Page images



Dersua has a moral notion akin to “favourable" in every passage. For instance VIb. 51, “Then let him invoke Parrha dersua ; and let him not turn back until he get a sight of the dersua. After he has seen the dersua," etc.; where the general idea is “the lucky bird.” Dersecor in VIa. 26, an epithet of armies, cannot mean appearing in a quarter of the heavens, but must mean something like well-omened. Again, Mersta is an opposite to Dersua, VIa. 15, 16: yet it too in its own limits is lucky. This appears from the emphatic repetition, Merstaf aueif, merstaf anglaf esonaf, VIa. 3. Notoriously in antiquity Dextra and Sinistra were, each in its turn, lucky; although Sinistra might also be unlucky. Cicero says (Divin. 2, 39), “ Haud ignoro quae bona sint, sinistra nos dicere, etiamsi dextra sint:” “I am not unaware that, whatever is good, we call sinister, even if it be on the right hand ;' i.e., the true sense of sinister was fortunate, prosperous; its secondary sense, left. This agrees with the two Greek words for “left," evórumos well-omened, and åplotepds an irregular derivative from plotos, as though Optimusculus, “second best?Is it by chance that in Gaelic and Irish Sonas means prosperity, whence might come Sonas-ter αριστερός ? Be that as it may; if αριστερός be connected with plotos, åpett), Apns, then as 'Apns in Italy is Mars, (and åppnu is Mas, maris), so špiotos might be Mersto. [I am aware that Vir, virtut, side by side with Marem, Martem deride à priori reasoning as to what must be.] On the other hand Dersua is certainly very like dečić. When the sense of the two words Dersua, Mersta must fulfil just the conditions which defià and åplotepà do fulfil, it is far more probable that the words etymologically coincide, than that the double similarity of sound be the result of pure accident. Besides, Dersecor VIa. 26, is excellently represented in sense and sound by değixoi : is this also accident?

Dersua and Mersua certainly mean something : yet Messrs. A.K. do not help us to guess what they can mean. They have no counter theory. What is to be said against this obvious hypothesis, started (I learn from them) by Grotefend ? 1. That we already have Destro for right, and Nertru for left. This is as though we refused to believe begiós to mean right, and åplotepds left, because deţitepds is right, and ευώνυμος left. . Latin also has two words for left, viz., læpus connected with Greek; and Sinister, perhaps Sabine, and connected with Umbrian and Gaelic. Moreover Destro is obviously dečitepo in disguise, and Dersua is to Destra nearly as detid to detetepá. Against such coincidences it is in vain to argue that “ther in Dersua remains unaccounted for.” Such delicate accuracy assumes that a language is equably developed by one law; whereas, in fact, it is the product of many inconsistent laws acting at once, and it is sure to import both words and analogies from foreign sources. Loyal and Legal are both English: this is but a type of a multitude of instances. Besides we have Desua as well as Dersua; Aceronia, Acersonia, Acesonia, for the same place. 2. A more formidable objection arises from comparing Ia. 1, 2, with VIa. 1; which seem to show Pernaie Postnaie as replaced by Dersua and Mersta. Now if the former mean Antica, Postica, how can the latter mean Dextra, Sinistra ? for what is in front is not at the right hand. If there were no other way of escape, I should render Pernaie, Postnaie, early and late (as I did in my first paper) rather than abandon the obvious sense of Dersua and Mersta, while unable to imagine any substitute; for our proof that Antica, Postica are the truer rendering, begins and ends in the fact that these are words common with Latin augurs. Nevertheless, Messrs. A.K. themselves, in a remarkable quotation from Paulus Diaconus, remove our difficulty (vol. i. 98); for he says: “Denique et quæ ante nos sunt, antica, et quae post nos, postica dicuntur; et dexteram anticam, sinistram posticam dicimus.” I am incompetent to canvass the subtle explanation offered of these words. Be the cause what it may, the fact is attested that, through some confusion or other, what is one moment called Antica, may the next be called Dextera. The Sabine augury, used at the installation of Numa Pompilius in Livy, is irreconcileable with Varro's doctrine, probably Latin ; the former making Antica the east, the latter making it the south. Cicero, above quoted, says that things on the right are called Sinistra, if they are good; yet Virgil uses Sinistra of things bad. No à priori reasoning avails us in such a mixture of inconsistencies, nor must even verbal contradictions shock us.






