, Woolhara, N. S. Wales. Revs. J. Graham, J. Scott, B.A., W. Slatyer took part in the service.
June 10.--Rev. E. G. Cecil, Lymm. Addresses by Revs. H. Griffiths, D.
Hardaker, J. Sharrocks, J. Sheldon, Esq., S. Rigby, Esq., T. Thompson, Esq.
June.-Rev. E. Green, Seaford. Ser. mons by Rev. B. H. Cooper and Rev. A. Foyster. J. Williams, D. John, and J. Prentice took part in the service.
June 14.-Rev. A. W. Johnson, Woo. burn. Revs. R. Bulmer, G. Robbins, and J. C. Harrison officiated on the occasion.
June 16.-Rev.J. Frame, Erith. Chairman, R. Sinclair, Esq. Revs. B. H. Kluht, G. L. Herman, J. Pulling, G. McAll, J. Sinclair, and J. Samson spoke on the occasion.
July 7.-Rev. J. Browne, B.A., Barnsis. Addresses delivered by Revs. E. Mellor, M.A., W. H. Parkinson, H. Saunders, J. Oddy, A. Worsnop, and W. Patterson.
July 9.-Rev. J. W. Tapper, LL.D., Burgess Hill, near Brighton. Rev. R. Wallace, W. M. Lennox, R. Hamilton, and A. Foyster took part in the services.
CALLS ACCEPTED. F. Robinson, of Nottingham Institute, to Oakengates.
J. Stockwell Watts, of New College, to Bromley-by-Bow.
H. Banks, of Nottingham Institute, to Daubhill Chapel, Bolton,
J. Ogle, of Lancashire Independent College, tu New Mills.
REMOVALS. Rev. J. Farr, Ballarat, Australia, to Oswestry.
Rev.W, H. Edwards, Welford, to Hopiton.
Rev. W. Axford, Lyme Regis, to Collyhurst-street, Manchester,
Rev. R. Pool, Parton, to Ravenstonedale.
Rev. D. W. Simon, M.A., Ph.D., Berlin, to Keighley.
Rev.J.D.Riley, Carisbrooke, to Holywell.
Rev. R. Brown, Garafraxa, to Green
Rev. W. H. Hendebourck, Dyersville, to Presbyterians.
TAE. MERCHANTS LECTURE At Poultry Chapel on Tuesday, August 4th 1868, at Noon precisely, by Rev. T. W. Aveling
DEATH OF MINISTER. July 16.—Rev. W. Urwick, D.D., Dublin. Age 76. Length of ministry 50 years.
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per le st) We bandastardolg'open an"English Commentator without finding extracts from Bengels or extracts weighty. and suggestive, "offet perhaps the name of Bengel is létle more than a myth'to the titultitude. - It may not be amişs therefore to dexate a few.pagęs to a brief sketch of one who has been described as being
as pidusi as he was industrious as childlike as he was learned, as rich in spirit as he was acute in mind, ás "humble as he was great, a leader to the weaky & pattern to the strong, a luminary to the learned, and in ornament to the ChurchillIS) ,"7098 Vi
10 John Albert Bengel was born at Winnondon, a small town of Wurtemberg, about five leagues from Stuttgart, on the 24th of June, 1687. His father dying ere his child had reached six years of age, a generous tutor kindly undertook the task of Albert's early education, and when about thirteen years old placed him as a pupil in the High School of Stuttgart. Here he made rapid progress, excelling chiefly in the dead languages, as well as in History, Mathematics, French and Italian." As he had the Christian ministry in view, from Stuttgart he proceeded to the Theological College of Tübingen, then presided over by professors deservedly eminent in their respective branches of learning. Having finished his literary course with the greatest credit to himself and tators, he entered with the deepest ardour upon the study of theology. In a pre-eminent degree, Bengel possessed the piety, without which the Christian minister, whatever his mental qualities, is but poorly furnished for his work. Indeed, Albert seems to have been a partaker of the Divine life from his earliest years. He was never ablo to speak of any particular time of religious
VOL. 11.---XEW SERIES.
