Multicultural Politics: Racism, Ethnicity, and Muslims in Britain

Front Cover
U of Minnesota Press, 2005 - 240 pages
If, as W. E. B. Du Bois observed, the problem of the twentieth century was the problem of the color line, the problem of the twenty-first century may be one that reaches back to premodernity: religious identity. Even before 9/11 it was becoming evident that Muslims, not blacks, were perceived as the "other" most threatening to Western society, even in a relatively pluralist nation such as Britain. In Multcultural Politics, one of the most respected thinkers on ethnic minority experience in England describes how what began as a black-white division has been complicated by cultural racism, Islamophobia, and a challenge to secular modernity. Tariq Modood explores the tensions that have risen among advocates of multiculturalism as Muslims assert themselves to catch up with existing equality agendas while challenging some of the secularist, liberal, and feminist assumptions of multiculturalists. If an Islam-West divide is to be avoided in our time, Modood suggests, then Britain, with its relatively successful ethnic pluralism and its easygoing attitude toward religion, will provide a particularly revealing case and promising site for understanding.
 

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Contents

Racism Asian Muslims and the Politics of Difference
1
Difference Cultural Racism and Antiracism
27
If Races Do Not Exist Then What Does? Racial Categorization and Ethnic Realities
46
Ethnic Diversity and Racial Disadvantage in Employment
60
Ethnic Differentials in Educational Performance
82
Reflections on the Rushdie Affair Muslims Race and Equality in Britain
103
Muslims Incitement to Hatred and the Law
113
Multiculturalism Secularism and the State
131
Muslims and the Politics of Multiculturalism
151
Rethinking Multiculturalism and Liberalism
171
Conclusion Plural Britishness
185
Notes
211
Bibliography
219
Previous Publications
233
Index
235
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About the author (2005)

Tariq Modood is professor of sociology, politics and public policy and the founding director of the Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship at the University of Bristol.  He is also the cofounding editor of Ethnicities.

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