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THE BOOK OF COMMON PRAYE).
AND ADMINISTRATION OF
RITES AND CEREMONIES OF THE CHURCH,
ACCORDING TO THE USE OF
THE PROTESTANT IPISCOPAL CHURCEI
United States of America;
A GENERAL COMMENTARY,
HISTORICAL, EXPLANATORY, DOCTRINAL, AND PRACTICAL:
COMPILED FROM THE MOST APPROVED LITURGICAL WORKS, WITH ALTERATIONS AND ADDITIONS, AN
UNITED STATER OF AMERICA.
Stereotype Edition Revised.
BY THOMAS CHURCH BROWNELL, D. D. LL.D.
BISHOP OF THE PROTESTANT EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT
Mla dérons, els vös ésw.–St. IGNATIUS.
NO. 637, BROADWAY.
Southern District of New York, 88. BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the twenty-sixth day of September. 1846, STANFORD AND SWORDS, of the said District, hath deposited at this Office the title of a book, the title of which is in the words following, to wit:
“The Family Prayer Book, or the Book of Common Prayer, and Administration of the Sacraments, and other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church, according to the use of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America, accompanied by a General Commentary, historical. explanatory, doctrinal, and practical: compiled from the most approved Liturgical works, with alterations and additions, and accommodated to the Liturgy of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. Stereotype Edition Revised. By Thomas Church Brownell, D.D. L L. D., Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of Connecticut. Mía dinois sis vis isw. St. Ignatius.
The right whereof he claims as Proprietor. In conformity with an Act of Congress, entitled "An Act to amend the several Acts respecting copy-rights."
CHARLES D. BETTS,
I do hereby certify that the edition of the Common Prayer Book, the Articles and Offices, to which this Commentary is attached, having been compared and corrected by the Standard Book, by a Presbyter appointed for the purpose, according to the Canon, is permitted to be published accordingly.
BENJAMIN T. ONDERDONK,
Bishop of the Diocese of New York. New York, June 26, 1841.
The considerations which have led to the publication of the following work, were stated at large in the Prospectus of the Editor. Some of the leading ones may properly be recapitulated in this place. It is well known that the Scholars and Divines of the Church of England have expended much labour in the elucidation of her Book of Common Prayer. The history of its several Offices has been investigated, and their import fully explained; the system of doctrines it inculcates has been successfully defended and established ; and the whole has been commended to the judgment, and enforced upon the conscience and the heart, by the most earnest practical appeals. But the works of these writers on the Liturgy are diffused through a great number of volunies. Some of them have become, in a measure, obsolete in their style, and some of the most valuable of them are hardly to be obtained, even in England ; while no complete work on the Liturgy has yet been issued from any American Press. The result is, that those among us who wish to profit by such works, can only gratify their inclinations at great expense, and with much difficulty ; while a very large portion of the members of our Church remain but impersectly instructed in the full import of those services which constitute the formulary of her worship, and the ritual for the administration of her sacraments.
A judicious compilation from the works of the best English writers on the Liturgy; so comprehensive as to contain all that is most interesting and useful, and yet at so moderate a price that it may be brought into general use, seems greatly to be needed by our Church; and it has been the object and endeavour of the Editor to supply this desideratum.
In the prosecution of his work, he has thought it expedient to present the Commentary on the Morning and Evening Prayers of the Church, mostly in his own language, and somewhat at large; condensing what has been said by many writers into single articles, attached to each particular part of the service. As this portion of the work will probably be most frequently read in a devotional way, such an arrangement was thought convenient, to preserve the connexion, and to prevent those interruptions which must otherwise occur in passing from the observations of one writer to those of another. But in most other
parts of the work, the Comments selected from various authors have been inserted in their own words, with the name of the author subjoined to his remarks. And on all controvert. ed doctrines, those writers have been resorted to, who have been most distinguished for their judgment, learning, and piety, and whose opinions have received the most unanimous sanction of the Church. The remarks for which the Editor may feel himself responsible, either as their author, or as having collected them from various sources with alterations, will be designated by having the initials of his name annexed 10 them. Great use has been made of the excellent Compilation of Dr. Mant, the present Bishop of Killaloe, which was printed at the Oxford press in the year 1820. Where the notes have been taken from this work, the names of the authors will be found printed in Italics.
