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their Opinion, therefore knew all things, because he knew what they were desirous to ask, and gave them instantly a most apt Answer to their intended Inquiry; so that he needed not, that any should ask him. By his knowing all things therefore, they can't reasonably be understood to have meant more, than that he had a vast Knowledge, even of such things as are inscrutable to mere Man.

And accordingly, 'tis certain, that this Phrase is used in a very limited Sense in both the Old and New Testament. Thus, when the wise Woman said to David, My Lord is wise according to the wisdom of an Angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth, 2 Sam. 14. 20. and when St. Fohn said to his Disciples, But ye have an unktion from the holy one, and ye know all things

, 1 John 2, 20. and again, the fame anointing teacheth you of all things, v. 27. no Man in his Wits can conceive, that either of them meant more by all things, than a great deal, or a very extensive Knowledge. In the same sense St. Paul said to Timothy, The Lord give thee understand. ing in all things, 2 Tim. 2. 7. Nay, we our selves in common Discourse usually say, such an one knows every thing ; but surely we don't mean, that the Person is strictly Omniscient.

What has been already said, is sufficient to clear the abovefaid Text. But there is one other Confi. deration, which demonstrats the Truth of my In- . terpretation. The Disciples had no sooner said, Now are we sure that thou knowest all things, and needejt not that any man should ask thee; but they immediata ly subjoin, By this we believe, that thou camest forth from God. Now by Christ's coming forth from God is meant his being a true Prophet. For the Difference between true and falle Prophets is this, That the true ones are sent by God, and the false ones

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are not sent by him, but come of themselves. Accordingly our blessed Lord says, I proceeded forth (Eña Joy, the same Word which in this other Place is rendred, came forth) and came from God: neit ber came I (Ed Séanaust, for I did not come) of my self, but he sent me, John 8. 42. You see, our Lord proves, that he came forth from God, because he did not come of himself, but God sent him. And consequently his proceeding forth from God lignifies his being a true Prophet, in Contradiftin&tion to what he would have been, had he come of himself, without God's Million. Now his Disciples concluded, that he proceeded forth from God (that is, was a true Prophet) because he knew all things, and needed not that any man should ask him. And indeed, this miraculous Knowledge was a good Proof of the Truth and Certainty of his Divine Million. But then,since from this his miraculous Knowledge, they inferr'd nothing more, than that he was a true Prophet ; ’tis manifeft, that they did not from this his Knowledge infer, that he was more than a mere Man conducted and affisted by God's Spirit, and consequently more than a true Prophet.

Whether the same Phrase, as used by St. Peter in that remarkable Declaration, Lord, thou knoweft all things ; thou knowest that I love thee, John 21. 17. does admit or require the same limited Interpretation ; I need not determin. Because 'twas spoken after the Time of our Lord's Ministry was ended, even after his Resurrection; and consequently 'tis beyond the Bounds of our present Inquiry. But,

Secondly, As there is not in all the New Testa. ment any one Passage, which either afferts or implys,that the Disciples believ'd him to have had any Divine Nature during his Ministry; so 'tis very remarkable, that the whole Courfe of our Savior's


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wonderful Actions affords no Proof, nor even the smallest Intimarion, of his having any Divine Na. ture at all. And consequently the Disciples could not infer from thence, that he was any thing more than å mere Man conducted and affisted by God's Spirit.

'Twas prophesy'd of the Messiah, that God's Spi. rit should be poured on him. Thus, when our Lord concealed himself, the Evangelift observes, That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the Prophet, saying, Bebold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved in whom my soul is well pleased : I will put my Spirit upon bim, and be shall shew judgment to the Gentiles. He shall not strive, nor cry, neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets. A bruised reed shall be not break, and smoaking flax shall be not quench ; iill be send forth judga ment unto victory. And in his name hall the Gentiles truft, Matt. 12. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. St. Luke also gives us the following Relation, And he came to Nas zareth, where he had been brought up, and as his custom was, he went into the Synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the Prophet Esaias, and when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the Gospeļ to the poor, he bath sent me to heal the broken hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of fight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruiled, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord. And be closed the book, and he gave it again to the Minister, and fat down : and the eyes of all them that were in the Synagogue, were fastened on him. And he began to say unto them, This day is this Scripture fulfilled in your ears, Luke 4. 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. And accordingly St. Peter declares, that God anointed Jesus Christ of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost, and with Power, Acts 10.38.


This folemn Unction by the Spirit was perform'd immediatly after his Baptism. FortheEvangelist tells us, that Jesus, when he was baptiz'd, went up straightway out of the water : and lo, the heavens were open'd unto him, and be saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him. And lo, a voice from beaven, Saying. This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased, Matt. 3.17. And accordingly St. John Baptist, who administred Baptism to him, bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven, like a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not : but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God, John 1. 32, 33, 34.

Now we are told, that God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto the blessed Jesus, John 3. 34. that is, God poured the Spirit upon him in a most plenti. ful and abundant Manner. But then, it must be remembred, that our Lord Jesus Christ is the Head of his Body the Church, and we receive divine Communications from and by him. Accordingly, as in the natural Body, when Oyl is plentifully poured upon the Head, it must run down to the inferior Parts (thus the Psalmist says, It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down unto the beard, even unto Aaron's beard, and went down to the skirts of bis clothing, Psal. 133. 2.) So when our Lord Jesus Christ was plentifully anointed with the Holy Spișit, his Disciples, the Members of his Body, receiv'd a Share of those Spiritual Gifts, which that anointing conferr'd on him. For whatever Gifts of the Spirit our Lord exercis'd during his Ministry, his Disciples exercis'd the very fame, partly during his Abode with them, but especially after his Alcen


sion, when the Baptism of the Holy Ghost was by, our Lord's Miflion of the Spirit conferr'd on them. For let us descend to Particulars.'

Our Lord knew the Thoughts of Men's Hearts. Of this we have a general Declaration in these Words; Now when he was in Jerusalem at the pasfover, in the feast day, many believed in bis name, when they Saw the miracles which he did. Best Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men, and needed not that any should testifie of man: for he knew what was in man, John 2, 23, 24, 25. But he gave many particular Instances of this Knowledge. Jen Sas knowing their thoughts, Matt: 9:4. Jefus knew their thoughts, Matt. 12. 25. Jelus perceiv'd in his {pirit, that they so reasoned within themselves, Mark 2. 8. Felus perceiving the thought of their heart, Luke 9. 47. Jesus knew in himself, that his disciples murmur'd at it, John 6. 61. Fes us knew, that they were desirous to ask him, John 16. 19. Hefus knew from the begin. ning, who they were that believed not, and who should be tray him, John 6. 64. For he knew, who should betray bim, John 13. 11. Nay, he knew Things distant. Nathanael Saith 'unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Fefus answered and said unto bim, Before that Philip called thee, when thou waft under the fig-tree, I saw thee, John 1. 48. He knew also, that the Samaritan Woman had had five Husbands, and that he whom she had at the Time of his talking with her, was not her Husband, John 4. 18. Nay, he probably was acquainted with the Course of her Life, at least with the principal Passages of it. For the Woman said to those of her City, Come, see a man which told me all things that ever I did, ver. 29. Our Lord also foretold Things to come, of which many Instances are recorded in Holy Scripture.

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