vation, see him as profouaill books to
awakening, but he well remembered that on the death of his father, he had the firm conviction, although he had not reached his sixth year, that he could have detained him in this life, had he felt himself directed to pray for that purpose. One who has written of him has told us that, “ with a childlike simplicity he followed his Heavenly Father's guidance, and submitted to God's inward and outward discipline ; and though he did not understand what a high and rare privilege he enjoyed, the power of the Divine Word took such possession of his heart, that he had confidence in God like that of a little child in its parent, took great delight in prayer, longed for the better life to come, loved the Scriptures, enjoyed the Church hymns, had a tender conscience, dreaded doing wrong, and showed complacency in everything that was excellent.” For a time his piety grew “like the grass that tarrieth not for man,” eluding observation, but continually advancing under the blessing of God; and as a student we see him as profoundly devout as he was scholarly. The Bible was still the most delightful of all books to him, and while he studied the heathen classics with the utmost enthusiasm, most of his leisure hours were passed in reading its sacred pages again and again. He also firmly maintained that it was only the student who habitually delighted in the Scriptures, previously to entering upon philosophy for the clear arrangement of his ideas, that could study philosophy to good effect; for to stand on the vantage ground of Divine Revelation, he considered the only security for safely considering and judging of every floating system which may meet the cye. It must not be supposed, however, that the young student pursued his way without many a spiritual conflict. His, indeed, were not the temptations of the flesh, but the more subtle and fearful temptations of the mind. He speaks of blasphemous and bad thoughts darting through his soul against his will, and so harassing him as to occasion him the deepest dejection and distress. He shows us how his very anxiety as a youth about the purity of the text of the Greek Testament, caused him to lose much time in doubts and difficulties, that a reader of the simple text would never have been troubled with. In spite of the most devout habits, doubts assailed him ; but very beautiful it is to remark that his struggles only served to stir him up to more diligent prayer, and that eventually they were overruled for the unspeakable comfort of his own heart, as well as exerting a most beneficial influence upon his critical labours.
He completed his academical course of theology in his twentieth year, and the year following saw him actively engaged in the work of the ministry. His first fortnight as a minister convinced him what a variety of qualifications a young pastor ought to possess, but alas ! seldom does possess, for the work of the Church. How totally different the world actually was when he had to do battle with its sins and prejudices, from what he had imagined it to be from a College point of view! It was his opinion, that if young ministers, after a brief trial of their gifts, might be allowed to return to college again, they would leave the second time altogether wiser and stronger men. In a measure, what he desired for others fell to his own lot. He had no been twelve months in the ministry, before he was requested to take the post of
junior Divinity Tutor at Tübingen, and this office, while it still afforded him numerous opportunities for preaching, enabled him yet further to mature his views, and was specially favourable to the growth of that character which in the course of time he so illustriously sustained. Philology, philosophy, divinity, regular doctrinal examinations, now became his daily work; and thus, while helping the students, he became himself all the more familiar with these various branches of learning. During this period he composed a work “On the Holiness of God,” which was very highly spoken of, and which, through the controversy it excited, may have attracted the attention of the Government to Bengel's merits. A head master was needed for a Theological Seminary about to be established at Denkendorf, and shortly after the treatise was published, the important office was offered to him. He accepted it, and at the expense of the Government undertook a tour through a considerable part of Germany, that he might make himself acquainted with the classical schools and other institutions of learning, and thus be able, having compared their various methods of instruction, to decide upon what ought to be taught and the best method of teaching.
