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&c.-Koutahieh, &c. 118- Angora-Chapwan CHAP. III. POPULATION - LANGUAGE - RELIGION

Oglou's Territories, 119–Kaisariah, Galajok, | Language--Religious Sects, 189.

&c.-Bostan-Marash- Adana, &c, 120-Lycia CHAP. IV. PASHALIC OF ALEPPO, 191-City of Alep.

-Cities of Caria, &c. 121-Smyrna, 123 po, 192—Aintab—Antioch, 193—Cyrrhestica,

Scala Nova-Pergamus–Lycia, the Troad, &c.

194.

124.

CHAP. V. PASHALIC OF DAMASCUS—Marrah-Apa-

CHAP. V. ISLANDS OFF THE COAST OF ASIA MINOR,

mea-Hamah--Palmyra, 194_Damascus, 195

124 Tenedos-Lesbos, 125 Scio-Samos, 126 -The Hauran—The Ledja-Baalbec, 197.

-Nicaria-Patinos-Minor Islands, 127-Ip-

| CHAP. VI. Pashalic of Tripoli, 198_Latakia-Je-
sara, &c.-Rhodes, 128_Cyprus, 120.

bilee, &c._Tripoli, 199_Batroon-Interior or

IT. SECOND DIVISION OF ASIATIC TURKEY, 131.

Mountain Districts, 200.

1. SOUTHERN COLChos, 131.

11. PALESTINE OR THE HOLY LAND—Introductory

11. TURKISH ARMENIA-INCLUDING ARMENIA MINOR, Remarks, 201.

AND THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PASHALIC OF | CHAP. I. POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY, 202.

AGHALZIGHI OR AKHISKA-Progressive Geogra- | CHAP. II. TOPOGRAPHY-Topography-Phænicia-
phy, 132-Extent and Divisions, 133.

Saide-Tyre, 203–Druse Territory, 204-Ma-
CHAP. J. PHYSICAL FEATURES - Mountains - The ritime Palestine-Acre-Mount Carmel-Cæ-
Colchian Range, 1314 The Tchildir-Dagh-

sarea-Jaffa,205.-Philistia--El-Arish--Interior
The Ala-Dagh_The Keblan Dagh, 135—The Palestine - Hebron Ramla, &c. - Judean
Taurus, 136_Ararat, 137_-Rivers_-The Eu Mountains_City of Jerusalem, 206–Popula-

phrates, 139_The Tigris, 141-The Araxes or tion, 210-Bethlehem-Jericho, 211_Shechem

Aras, 142_Lakes, 113.

--Samaria-Plain of Jezreel-Tiberias, 212-

CHIAP. II. CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONS-Climate, 145 Nazareth-Mount Tabor, 213—Sepphor, &c.-
-Soil and Produce-Minerals, 146.

Lake of Samachonitis-Concluding Remarks,

CHAP. . POPULATION AND TRIBES -- Armenian 214.

Language and Religion, 147-The Eelauts, 148.

CHAP. IV. CITIES AND TOPOGRAPHY-Pashalic of

ARABIA.

Akhalziche Erzeroom, 149_Kary, 150 Anni

-Baiaboot, &c.-Melitene_Dulgadir Ili, &c., Name-Boundaries and Extent-Divisions, 216,

151_Baiazid, &c. - The Mahali of Khanoos, CHAP. I. HISTORY-Yemen and Hamyar, 217_Hed.

152_Moosh-Diarbekir and Van, 153— District jaz, 218_Mahomet, 219_Khalifate, 225_Kar-

of Van, 155.

mathians, 227_Wahabys, 228.

