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WITHAM.—Mr. Lisle (George Lisle, Clark, the ejected vicar of the parish;

the ejected vicar of Rivenhall). at Dunmow, under William Janeway, KELVEDON (Hatch ?).- Mr. Billoway who is mentioned by Calamy as having

(Robert Billio, the ejected vicar of been ejected at Kilshal, Hertfordshire, Wickham Bishops).

but is described in the Act Book as PATTISWICK.—Mr. Hill (Ralph Hilles, having “had a sequestration in the

the ejected incumbent of the Parliament time in Lincolnshire ;” at parish).

Belchamp Walter, under Robert Davey, WEATHERSFIELD).—Mr. Cole, now in who was ejected at Gestingthorpe ; at

Chelmsford Jail (the ejected rector Saling, and also at Felsted, under Billio of the parish).

and Clarke ; two at Cricksea, one under STAMBOURNE.—Mr. Havers (the ejected Thomas Archer, the ejected of Chickvicar of the parish).

ney, who is said to have“ a great conCOLCHESTER, hard to be suppressed. course of people there,” and another,

Mr. Stockdale (Owen Stockton, in which it said that “ John Cooke the silenced“ Town Preacher”) takes upon him to preach : at Matching, and Mr. Done (George Downe, the probably under Henry Lukin : at High silenced curate of Lexden).

Easter, under Nathaniel Barnard : at SPRINGFIELD.-Mr. Reeve (John Reeve, East Donniland, apparently under

the ejected rector of the parish). George Downe, and at Toppesfield and THAXTED.-Mr. Billowe (see Kelvedon) Stisted, under Billio. From other

Mr. Scambridge (Stephen Scan- sources we also know of many more, as deret, the silenced lecturer of at Aldborough Hatch, under Edward Haverhill), and Mr. Ball (Na- Keightley, who was ejected from the thaniel Ball, the ejected vicar of chapelry there; at Copford, under John Barley, Hertfordslaire).

Argor ; at Billericay, under Nathaniel SAMFORD MAGNA. - Scanderett (see Ranew, the ejected vicar of Felstead; at Thaxted).

Finchingfield, under Samuel FairFINCHINGFIELD.-Mr. Glover (Hugh clough, the ejected of Ketton, and his

Glover, the ejected vicar of the two sons, Richard, of Mellis, Somerset, parish).

and Samuel, of Houghton, Bedfordshire; HENNINGHAM SIBLE.—Mr. Dod (Robert at Ridgwell, under Giles Firmin, the

Dod, the ejected rector of Inworth). ejected minister of Shalford; at ChisHATFIELD BROAD OAK.—Warren (John hill, under Ball, of Barley; at Oving

Warren, the ejected vicar of the ton, under Francis Crow, the ejected of parish).

Hundon, Suffolk; at Woodford, under AYLTHORP ROOTHING.—Billoe (see Kel. Thomas Doolittle, the ejected of St. vedon).

Alphage, London ; at Arkesden, under: DEDHAM.—On the 16th of September Day, the ejected Fellow of Emanuel,

last, upon the occasion of Mr. Cambridge; at Clavering and Stanstead, Newcomen's death, in Holland, an under Joseph Oddy, the ejected of Miloutrageous conventicle was kept, dred, Cambridgeshire, and Francis and dangerous words said to be Holcroft, the ejected fellow of Clare spoken by Mr. Fairfax, late minis- Hall, Cambridge; and at Wimbish, ter of Barking, in Suffolk (Matthew under Abraham Wright, the ejected Newcomen, the silenced lecturer vicar of Chevely, Cambridge. Further of the parish).

researches will probably bring to light In the Archidiaconal Act Books of

several more. How many of these the period, many other Conventicles" were Congregationalist it is not yet in are also traceable, as at Stebbing under our power to say; it is, however, clear Billio; at Lindsell, under Timothy

that those at Marks Tey, Coggeshall,


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Colchester, Springfield, East Donni- however ; much more so, indeed, than land, Ovington, Arkesden, Clavering, that which is supplied at the date of the and Stanstead, must have been such. Licence Book.