It was with feelings of the deepest self-scrutiny, that he entered the Theological Seminary of Denkendorf. “What passed,” he says, “between my soul and God, the first night of my residence at Denkendorf, gave me good ground of encouragement for the whole period of my abode there.” He at once laid down rules for his own guidance as Head Master,rules, which although somewhat numerous and severe, he observed with the strictest consistency and with the happiest results both to himself and the Institution. Suitable addresses were given at its inauguration, Bengel selecting, “ The Diligent Pursuit of Piety, the surest Method of attaining sound Learning.” And now commenced a career of eight-and-twenty years' most honourable toil, of well-nigh unexampled industry and diligence. His pupils were young, being admitted into the Seminary from fourteen years of age. Their knowledge of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, previously acquired at elementary schools, was here to be completed, and they were to be carried forward into the higher departments of classical and sacred literature. The young tutor at once drew up a course of study for them which he entitled, “A Rationale of Study for the Theological Seminary at Denkendorf, containing the Reasons for each branch of Study, the Limits prescribed to it, and the Method to be Pursued.” By means of this plan his pupils were both preserved from remissness in study, and restrained from presuming that everything could be attained at once. He detailed what in every branch was indispensable, what useful, and what merely agreeable ; also, how public lectures and private reading could be used to the best advantage.
Among the rules laid down for the students we meet with such as these :"Live piously, uprightly, wisely. Beware of slackening in piety and diligent study. Let your ONE OBJECT and endeavour in EVERY thing be the glory of God, & good conscience, and sincerity about becoming instrumental to the good of the public. Avoid bad companions as you would death !” In respect to his method of teaching, he used to say : “ The main business with a pupil is not merely to furnish him with a certain quantum of the various branches of knowledge, but to put him in the way of attaining a good state of thinking and feeling, rather to form than to inform him.” At the same time he was careful to take his pupils through a course of Latin, Greek, Logic and History ; he also laboured to habituate them to a reverence for Holy things, and ever kept in view what he believed would be found most valuable to them in the sacred ministry. While he was not a rigid censor of every youthful iudiscretion that came under his notice, he always gave his pupils clearly to understand that everything of the kind had in it the nature of sin. The best of his pupils in after life would gratefully confess their obligations to him, not simply for his method of instruction, but for his genial and religious influence. “ Truly," writes an excellent minister to him, “I can never be thankful enough to God for the great good I owe you, for your amiable and valuable instruction, and for the many expedients you adopted for my benefit. The good I thus gratefully acknowledge was not merely of a scientific kind, it was practical and moral.”
The interest which Bengel felt in the welfare of his pupils was not limited to their stay in College. He kept up a correspondence with them after they had left, and, notwithstanding his numerous duties, he was ever giving the best advice to any in whose path difficulties had arisen. His letters to poor students were generally weighty with gold as well as good counsel, so glad was he to do all in his power to help the struggling ones to their feet. Our space will not admit of extracts from his voluminous correspondence, but we may just add, that in it he appears not as the Tator, but as a father with his sons, or as a brother with his brothers. The life of a tutor as well as a theological writer-but upon his writings we cannot touch-yas his for twenty-eight years; but being of a weakly constitution, at the age of fifty-four he found that he was not equal to the work which he had hitherto so zealously and successfully engaged in. Accordingly he sought a sphere of usefulness less pressingly laborious, and in 1741, with what emotion we can well imagine, he closed his duties as tutor at Denkendorf, having been previously called to the dignified station of Prelate of Herbrechtingen. He addressed the assembled students in the same spirit in which he had delivered his inaugural discourse. He affectionately reminded them of the beneficial influence of piety upon the studies of the rising generation ; telling them that although he had instructed twelve successive classes of pupils, amounting to about three hundred persons, his experience had taught him but one truth-that those who had regarded the fear of the Lord as the beginning of wisdom, and had submitted to the sanctifying influence of the Holy Spirit, had either become wise and valued men, and were then filling important stations in the Church and in places of learning, or had finished their course by happy and exemplary departure in the faith ; whereas those who had been averse to discipline, had, in spite of every providential obstacle, forced their way to an imaginary liberty of short-lived enjoyment, and had brought upon their friends, their parents and themselves, indescribable miseries and troubles. " It is only he,” continued the retiring