KOORDISTAUN-Ancient Geography, 156_Mo. Chap. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES, CLIMATE, AND PRO-

dern Boundaries--Koordish Tribes, 157-Ter. DUCTION, 229 - Mountains-Rivers_Climate,

ritory of the Bidlisi, 158 The Susan and 230_Semoum_Vegetable Productions-Quad-

Khaboor - Soil and Produce, 159- City of rupeds-Horses, 231-Camels- Asses-Birds,

Betlis-Sert, 160_Jezeerah-ul-Omar-Nahar 232_Fish-Reptiles-Minerals, 233.

van, 161-Zaco_The Baldinan Koords_The CHAP. II. AGRICULTURE, TRADE AND COMMERCE,

Sciambo Koords, 162– Chaldean Christians,

COINS, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES-Agriculture,

163_-The Kara Djiolan Koords, 161 Belbossi and Trade and Commerce--Coins, Weights,

Koords--Towns, 166.

233_Measures, 231.

III. LOWER BASIN OF THE EUPHRATES AND TIGRIS, CHAP. IV. PEOPLE-GOVERNMENT-RELIGION-LAN-
166.

GUAGE-SCIENCE AND LITERATURE-Bedouins,
J. MESOPOTAMIA OR AL-JEZEERAH-Name, Bounda-

235 Arabs of the Cities, 236_General Cus.
ries, and Extent, 166.

toms and Manners-Diet, 237-Costume, &c.,
CHAP. I. MOUNTAINS-PLAINS-AND RIVERS-Moun-

238 - Government -- Religion, 240 -- Mahom.
tains, 167–Plains-Rivers, The Khabour, 168

medanism, 241-Pilgrimage to Mekka, 24-
- The Huallee, 169.

Pilgrimage to Mount Arafat, 246_ The Koran,
CHAP. II. SOIL AND PRODUCTIONS_Soil, 169_Ma-

218-Language Letters, 251 - Science and
lignant Winds_Productions, 170.

Literature, 252-Arabic Inventions- Arabian

CHLAP. II. IN ABITANTS AND LANGUAGE_Yezidees.

Poetry, 253— Arabian Nights' Entertainments

171-Languages, 172.

-Lokman, 251.

CHAP. IV. CITIES AND TOWNS-Zeugma-Beer-Ker. |

CHAP. Y. TOPOGRAPRY_Peninsula of Mount Sinai,
kisia, &c., 173_Felujia_Orfa, &c., 174_Haran

245_Mount Sinai_Petra-Hedjaz, 256_Djid.
-Merdin-Catacombs of Dara, 177-Nisibis-

da, 257 - Mekka, 258_Medina, 259_Tayf
Mosul, &c., 178.

Nedjed, 260_Yemen, 261-Hadramaut-Om-

II. SOUTH-EAST DIVISION, OR IRACA-ARABI, AND PART man-Hajar or Lachsa, 262- Authorities, 208

OF ANCIENT ASSYRIA TO THE SOUTH-EAST OF THE

LITTLE ZAB - Extent and Boundaries, 178_

PERSIA.

Divisions, &c., 179_City of Bagdad, 180

Ctesiphon, &c., 181-Apamia-- Mescue-Hil. Great Divisions and Extent- Name, 261 Modern

leh-Ruins of Babylon, 182–Hira, &c.-Kor. Divisions, 266.

nah-Bassora, 183.

IV. SYRIA, PHENICIA, AND PALESTINE-Boundaries

WESTERN PERSIA.

-Political Divisions, 184.

CHAP. 1. PHYSICAL ASPECT_Rivers, 185.- Lakes, Boundaries_Superficial Extent, 269.

156.

CHAP. 1. HISTORY_Dejoces, 268_Phraortes Cyax-

CHAP. II. CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONS-Climate, 187

ares_Cyrus and the Persian Dynasty--The
-Agricultural Produce --Animal Productions

Seleucidae, 269— Artaxerxes and the Saxsanian
-Minerals, 188,

Dynasty, 270-Yasdejird-Persia under the

khalifs, 272_The Seljookian Dynasty, 273— III. BELOOCHISTAUN – Name - Boundaries -- and
The Assassins, 271-Hoolakoo_Tamerlane-

Extent, 373_Historical Remarky, 374_Politi.
Suffaveean Dynasty, 275 Afghan Dynasty, cal Divisions Physical Features--Mountains,
277_Nadir Kooli, 278–Futteh Ali Khan, 279 375- The Kohistaun, 376_Deserts-Rivers
-European Relations, 280_Recent War with Climate, 377-Productions-Mineral Produc.

