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clouds;" they were the clouds which implied Divine truth, in the literal sense of the Divine Word. Thus a way of the Second Coming is by enabling men to perceive new truth, new power, new glory in the written statements of the Word; to inspire them with new life, with new energies for doing good, which could bring happiness within the heart, where only happiness could be established.

Advent of the Lord consisted in new knowledge respecting the nature of the Lord and the Divine Word. One of the manifestations of the Second Coming was the establishment of churches, and was especially in the persons who con. stituted those churches, who by all means in their power should make known the blessed truths they believed in, that others might be benefited as well as themselves. The speaker went on to urge that all of them should esteem it an honour to work in Christ's vineyard.

The Rev. P. Ramage said that one of the most blessed and one of the most beneficent results of the Second Advent he took to be the establishment of Rev. W. O'Mant said-The Advent Sunday Schools. When the Sabbath of the Lord will manifest itself in all School was established it was frowned the outward forms of human life-in upon, it was suspected, it was openly the political and social states of society, denounced. It had passed through and in the revolutions and improvemany changes, it had had to fight many ments that have taken place, and are great battles; but to-day it stood one of still proceeding. When Swedenborg the greatest powers in the country. tells us that the Lord came the second There had been an idea abroad, and the time in the year 1757, he did not idea was not yet eradicated from the mean that that event was momentary, churches, that he who worked for chil- but that it was the beginning of a grand dren did a childish work; but new ideas advent that should march down the resulting from the Second Advent were ages, and gather volume on its way. spreading abroad upon the great subject This Second Advent is therefore still of education, and it was seen that just going on, and, inasmuch as it affects as a true mark of genius was a simple- man in all his states and relationships minded, child-like soul, so it was the of life, it should be recognized as the essentially noble who could devote inward cause of all the political and themselves to the young, and who alone social reforms which have taken place could be successful in winning them to since its commencement. It is also of a high, a noble, a sweet, and beneficent great importance that we know the life. These treasures they all more or less state of darkness, sin, and degradation experienced. It would perhaps be diffi- that existed just before that advent comcult to name any modern institution menced; and that the political and which had done so much to improve the social institutions were in strict corre condition of the people. Adam Smith, spondence therewith. Many writers of in his "Wealth of Nations," said they fiction and history set forth the utter had "altered the manners of the people debasement of society in the first half in a way so simple and beautiful that and the middle of the eighteenth cennothing had been seen like it since the tury. Carlyle, in his "Life of Frederick days of the apostles." Sunday Schools the Great," sums up the case in a few were only beginning their real work; words :-"It was an age of universal the spelling book was passing out of the infidelity to heaven, when the heavenly Sunday School, and pure religious sun was sunk." Mr. O'Mant traced the instruction was becoming the one great progress of society from this state of object. affliction and sorrow, and concluded that it therefore follows, that each man who receives the Lord, is bound to put His shoulder to the work. And whatsoever platform of action he may choose, he is bound to do his utmost to secure the fuller development of this glorious Advent. We look forward to still grander results than any yet received. The future is full of prophecy. "The tabernacle of God is with men, and He

Mr. Gunton said-the Lord came in the flesh, but His essential Coming even then consisted in the reception of His principles by the people. The Second Advent was a more perfect and fuller Coming of the Lord, who was not only the Son of God, but was the Father and Son in One Personthe essentially Divine, and the Divine Human in One Person; and so the Second

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will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and He will be their God." The Rev. Joseph Deans said that they were not to imagine that when the Lord came a second time that the light would burst upon them with the surprising brilliancy of a transformation scene. He should speak of the manifestation of the Second Coming in literature. One hundred years ago books were out of the reach of the masses of the people, and those which were in existence were only for the learned; besides which, an idea prevailed that the instruction of the masses would ruin the country. He contrasted this with the abounding literature of the present day, and said that experience had shown that light was wonderfully purifying and elevating in its tendency. Of course, the agency which had been instrumental in promoting the spread of truth and defending Christianity had been made an agency of speading infidel teaching of various kinds; but what of that? Christianity had nothing to fear in its combat with error. If based on Divine truth, what mattered it who spoke against it, or how often?