When Charles II. issued his “ De- At this period Nonconformists very claration of Indulgences,” in 1672, generally began to erect themselves seventy places were licensed as “meeting places of worship. There seem to have houses'in Essex; several of them, how- been some three-and-thirty, and perhaps ever, were situated in the same parish. more, then erected in Essex. Some of There were three at Coggeshall, two at the churches for whose use these were Cranham, four at Dunmow, three at built, have since become extinct; they Romford, and two at Witham. Only were all Presbyterian : at Barking, six of these are described in the licence Brentwood, Burnham, Colchester, book as

Congregationalist; ” one at Matching, Parndon, Tollesbury, Wicks, Boxted, in the house of Robert Maid- and Wivenhoe. At all these places, stone; two at Coggeshall, “the house however, with the exception of Parnof Thomas Lowry;” and “the house of don and Matching, both small hamlets, John Sames;" one at Manningtree, “the the one in the neighbourhood of Harlow, house of Robert Backlar,” the ejected and the other in that of Felstead, there vicar of Whatfield, Suffolk; one at are now flourishing Congregationalist Epping, “the house of Richard Haylies ;" Churches, and at Colchester and Burnand one at Colchester, “the house of ham, Baptist Churches also.

The surRobert Howlett," the ejected minister viving twenty-four are now, and have of Hinderclay, Suffolk. It is further to been for many years, Congregationalist. be observed that more than one of the The extinct churches at Brentwood, ministers who took out licences as Burnham, and Colchester, early bePresbyterian teachers in one or more came Unitarian. places, also took out [licences to be In- In 1715, Lord Barrington, who was dependent teachers in others; as for then connected with the now Congreexample, Owen Stockton, of Colchester, gationalist church at Little Baddow, who took out a licence to be a Presby- obtained returns of all the Nonconterian and Independent teacher in Grey formist churches in the county, which Friars' house, St. Nicholas parish, are still to be seen among the MSS. Ipswich, also took out a licence to be that formerly belonged to Dr. Evans, an “ Independent teacher in the house in Dr. Williams's Library, Queen's of Robert Howlett, in St. Martin's

Square. These embrace forty-five Lane, Colchester.” The licence book, churches; only twelve are described as however, by no means records all the “ Independent;” eight are described as Nonconformist places in the county Baptist, and the remainder as Presat that date. There were others, byterian.” More than fifty years afteras at Colchester, Terling, and Finch- wards, in 1772, another set of returns ingfield.

was collected, which is also preserved After the passing of the Act of among the MSS. at Queen's Square. Toleration, and before the close of the It is there observed—“The Essex conseventeenth century, we find entries of gregations have always been considered twenty-three places as “meeting

very numerous, but upon

strict examinhouses” in the Episcopal Registers ; ation they will not be found so numerous five were Quaker, and of the remainder

as they were in 1715.” The list then only four are in parishes not mentioned given embraces only thirty-five churches, in the Licence Book of 1672. The in

and does not distinguish the denominaformation which we have from this tions to which they severally belonged. source also, is exceedingly imperfect, Mention is also made, in some notes


that are appended, of two others--one

so that they have nearly at Messing, and another at Borely. trebled their number during the last Between April 1700 and April 1719, sixty-seven years.

The population, ninety-seven places in Essex were re- which in 1801 was 234,000, had only gistered in the Episcopal Court. Two increased to 379,705 at the date of were Quaker, ten were Baptist, and

the last census ;

