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Attendants ; but in the Hour of his Enemies, and approach of Danger, was Betrayed by One, Denied by Another, and Forsaken by All, his Disciples. If Pain, or Sickness, tempt us to repine; what Gout, whatStone, what Melancholy, can be more Alicting, than the Tortures He went through, the acute Pangs of his dolorous Crucifixion, and the cutting Sorrows, which wounded his Soul even unto death? So far are our most sensible AMictions short of that weight of Sorrow, with which it pleased the Lord to bruise this Son of his Love, in the Day of his fierce Anger. But, could we suppose them equal, yet, doth not This make a mighty difference, and ought it not to compose our Spirits to Submission, that His Obedience was an act perfectly free, His Sufferings chosen, for Ours, and not hisown Benefit? But We, alas! as Creatures, are entirely at the Mercy of our common Master, and Maker: As Sinners, bound to acknowledge the Righteousnir's of God, in all that is come upon us : To lay our Mouths in the Duft, and recollect with the penitent Thief, that We indeed are justly under the same condemnation. For this Man did notbirg amiss, but all that We receive, and a great deal more, God knows, than we can receive in this Wort, is but the due Reward of our evil Deeds. And doth a Man complain for the punishment of his Sin? Can Impatience, and Discontent, and hard Accusations of that Providerice, which disposes all Events, become One, who in the course of Justice, hath brought Misery upon himself, by his own Fault? Can He murmur at this, which he suffers as a Principal, when so much more was laid upon a Proxy? An innocent and intinitely better Proxy ? Especially too, when the Wifdom and Goodness, no less than the Justice, of God have their part in every such Dispensation? For, as our Blessed Master was in the bearing; so is he likewise a Pattern in the Reward, of our A Mictions. And, in that
regard, the Epistle for the Day does likewise call
upon us, to contemplate him in his Exaltation. And therefore I proceed now to explain very briefly, in the
II. Second place, What our Lord received, in recompence of his Humility and Patience, and How this afsures Us, of being rewarded like him.
1. Of Our Lord's Recompence we have an account in the gth, roth, and 11th Verses: Which acquaint us, that it consisted in an exceeding high Exaltation of him, far above any the most excellent Creatures ; in making him the Sovereign Ruler of the whole World ; in giving him a Title to the humblest Adoration; and in the Publication of his Gospel, and his Glories, over the Face of the whole Earth.
But, in what respect and capacity these Honours were conferred on Christ, is the main Point to be attended to, in the Case now under Consideration. As God, they could not be conferred: For his Glory, in this regard, was perfect before. He could not thus receive
any Increase of Honour. That supreme and absolute Dominion was inherent and effential to him, Thatuniversal Adoration was his strict due, from all Eternity. Whatever Addition he was capable of, he must be capable of, as Man: The Elevation of his Human Nature is therefore the thing intended by the Apostle. In this Nature it was, that He Obeyed, and Merited, and Suffered; In This, consequently it is, that he was Rewarded and Exalted. And a marvellous Exaltation it is, to place Human Nature upon the Throne of God; to subject to This Angels, and Principalities, and Powers, Men and Devils, all things in Heaven, and in Earth, and under the Earth. A suitable Reward to that Nature, which suffered such Indignities and Pains, for all the barbarous Treatment, and bitter Torments it endured here below; to shine so Bright, and partake in all the Majesty of the Son of God, He, by uniting it inseparably to his own Person, and thus vouchsafing to take part in its Infir
mities and Sufferings; entituled this Human, now his Own likeness, to a share in all the Bliss and Glories of that Divine Nature, which was originally, and always, his own. So that he is not any more, as formerly he was, the Governor of the World, and the Object of Mens Worship, as God only, but as God and Man both. Than which nothing could more effectually conduce to the Glory of his Father; Because nothing could more illustrate his Justice, and Wisdom, and Goodness; nothing more undeniably demonstrate the Acceptance and Efficacy of that Redemption, so admirably contrived, for abolishing the Guilt and Punishment of Sin, and retrieving the Immortality and Happiness of Mankind.
2. For, Secondly, This method of dealing with our Lord gives us all imaginable assurance, that They, who conform themselves to His Virtues, shall be proportionably conformed to Him, in the Reward of Them. The Reason is, because, in all he did and suffered for the Salvation of Men; And so again, in all he received, by way of Recompence for those Actions and Sufferings; he acted not in any separate and personal Capacity, but all along sustained a publick Character. This Character is a Consequence of his Incarnation, the blessed Effects whereof turn all upon This; That the Son of God transacted the whole Affair of our Redemption, in the Form and Nature of those He came to redeem. Had he therefore, at his entrance into the World, united himself to any One Man's Person, the Influence and Benefit accruing from such Union, must have been of extent, equal to that of the Union. That single Person, I mean, to whom he was united, and No other, could have been redeemed by it. But now our Blessed Saviour, when he became Man, cloathed himself with a Body, formed in the Womb of the Virgin, by the Operation of the Holy Ghost. His Person was still Divine, and the same it ever had been. Only he united to it, and exhibited himself in, our Flesh ; after a manner al
1 Cor. xv.
Gen. i. 11.
together extraordinary and miraculous. This was a taking upon him human Nature, and rendred him the common Representative of all Mankind. In this is
founded the Title, given him by this A
poftle, of the Second Adam. For, as all Human Nature was included in Him, who himself descended from none, and from whom all descended : So was all Human Nature made anew, as it were, in Him, whose Human Body and Soul were as immediate a Work of God, as that, whereby our first Parents Body
was fornied out of the Dust of the Ground,
and animated with the Breath of Life. As therefore all Mankind did virtually sin and dye in Adam, because the whole Human Nature was then in Him ; so are all Mankind virtually Righteous and restored to Life in Christ; because he took Human Nature at large; and what he did, and suffered, and received in that Nature, are the Acts, and Sufferings, and Rewards, of Human Nature. Consequently All, who partake of this Nature, are not only certain of, but may in fome Sense be said already vested in, the Happiness, which Human Nature in Him, by already possessing it, secures their common Right to. And thus far All shall certainly partake of it. Death was the Punishment of Sin : This is done away as effectually by the Second, as it had been introduced by the First Adam. Their Bodies and Souls both shall be restored to Life, and live for ever. But the Forgiveness of Sins, and the Happiness of Heaven, are promised upon certain Conditions. And therefore, though All shall be immortal, yet only They, who perform the Conditions of the Gospel, shall be happy in that Inmortality.
And This shews us at once the Necesity, and the Encouragement we all have, to imitate the Virtues, for which our Lord was so conspicuous, The Necessity, because nothing less than a Likeness to his Excellencies, çan advance us to a Likeness of that Bliss, which re,
warded them. The Encoufagement, because he is entred into Heaven, not for himself, but Us: The Pledge of our Immortality and Glory, by our Nature being already Immortalized and Glorified. Let us not then think any thing too much, to do, or to endure, for our Duty, and the Good of Souls ; since where the Sufferings of Christ abound, bis Consolations will much more abound. Let us read, and hear, and meditate on, the Scriptures commended to our Thoughts this Week, with Minds disposed to form themselves upon the Model here before us. Let us carefully observe the Interest we have in them; and rest perfectly fatisfied, That, by Virtue of that Union, which he in great Humility hath been pleased to make, the Sufferings and the Rewards of Christ's Human Nature so far belong to Us, and all Mankind; that all, who follow the Example of bis Patience, Mall undoubtedly be Partakers of his Resurrection. Which he of his Infinite Mercy grant, who was dead and is alive again, and liveth for evermore, and bath the Keys of Death and Hell. To whom with the Father, and Holy Spirit, Three Persons and One God, be all Honour and Glory, Power, Praise and Dominion, World without end. Amen.
Rev. i. 18.
Matth. xxvii. 1.
HE N the morning was come, all the chief priefts and elders of the people took counsel againjt Jefus to put him to dearb.
2. And when when they bad bound bim, they led bim away, and delivered bim to Pontius Pilate the Governor.
3. Then Judas, which bad betrayed bim, when be saw that he was condemned, repented bimself, and brought again ibe tbirty pieces of silver to the cbief priests and elders,
4. Saying, I have finned, in that I bave betrayed the innocent blood. And tbey said, Wbat is obat to us? see tbou to that.
5. And be cast down tbe pieces of silver in the Temple, and departed, and went and banged bimself