The Rev. W. C. Barlow spoke of the manifestation of the Second Advent in the sciences. He pointed out that, although the science of astronomy had been studied by the Chaldeans in long ages past, it was not until after the year 1757 that it began to make progress with wonderful steps. Progress in chemistry was also traced from the discovery of oxygen in 1772. Then how had geology grown? It was so little understood at the beginning of this century, that theories were bolstered up that it was contradictory to God's Word, and to make it fit with the first chapter of Genesis, which was a recitation of the progress which takes place in the spiritual life of man. One of the most dreaded of the sciences-ethnology and anthropology, which was seemingly so contradictory to nuch of the popular theology, was a thing that was growing, and becoming truer and more trustworthy every day. With regard to dreading the growth of science, he dared not dread the growth of any good and perfect gift that came from the Father of Light. Supposing it was true that there were not two first parents of mankind, but 20,000 first parents, would they not be the wiser for knowing it, and for knowing that it did

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SWEDENBORG: THE MAN, SEER, AND INTERPRETER OF RELIGION. Under this title the Weekly News, a widelycirculated paper published at Auckland in New Zealand, gives a report of more than two columns length, of a lecture by Rev. S. Edgar. Mr. Edgar, we are informed by a correspondent, went out from England some years since. He is, or was, a Unitarian minister, and was supplied before his departure with the writings of Swedenborg by the Swedenborg Society. The lecture before us is the fruit of his reading and study of the writings and biography of our great author. The lecturer is careful to assert an undenominational character, and speaks with scant courtesy of the "Swedenborgians as a religious community. "Swedenborgian ministers are few and far between. Swedenborgian Churches are in a very miserable state. Men rarely acknowledge themselves as Swedenborgians; but there is scarcely a liberal-minded Christian in this day who is not more or less directly or indirectly indebted to Swedenborg."


The lecture is a eulogium of the character and writings of Swedenborg. Some of the leading features of his life are given, and stress is laid on the uniform excellence of his character. The massive and enlightened character of his writings is recognized, and his memorabilia treated as facts not to be ridiculed, but wisely interpreted. We give, very much abbreviated, the concluding portion of this very able dis

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course- A few lines can say all that is
necessary or useful respecting his out-
ward life. His inward spiritual life
whole volumes could not exhaust. His
life is divided into two great epochs
the first to his 54th year, the second to
his 84th, and death. During the first
he was devoted to severe scientific and
mathematical subjects, and was one of the
very foremost men of his age; during the
second he was equally devoted to theo-
logy, and with equally astonishing results.
In his very early years he was deeply
impressed with the being and presence
of God, and, as is generally the case
with such early impressions, in sincere
minds like his, they remained with him,
a deep under-current of his life and
character, though for some years lost to
the outward view. I have said enough
to lead you to wish to know more of the
singular and astonishing sides of the
man in his later years-of the prophet
or seer, and the unknown interpreter.
But I would ask you to bring this view
of the man to the elucidation, in part,
at least, of that remarkable crisis in the
54th year of his life, which changed him
quite suddenly from a foremost man of
mathematical, engineering, and specula-
tive science into a most devoted and in-
cessant student and teacher of theology,
as well as a seer into the world of spirits
and the unknown of this world. Such
changes, far on in life, are not unknown
among remarkable men; but this can
scarcely be paralleled. That a man
who, for thirty years, has been one of
the few scientific scholars, engineers,
practical mathematicians-a man with-
out one spark of enthusiasm-clear, cool,
almost cold-in the prime of his life and
intellect, should all at once become
completely absorbed in theology and
the world, which most people think be-
longs only to the imagination, and spend
thirty years of hard toil at it, is a pheno-
menon in our history not to be set aside
by such glib phrases as insane, mad,
wild, visionary, illusions mistaken for
realities.' If Swedenborg was insane,
it is a sad pity that any should be sane.
The moral goodness of the man, his
sincere religion, the robustness of his
character, the ripeness of his great in-
tellect all go to show that there is
but one explanation of this remarkable
crisis, just similar to that you have in
Paul's life. There was some quite extra-
ordinary illumination-opening of the

