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July 1, 1907 demand that all floating mines shall be made innocuous At the Hague, at the present if they break loose from their moorings is a good thing, The Parliament
moment of writing, all goes well. no doubt, and the proposal to abolish contraband is of Humanity. That there is but little interest a strong measure ; but both relate only to a state of taken in its proceedings by the
Proposals for the prevention of war by man in the street is no gauge of the importance of its obligatory arbitration, by recommending a Peace deliberations. The man in the street is always more Budget, by making obligatory the resort to special interested in a dog fight or a drunken row than he is mediation with a pause for reflection before guns are in events, such as the discovery of electricity or the actually fired—of these proposals, which have been invention of the steam engine, which revolutionise pressed upon the Government by a hundred meetings, the world. The Conference has in hand the creation we have as yet seen no trace. As for the proposal to of the Parliament of the World and the completion and discuss armaments, on which Sir E. Grey laid so much constitution of the Supreme Court of all the Nations. stress, nothing is said about it at the Hague. The It is at present but partially conscious of the magnitude Palmerston of Peace will have to bestir himself if he of its task and is confused by the multiplicity of the is to gather any laurels at the Conference. other subjects which are pressed upon its attention.
One of the best things about the But already proposals are before it which will advance
Hague Conference is the oppor
International humanity a long stage towards the Federation of the Rapprochements. tunity it affords the representatives World. The Russians are leading at present. I hear
of States which have been somesuggestions for insisting upon the appointment of a what estranged to enter into friendly negotiations on Commission of Inquiry whenever disputes as to facts neutral ground. Baron Marschall von Bieberstein endanger peace, for the annual meeting of the judges well said that he hoped the Conference would be a of the High Court, and for the appointment of a success, not only by what it accomplished in the Permanent Tribunal of Arbitration,—three arbitrators way of improvements in international law, but who shall be always in readiness to sit in judgment. also by establishing friendly relations between These all show the direction in which the wind is nations that had had their differences. France and blowing. The Germans, instead of hanging back as Germany, for instance, appear to have forgotten in 1899, are to the fore with proposals of their own their trouble about Morocco, and the represenpointing towards compulsion. The pace of the tatives of Sweden, Norway and Denmark are Conference will not be rapid, but it will be sure. the best of terms. Mr. Carnegie probably did
Considering the very pronounced not succeed in converting the Kaiser to his theory as The British Government stand which Sir Henry Camp to the establishment of the peace of the world by and
bell Bannerman and Sir Edward a quadruple alliance between England, America, the Conference.
Grey have taken, the one in France, and Germany. But the Kaiser needed no confavour of a League of Peaceful Nations and the other verting as to the importance of a rapprochement with as to the discussion of armaments, it must be France. He is apparently as anxious to make up to admitted that the comparative inactivity of the British France as he has been for some time anxious to make delegates occasions some disappointment. To inter up to Great Britain. In this effort it is to be hoped dict the use of floating mines in the open sea and to he will be cordially seconded by our King. No idea