Page images
PDF
EPUB

salvation which the gospel of God has
power to effect, 666-the question, re-
specting the salvability of the heathen
world, independent of the gospel of
Christ, considered, 689, 690
Samaritans, why the disciples were for-
bidden to go into any city of the Sa-
maritans, 146-the mutual hatred be-
tween them and the Jews, noticed, 615
-cause of this animosity, 616—why
they refused to our Lord the common
rites of hospitality, ib.-a lesson of
meekness and forgiveness taught the
disciples from their conduct, ib.—no
parallel between this case, and that in
which Elijah called for fire from hea-
ven, ib.—love to our neighbour, incul-
cated in the parable of the good Sama-
ritan, 624, 625
Sanctification, the entire regeneration of
the heart, a doctrine grounded on that
of man's original depravity, 222-na-
ture of that absolute conversion which
is requisite for the kingdom of glory,
255-the necessity of holiness consti-
tuting our meetness for heaven, repre-
sented by the wedding garment, 312,
313-love to God the root and fruit of
Christian perfection, 594

Sanhedrim, the great council of the Jews,
the power of life and death taken from
it by the Romans, 82-the Sanhedrim
at Jerusalem, noticed, 138-courts of
judicature among the Jews, specified,
138-of whom the Sanhedrim was com-
posed, 238-officers of this council,
mentioned, 289—had power to exa-
mine the pretensions of all who assum-
ed the office of prophets, and to punish
impostors, 303-a deputation of the
Sanhedrim wait upon Christ, to inter-
rogate him, 303, 304-the result of
this interrogation, ib.-assemble in the
house of Caiaphas, to put Christ upon
his trial, 403-their efforts to obtain
false witnesses to secure his condemna-
tion, noticed, ib.-the laxity of the
forms of justice, in the case of persons
charged with spiritual offences, noticed
by Maimonides, ib.-of which loose
notions the council availed themselves,
in the case of our Lord, 404-their
guilt, in the condemnation of Christ,

considered, 407-the wicked and
clumsy fiction which they invented, to
account for the disappearance of the
body of Jesus, 438, 439-this story
they did not long maintain, as appears
from Gamaliel, 438-a description of
this council, 567

Satan, meaning of the word, 56-how
rendered by Wickliffe, in his transla-
tion of the Testament, ib.—who deny
his existence, ib.-his existence affirm-
ed on philosophic grounds, as involving
no absurdity, and consistent with
analogies among men, and the word of
God, ib.-appears in a human form to
Christ, 58-the question, whether Sa-
tan knew the dignity of our Lord's per-
son, and, if so, what hope of success
could he have in tempting him, an-
swered, ib.-how he transported the
Saviour from the wilderness to the
pinnacle of the temple, 59-cause of
his fear at the presence and power of
Christ, 131-the order and subordina-
tion of his kingdom, noticed, 180—his
malignant industry and eagerness to
turn away the attention of men from
salutary truths which they hear, 196—
in what sense the term Satan was
applied to Peter on his rebuke of our
Lord, 239-hell not prepared for the
devil in the same sense as heaven was
prepared for the righteous, 371-hea-
ven was prepared originally for him,
and how it was forfeited, ib.-no devil
ever expressed any hope in Christ as a
Saviour, 449-the hostility of Christ to
Satan, exemplified, 632

Zaray, a Jewish measure, described, 202
Sawing asunder, an ancient punishment
among the Jews, 356

Scarabaeus, worship of, in Egypt, noticed,
675

Scourging, a Jewish punishment, de-

scribed, 151, 510—among the Romans,
scourging preceded capital punishment,

421

Scribes, meaning of the term, 34—their
employment, 34, 80-not the authorized
teachers of religion, but considered as
qualified to expound the law and the
prophets, 81, 205-are termed false
prophets, 116-wore long robes made

of fine wool, ib.-the name given to the
apostles, to denote their qualification
for the office of teacher, 205-the most
eminent of this party, resident at
Jerusalem, 216-one of the three
orders who composed the Sanhedrim,
238-their dissimulation, reproved, in
the parable of the two sons, 305-the
situation they occupied in the Sanhe-
drim, described, 324-only in the exer-
cise of their judicial capacity, does our
Lord say that they are to be followed
and obeyed, ib.-as teachers of religion
and morality, he held them in con-
tempt, ib.-when their commands are
to be observed or rejected, ib.—they
did not themselves observe the onerous
and expensive ceremonials which they
were anxious to impose upon others,
325-their teaching contrasted with
that of our Lord, 447-their great
captiousness when conversing with
Christ, noticed, 638, 639
Scripture, interpretation of, by a collation

of its parts, absolutely necessary, 150-
regard always to be paid to the most
obvious sense and to the construction
of the words, 230-an unhappy in-
stance of unnecessary addition to the
scriptures, by our translators, noticed,
290-the intention of our Lord, that a
body of sacred scripture should always
accompany the oral proclamation of
his doctrine, 376-a living ministry
never intended to exclude the Bible,
ib.-the great care Iwith which the
sacred books were preserved by the
Jews, noticed, 577. See WORD OF
GOD.