lated from the original Gurmukhī, with Introductory Essays, by Dr. ERNEST TRUMPP, Professor Regius of Oriental Languages at the University of Munich,

etc. Roy. 8vo. cloth, pp. 866. £2 12s. 6d. Ahlwardt.—THE DIVÁNS OF THE SIX ANCIENT ARABIC POETS, Ennábiga,

'Antara, Tarafa, Zuhair, ’Algama, and Imruolgais ; chiefly according to the MSS. of Paris, Gotha, and Leyden, and the collection of their Fragments : with a complete list of the various readings of the Text. Edited by W. AHLWARDT,

8vo. pp. xxx. 340, sewed. 1870. 128. Aitareya Brahmanam of the Rig Veda. 2 vols. See under Haug. Alabaster.—THE WHEEL OF THE LAW: Buddhism illustrated from

Siamese Sources by the Modern Buddhist, a Life of Buddha, and an account of
H.M. Consulate-General in Siam; M.R.A.S. Demy 8vo. pp. lviii. and 324.

1871. 148. Alif Lailat wa Lailat.—THE ARABIAN NIGHTS. 4 vols. 4to. pp. 495,

493, 442, 434. Cairo, A.H. 1279 (1862). £3 38. This celebrated Edition of the Arabian Nights is now, for the first time, offered at a price which makes it accessible to Scholars of limited means, Andrews.-A DICTIONARY OF THE HAWAIIAN LANGUAGE, to which is

appended an English-Hawaiian Vocabulary, and a Chronological Table of

Remarkable Events. By LORRIN ANDREWS. 8vo. pp. 560, cloth. £1 118. 6d. Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (The Journal

of the). Published Quarterly. Vol I., No. 1. January-July, 1871. 8vo. pp. 120-clix, sewed. Illustrated

with 11 full page Plates, and numerous Woodcuts; and accompanied by severa

folding plates of Tables, etc. 78. Vol. I., No. 2. October, 1871. 8vo. pp. 121-264, sewed. 48. Vol. I., No. 3. January, 1872. 8vo. pp. 265–427, sewed. 16 full-page Plates. 4s Vol. II., No. 1. April, 1872. 8vo. pp. 136, sewed. Eight two-page plates and

two four-page plates. 48. Vol. II., No. 2. July and Oct , 1872. 8vo. pp. 137–312. 9 plates and a map. 68. Vol. II., No. 3. January, 1873. 8vo. pp. 143. With 4 plates. 48. VOL III., No. 1. April, 1873. 8vo. pp. 136. With 8 plates and two maps. 4s. Vol. III., No. 2. July and October, 1873.° 8vo. pp. 168, sewed. With 9 plates. 48. Vol. III., No. 3. January, 1874. 8vo. pp. 238, sewed. With 8 plates, etc. 68. Vol. IV., No. 1. April and July, 1874. 8vo. pp. 308, sewed. With 22 plates, 8s. Vol. IV., No. 2. April

, 1875. 8vo. pp. 200, sewed. With 11 plates. 68. Vol. V., No. 1. July, 1875. 8vo. pp. 120, sewed. With 3 plates. 48. Vol. V., No. 2. October, 1875. 8vo. pp. 132, sewed. With 8 plates. 48. Vol. V., No. 3. January, 1876. 8vo. pp. 156, sewed. With 8 plates. 58. Vol. V., No, 4. April, 1876. 8vo. pp. 128, sewed. With 2 plates. 58. Vol. VI., No. 1. July, 1876. 8vo. pp. 100, sewed. With 5 plates. 58. Vol. VI., No. 2. October, 1876. 8vo. pp. 98, sewed. With 4 plates and a map.

5s. Vol. VI., No. 3. January, 1877. 8vo. pp. 146, sewed. With 11 plates. 5s. Vol. VI., No. 4. May, 1877. 8vo. pp. iv, and 184, sewed. With 7 plates. 6s.

500 20,6,78


Apastambiya Dharma Sutram.—APHORISMS OF THE SACRED LAWS OF

THE HINDUS, by Apastamba. Edited, with a Translation and Notes, by G. Bühler.
By order of the Government of Bombay. 2 parts. 8vo. cloth, 1868–71.

£1 4s. 6d. Arabic and Persian Books (A Catalogue of).' Printed in the East.

