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Ilai. lv. 3.
kath no more Dominion over Him. And this peculiar Ex-
Now by these jure iviercies of David, are meant those
As to the particular time of our Lord's Resurrection, tho’ fome Passages in the Prophets are very juftly in3
Isai. ix. 7
terpreted of it; Yet, because I find no express Application of them, by the Writers of the New Testament: I shall content my self with that one Type, produced by Christ himself to the Jews, which at once prefigured both the Thing, and this Circumstance of it. And this was so remarkable, that our Lord refers that obstinate People hither, as to the last, and most awakening Miracle, which God reserved for their Conviction, and would hold Them inexcusable, upon whom it should have no effect. As Jonas was three Days and three
Nights in the Wkale's Belly, so shall the Son Matth. xii. 39, of Man be three Days and three Nights in the
Heart of the Earth. The Men of Nineveb Thall rise in the Judgment with this Generation, and shall condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Yonas, and behold a greater than Jonas is here:
Thus have I laid before you Some of the Principal Prophecies and Types, by which God signified long before, that the Meßiah should suffer, and rise again from the Dead. Such as, we may probably conjecture, our Lord expounded, in his Conferences with the Difciples; Because we find them insisted upon afterwards, in their Reasonings with the Jews. It were very easy to enlarge yet more, by producing Others of the same kind, with reference to the Other Parts of our Lord's Exaltation, and the Administration of his Spiritual Kingdom. But I confine my self to these two Subjects
of his Death and Resurrection, as proper to this Season. I shall now descend briefly to the Second Branch of my Division upon it, which is,
2. To shew, wherein the Strength of this Argument, drawn from such Predictions and Prefigurations, confifts: And upon what Account it was proper, for bringing over these Disciples, to a Belief of Jesus therefore being the Christ, because he did actually thus suffer, and thus rise again from the Dead.
Deut. xviii. 15.
7 God figni atfer
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Now in order hereunto we must observe,
1. First, That the Persons, to whom our Lord directed this Discourse, had been all along bred up in the Knowledge and Practice of See Gospel on
Quinquagelima the Jewish Religion; and had received the Sunday. Writings of the Old Testament, as the Oracles of God, and the Rule and Standard of their Faith. Now the greater their Skill in these things was, the more firm their Persuasion would be of a Melias to come. One, who should fulfil all the glorious things spoken of him there; and was to be known, and distinguished from all false Pretenders, by doing so. For of the Christ those Words of Moses are to be understood, and were constantly understood by the Ancient Jews: A Prophet Mall the Lord ycur God raise up unto you of your Brethren like unto Me, him shall ye bear. And it shall come to pass, that every Soul, which hearkeneth not unto that Prophet, shall be cut off from his People. Since then their Obedience to this great Prophet was enjoined under so severe a Penalty ; It must needs be, that God left them not utterly in the Dark in this most important Affair; but give them some particular Marks and Characters, by which they might be able to discern that Prophet, to whom such Obedience was due.
2. Secondly, It is likewise observable, that the Jews acknowledged, and understood these Signs of the Mesfiah, as incommunicable to any Other. Hence is that Saying, When Christ cometh, Will He do
John vii. 31. more Miracles than these which this Man hath done? Hence the Appeal our Lord makes to his own Miracles, in order to satisfy that Question of John's Disciples, Art thou he which mould come, or do we look for another? The plain meaning whereof is, first, that Ore famous Person was expected, entitled by way of Eminence, He that should come ; and also, that the Greatness, and Number, and
It were 7 Others as Parts of
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, as proud efly to ich is of this Ag
Matt. xi. 3, 4, 5.
7 Beliet a didachu
Quality of his Miracles were a sufficient token, to point and single him out, when he did come.
So that our Lord's Argument, (as I have formerly observed) lies thus. He, who does those many and mighty Wonders, foretold by the Prophets, is He that should come. Your own Senses are Judges, whether I have done these Wonders or not: And therefore, if your Senses convince you, that I have wrought such things; there cannot remain any reasonable doubt, but that I am He that should come.
3. Thirdly, Allowing some such Characters to be laid down concerning the Messiah; It will follow, that, if any of those Prophecies were in some Sense fulfilled in any of the eminent Men of old; yet there was still another and sublimer Sense, peculiar to the Messiah, which must be fulfilled in Him; and that, till this should be done, the utmost intent of those Prophecies was not Satisfied. This is the Method taken by the Apostles, particularly by St. Peter and St. Paul, in their Discourses upon our Lord's Resurrection. They prove, that the Passages of David and Isaiah were not fully made good in the Persons, who spoke them; not in the Letter, and most immediate Signification: Consequently that, supposing a double Sense, and Them to have any part in them, they had another Person in view, who should give them their utmost accomplishment. Therefore, till that were done, the Truth of God, who dictated those Expresions, had not fully discharged it self. That there were many Predictions, relating to the Messiah, is a Principle confessed by the Jews : Either therefore the Messiah was never Prophesied of, nor Prefigured at all by such ; ( which the Jews will not all agree in :) Or else, some Prophecies and Prefigurations, contained in the Old Testament, will require, and do contin, a future and mystical, even in the Opinion of Them, who admit a present and stricter, Interpretation. And if so, then that Person, in whom that highest and ulti
phecies the time En cheiri) er propter Itulong in thels quentlo harer
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mate Construction is accomplished, ought to be received, as the promised Mesiah. That this was a method of Expounding the Old Testament, received among the Jews, seems probable from hence; That, when our Lord and his Apostles made use of it, the Enemies of the Gospel are never said to have objected against it, as an unfair way of arguing. For all Evasions of this Nature, which we now meet with, are only such miserable Shifts, as the Jews of later Ages have taken Sanctuary in. Who, to cover their incorrigible Unbelief, have thrown off those Texts, which heretofore were universally acknowledged 10 point at the Christ. So that
4. Fourthly, The Whole turns at last upon the Veracity of Almighty God, the Divine Authority of the Prophetick Writings, and the Agreement of what happened to our Jesus, with those remarkable things foretold of the Messiah. If God be true, whatever He hath declared shall be, must certainly come to pass. If the Prophets wrote, as they were inspired and directed by the Holy Ghost; Whatever they have laid down concerning the Mieliah, must needs be accomplished in his Person. But the Prophets did declare, That the Messiah should be cut off from the Land of the Living; That He should die, under such and such Circunstances; That, after He was thus dead, He should rise again. The Person therefore, who in all Points made good these Predictions, is undoubtedly the Christ. Now Jesus did thus die, and thus rise again ; No other Person, besides himself, ever did so; And consequently Jefus, and no other Person, is the Christ of God. Since therefore these Disciples confessed, that such things were dictated by God Himself, and foretold of the Messiah; And since they saw then punctually made good in their own Master; His Sufferings and Death ought not to discourage or weaken their Faith, because these were necesiary to the Character and Office of Christ. Nay, had he not so
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