Sea of Galilee, described, and the names
by which it is designated, 63
Sealing, the custom of sealing stone, no-
ticed, 435

Seats, the most honourable at a feast,
noticed, 326-the chief seats in a
synagogue, described, ib.-mode of
occupying seats in this place, men-
tioned, ib.

Secret prayer, a duty recognised from
ancient times, and practised by all
good men, 94—why the privacy of the
closet is the most fitting place, ib.-
the motives of the Pharisees in choos-

ing the corners of the streets, exposed,
ib.-powerful encouragements to this
duty, stated, 95

enviagera, explained, 248
enviagoμevovs, explained, 65
Self-denial, in what it consists, 240—
testimony of Jerom on this subject, ib.
-nature of that, which our Lord re-
quired of the young man, 276-a duty”
often neglected by those who possess
riches, 277-benefits of those who for-
sake all for Christ, 281, 282-the duty,
enforced, 493

Sell, the phrase, "Sell that ye have,"
spoken to the disciples, to be under-
stood comparatively, 647-reason why
such advice was given, ib.—a com-
munity of goods among the Christians
at Jerusalem, was peculiar to that
church, and only for a limited time,
ib.

Sepulchres, nature of those in the east,
described, 130, 433-the resort of
persons who were expelled from the
habitations of men, 130-Mr. Light,
a modern traveller, quoted, 131-
opening of the graves, one of the most
remarkable prodigies which attended
the crucifixion of our Lord, 430-
its obvious design, 430, 431-how
tombs cut out of the rock were se-
cured, 434-the sepulchres of persons
of superior rank, described, 436-
Maundrell's description of an ancient
sepulchre, noticed, 437

Sermon on the Mount, where delivered,
67-one consecutive discourse, and
not a collection of fragments, ib.-
inculcated the most important truths,
ib.-frequently refers to the errors
propagated by Jewish teachers, ib.-
Lightfoot's opinion of it, noticed, ib.
-character of the doctrines contained
therein, 121—the conjecture, that St.
Luke has recorded an abridgment of
the discourse, considered and refuted,
591

Serpents, in what respects disciples of
Christ are to imitate the wisdom of,
150-the worship of, noticed, 675
Servant, a Jewish law, relative to master
and servant, noticed, 362-the charac-
ter of that slothful servant who hid his

lord's money, considered, 363-the
great good which faithful servants are
capable of accomplishing, 364-their
reward, not of merit, but of grace, ib.
-the manner in which it will be con-
ferred, ib -declension of religion may
be invariably attributed to the slothful-
ness of Christ's servants, ib.-the ex-
cuses of the unprofitable servant, con-
sidered, 365-his condemnation, 365,
366-no servant of Christ suffered to
be idle, 512-in what respects is Christ
said to wait upon his faithful servants,
648-the term Bovios does not always
mean a slave, 657

Service, what the service of God implies,

105

Seventy, call of the, noticed, 618-refer-

ence made to the seventy elders of
Israel, and to the Sanhedrim, in their
choice, ib.-Christ thus intimated that
he was displacing the old church, and
forming a new one, ib.-their miracu-
lous powers increased at the pentecost,

620

Sheba, queen of, an account of, 187—the
Abyssinians have for ages maintained,
that this princess was of their country,
and with strong probability in their
favour, ib.-why she was commended
by our Lord, ib.-and in what respect
her example condemned the Jews,
ib.

Sheep, multitudes of people, who follow-

ed Christ, compared to, 143-his dis-
ciples, compared to a flock of, 646
Shekel, value of a, 377-the thirty pieces
of silver, for which Christ was be-
trayed, estimated, ib.-the conjecture,
that these pieces were the Talmudic
minæ, considered, 378

Shekinah, or glory of the Father, visible

on the mount of transfiguration, 245
Shepherds, the pride of man wounded by
the heavenly host being sent to an-
nounce the fact of Messiah's advent to
them, 557-conjectures respecting the
time of the year in which those shep-
herds were watching their flocks by
night, ib.—the message of the angels,
considered, 558