Constantly for sale by Trübner and Co., 57 and 59, Ludgate Hill, London.

16mo. pp. 46, sewed. 18. Archäological Survey of India.–See under BURGESS and CUNNINGHAM. Arden.-A PROGRESSIVE GRAMMAR OF THE TELUGU LANGUAGE, with

Copious Examples and Exercises. In Three Parts. Part I. Introduction.-
On the Alphabet and Orthography.--Outline Grammar, and Model Sentences.
Part II. À Complete Grammar of the Colloquial Dialect. Part 111. On the
Grammatical Dialect used in Books. By A. H. ARDEN, M.A., Missionary of

the C. M. S. Masulipatam. 8vo. sewed, pp. xiv. and 380. 148. Arnold.—THE ILIAD AND ODYSSEY OF INDIA. By EDWIN ARNOLD,

M.A., C.S.I., F.R.G.S., etc. Fcap. 8vo. sd., pp. 24. 18.
Arnold.—THE INDIAN SONG OF Songs. From the Sanskrit of the Gita

Govinda of Jayadeva. By Edwin ARNOLD, M.A., C.S.I., F.R.G.S. (of
University College, Oxford), formerly Principal of Poona College, and Fellow

of the University of Bombay. Cr. 8vo. cl., pp. xvi. and 144. 1875. 58. Arnold.—A SIMPLE TRANSLITERAL GRAMMAR OF THE TURKISH LANGUAGE.

Compiled from various sources. With Dialogues and Vocabulary. By EDWIN

ARNOLD, M.A., C.S.I., F.R.G.S. Pott 8vo. cloth, pp. 80. 28. 6d. Asher.-ON THE STUDY OF MODERN LANGUAGES IN GENERAL, and of the

English Language in particular. An Essay. By DAVID ASHER, Ph.D. 12mo.

pp. viii. and 80, cloth. 28. Asiatic Society.-JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY OF GREAT

BRITAIN AND IRELAND, from the Commencement to 1863. First Series, complete in 20 Vols. 8vo., with many Plates. Price £10; or, in Single Numbers, as follows:- Nos. 1 to 14, 6s. each; No. 15, 2 Parts, 48. each ; No. 16, 2 Parts, 48. each ; No. 17, 2 Parts, 48. each , No. 18, 68. These 18 Numbers form Vols. I. to IX.-Vol. X., Part 1, op.; Part 2, 58.; Part 3, 58.—Vol. XI., Part 1, 68.; Part 2 not published.- Vol. XII., 2 Parts, 6s. each.—Vol. XIII., 2 Parts, 68. each.—Vol. XIV., Part 1, 58.; Part 2 not published.-Vol. XV., Part 1, 68.; Part 2, with 3 Maps, £2 28.—Vol. XVI., 2 Parts, 68. each.—

Vol. XVII., 2 Parts, 68. each.-Vol. XVIII., 2 Parts, 68. each.—Vol. XIX., Parts 1

to 4, 168.—Vol. XX., Parts 1 and 2, 48. each. Part 3, 78. 6d. Asiatic Society.--JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL Asiatic SOCIETY OF GREAT

BRITAIN AND IRELAND. New Series. Vol. I. In Two Parts. pp. iv. and

490, sewed. 163. CONTENTS. - I. Vajra-chhediká, the "Kin Kong King," or Diamond Sútra. Translated from the Chinese by the Rev. S. Beal, Chaplain, R.N.-11. The Paramitá-hridaya satra, or, in Chinese, “Mo-ho-pô-ye-po-lo-mih-to-sin-king," i.e. “The Great Páramitá Heart Sútra." Translated from the Chinese by the Rev. s. Beal, Chaplain, R.N.-III. On the Preservation of National Literature in the East. By Colonel F. J. Goldsmid.-IV. On the Agricultural, Commercial, Financial, and Military Statistics of Ceylon. By E. R. Power, Esq.-V. Contributions to a Knowledge of the Vedic Theogony and Mýthology. By J. Muir, D.C.L., LL.D.-VI. A Tabular List of Original Works and Translations, published by the late Dutch Government of Ceylon at their Printing Press at Colombo. Compiled by Mr. Mat. P.J. Ondaatje, of Colombo.VII. Assyrian and Hebrew Chronology compared, with a view of showing the extent to which the Hebrew Chronology of Ussher must be modified, in conformity with the Assyrian Canon. By J. W. Bosanquet, Esq.- VIII. On the existing Dictionaries of the Malay Language. By Dr. H. N. van der Tuuk.-IX. Bilingual Readings : Cuneiform and Phænician. Notes on some Tablets in the British Museum, containing Bilingual Legends (Assyrian and Phænician). By Major-General Sir H. Rawlinson, K.C.B., Director R.A.S.—x. Translations of Three Copper-plate Inscriptions of the Fourth Century A.D., and Notices of the Châlukya and Gurjjara Dynasties By Professor J. Dowson, Staff College, Sandhurst.–XI. Yama and the Doctrine of a Future Life, according to the Rig-Yajur-, and Atharva-Vedas. By J. Muir, Esq., D.C.L., LL.D.-XII. On the Jyotisha Observation of the Place of the Colures, and the Date derivable from it. By