Russia, 281.

tions - Animals-Inhabitants, 378.

CHAP. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES, 281Mountains IV. CAUFTREESTAUN, 381-Historical Remarks, 382

The Talish Range, 286_Koordistann Range

-Geographical Sketch, 383,

The Elwand, 297-The Elburs-Deserts, 288

-Lakes Lake of Oormeah, 289 - Lake of

INDEPENDENT TARTARY.

Baktegan-Petrifartive Ponds, 290_Rivers-

The Kizil Ozan-The Hud, 291-The Kerah | Boundaries and Extent, 386_Names and Political

-The Karoon–The Tab, 292—The Araxes Divisions, 387.

--Cyrus and Medus, 293.

CHAP. I. PHYSICAL FEATURES, 388—Mountains-
CHAP. III. CLIMATE, SOIL, AND PRODUCTIONS, 293– The Beloor-Tagh-The Asfera Range-The

Soil and Productions, 291 Animal Kingdom, Ak-Tagh--The Kara-Tagh, 389—Samarcand
296_Mineralogy, 297.

Mountains-The Kynder-Tagh-Rivers-The

CHAP. IV. COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES, 298.

Syr, 390—The Oxus, 391.

CAP. V. GOVERNMENT - ARMY - REVENUE, 301--| CHAP. II. TURKMAN DESERT AND KARAZM-Popula.

Army-Revenue, 302.

tion, &c., 392.

CHAP. VI. RELIGION AND LITERATURE, 301–Sooffee CHAP, III. BAULKH, 393.

ism, 305-Magiism, 306- Christians, &c., 307 CHAP, IV, BADAKSHAUN, 394.

Literature and Science, 308- Languages-The CHAP. V. TOORKISTAUN, NORTH OF THE AMOO—Khot-

Zend, 309—The Pehlevi-The Parsee, 310 lann, 391–Karratageen-Hissaur-Kesh, 395

The Persian, 311.

-Samarcand and Bokhara, 396-City of Bok.

CHAP. VII. POPULATION-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS-

hara, 397-Samarcand, 398.

Population, 311 - National Character, 315—| Chap. VI. URATIPPA AND YAR-ILAK, BASIN OF THE

The Eels, 317.

SYR, 399.

CHAP. VII. CITIES—Teheraun, 318—Ispahan, 319 CHAP. VII. TOORKISTAUN, 400.

Sheerauz, 321-Furoozabad, &c., 322–Ruins CHAP. VIII. DESERT OF THE KARA-KALPAKS, 401.

of Persepolis, 323_Ruins of Shapoor_Tauris | CHAP, IX, OF THE USBECS, 401,

-Hamadan - Kermanshah, 325-Balfroosh CHAP. X. NORTHERN TOORKISTAUN, OR COUNTRY OF

Yesd-Mesched, 326-Neeshapore, &c.—Table THE KIRGULEES, 408.

of Positions in Western Persia Astronomically

Determined, 327

HINDOSTAN.

EASTERN PERSIA, 328.

of the name India-of the name Hindostan, 412–

Boundaries and Extent-Table of Superficial

History-Sabuctagee-Mahmood, 329–Mahmood's Extent and Population, 413–Geographical and

Successors-Alaoddin Ghoree, 332-Khwar Political Divisions, 414.

ismian Dynasty-Jenghiz-Khan-Dooraunee CHAP, I. HISTORY--Ancient History, 415-Mahom.

Dynasty, 333–Timoor Shah-Zemaun Shah, inedan History, 417--History of British In.