Shew-bread, described, 175

hip, the kind of, described, of which we

read the New Testament, 64-de-
scription of those used in the naviga-
tion of the sea of Galilee, 129
Shoes, bearing of, an office performed by

slaves in the east, 50

Signs, why the Pharisees were anxious
for a sign from Christ, 185-why they,
with the Sadducees, fixed upon a "sign
from heaven," as proof of his Messiah-
ship, 227-the inefficacy of the plain-
est signs to remove their obstinate in-
sensibility, ib-certain signs of the
Messiah, absolutely disregarded by the
Pharisees, 228-the "sign of the Son
of Man," described, 350-sign given
by Judas to the officers of the priests,
and why he gave one, 400-the reason
why the Pharisees were anxious to ob-
tain a sign from Christ, stated, 483
Siloam, failing of the tower of, mention-
ed, 654

Simeon, conjecture respecting him, no-

ticed, 562-his exemplary piety, and
prophecy, 561, 562

Simon the Canaanite, why this surname
was given to him, 145-its meaning,
ib.
Simon of Cyrene, an account of, 423—

compelled, by the Jews, to bear the
cross of our Lord, ib.

Sin, all occasions of, absolutely to be re-
nounced, 85-to call a sin a debt, was a
mode of speech common among the
Jews, 101-the comparative facility of
neglecting the precepts of Christ, no-
ticed, 116-how, by sin, the life of
man is forfeited, 292-there is a mea-
sure of sin, which, when filled up, fails
not to bring down divine judgment,
334-this measure was filled by the
Jews, ib.

Zvdwv, described, 434, 517
Single eye, sound, healthy, perfect vision,
a metaphor, designed to indicate the
understanding, or practical judgment,
104-a criticism of Campbell, noticed,
ib.-remark of Baxter, on the import-
ance of singleness of eye, ib.
Sinners, who they were, 135-generally
classed with publicans, ib.—why our
Lord sought the society of such, 136—
in what respects, being last, they be-
came first, 285-the term not confined

by our Lord exclusively to the Gen-
tiles, 399

Σκανδαλιζειν, explained, 85, 163, 239
Σκυθρωπος, explained, 102

Slaves, how punished, among the Romans,
421-slaughter of, in the forum, for
sport, noticed, 678

Sleep, a common euphonism for death,
and why, 140-the drowsiness of the
disciples, in the garden of Gethsemane,
accounted for, 399

Socinianism, the notion, that Christ dis-
claimed divinity, when he reproved the
young man who applied to him the
epithet, "Good Master," refuted, 274
-affords no explication of the im-
mense sufferings experienced by Christ,
which does not detract from that cha-
racter of the highest virtue, which the
Socinians are anxious to ascribe to him,
397-the system perplexed by the ex-
clamation of abandonment uttered by
our Saviour upon the cross, 427, 428-
his sufferings can only be accounted
for, on the supposition of a vicarious
and atoning death, 428-why Socinians
are fond of confining their attention to
the Gospels, and neglecting the Epis-
tles, 652-the different interpretation
of the word " propitiation" by the So-
cinians, and their master Socinus, no-
ticed, 704

Socrates, his view of future blessedness,
noticed, 125

Soldiers, no proof that Roman soldiers
were employed in apprehending Christ,
400-a cohort, described, 422-num-
ber of, stationed at Cæsarea and Jeru-
salem, noticed, ib.-four soldiers, the
executioners of Christ under a centu-
rion, 424-the method of casting lots,
stated, ib.-garments of executed male-
factors, the perquisite of the execu-
tioners, ib.—their fear at the prodigies
which attended the crucifixion, men-
tioned, 431-what soldiers were ad-
dressed by the Baptist, 571-a military
life not necessarily inconsistent with
piety and godliness, 572

Solomon, our Lord greater than Solomon,
noticed, 187, 188-Solomon violated
the divine command, and introduced
horses for state and show, 295

Σωματικω ειδει, explained, 54

Son, meaning of the term, as used by the
Jews, 21-terms "father," and "son,"
often given to master and scholar, 180
-among the Jews a man who posses-
ses any good or bad quality is called
the son of it, 619

