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says of him that he seemed to have no sense of religion but as a political interest. He seldom went to prayers or to any exercise of devotion :" yet this was the man who calls the great and good Owen, "a viper swelled with venom,"'-with many similar epithets.
The last work of Marvell’s, published before his death, was “An Account of the Growth of Popery and Arbitrary Government in England," which was reprinted nine years after. wards in the State Trials. The contents of this book were so unpalatable at court (as the writer was well assured they would be) that an advertisement appeared in the Gazette, offering, what was in those days a very high reward to any one who would inform the government by whom this and other“seditious and scandalous libels,” of the same character, were printed and published. There could have been little doubt in the public mind as to the author, but no one was found bold enough to prosecute him. Marvell calmly read the advertisement, and pleasantly alluded to it in a letter to a friend. This was in the month of June; the 27th of July found him in Hull, attending to the business of the town with his usual diligence and cheerfulness.
For some time his life had been menaced, and he was so beset with enemies as to be obliged to use the utmost caution, seldom appearing in public, and concealing the place of
is residence. But the resentment of he court party, and particularly of the heir presumptive, James, Duke of York, tracked him from place to place, and although not courageous enough to bring him to trial, had passed sentence of death upon him ; for he suddenly expired on the 16th of
August, with his strength and vigour unimpaired, under strong suspicion of having suffered from the effects of poison.
And now, in common justice to this faithful servant of religion and of his country, we must, on his behalf, correct a mistake that has been made so long, and accepted so universally, that at first sight we know our statement will be regarded with a dubious eye.
There are three hymns of considerable merit-one of which ranks amongst the first in our language, --included in nearly every selection of hymns, that are commonly ascribed to the gifted editor of the “Spectator,” Joseph Addison, but which are undoubtedly the composition of Andrew Marvell. Our readers may be quite sure that, in attempting to make good our assertion, we have ample evidence to support it, for we have spared no pains or research to ascertain, as positively as the lapse of nearly two centuries will allow, who was the real author of those hymns. We are surprised to see that Sir Roundell Palmer, in his “Book of Praise,” has fallen into the common error, although in so many instances he has diligently sought after the original MS. versions of the hymns inserted in his valuable collection. How the first compilers of hymn books made the mistake, is easily seen; but it is not so easy to exculpate them from the charge of carelessness and want of judgment.
The hymns to which we refer, are those which begin severally :
“The Lord my pasture shall prepare,
And feed me with a shepherd's care: Ilis presence shall my wants supply, And guard me with a watchful eye : My noonday walks He will attend, And all my midnight hours defend.
from him a manuscript volume of poems, “When all thy mercies, O my God,
bearing the date of 1676, two years My rising soul surveys,
before Marvell's death, and when Transported with the view I'm lost Addison would be just four years old. In wonder, love, and praise."
It was supposed that he had begun to and
make a collection of his own works for “ The spacious firmament on high, publication, when his untimely death With all the blue, ethereal sky,
prevented the plan from being executed; And spangled heavens, a shining frame, but as his nephew says
" this MS. Their great original proclaim."
serves to detect the theft and ignorance These hymns were first published of some writers.' in the sixth volume of the “Spectator,” How these hymns came into Mr. the Saturday papers of which are Addison's hands is not known : proknown to be the contributions of bably they were remitted by corresAddison. Concerning the first of pondents, or even by some of Marvell's these hymns Addison writes, “ David own relatives. Captain Thompson has very beautifully represented steady says, " there is very little difference reliance on Almighty God in the 23rd between the two copies, unless in the Psalm, which is a kind of Pastoral spelling and a grammatical error, Hymn, and filled with those allusions which Mr. Addison may have altered which are usual in that kind of for the better.” In the MS. they writing As the poetry is very ex
follow a well authenticated ballad, quisite, I shall present my readers written by Marvell, and presented with with the following translation of it." a gold box to the king, by the city,-To attribute the lines that follow this the original ballad having more verses laudatory preface to the modest than that given in the State Poems. Addison, would be to accuse him of Moreover, and this is not the least gross conceit. The other hymns are re- proof of identity, the hymns afford ferred to in a similar manner, he adding internal evidence, and bear the stamp that they had “not yet appeared in of Marvell's mind, one of them esprint.” To proceed to more sub- pecially applies to his experiences in stantial evidence: Captain Thompson life. Each verse in “When all thy (whom we have already mentioned) was mercies" has come straight from the Marvell's first biographer, and with writer's heart, and Marvell, much immense labour, and some considerable more truthfully than Addison, could expense, he gathered together what endorse the sentiments of each line.t was known to be in existence of Mar- The peculiar circumstances of our vell's productions, and published the patriot’s life, the sorrows and temptasame in several ponderous quarto tions that saddened and beset his volumes. He read through nearly three hundred letters, which are addressed * After the appearance of Captain to Marvell's constituents, and which
Thompson's work, a warm controversy
was carried on in the “Gentleman's are still preserved in the Town Hall
Magazine,"concerning these hymns, which at Hull, besides private epistles; more
ended in Marvell's favour. over, being well acquainted with
of The original version contains thirteen Marvell's great nephew, he obtained
youth, the turbulence of the times His fame does not rest on these three during which his mind was matured, hymns, which the mistakes and par. the constant endangerment of his life, tiality of others lent him for awhile ; might well draw from him expressions and Andrew Marvell's other poems of fervent gratitude, as he reviewed and hymns have already won for him past mercies and deliverances.
