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Leading Articles-- continued.

PAGE Frontispiece: Shall Britain Rule both Air and Sea ? ... 330 An Italian Estimate of Josephine Butler

391 Progress of the World (illustrated)

331
Shop-Law and the Shop-Girl

391 How Badly we all Talk

392 Character Sketch : Mr. Richard Bell, M.P.

344
The Perfection of Clothes

393

The Future of Trade Unions The Harvest of the Hague Conference

393 350 Where Bibles are Printed

394 A Peace Pilgrimage to South America ... 359

The Oldest City in the World ...

395 The Fight Against Alcoholism

396 Interviews on Topics on the Month :

The First Apostle of the Simple Life...

396 84. Colour Photography : The Secretary of the Royal

The Fourth of the Christian Graces

397 Photographic Society

364

How to Play Chopin 85. The Pope on “Modernism." By a Catholic

How Plays are Written
Layman

365
Poetry in the Magazines

399

Art in the Magazines 86. The New China : Francis W. Fox

400 87. Methodist Reunion : Rev. John Scott Lidgett 368

The Reviews Reviewed :Leading Articles in the Reviews :

The American Review of Reviews

401 The Australasian Review of Reviews ...

401 When Wheat Fails

370
The Nineteenth Century and After

402 Long Life and Easy Death

371
The National Review

403 Battle Air-ships 372 The Contemporary Review

404 A Ship for Millionaires ... 373 The Fortnightly Review

405 A Cure for Noisy Dinner-Parties

373
Pall Mall Magazine

405 An Electric Villa

374
The World's Work-Cornhill

406 Why American Marriages Fail

375 North American Review Church and Labour 376 Blackwood-The London

408 The Passing of Korea

377
The French Magazines

408-9 Mahomet an Orthodox Christian

377
The Dutch Reviews

410 The Stuttgart International

378
The Italian Reviews

410 The German Chancellor

379 Topics of the Day in the Periodicals of the The Hague Conference

Month The Case Against a National Militia

411 381 The Anglo-Russian Agreement

382
Current History in Caricature

413 In Defence of the Second Duma

382 Two Books of the Month :Russia in Mid-Stream

383 The Japanese Peril

... 384
Gilbert Parker's “ The Weavers"

420 The Indian Nationalist Movement

385
An Up-to-date Eve in Modern Paris

424 The Plague in India

386
The Review's Bookshop

425 The Kaiser as a Captain of Industry

387 Splendid Paupers

Leading Books of the Month

430 The Grand oid Man of Roumania

Languages and Esperanto

431 “Papa” Ruskin and His Little Friends

389 Diary and Obituary for September About Herbert Spencer

432 390 A Great Peace Maker

* System”-A Business Magazine ... 390

435 Woman Suffrage at the Cape

390 The Power of Production

407

...

...

380

...

...

387 388

436

REVIEW OF REVIEWS OFFICES :-
Editorial : Mowbray House, Norfolk Street, Strand, London, W.C.
Publishing : 39 and 40, Whitefriars Street, London, E.C.

[graphic]

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[graphic]

Photograph by)

Illustrations Bureau. “Nulli Secundus”: Britain's First Military Airship. “Nulli Secundus ” is 110 ft. in length and 28 st. in diameter. The balloon is made of goldbeaters' skin, with four broad bands of canvas fastened over it at regular intervals. Suspended from the balloon by a network of coruage is a framework of barnbro and aluminium, from which hangs the canoe-shaped car 30 ft. in length. On September 30th the vessel was steered in various directions, and a speed of twenty iniles an hour was easily attained.

[graphic]

Photograph byl

[F. C. Coleman, Darlington, The Famous Cunarder “Lusitania." This imniense tui bine line', which cost £1,500,000, made her first trip to New York in 5 days 54 minutes from land 10 land.

SHALL BRITAIN RULE BOTH AIR AND SEA ?

BATAS

THE
JAN :

REVIEW OF REVIEWS

THE PROGRESS OF THE WORLD.

Our

as

a

The

Oct. Ist, 1907.

surely starve. We need to call in the scientist Are we within measurable distance to our aid. He in his turn is ready to summon the

of starvation ? The rise in the air to the rescue, and to obtain from it the nitrates Daily Bread.

price of bread has come necessary for the production of a supply of wheat

reminder of one of those elemen equal to the demand for that prime staple of life. A tary facts of existence that overshadow in their signi- process, so Professor Thompson tells us, has recently ficance even the most momentous of political revolu been perfected by which atmospheric nitrogen can tions. “Give us this day our daily bread ” is the uni be converted into a fertiliser equal in value to the versal petition of the human race. If we are to credit product of the Chilian nitrate mines. Already three the calculations of Sir William Crookes and Professor establishments are engaged in the manufacture of Silvanus Thompson, the day when our daily supply nitrate of lime by this process on a scale and at a of bread will cease is not far distant. The wheat-grow- price that make it a commercially marketable commoing area of the world, we are apt to forget, is strictly dity. An unlimited supply of fertiliser means an limited in extent, for wheat will only grow in tem immensely increased yield of wheat. Science has perate countries.

The present production of the redressed the deficiency of Nature and enabled us wheat-growing lands is sufficient to provide bread for to banish the spectre of wholesale starvation from our 666,000,000 people. The mouths to be filled already midst, at least for some time to come. number 585,000,000. We are, therefore, dangerously

The threatened strike in the railnearing the food limit. As bread-eaters have been

Achilles Heel

way world has also served as a increasing at double the rate of the area of wheat

of

reminder of how easily the com

Civilisation. under cultivation, the day when we shall starve can

plex mechanism of modern life not be far removed. At present it is the white races, can be put out of gear. For railways are the the wheat-eaters, who dominate the world. What will Achilles heel of a civilised State. They are its most be their fate when wheat fails ? Will their heritage vulnerable point of attack. To paralyse them is like pass to the eaters of rice, the food of the yellow stopping the circulation of the blood in the human peoples of the earth?

body. No one has any conception of what a general This is an alarming prospect which strike affecting all the railways of the kingdom would The Scientist should stimulate the white wheat

The mere possibility of such a strike has been the Rescue, eating races to energetic efforts to sufficient to bring about a drop of ten million sterling

increase the yield of wheat per in the nominal value of railway stock. An actual At present the average number of bushels

stoppage would cause intolerable inconvenience to raised per acre in New Zealand is 251; while in the general public, would demoralise trade in every Russia and many other countries the acre only pro branch, and result in a vast amount of suffering the duces nine bushels. To fertilise wheat and increase extent and intensity of which it is impossible to its yield nitrogen is required, and the demand for estimate. As a people we live from hand to mouth nitrates has been so great in recent years that the and depend absolutely upon the railways to bring to natural available supply is approaching exhaustion. our daily bread. Even a temporary difficulty Unless we can discover some means of making two in the rapid handling of the goods traffic by the railears of wheat grow where one grew before, we shall ways is sufficient at once to send up the price of

mean.

to

acre.

us

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