It has been a leading object, in the following work, to notice all the principal alterations of the English Liturgy, which have been made by the compilers of our American Book ; and to state, as far as practicable, the considerations on which they were founded. In this part of his labour, the Editor has been kindly assisted by the correspondence of the vene. rable Presiding Bishop, as well as by the valuable information contained in his “Memoirs of the Church."
In the use of the English Commentators, omissions, alterations, and additions have been made, for the purpose of accommodating their remarks to the state of the American branch of the Church; and on some subjects, illustrations have been sought in the writings of the American Bishops, and other Clergy.
The several parts of the Liturgy have afforded a wide range for comments and reflections. The history of each particular part, the ideas intended to be conveyed or excited, and the doctrines of faith and practice inculcated or recognised, have severally occupied the attention of the Compiler. But it has been his main design to give to the whole work a practical character, fo he purpose of recommending it to the use of Fanuilies, and making it a help to their domestic devotions. He is persuaded that many who habitually use the Book of Common Prayer, have a very imperfect apprehension of the full import of its several Offices and catch but a faint inspiration from that spirit of piety which animates them.
If, by collecting together the lights which have been shed upon the Liturgy, he can afford a guide to its clearer comprehension, and a more pious use of it, his labours will not have been in vain.
New Haven, January, 1823.
1.-OF THE ADVANTAGES OF FORMS OF PRAYER FOR PUBLIC WORSHIP.
The Protestant Episcopal Church in the prescribed form of wors'.ip is not subject to United States of America, following ancient, the same inconveniences with extemporary primitive, and, until within these few centu- effusions. If there should be nothing absurd ries, universal usage, has prescribed a FORM and unbecoming in them, yet the andievice OF PRAYER, or LITURGY, for public worship. must first endeavour to understand the This form she has received, and with few words; and then they must weigh and conand unessential alterations adopted, from the sider the sense and meaning; and then they Church of England, “to whom she is in- must deliberate whether such requests are debted under God, for her first foundation, proper for persons in their condition, before and for a long continuance of nursing care they can lawfully join in them; and by that and protection.” (1.)
time the minister is passed on to some other She conceives that forms of prayer are subject, which requires the like attention justified by many particular and important and consideration; and so their curiosity advantages, as well as by Scripture, and may be raised, and they may exercise their ancient and primitive usage.
judgment, but there can scarce be any room Forms of prayer possess many important left for devotion.” advantages. When public worship is con- "A precomposed form of prayer-is so ducted according to a prescribed form, the far from obstructing or quenching our depeople are previously acquainted with the votion, as is pretended, that it assists and prayers in which they are to join, and are thus inflames it; the matter and the words are enabled to render unto God a reasonable and both prepared to our hands; we know before enlightened service. In forms of prayer,
what is to follow, that we may lawfully join that dignity and propriety of language,
in it; and no other attention is required but so necessary in supplications addressed to to raise our affections. And let me ask, the infinite Majesty of Heaven, may be pre
not the spirit of the congregation equally served. They prevent the particular opin- stinted, whether the minister pray in an exions and dispositions of the minister from temporary or in a composed regular form? influencing the devotions of the congrega
And which is the more fit and proper for tion. They serve as a standard of faith and the people to receive, a form of prayer from practice, impressing on both minister and the wisdom and anthority of the whole people, at every performance of public wor
Church, or to depend upon the discretion of ship, the important doctrines and duties of every single minister ?" the Gospel. And they render the service “But a precomposed form of prayer is not more animating, by uniting the people with only liahle to no just objection ; but hath the minister in the performance of public besides several advantages to recommend it. worship
It is more for the honor of Almighty God, The peculiar advantages of forms of prayer expresses more reverence and devotion, pre are thus forcibly displayed by an eminent serves greater propriety and decency of lanprelate of the Church of England. (2.)“ A guage. It is likewise more for the edifica
(1.) Preface to the Book of Common Prayer of Dissertations on the prophecies. See his serthe Prot. Epis. Church.
mon on forms of prayer in the 3d vol. of bis (2.) Bishop Newton, the learned author of the works.