mental, spiritual faculties of the mancall it what you may. There was with Paul. He saw things suddenly that he had never seen before, and they changed his life. Explain it how you will, the fact is so. I know but one reasonable explanation; God showed them to him, and he knew it. So it was with Swedenborg; God showed him things he had not seen, things no other man saw; he knew it was so; that, as that only could, changed the whole current of his thought and life, and remained with him an inspiration to his dying day. Then came to him the curious and scornful to ridicule his visions. They never ridiculed, they never smiled at them, when they talked to him, conquered by the sincere goodness and the holy seriousness of the man, who through all this thirty years of converse with angels always wore a benignant smile upon his countenance. It is also well known that many have sat down deliberately to answer his books, but have always ended as converts to, or defenders of, them. One word more only. If nothing else were good or great about Swedenborg, he has made God nearer to man than any other interpreter of Christianity in these two thousand years has dared to do. That is what Christ did. In these days, when God is apt to be put at such a distance that no mental eye ventures to look for Him, and humanity is left in the cold region of imperious law, there seems need to revere the memory of so great a man, and so eminent a Christian."

ITALIAN MISSION.-The following letter from Professor Scocia was received and read to the General Conference :— "To the General Conference of the Ministers and Delegates of the New Church in England. Rev. Sirs.-Allow me to bring to your notice the fact that an Italian Committee has been organized for the diffusion of the light of the New Jerusalem, consisting of seven Italians. This fact will prove to you that my missionary labours and exertions for the last six years have not been without practical results, for seven intelligent and zealous Italians have agreed to cooperate with me for the propagation of the doctrines of the New Church. During these six years of missionary labour, I have translated from the Latin four works of Swedenborg, which are, Heaven and Hell, Divine Providence,


New Jerusalem Doctrine, Divine Love and Wisdom. The translation of this last work is now being printed. In accordance with the permission of the Swedenborg Society, the first three works already published have been presented to 75 public libraries and to 177 Ronian Catholic priests, and both the public libraries and the priests have thankfully received these works. One of the 177 priests, a short time since, wrote me the following letter of thanks :18th June 1876. Dear Professor.-Although late, I send you my grateful thanks for having transmitted to me the three works of Swedenborg which I have both read and studied, and from which I have derived the solution of various problems which had suggested themselves to me whilst studying theology and the various systems of philosophy, which studies not only did not satisfy me, but gave rise to many doubts tending to materialism, atheism, etc., etc. Swedenborg alone has given me a complete solution by which to arrange my ideas, in a systematic order, and therefore I have unwittingly become a Swedenborgian, and for this last result I also render you my thanks. I beg you not to mention my name and address for the present, as I fear that otherwise my superior might punish me, for my social position and limited means do not enable me to emancipate myself from


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Italian Mission would have long since ceased.

"Now I hope, rev. sirs, that your meeting together in General Conference for the interests and progress of our Church will provide the means to help and encourage me as our brethren in America have done, who, in the General Convention held this year, have adopted the following resolution :- Resolved, That the sum of 100 dollars each be devoted the present year to the support of the Foreign New Church ministers, namely, the Scandinavian Mission and Italian Mission, the same to be drawn from the mission funds of the General Convention, and to be forwarded respectively to the Rev. Adolph Boyesen of Copenhagen, and Professor Loreto Scocia at Florence, was taken up, and it was voted, that it be referred to the board of Managers of the work of Church extension, with full powers.'-Believe me to remain, rev. sirs, your faithfully, "LORETO SCOCIA."

HAND-BILL TRACTS.-As the lecture

season is approaching, we call the attention of our readers to a series of pertinent selections on New Church doctrines and life, published by Milton, Smith & Co., of 279 Upper Street, Islington, N. These tracts are stereotyped, and designed for publication at the back of announcements of New Church lectures and services. The publication is in two series, one of which (C) extends to twelve subjects, the other (D), to three. The latter series is adapted to publication on cards for general circulation.


"This is not the only priest who has declared himself a receiver of the doctrines of our Church, there are three other priests who are subscribers to my journal, and who have several times sent me small offerings towards the mission. TAGE ASSOCIATION.-The annual meeting My periodical, La Nuova Epoca,' has of this Association was this year held in 150 subscribers, 100 in Italy and 50 the New Church Meeting Room, Bradford, in England and America. By means of The friends, many of whom had met for this periodical our doctrines have been social converse in one of the public parks in the afternoon, took tea together at five, widely diffused, for I have subscribers in and at an early hour in the evening, the all the provinces. La Nuova Epoca' public meeting was held. The room, which penetrates far and wide, where my voice is very neatly fitted up, and forms a cannot reach, and its teachings are per- pleasant and commodious chapel, manent. All this work hitherto, by comfortably filled. The chair was occuGod's help, I have been enabled to per- pied by the President of the Association, form by my own unassisted labours. David Goyder, Esq. M.D., who opened the proceedings in a speech of great ability. In this address he intimated the growing desire for increased light on religious subbenevolent movements of the age-movejects, and wise guidance in the various