so far, therefore, the remainder were all Independent. our denominational progress in the Five of these were included in the re- county has been, at least, satisfactory. turns of 1715, and with the exception Seven of the existing churches have of the “meeting-house ” at Waltham- been formed within the last twelve stow, which was registered as an “In- years. Since 1800, new places of dependent,” by William Coward, the worship have been erected at Abridge ; well-known founder of the TrustBarking, two ; Canning Town, Forest January 20th, 1718, they were all either Gate, Grays, Ingatestone; Ilford; Plaisbarns or private houses which had been tow; Romford, two; Mark's Gate; Stratopened in connection with churches in ford; Upminster; Walthamstow; Wantheir respective neighbourhoods. Those stead; Woodford; Battle Bridge; Bilwhich were thus registered at Lang- lericay; Brentwood; Orset ; Southend, ham, Waltham Abbey, and Saffron two; Henham; Stanstead ; Saffron Walden, afterwards proved to be the Walden; Bumpstead; Felstead; Wakerorigin of the Baptist, and those at ing; High Easter; Burnham; ChelmsRochford and Henham of the Congre- ford, two; Takeley; Purleigh; gationalist churches, now existing in Southminster; Steeple; Tollesbury; those places. From April, 1719, to Totham; Woodham Ferris; BrainJanuary, 1791, there are no further tree; Hedingham; Halstead, two; Purentries in the Episcopal Registers. In leigh; Kelvedon, two; Maplestead; those of the Clerks of the Peace, how- Ridgwell; Stamford Rivers; Witham; ever, there are fourteen ; two are Bap- Brightlingsea; Stock, two; Colchester, tist, five are Methodist, and the remain- three; Layer Breton, two; Manninging seven are Independent. From tree; Mersea; Tiptree; Wivenhoe, January, 1791, to February, 1800, there two; Walton-on-the-Naze; and Tilare fifty entries in the Episcopal Regis- lingham: altogether sixty-eight; and ters, and seven in those of the Clerks thirteen others have been considerably of the Peace. Of those in the Episcopal enlarged, some of them more than Registers, twelve are Baptist, and once; at Chigwell Row, Epping, thirty-eight are Independent; and those Ongar, Roydon, Stebbing, Thaxted, in the registers of the Clerks of the Waltham, Bocking, Coggeshall, ColPeace are all of them entries of places chester, Finchingfield, Fordham, and opened by the Independents. Three of Harwich. Commodious schoolrooms the entries between 1791 and 1800, also are attached to most of these relate to recently erected “meeting- chapels, and at Romford; Epping; houses;" a Baptist at Coggeshall, a Ongar; Plaistow; Walthamstow; WoodCongregationalist at Woodford, and ford; Billericay; Rochford; Saffron another Congregationalist at Fordham. Walden; Stanstead; Bumpstead;

From all the information hitherto Dunmow; Hatfield; Easter; Stebaccessible, it would appear that there bing; Thaxted; Chelmsford, two; certainly were not more than thirty- Malden; Southminster; Tollesbury; five Congregationalist churches in Bocking; Braintree; Hedingham; Essex at the commencement of this Coggeshall; Finchingfield; Halstead; century; indeed, even that is probably Kelvedon ; Witham; Colchester, three; an over estimate. There are Fordham; Chigwell Row; Layer-Bre




ton; Tiptree and Wivenhoe; new ones wealthier tradesman classes. We canhave been built within the last sixteen not boast, indeed, of so many of still years; and in connection with the higher social standing, as our fathers ninety churches there are upwards of could in 1715; yet there are not wanting a hundred preaching stations, regularly several of these ; and though we lack supplied every Lord's day: at the the amplitude of means with which our great majority of these there are also brethren of the north and the metrosmall village chapels.

polis are happily enriched, in even this In the absence of any statistics on respect we also have no little cause for the subject, it is impossible accurately thankfulness and hope. What school to estimate the number of persons who and chapel debts we have to struggle constitute these churches; certainly with are but of recent date, and prothere cannot be less than 10,000, and mise to be speedily defrayed. Our probably the number is much larger county institutions are, upon the whole, still. The attendants at the different well sustained; while we are also able places of worship may be computed at to do at least our part in aid of our from three to four times the number of denominational movements generally. those who constitute the churches. Our great deficiencies are those in The Sunday schools are commonly which, alas ! all churches but too large, and are effectively worked by at largely share. We need more godly least an adequate supply of teachers. earnestness; more of “the mind” that The day schools are, for the more part, “ also, was in Christ Jesus," more of the flourishing, and, with very few excep

"fulness of the Spirit.” Our opportions, those also connected not with tunities are great! There is not the the poorer, but with the wealthier con- village in the county where we cannot gregations, are supported entirely by readily obtain a hearing for the Gospel ; voluntary contributions.

but there are too many for which, even As might be expected, the congre- now, there is but little done—not a few, gations in the villages and smaller in some districts, for which there is towns consist largely of agricultural nothing regularly done at all. Many labourers. Many of these have great of our ministers are also much disdifficulties to contend with, arising couraged, their labours seem so little chiefly from the almost extinction of blessed. Still we are not “ forsaken :" the once numerous and powerful class of yeoman freeholders, but partly also

God hath sown, and He will reap ; from the unscrupulous opposition of

Growth is slow where roots are deep;

He will aid the work begun, many of the landlords, and the unre

For the love of His dear Son. mitting proselytism of the local clergy. The cases even of decay, thus far, how- “Let Thy work appear unto Thy serever, are but very few; for the more vants, and Thy glory unto their children! part, even these congregations continue And let the beauty of the Lord our God to enjoy a great measure of prosperity. be upon us, and establish Thou the In the larger towns there is a consider- work of our hands upon us; yea, the able proportion of the professional and work of our hands establish Thou it."