William D. Whitney, Esq., Professor of Sanskrit in Yale College, New Haven, 0.8.-Note on the preceding Article. By Sir Edward Colebrooke, Bart., M.P., President R.A.S.-XIII. Progress of the Vedic Religion towards Abstract Conceptions of the Deity. By J. Muir, Esq., D.C.L., LL.D.-XIV. Brief Notes on the Age and Authenticity of the Work of Aryabhata, Varahamihira, Brahmagupta, Bhattotpala, and Bhaskarâchârya. By Dr. Bhâu Dâjs, Honorary Member R.A.S.-XV. Outlines of a Grammar of the Malagasy Language. By H. N. Van der Tuuk.-XVI. On the Identity of Xandrames and Krananda. By Edward Thomas, Esq.

Vol. II. In Two Parts. pp. 522, sewed. 16s. CONTENTS.-I. Contributions to a Knowledge of Vedic Theogony and Mythology. No. 2. By J. Muir, Esq.-II. Miscellaneous Hymns from the Rig- and Atharva-Vedas. By J. Muir, Esq.—III. Five hundred questions on the Social Condition of the Natives of Bengal. By the Rev. J. Long.-IV. Short account of the Malay Manuscripts belonging to the Royal Asiatic Society. By Dr. H. N. van der Tuuk.-V. Translation of the Amitabha Satra from the Chinese. By the Rev. s. Beal, Chaplain Royal Navy.-VI. Tbe initial coinage of Bengal. By Edward Thomas, Esq.-VII. Specimens of an Assyrian Dictionary. By Edwin Norris, Esq.- VIII. On the Relations of the Priests to the other classes of Indian Society in the Vedic age. “By J. Muir, Esq.-IX. On the Interpretation of the Veda. By the same.-X. An attempt to Translaté from the Chinese a work known as the Confessional Services of the great compassionate Kwan Yin, possessing 1000 hands and 1000 eyes. By the Rev. S. Beal, Chaplain Royal Navy. -XI. The Hymns of the Gaupâyanas and the Legend of King Asamâti. By Professor Max Müller, M.A., Honorary Member Royal Asiatic Society.-XII. Specimen Chapters of an Assyrian Grammar. By the Rer. E. Hincks, D.D., Honorary Member Royal Asiatic Society.