such an undisputed place amongst the The incidents of Addison's prosper- poets of our land, that these short ous career afford no parallel ; and the pieces do not add one sprig to the hymn as coming from his pen, is laurel wreath that adorns his brow. divested of half its interest and deep Nevertheless justice should be done meaning. But we would not seem to even in so small a matter; and if it be cast any reflection on this highly-gifted an honour to find appropriate lanwriter, nor suppose for a moment guage, wherein the people of the Lord that he wished to appropriate the pro- may offer up praise and adoration, perty of another, or to mislead his then let the honour be given where it readers. Addison needed no borrowed is due; and let us be sometimes replumes, and was the first to appreciate minded of this conscientious defender and acknowledge merit in another. of our civil and religious liberties.
By the Beb. Thomas Milner, M... THE stately and solemn Abbey- the reference it contains to the “ highchurch of Westminster is a basilica, embowed roof,” the “antic pillars,” rendered cruciform in its general the “ storied windows,” the “pealing outline, remarkable structurally in the organ," and the “full-voiced quire," interior for the harmony of its pro- uttering notes portions, the impressiveness of its
“In service high, and anthems clear, lofty and long-drawn aisles, which
As may with sweetness through mine never fail to excite enthusiastic admiration. Milton might have had it
Dissolve me into ecstasies, present to his mind's eye when he
And bring all heaven before mine eyes.” wrote the memorable lines in “Il Old St. Paul's doubtless answered Penseroso,” which so unmistakeably to the descriptive touches in this intimate his sympathy with gothic finely-picturesque passage, as do & architecture, cathedral music, and score of temples in the land, standing those massive yet graceful forms of in the time of the poet, and still art which wear the heavy impress of extant.
Yet nono a venerable antiquity. We know not Westminster Abbey. that this was the case, neither can The grand pile has however another we affirm the contrary, being in fact and a stronger hold upon the imaginaquite ignorant of the occasion of the tion and feelings than that wbich poem, with the date and place of its appeals to the senses in tall columns, production. The reader will recollect high arches, and vaulted aisles, being
a kind of national mausoleum, where statesmon, orators, heroes, jurists, the mighty and illustrious in their musicians, philosophers, poets, artists, day slumber beneath the pavement. and historians, some of whom often In Milton's time the list included jarred in life, meet together in reconkings and queens, nobles and dames ciliation and peace, all outwardly of high degree, mitred ecclesiastics sharing the same lot, all equally muto and helmeted knights, some with and still, the emblems of a common sculptured effigies on their tombs; helplessness. Yet is it proper to pay and not a few of them are quite as respect to departed worth and greatwell forgotten as remembered. But ness, though society soon accommodates the number has since been largely itself to the loss of the worthiest and increased, by men who established greatest of its members, a consideration for themselves a claim to gratitude or calculated to “hide pride from man," admiration, by their genius, eloquence, and impress upon him the maxim, philanthropy, patriotism, and public "walk humbly with thy God.” The services, though these are jostled by old man eloquent and the young man a common class, simply indebted to brave, the sage's counsel and the family influence for the distinction. patriot's zeal, He may choose to During the present century the ground employ to carry into effect the highı has been much more sparingly opened, purposes of His will. But when the chiefly to those whom the nation has period of service in this world is over thus delighted to honour; and funerals in the case of the most influential, a have become much less ostentatious, mote vanishes from the stage of public therefore more solemn and heart- events; a moth is crushed fluttering stirring. On these occasions the in the drama of terrestrial life ; whilo exquisitely beautiful music of Purcell in silent majesty, suffering no check, is commonly given, the Abbey organist making no pause, the designs of when only eighteen years of age, who Providence move on to an appointed reposes within its walls; and also the consummation. effective strains of Croft, who held the same post, shares the same resting