331-Present State, 335.

dia, 421-Hyder Ali, 430_Tippoo Saib, 437-

1. KINGDOM OF HERAUT, 328.

War with Dhoondee-War with Sindea, Hol-

CELAP. I. PHYSICAL FEATURES-MOUNTAINS-RIVERS kar, &c., 443–Nepaul War, 417--Mahratta

-LAKES-Mountains,336-Rivers, 337-Lakes, War, 451.

338.

CHAP. IIPHYSICAL FEATURES-MOUNTAINS-RIVERS
CHAP. II. CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONS-INHABITANTS -General Remarks, 456-The Himalaya

AND POPULATION-Productions, 338-Inhabi. Mountains, 457-The Ghants, 461-Nealgherry
tants and Population, 339.

Mountains - Rivers-The Indus, 465 – The
CHAP. III. CITIES, 311-Herant, 313.

Punjnud- The Ganges, 467-Tributaries of the
CHAP. IV. SEISTAUN, 315

Ganges—The Brahmapootra, 470_The Gogra
II, AFGHANISTAUN PROPER, 317–Boundaries and

--The Jumna and Sone, 471-Rivers of the
Extent.

Deccan-The Pennar and Cavery-Lakes-

CHAP. I. NANE-HISTORY AND DIVISIONS, 317–Di. Canals, 472.

visions, 318.

CHAP. III. CLIMATE-SOIL-PRODUCTION S-Climate,

CHAP. II. PHYSICAL FEATURES, 319_Mountains 472-Diseases, 473-Soil-Productions—Vege-

Hindookhoosh, 350-Range of Solimaun, &c., table Kingdom, 474 Zoology, 475-Mineral.

353-Rivers, 356_Lake of Aubistaudeh, 359. ogy, 476.

CHAP. III. CLIMATE AND PRODUCTIONS-Climate, 359 CHAP. IV. INHABITANTS-MANNERS AND CUSTOMS
- Animals - Vegetation, 361 - Mineralogy-

RELIGION-LANGUAGE-AND LITERATURE-Hin.
State of Agriculture, 362-Commerce, 363.

doos, 477-Castes, 450_Mahommedans, &c.
CHAP. 1V. POPULATION -- LANGUAGE-RELIGION-

Europeans-Religion of the Hindooy-Deities,
Character, 363_Manners and Customs, 364 483_-Ceremonies, 485-Suttees, 486-Festivals
Language, 365- Religion, 366,

-Festival of Juggernaut, 468-Festival of the

CHAP. V. GOVERNMENT-REVENUE AND ARMY-Re. Ganges-Mahommedan Rites, 490_State of

venue, Military Power, 368.

Christianity, 491Science and Literature, 495

CHAP. vi. CuIEF CITIES-Candahar, 369_Caubul-- --Arts, 495--Languages, 496-Educatiou, 497-

Peshawer, 371 – Ghiznee -- Jellallabad, &c., Sapscrit College-Mahommedan College-Com.

372.

mittee of Public Instruction, 498-Colleges of

Benares and Agra-Brahminical Seminarios, 1 - Minerals, 579_Population,580_Dress, 581499_Schools, 500_Serampore Translations and Manners and Customs, 582–Classes of Society College, 501- Asiatic Society, 502.

- Religion-Forms of Worship, 581–Priests, CHAP. V. GOVERNMENT-REVENUE-MILITARY FORCE 585_ The White Elephant - Language and

-Native Government and Laws, 503–British Writing, 587-Literature, 588_Science, Arts, Government, 504Revenue, 505-Military and Manufactures, 582_Commerce, 590_GoForce, 511.

vernment-Court Ceremonials, 592_Punish. CHIAP. VI. COMMERCE, 512-Imports, 517-Exports, ments, 597-Military and Marine Force

518-Tonnage-Internal Commerce, 519_Price Chief Cities, 598_Pegu-Rangoon-District o of Provisions-Monies, 520–Weights and Thaum-pe-Productions and Commerce, 59Measures, 521.