"It is now fifteen months since I have received any fund from England towards the support of the Italian Mission, and in the course of this year I have frequently found myself almost without the ments which for want of a correct doctrine means of subsistence, and but for the of life, often ended in failure and dishelp of our American brethren the appointment. The doctrines of the New

Church supply these necessities of the age, and the Missionary and Colportage Association is well adapted to promote their diffusion. The objection to the institution that it stood in the way of the appointment of ministers, was removed by the recent appointment of ministers at Leeds and Bradford. Every home must have a guiding head, and every larger home or church must, for its own peace and progress, have a suitable minister at its head. In such a Society worship is conducted in an orderly manner, the sacraments regularly administered, and the Word faithfully preached. Societies who, having the means of providing such a minister, neglect the duty of so doing, doom themselves to a sickly and lingering life, depriving themselves of spiritual food, and neglecting their stewardship of the goods and truths they have accepted. It is our duty to do all we can, and in the best way we are able, to offer the doctrines of the New Church to those who need them, and we shall find that books distributed by men and women with kind hearts, and accompanied with kind words and deeds,

will have a thousandfold more influence

than books and tracts given with a mechanical coldness, or a supercilious air of superior knowledge.

The Report presented a cheerful and hopeful prospect of the institution. Some of its particulars we hope to give in a future issue. The meeting was addressed in earnest, and appropriate speeches by Revs. R. Storry, E. Whitehead, and W. O'Mant, and Messrs. Aspinal, Stephenson, the newly appointed colporteur, and others. The proceedings were throughout animated and interesting. We regret that our space prevents our publishing more fully in our present number the Report we have received of this assembly.

SWEDEN. That a prophet has no honour in his own country, cannot exactly be said of Emanuel Swedenborg, for there have always been a select few, a remnant, in Swedenborg's native land who have believed in his Divine mission, and who, by the reading of his works, have arrived at that high spiritual state which is only attainable in the Lord's New Church. These readers have, how ever, been few and scattered, and since the dissolution of the Society called "Pro Fide et Caritate," which existed in Stockholin early in this century, there has been no external bond of union among the receivers of the New Church doctrines. Thus, while Swedenborg's theological works have been translated in Germany and France, not to mention

England and America, some of the principal works, such as the Arcana Calestia, have not yet been entirely rendered into Swedish. The Swedes are however proud of Swedenborg, from the reputation he enjoys in other countries; and the Academy of Sciences and the Swedish Academy of Belles Lettres have both struck medals, and published eulogies in his honour within the last twenty years. In the publie libraries of Sweden there is likewise an anxiety to possess all the different editions and translations of Swedenborg's works. An attempt to form a separate church has not been made till quite lately. The Swedes, in that respect resembling most continental nations, do not appear to have that power or aptitude for organizing churches or religious societies, which seems inherent in the English race at home and abroad. The State Church lies heavily over Sweden, and no one brought up in a country where the State Church is supreme, and where people have not acquired the power of thinking for themselves in spiritual matters, can have any idea of the social difficulties in the way for the formation of a separate church. And we know that even in England the question as to the desirability of a separate church organization is debated. The civil laws of Sweden have also, until lately, put almost insurmountable obstacles in the way of such an object. Notwithstanding these discouraging circumstances, a few believers began to meet some years ago in Stockholm at the house of Mr. 0. Tyboni for the purpose of worship, and this little band has kept together, we believe, and become the first beginning of a church. The stay of our esteemed friend Dr. Tafel in Stockholm gave a new impetus to the friends of the New Church, and now the missionary labours of Mr. Boyesen seem to have caused quite an awakening. In the month of May last year, a meeting of the friends of the New Church was called at Stockholm, the result of which was the formation of a Society calling itself the Confessors of the New Church, a Committee was elected, rules drawn up and printed, etc. The Society has now existed upwards of a year, and the report. of its activity which we have just received is very encouraging. We find that the Society on the 1st July last counted 104 members, of which four were clergymen of

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