well was taken out of the vault of Henry place, and officiated for the last time
VII's Chapel, dragged to Tyburn, and
there ignominiously exposed. It marks at the Coronation of George II. The
well the distinction between a mean and anthem closes the service, “ His body
a magnanimous nature, that Archbishop is buried in peace, but his name liveth Usher was interred in state in the Abbey, for evermore," nov mournful, anon not only by Cromwell's express desire, jubilant, one of Handel's finest con
but at his private cost, though an enemy
to himself. The remains of Blake, .acceptions, himself a slumberer at the
knowledged by Clarendon to be the spot.* Thus, in the ancient fane,
greatest warrior this country had ever
produced, were likewise disinterred, and * One wretched circumstance casts a buried along with those of about twenty disgracefal gloom over the funeral records others in a pit dug in St. Margaret's in the Abbey—the brutal treatment which churchyard. Many a brave man lies at the deceased heroes of the Commonwealth Westminster, but it has not since been received at the restoration, so contrary to the last home of any first-class commander. the maxim that, “English vengeance wars Marlborough rests at Woodstock; Nelson not with the dead." The body of Crom. and Wellington at St. Paul's.
Dean Stanley, in an exhaustive young royalist lady of rank was and fascinating volume, aspiring to the present, Dorothy Osborn, afterwards dignity of a national work, has re- Lady Temple, who quizzed the cently told the story of Westminster preacher, as she was very well able Abbey, the scene of coronation to do with effect. In charming letters pageants as well as of royal obsequies, addressed to her lover, still extant in the companion of the State through private hands, she thus closes with eight centuries in its momentous re- characteristic vivacity one of her volutions. Once since a Proiestant serious reflections :- What think ritual was established within its walls you, might I not preach with Mr. has that of Romanism returned to Marshall for a wager ?” She then them, during the brief reign of Mary goes on to state, “I was near laughing Tudor. Once also within its area yesterday where I should not. Would have the modes of worship, distinctive you believe that I had the grace to of Anglican Episcopalianism, been go and hear a sermon upon a week superseded by the simpler forms pre- day? It is true, and Mr. Marshall ferred by Puritan divines. This was was the man that preached. He is so in the later years of Charles I., and famed that I expected rare things lasted through those of the Common- from him, and seriously I lisiened to wealth and Protectorate. In place of him at first with as much reverence the usual daily service, "a morning and attention as if he had been St. exercise ” was appointed to be con- Paul. And what do you think he ducted by seven ministers, chiefly of told us ? Why, that if there were no the Presbyterian order, namely:- kings, no queens, no lords, no ladies, Stephen Marshall, chief chaplain of no gentlemen or gentlewomen in the the parliamentary army; William world, it would be no loss at all to the Strong, * a famous preacher; Dr. Almighty. This he said over some Stanton, called the walking concor- forty times, which made me remember dance; John Bond, afterwards Master it, whether I would or not.” The of Trinity Hall, Cambridge ; Philip quick-witted lady remarks further Nye, an Independent, mentioned as upon the statement, as though it the chief agent in bringing the Pres- were a new discovery, one that rebyterian Covenant across the border; quired a man of some capacity to Herle, the second Prolocutor of the make, and also one that needed to be Westminster Assembly; and Wittaire, repeated so often for the benefit of of whom nothing is known. Of these, weak understandings ! the first named probably drew the Some famous men occasionally oclargest crowd. He was a somewhat cupied the pulpit, and preached on vulgar man, a noisy declaimer too, special occasions. Here Owen's pubwho took politics into the pulpit with lished sermon “God's work in him. The Dean says nothing of the founding Zion, and His People's sermons or hearers, but we can supply Duty,” was delivered on the opening a notice of both. On one occasion a of parliament, September 17th, 1656;
also Howe's on “ Man's Duty in * See the next article for the history
Glorifying God,” before Richard of an Independent Church in the Abbey. Cromwell's last parliament; and Bax.