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you did not perceive. I have used the same illusions in the contests you have had with the people of my court. In the first, LOKE, like Hunger itself, devoured all that was set before him: but his opponent, LOGE, was nothing else but a wandering Fire, which instantly consumed, not only the meat, but the bones, and very trough itself. HUGO, with whom THIALFE disputed the prize of swiftness, was no other than Thought, or Spirit; and it was impossible for Thialfe to keep pace with that. When you attempted to empty the Horn, you performed, upon my word, a deed so marvellous, that I should never have believed it, if I had not seen it myself; for one end of the Horn reached to the sea, a circumstance you did not observe: but the first time you: go to the sea-side, you will see how much it is diminished. You -performed no less a miracle in lifting the Cat; and to tell you the truth, when we saw that one of her paws had quitted the earth, we were all extremely surprized and terrified; for what you took for a cat, was in reality the great Serpent of Midgard, which encompasses the earth; and he was then scarce long enough to touch the earth with his head and tail ; so high had your hand raised him up towards heaven. As to your wrestling with an old woman, it is very astonishing that she could only bring you down upon one of your knees; for it was DEATH you wrestled with, who first or last will bring every one low. But now, as we are going to part, let me tell you, that it will be equally for your advantage and mine, that you never come near me again ; for should you do so, I shall again defend myself by other illusions and enchantments, so that you will never prevail against me.As he uttered these words, Thor in a rage laid hold of his mace, and would have lanched it at the king, but he suddenly disappeared; and when the God would have returned to the city to destroy it, VOL. II. N

he found nothing all around him but vast plains covered with verdure. Continuing therefore his course, he returned, without ever stopping, to his palace.



I was unwilling to suppress the I cannot think the imperfect refables we haxe been reading, how. semblance which is found between ever trifling they may appear at these two stories deserves much first sight ; partly that I might attention. I am of opinion, that give the original compleat; and we shall be more likely to succeed, partly because Lthought them not if we look for the origin of this faaltogether. useless, as they would : ble in the religion formerly spread contribute still farther, to lay. open:, throughouci Pérsia and the neigh, the turn of mind and genius of the bouring countries; whence, as cho ancient inhabitants of Europe. We ancient Chronicles inform us, Ohave seen above, that, Tuor was. Din and his companions originally regarded as a Divinity favourable came, There first arose the docto mankind, being their protector trine of a Good and Evil Principle, against the attacks of Giants and whose conflicts we here see de. evil Genii. I. 'is pretty remark-, 'scribed after an allegorical; manable that this same God should ner, here be liable to illusions, spares, It appears probable to me, that and trials; and that it should be this doctrine, which was carried the Evil Principle that persecutes into the north by the Asiatics, him. Ut-garda Loke, signifies “ the who established themselves there, “ Loke, or Demon from without.” hath had many puerilecircyni, “ But may not all this fable have stances added to it, in successively been invented in imitation of the passing through tha mouths of the labours of Hercules ?". The ana- Poets, the sole depositaries of the logy is so small in general between opinions of those times, in reali the mythology of the Greeks, and ty, we find, in' every one of those that of the northern nations, that additions, somewhat that strongly, marks the soil from whence they will not be able perfectly to trisprung. Such, for example, are the umph over him till the last day ; contests about eating and drinking when, recoiling back nine paces, most; who should scate best on the he strikes him dead with his thun



snow;' and the horns out of der, and destroys him for ever. which the courtiers were obliged There are few methods of interto drink, when they committed a pretation more equivocal, more fault. These, and some other subject to abuse, and more discrestrokes of this kind, strongly, sa-, ditem, tha

1, than

that, which hath revour of the north. But what most


course to allegory. But the turn of all shows somewhat of mystery of genius which seems to have dicafter the Oriental manner, is tated all this Mythology, and the Thor's wrestling with Death, or significant words it affects to emOld Age; to whom he seemns toploy, seem to prescribe this mepay. a slight tribute, in falling, thod to us on tbis occasion. Be. down upon one of his knees, and sides, we are to remember, that immediately again raising yp him, the whole of it hath been transself. In the next fable, he pre- , mitted to us by Paets, and that serves and continues, as indeed, those Poets, in their manner, have throughout all all this Mythology,

been partly Oriental, and partly the character and functions which Celtic We have therefore abunwere at first ascribed to him. He dant reason to be convinced that enters into confict with the great. we ought

, not to interpret anySerpent, a monster descended from thing bere in a simple or literal that Evil

. Principle, who is at en insense of mity with Gods and men: but he

son 2 : 1 91. Cirebi

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Of the Voyage undertaken by Thor, to go to fish for

great Serpent.

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Serpent: ca. 'viru



FIND by your account, says Gangler, that the

power of this King, you have been mentioning, must be very great; and there cannot be a 'stronger proof of it, than his having courtiers so 'skilful and dexterous in all respects. But, tell me, did THOR never revenge this affront? Tis'well known, says Har,

is that Thor had resolved (though nobody lias talked of to attack the great Serpent, if an opportunity offered: with this view, he set out from ASGARD a second time, under the form of a young boy, in order to go to the Giant EYMER *."When he was got there, he besought the Giant, to permit Him to go aboard his bark along with him, when he went a' fishing. The Giant answered, that a little puny stripling like him could be of no use to him ; but would be ready to die of cold when they should reach the high seas, whither he usually went. Thor assured him that he feared nothing : and asked him what bait he intended to fish with. Eymer bade him to look out for something. Thor


* I here gʻve this name as it is in the Icelandic: M. Mallet writes it Hymer. The reader must not confound this name with that of the Giant Ym), or Ymir, mentioned in the second fable, &c. T.

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went up to a herd of cattle which belonged to the Giant; and seizing one of the oxen, tore off his head with his owit hands; then returning to the bark where Eymer) was, they sate down together. Thor placed himself in the middle of the bark, and plied both his oars at once: Eymer, who rowed also at the prow, saw with surprize how swiftly Thor drove the boat forward ; and told him, that by the land-marks on the coasts he discovered that they were come to the most proper place to angle for fiat fish. But Thor assured him that they had better go a good way farther : accordingly, they continued to row on, till at length Eymer told him if they did not stop, they would be in danger from the great Serpent of Midgard. Notwithstanding this, Thor persisted in rowing further; and, spite of the Giant, was a great while before he would lay down his oars. Then taking out a fishing-line extremely strong, he fixed to it the ox's head, unwound it, and cast it into the sea. The bait reached the bot. tom; the Serpent greedily devoured the head, and the hook stuck fast in his palate. Immediately, the pain made him move with such violence, that Thor was obliged to hold fast with both his hands by the pegs which bear against the oars : but the strong effort he was obliged to make with his whole body, caused his feet to force their way through the boat, and they went down to the bottom of the sea; whilst with his hands he violently drew up the Serpent to the side of the vessel. It is impossible to express the dreadful looks that the God darted at the Serpent, whilst the monster, raising his head, spouted out venom upon him. In the meantime, the Giant Eymer, seeing with affright the water enter his bark on all sides, cut with his knife the string of the fishing-line, just as Thor was going to strike the Serpent with his mace. Upon this, the monster fell down again to the bottom of the sea :


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