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his escape in the night, and the garrison capitulated; above three hundred of whom were put to death. Mullik 'Taj-ood-Deen Zoobery, who was present at the capture, has commemorated the date of the transaction by four lines carved on a stone over one of the gateways. *

After the reduction of Gualiar, the King marched his army towards Malwa, reduced the fort of Bhilsa, and took the city of Oojein, where he destroyed a magnificent temple dedicated to Mabakaly, formed upon the same plan with that of Somnat. This temple is said to have occupied three hundred years in building, and was surrounded by a wall one hundred cubits in height. The image of Vikramaditya, who had been formerly prince of this country, and so renowned, that the Hindoos have taken an æra from his death, as also the image of Mahakaly, both of stone, with many other figures of brass, were found in the temple. These images the King caused to be conveyed to Dehly, and broken at the door of the great mosque.

After his return from this expedition, Altmish marched his army towards Mooltan; but falling sick on the road, he was obliged to return to Dehly,

where he died on the 20th of Shaban, in Shaban 20. the year 633.

633. His vizier, towards the April 30. latter end of his reign, was Fukhr-oolA.D. 1236. Moolk Assamy, who had been formerly vizier of the Caliph of Bagdad for thirty years, where he was much esteemed on account of his

A.H. 633.

The stone and the lines are still to be seen.

wisdom and learning.

He left that court on account of some offence, and came to Dehly, where he was appointed prime minister. Noorood-Deen Mahomed Oofy, the author of the Jamaool-Hikayat (a collection of historical anecdotes *), lived during this time at the court of Dehly. The reign of Shums-ood-Deen Altmish lasted twentysix years. He was an enterprising, able, and good prince.

* This work is a collection of stories illustrative of the virtues, vices, and calamities of mankind, but possessing no real value in point of authenticity.


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Ascends the throne his dissipated and licentious character permits his mother to exercise great cruelty. She murders the widows of the late king, and one of his sons. Distracted condition of the court. Pretenders to the throne. Confederacy of the great chiefs of the kingdom against the King - they assemble forces at Lahore. - The King marches to oppose them reaches Munsoorpoor, where he is deserted by seven of his generals, who raise Ruzeea Begum, the King's sister, to the throne at Dehly. - The King returns to his capital, but is seized by his officers, and delivered over to the new government.

It appears from the histories of the times, that in the year 625 Shums-ood-Deen Altmish appointed his son, Rookn-ood-Deen Feroze, governor of Budaoon, and, after the reduction of Gualiar, created him his lieutanant in the Punjab. When his father died, this prince happened to be at Shaban 21. Dehly, and ascended the throne, without A. H. 633. opposition, on Tuesday the 21st Shaban,

May 1. in the year 633 ; on which occasion the A. D. 1236. nobles made their offerings, and swore allegiance, while the poets of the age vied with each other in his praise. But no sooner was the ceremony over than he abandoned himself to licentious excesses, and neglected the affairs of his government.

He lavished his father's treasures on dancing women, comedians, and musicians, leaving the

conduct of all public business to his mother, Shah Toorkan. This woman, originally a Toorky slave, was a monster of cruelty. She murdered not only all the women of Shums-ood-Deen's harem, to gratify her hatred, but also put to death Kootbood-Deen, the youngest of that king's sons. The minds of the people revolted at these scenes. Gheias-ood-Deen Mahomed, the King's younger brother, governor of Oude, intercepted the revenues from Bengal on their way to the capital, and declared himself independent. At the same time, also, Mullik Eiz-ood-Deen Salar, the governor of Budaoon, Mullik Alla-ood-Deen Khany, governor of Lahore, Mullik Kubeer Khan, viceroy of Mooltan, and Mullik Seif-ood-Deen Koochy, governor of Hansy, entered into a confederacy, which broke out into open rebellion. Rookn-ood-Deen Feroze, collecting his troops, marched to Kelookery, but was there deserted by his vizier, Nizam-ool-Moolk Jooneidy, and by part of his army. The vizier went towards Kole, where he joined Mullik Eizood-Deen Salar, governor of Budaoon, and they proceeded together to Lahore, at which place they formed a junction with the nobles of the northern and western provinces. The King, mean time, marched towards the confederates ; but on reaching Munsoorpoor, seven of his principal chiefs, viz. Taj.ood-Deen Zobeidy, Mullik Mahomed Dubeer, Baha-ood-Deen Hussun, Mullik Kureemood-Deen Zeea-ool-Moolk, Sheer Khan, Khwaja Rusheed, and Ameer Fukhr-ood-Deen deserted him, and retired with their followers to Dehly. There they raised Sooltana Ruzeea Begum, the

eldest daughter of Shums-ood-Deen Altmish, to the throne, and imprisoned the King's mother. When this news reached the King, he returned hastily with his army towards Dehly, and having arrived

at Kelookery, Sooltana Ruzeea Begum Rubbee-oolAwul 18.

on the 18th of Rubbee-ool-Awul, in the

year 634, advanced with a force against Nov. 19. him. Rookn-ood-Deen was delivered A. D. 1236.

up into her hands, and died in confinement some time after; so that he reigned only six months and twenty-eight days.

A. H. 634.

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