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“ for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God. ... And they “ lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.” (Ibid. ch. xx. ver. 1, 2, 4.)

“ And I saw a new heaven and a new earth : for the first heaven " and the first earth were passed away, and there was no more sea. ... “ And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall “ be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying; neither shall there be

any more pain.. And the building of the wall of it was of jasper ; « and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. And the city “ had no need of the Sun, neither of the Moon to shine in it; for the

glory of God did lighten it. ... And there shall in no wise enter in" to it any thing that defileth.” (Ibid. ch. xxi. ver. 1, 4, 18, 23, 27.)


After these general observa- all this must have been imagined tions, nothing more remains, but and invented in a cold climate. to clear up some particular pas- The ancient Scandinavians were sages of the last fable of the Ed. more frank and honest than some

of their descendants; than the fa-'

mous RUDBECK, for example ; (A)

“ In the Hall called Bry- who seems to have been tempted “ mer.”] Brymer, according to to put off his own country for the the strict etymology of the word, seat of the Terrestrial Paradise *. means a Hall very hot ; as Okolm does a place inaccessible to cold. (B) “ Torments the bodies who The miseries of the last day are are sent in thither."] Before to commence by a very long and this stanza of the VOLUSPA, Barsevere winter. The windows and tholin has given another t, which doors of hell stood open towards deserves to be produced. the north. We see plainly that


" THEN the Master, he who governs all things, issues forth with “ great power from his habitations on high, to render his divine “ judgments, and to pronounce his sentences. He terminates all dif“ ferences, and.establishes the sacred destiņies, which will remain to “ eternity.”

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* Vid. Keysl. p. 123.

+ Vid. Bartholin, p. 599.

The description which the Ed. what we meet with in the reliDa gives of the place of torment, gious books of the ancient Perbears a striking resemblance to sians.

“ HELL (say they) is on the shore of a fætid stinking river, whose << waters are as black as pitch, and cold as ice; in these float the souls ss of the damned. The smoak ascends in vast rolls from this dark « gulf: and the inside of it is full of Scorpions and Serpents.” Vid. Hyde de Relig. vet. Pers. p. 399. & 404.

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(c) “ After the death of the earth a vivifying principle and

Gods."] In the new earth, seed, proper to repair the loss of which was to succeed that which the former inhabitants. It is cerwe inhabit, there were to be again tain, that all these different formis subaltern divinities to govern it, of expression were understood by and men to people it. This, in these ancient people in their true general, is what the EDDA means sense ; viz. only as figurative to tell us; although the circum- modes of speech, and ornaments stances of the relation are darkly of discourse ; and therefore we, and allegorically delivered : yet who, in reading their works, connot so obscurely, but that one ea- tinually lose sight of this circumsily sees it was the idea of the stance, are in reality authors of northern philosophers, as well as many of those absurdities which of the stoics, that the world was we fancy we discover in them. to be renovated, and spring forth again more perfect and more (D) “ Among the people by beautiful. This is what is ex- " oral tradition.”] This passage pressed here' with regard to the may possibly start a question, Sun and Moon. Lif signifies life; Whether the doctrines here diswhich is a farther proof, that by played were peculiar to the norththe fable of these two human be- ern nations, or embraced by the ings who are to survive the de- other • Gothic and’ Celtic tribes ? struction of the world, these My opinion is, that the latter had northern philosophers meant to adopted at least most of the prinsay, that there still existed in the cipal points: and that they all

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Les Celtes. Fr. Orig.

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derived their religious tenets from « If we may believe you,” the same source. It is very pro- (says Lucan to the Druids) “ the bable, as the Abbé Banier sensibly • souls of men do not descend inobserves, “ That the northern to the abode of darkness and « Celtes, the ancestors of the silence, nor yet into the gloomy « Gauls, borrowed their doctrines “ empire of Pluto: you say that 66 either from the Persians or " the same spirit animates the bo" their neighbours, and that the “ dy in another world, and that • Druids were formed upon the « death is the passage to a long " model of the Magi.” (Mythol. “ life.” Luc. Lib. 1. V. 454. expl. Tom. II. 4to. p. 628.) We are, it is true, but very moderate- The Gauls” (says Cæsar) ly acquainted with what the Gauls, are particularly assiduous to the

or the Germans “ prove that souls perish not.” thought on this head; but as the Cæs. Lib. 6. c. 14. little we know of their opinions coincides very exactly with the Valerius Maximus, in a passage Edda, we may safely suppose quoted above in my REMARKS on the same conformity in the other the 16th Fable *, comes still nearparticulars of which we are igno- er to the doctrine of the EDDA:

Let those who doubt this, for he tells us that the Celtes cast their eyes over the following looked upon a quiet peaceable passages.

death as most wretched and dis

honourable, and that they leaped Zamolxis (a celebrated for joy at the approach of a bato Druid of the Getæ and Scythians) tle, which would afford them op56 taught his contemporaries, that portunities of dying with their

neither he nor they, nor the swords in their hands. « men who should be born here« after, were to perish; but were, “ Among the ancient Irish," 6 on the contrary, to repair, says Solinus," when a woman is Iss after quitting this life, to a « brought to bed of a son, she

place where they should enjoy “ prays to the Gods to give him " full abundance and plenty of “ the grace to die in battle.": This

every thing that was good.” was to wish salvation to the child. Horod. L. 4. 95.


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(See Solin. c. 25. p. 252)


* Page 63.

These authorities may sufice*: Edda does ; but that makes this they do not indeed say all that the work so much the more valuable.

* I cannot help adding to the authorities of our Author, what Quintus Curtius relates of the Sogdians; a nation who inhabited to the eastward of the Caspian Sea ; not far from the country of Odin and his companions. When some of that people were condemned to death by Alexander, 'on account of their revolt, “ Carmen, lætantium more,

canere, tripudiisque et lasciviori corporis motu, gaudium quoddam animi

ostentare cæperunt.--When the king enquired the reason of their t thus rejoicing, they answered, - A tanto Rege, victore omnium gentium, MAJORIBUS SUIS REDDITOS, bonestam mortem, quam fortes " viri Voro quoque expeterent, Carminibus sui moris Lætitiaque cele" brare.” Curt. Lib. 7. cap. 8. Edit. Varior.



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