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patient ox. He belongs not to On the seal of one of the American himself, but to his master. On Missionary Societies is a touching either side are the plough and the little picture. There stands the faithful altar. He knows not whether it is for

service or for sacrifice that he is the better for your sojourn in it. brought thither, but he is “ready for Whatever you attempt, endeavour to either." Oh, what a lesson of reproof do it so thoroughly, and follow it up so may that little picture give to many resolutely, that the result shall be who are called the followers and sery- ascertained and evident. And in your ants of Jesus Christ ! They are not attempts at usefulness, be not only their own, but bought with a price, conscientious but enthusiastic. Love even with the precious blood of Christ. the work. Redeem the time. RememYet they are too often like the ancient ber that the Lord is at hand.-James people, of whom the prophet com- Hamilton, D.D. plained—“The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; but

God's TIME THE BEST. Israel doth not know, my people do

The physician turns the hour-glass, not consider."

and resolves the physic shall work so THE NEW YEAR-GREATER

long; the impatient patient desires

ease, cries out that he is tormented, SPIRITUALITY,

and thinks every hour two, till he be Let this New Year be a year of refreshed; but the other knows the greater spirituality. As the holy Joseph fittest time, and will not till then afford Alleine wrote from Ilchester prison to any comfort at all. Thus the children his flock at Taunton, “ Beloved Chris- of God cry out in the midst of their tians, live like yourselves; let the heavy pressures, “How long, Lord, world see that the promises of God, how long, shall the rod of the wicked and privileges of the gospel, are not lie always on the back of the righteous

?” empty sounds, or a mere crack. Let But He hath turned the glass; He the heavenly cheerfulness, and the rest- will not hearken to their cry. They less diligence, and the holy raisedness must stay their time ; He knows best of your conversations, prove the reality, when and how to deliver them, had and excellency, and beauty of your they but so much faith as to believe it, religion to the world.” Aim at an or patience to wait for it.—Stock, 1616. elevated life. Seek to live so near to God that you shall not be over- TRUE PRAYER AND LOOKING AFTER IT. whelmed by those amazing sorrows

Children shoot arrows on purpose to which you may soon encounter, nor

lose them, and never so much as look surprised at that decease which may

where they light; but men, when they come upon you in a moment, suddenly.

shoot, aim at the mark, and go after the Let prayer never be a form. Always realize it as an approach to the living wicked, carnal men, when they have

arrow, to see how near it falls. So, God for some specific purpose, and learn to watch for the returns of prayer.

said, not made, their prayers to Al-James Hamilton, D.D.

mighty God, it is but opus operatum,

they have no more regard of them. But THE NEW YEAR-GREATER ACTIVITY.

God's children, when hey, upon the

bended knees of their souls, dart out Let this new year be a year of their prayers, when they pour out their greater activity. Be diligent in your requests unto Him, they look after their proper callings, in seeking personal

prayers, eye them up into heaven, obimprovement, and in doing good. Ply serve how God entertains them, and your daily employments in a Christian wait for a happy return at His good spirit, doing nothing by constraint or will and pleasure.- Wilkison, 1639. grudgingly, but adorning the doctrine of God your Saviour by your patient,

THE ATHEIST A COWARD AND AN INsprightly, and thorough-going industry.

VOLUNTARY WITNESS. Seek personal improvement. Give It is remembered of Caius Caligula, yourselves to the reading of instructive that wicked and incestuous emperor, and religious books; and when friends that he was a notable scorner and conmeet let

them strive to give the con- temner of God, and made no reckoning versation a profitable turn, and one of any other to be God but himself; which may minister to the use of yet this abominable and wicked atheist, edifying. Engage in some direct effort as God let him not unpunished, for by to do good. Seek to leave the world His just judgment he was slain by some

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