Vol. III. In Two Parts. pp. 516, sewed. With Photograph. 22s. CONTENTS.-I. Contributions towards a Glossary of the Assyrian Language. By H. F. Talbot. -II. Remarks on the Indo-Chinese Alphabets. By Dr. A. Bastian. - III. The poetry of Mohamed Rabadan, Arragonese. By the Hon. H. E. J. Stanley.-IV. Catalogue of the Oriental Manuscripts in the Library of King's College, Cambridge. By Edward Henry Palmer, B.A., Scholar of St. John's College, Cambridge; Member of the Royal Asiatic Society; Membre de la Société Asiatique de Paris. –V. Description of the Amravati Tope in Guntur. "By J. Fergusson, Esq., F.R.S.- VI. Remarks on Prof. Brockhaus' edition of the Kathâsarit-sågara, Lambaka IX. XVIII. By Dr. H. Kern, Professor of Sanskrit in the University of Leyden.-VII. The source of Colebrooke's Essay “On the Duties of a Faithful Hindu Widow." By Fitzedward Hall, Esq., M.A., D.C.L. Oxon. Supplement: Further detail of proofs that Colebrooke's Essay, “ On the Duties of a Faithful Hindu Widow," was not indebted to the Vivâdabhangârnava. By Fitzedward Hall, Esq.-VIII. The Sixth Hymn of the First Book of the Rig Veda. By Professor Max Müller, M.A. Hon. M.R.A.S.-IX. Sassanian Inscriptions. By E. Thomas, Esq.-X. ACcount of an Embassy from Morocco to Spain in 1690 and 1691. By the Hon. H. E. J. Stanley.XI. The Poetry of Mohamed Rabadan, of Arragon. By the Hon. H. E. J. Stanley:-XII. Materials for the History of India for the Six Hundred Years of Mohammadan rule, previous to the Foundation of the British Indian Empire. By Major W. Nassau Lees, LL.D., Ph.D.--XIII. A Few Words concerning the Hill people inhabiting the Forests of the Cochin State. By Captain G. E. Fryer, Madras Staff Corps, M.R.A.S.-XIV. Notes on the Bhojpuri Dialect of Hindí, spoken in Western Bebar. By John Beames, Esq., B.C.S., Magistrate of Chumparun.

Vol. IV. In Two Parts. pp. 521, sewed. 168. CONTENTS.-I. Contribution towards a Glossary of the Assyrian Language. By H. F. Talbot. Part II.-II. On Indian Chronology. By J. Fergusson, Esq., F.R.S. - III. The Poetry of Mohamed Rabadan of Arragon. By the Hon. H. E. J. Stanley.-IV. On the Magar Language of Nepal. By John Beames, Esq., B.C.S.–V. Contributions to the Knowledge of Parsee Literature. By Edward Sachau, Ph.D.-VI. Illustrations of the Lamaist System in Tibet, drawn from Chinese Sources. By Wm. Frederick Mayers, Esq., of H.B.M. Consular Service, China.VII. Khuddaka Pátha, a Páli Text, with a Translation and Notes. By R. C. Childers, late of the Ceylon Civil Service.-VIII. An Endeavour to elucidate Rashiduddin's Geographical Notices of India. By Col. H. Yule, C.B.- IX. Sassanian Inscriptions explained by the Pahlavî of the Pârsis. By E. W. West, Esq.-X. Some Account of the Senbyú Pagoda at Mengún, near the Burmese Capital, in a Memorandum by Capt. E. H. Sladan, Political Agent at Mandalé; with Remarks on the Subject by Col. Henry Yule, C.B. — XI. The Brhat-Sanhitâ; or, Complete System of Natural Astrology of Varâha-Mihira. Translated from Sanskrit into English by Dr. H. Kern.-XII. The Mohammedan Law of Evidence, and its influence on the Administration of Justice in India. By N. B. E. Baillie, Esq.-XIII. The Mohammedan Law of Evidence in connection with the Administration of Justice to Foreigners. By N. B. E. Baillie, Esq.-XIV. A Translation of a Bactrian Páli Inscription. By Prof. J. Dowson.-XV. Indo-Parthian Coins. By E. Thomas, Esq.

Vol. V. In Two Parts. pp. 463, sewed. 18s.6d. With 10 full-page and folding

Plates. CONTENTS.-I. Two Játakas. The original Páli Text, with an English Translation. By V. Fausböll.-II. On an Ancient Buddhist Inscription at Keu-yung kwan, in North China. By A. Wylie.-III. The Brhat Sanhitâ; or, Complete System of Natural Astrology of Varaha-Mihira Translated from Sanskrit into English by Dr. H. Kern.-IV. The Pongol Festival in Southern India. By Charles E. Gover.-V. The Poetry of Mohamed Rabadan, of Arragon. By the Right Hon. Lord Stanley of Alderley:-VI. Essay on the Creed and Customs of the Jangams. By Charles P. Brown.-VII. On Malabar, Coromandel, Quilon, etc. By C. P. Brown.-VIII. On the Treatment of the Nexus in the Neo-Aryan Languages of India. By John Beames, B.C.S.IX. Some Remarks on the Great Tope at Sảnchi. By the Rev. S. Beal.-X. Ancient Inscriptions from Mathura. Translated by Professor J. Dowson.-Note to the Mathura Inscriptions. By

« PreviousContinue »