The Plau, 600. CHAP. VII. TOPOGRAPHY OF NORTHERN INDIA-Cash- CHAP. III. BRITISH BIRMESE TERRITORIES_Arra

mere, 521-City of Cashmere-Lake of Cash can, 601_Tenasserim-Mergui Islands-Ammere-Upper Lahore, 522_Daob of the Sut herst, 602—Tavoy-Ye-Mastabau-General leje and Jumna-Gurwal-Kumaon, 523-Ne Observations, 603. paul, 524_Sikkim, 525_Bootan, 526-Assam, CHAP. IV. SIAM-Extent and Boundaries--History, 527.

601_Physical Features-Climate, 605_SoilCHAP. VIJI. TOPOGRAPHY OF INDIA PROPER-I.

Productions - Population, 606_Manners and SINDETIC INDIA-The Punjaub, 528—Mooltan

Customs, 607--Court Ceremonies, 609_Litera-Sinde, 529_Cutch, 530—Gujerat Peninsula

ture, 610_Religion-Government, &c., 611Province of Gujerat, 531-Surat, 532-Cam Commerce-Chief Cities—City of Siam, 612 bay, 533-Ahmedabad, 53-IL. THE CENTRAL Baukok_Laos_Productions-Climate-Popu. PART OF INDIA PROPER-Mulwah, 536-Rajpoo lation, 613_Towns and Provinces, 614. . tana or Ajmeer-Chitore-Odeypoor-III. THE CHAP. V. cocHIN CHINA-Extent--History, 614 GANGETIC PART OF INDIA PROPER--Delhi, 537 Commerce, &c. 616_Population.--I COCHIN City of Delhi, 538— Agra, 510_City of Agra, CHINA PROPER-Boundaries Physical Fea541-Oade-Allahabad, 513-City of Benares, tures. 617_Climate. Soil, Produce, &c., 618 514-Futtehpur Sikri, 547-Bahar-City of Pat Population, 619-Manners and Customs, 620. na-Bengal, 518-Calcutta, 519—Dacca-Moor. -11. TONQUIN-Extent and Boundaries. His. shedabad, 554.

torical Remarks-Divisions and Cities, 623 CHAP. IX. THE DECCAN--Candeish, 554 Gundwana Physical Features-Climate, &c., 621Soil and

-Orissa-The Circars-Berar, 555-Aurunga Productions, 625—Commerce, &c. 627-Popubad-City of Anrungabad-Fortress of Dowla. lation, 628_Manners and Customs, 629Futabad, 556—Ellora, 557-Bombay, 559 Ele neral Ceremonies, 631_Science, Laws, &c., 632 phanta, 560— Salsette, 562-Beedar-Hydera

--Religion, 633.III, CAMBODIA-Name, 634 bad-Bejapoor, 563-Gao, 565.

Situation and Boundaries-Historical Notice CHAP. X. THE PENINSULA, 565—The Carnatic-Tan.

-Physical Features-Climate and Producjore,566- Madura-Tranquebar.-Madras,567 tions, 635–Population-City of Saigon, 636Pondicherry-Travancore, 568-Cochin-Mal. Lowaik, &c.-IV. SIAMPA, 637--City of Hue, abar, 569-Canara-Balaghaut-Mysore, 570. 638

HINDOO-CHINESE STATES.

MALACCA. CHAP. I. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS-Name-Physical Situation and Extent-Historical Notices-Phy. Features-Character of the Vegetation, 571

sical Features, 641-Soil and Productions, 612 Animals-Minerals — Inhabitants, 573— Lan -Population-Malay Language, 613–Reli. guages-Religion, 574.

gion-British Settlement of Malacca-Princi. CHAP. II. TIE BIRMAN EMPIRE-Extent and Boun

pality of Quedah, 64-1—Johore - BINTANGdaries, 574_History, 575- Physical Features

PRINCE OF WALES' ISLAND, 645_Singapore, 616 Climate-Soil and Productions, 578–Animals

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