Son of David, a common title of the
Messiah among the Jews, 294

Son of God, the most appropriate desig-
nation given to Christ, and character-
istic of the Messiah, 131, 215, 216—
the inconclusive nature of criticisms,
founded upon the presence or absence
of the Greek article, on this title, no-
ticed, 215, 216, 432-was calmly and
deliberately given to Christ by the
apostles, 231-was a designation of
nature and not of office, 232, 406, 407
-given with reference to their faith in
our Lord's divine character, ib.-
rendered indisputable by the sense
which the Jews themselves put upon
the phrase, implying an assumption of
the divine nature, ib.-declared him-
self the divine Son of God, when
stating the reason why he pleaded ex-
emption from paying the temple tri-
bute-money, 252—was never explained
by our Lord in any lower sense, 406,
407-witnessing to this great truth
before the Sanhedrim, led them to pro-
nounce Christ guilty of death, 406,
407, 426, 543-the sense in which the
centurion used this term at the cruci-
fixion, noticed, 432—further proof that
the phrase, "Son of God," in the
language of the Jews, implied some-
thing higher than simply the office of
the Messiah, 457-the phrase,
66 Son
of the Highest," explained, 543-
Christ has been known, venerated, and
worshipped, as the Son of God in the
highest and divine character, in his
church, in all ages, ib.-is never,
throughout the New Testament, either
by himself or others, called, "Son of
God," with reference to the miraculous
conception, 545-this title confirmed
by his resurrection from the dead, 659
-and applied in this sense by
Paul, in the phrase, "declared to
be the Son of God with power,

according to the Spirit of holiness,"
659

Son of Man, a Jewish phrase, explained,
128-why used as a designation of the
Messiah, ib.-the phrase, "coming of
the Son of Man," explained, 154—this
title given by Daniel, predicting the
incarnation of the Son of God, 230,
368-Christ is still the Son of Man, al-
though glorified, ib.-why this designa-
tion was adopted by our Lord, ib.-
signs of the Son of Man, described,
350-object of his second coming, de-
clared, 368

Soul, immortality of the, declared by our
Lord, 156, 318, 645-demonstrated by
the appearance of Moses and Elias on
the mount, 247-its conscious exist-
ence in a separate state, asserted, 156,
247-a belief in the existence of men
after death, the belief of the body of
the Jews, 214-value of the soul,
noticed by our Lord, 240, 241-the
terms heart, soul, and mind, occasion-
ally used conjointly, do not convey
distinct ideas, but employed to give
force to precept or conduct, 320
ΣTEIра, described, 400

Spit, spitting in the face of another, a
mark of the utmost contempt and ab-
horrence, 407, 408

λaxva, explained, 142, 553
Standing, at prayer, the usual posture of
the Jews, 94-when it was introduced
into the Christian church, and why, ib.
See KNEELING.

Star, in the east, various conjectures
respecting it, 33—was supernatural, ib.
-and to guide the wise men to the
place where the infant Saviour was, ib.
-among the ancients, the appearance
of a star was considered the forerunner
of some illustrious personage, ib.—the
star departed from them on entering
Judea, but re-appeared on the way
from Jerusalem to Bethlehem, 36
Stater, a Jewish coin, the value of, 252
Stephen, his death, noticed, 335-the
nature of that blasphemy with which
he was charged, mentioned, 404
Steward, his office in ancient times, de-
scribed, 649

Stone, the phrase, “God is able of these

stones," &c., explained, 49-David
and Christ, compared to the stone
rejected by the builders, 307-in what
respect Christ is the foundation and
corner-stone of the church, ib.-the
foundation-stone an emblem of the
sufferings, and the corner-stone of the
exaltation, of the Redeemer, ib.-the
phrase, "stone of stumbling and rock
of offence," explained, 308-the cus-
tom of sealing a stone for security,
noticed, 435

Stoning, a Jewish punishment, described,

307-and inflicted upon those who
were found guilty of blasphemy, 406
Strain, the phrase, "strain at a gnat and
swallow a camel," explained, 332-
illustrated in the conduct of the San-
hedrim, who purchased innocent blood
with thirty pieces of silver, and when
brought back by Judas they refused to
put it into the treasury, 412
Stranger, among the Jews, was not con-
fined to those who were proselytes, 89
Stumbling-block, in what respect Peter
was one to Christ, 239
Συμπληρούσθαι, explained, 615
ZUVIOTηo, explained, 695
Zuvodia, described, 566

Supper, the late and principal meal in
the day, among the ancients 309-the
term often used to describe a feast,
309

Swearing. See OATHS.

Swine, unclean animals, 111-Jews for-
bidden to keep or eat them, 131-
temptations which they had to break
this law, ib.—swine clandestinely kept
by the baser sort of Jews, ib.
Sword, in what respects Christ is said to

bring a sword upon the earth, 159–
the phrase, “They that take the sword
shall perish by the sword," considered,
410-the use of the sword, not forbid-
den on every occasion, ib.
Synagogues, their antiquity and use, 64-
the officers of the synagogue, de-
scribed, 65—of these places our Sa-
viour availed himself, and, itinerating
through Galilee, preached the gospel
of the kingdom, ib.-how many were
eligible to form a synagogue, 138-
courts connected with each synagogue,

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »