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II. History of the Macedonian Monarchy.

UI. Dissolution of the Macedonian Empire..

131

132

. 138

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CHAPTER XVII.-History of the Roman Empire.

Sect. I. The Reigns of the Family of the Cæsars...

256

II. From the Extinction of the Julian to that of the first Flavian

Family ....

.265

III. From the Extinction of the first Flavian Family to the last of the

Antonines...

271

IV. Foreign Commerce of the Romans in the Age of the Anto-

nines.....

....278

V. From the Extinction of the Antonines to the Establishment of

Military Despotism.....

..280

VI. From the Murder of Alexander Severus to the Captivity of Valerian

and the Usurpation of the Thirty Tyrants..

.285

CHAPTER 1.—Consequences of the Fall of the Western Empire.

PAGE.

SECT. I. The Gothic Kingdom of Italy....

.327

II. The Reign of Justinian.....

.329

III. The Establishment of the Civil Law.

.334

IV. History of the Silk Trade.--Introduction of the Silkworm into

Europe ....

.337

V. The Monarchy of the Franks, under the Merovingian Dynasty.

....341

VI. The Lombard Monarchy..

..346

VII. The Anglo-Saxons...

...349

CHAPTER II.-The Rise and Establishment of the Saracenic Power.

Sect. I. Political and Social Condition of the East at the Coming of Mohammed.352

II. State of Arabia at the Coming of Mohammed...

..355

III. The Preaching of Mohammed...

..357

IV. Early Progress of the Saracens.

..361

CHAPTER III.- Restoration of the Western Empire.

Sect. I. The Life of Charlemagne.....

..369

II. Decline and Fall of the Carlovingian Dynasty.

...375

III. The Foundation of the Germanic Empire...

...382

IV. State of the East from the Establishment to the Overthrow of the

Khaliphate .....

.387

CHAPTER IV.-Growth of the Papal Power.

SECT. I. The Origin of the Papacy.....

...390

II. The early Development of the Political System of the Papacy. ..394

III. The Struggle for Supremacy between the Popes and Emperors. .398

IV. Revival of the Papal Power...

.401

V. Pontificate of Gregory VII...

..406

VI. The War of Investitures..

.412

VII. 'The Crusades....

.416

VIII. The Crusade against the Albigenses.

421

IX. Consequences of the Crusades.

.427

X. Formation and Constitutional History of the Spanish Monarchy...... 430

XI. Survey of the Constitution of Aragon....

.434

XII. State of Western Europe at the Commencement of the Fourteenth

Century....

.437

XIII. Pontificate of Boniface VIII...

. 442

XIV. State of England and the Northern Kingdoms at the Commence-

ment of the Fourteenth Century.....

..448

XV. Revolutions in the East in Consequence of the Mongolian Invasion...450

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