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Pharaoh pursueth after them.

Before CHRIST 1491.

ch. 13. 18.

EXODUS, XIV. The Israelites pass through the Red sea.

22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

CHAPTER XIV.

1 God instructeth the Israelites in their journey. 5 Pharaoh pursueth after them. 10 The Israelites murmur. 13 Moses comforteth them. 15 God

instructeth Moses. 19 The cloud removeth behind

the camp. 21 The Israelites pass through the Red sea, 23 which drowneth the Egyptians.

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P ch. 5. 21. & 6. 9.

2 Chron. 20. 15, 17. Isai. 41. 10,

13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom or, for

AND the LORD spake unto Moses, ye have seen to day, ye shall see them

saying,

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2 Speak unto the children of Israel, a that they turn and encamp before PiNumb. 33. 7. hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baal-zephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

Jer. 44. 1.

d Ps. 71. 11.

ch. 4. 21. & 7.3.

f ver. 17, 18, ch. 9. 16.

Rom. 9. 17, 22, 23.

8 ch. 7. 5.

h Ps. 105. 25.

1 ch. 15. 4.

k ver. 4.

3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel," They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. 4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; and I ' will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

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7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and 1 the children of Israel went out with an Numb. 33. 3. high hand.

1 ch. 6. 1. & 13.

9.

m ch. 15. 9.

Josh. 24. 6.

1

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9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baalzephon.

10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel" cried out unto the Ps. 34. 17. & LORD.

Josh. 24. 7. Neh. 9. 9.

107. 6.

• Ps. 106. 7, 8.

11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt?

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16 But lift thou up thy rod, and Isai. 30. 15. stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

17 And I, behold, I will "harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

u ver. 8. ch. 7. 3.

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ver. 4.

18 And the Egyptians shall know ver. 4. that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

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19 And the angel of God, which ch. 13. 21. & went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

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Isai. 63. 9.

• See Isai. 8. 14. 2 Cor. 4. 3.

b ver. 16.

c Ps. 66. 6. d ch. 15. 8. Josh. 3. 16. & 4. 23. Neh. 9. 11. Ps. 74. 13. & 106. 9. & 114. 3. Isai. 63. 12. • ver. 29.

ch. 15, 19. Numb. 33.8. Ps. 66. 6. & 78. 13. Isai. 63. 13. 1 Cor. 10. 1. Hebr. 11.29. Hab. 3. 10.

8 See Ps. 77. 17, &c.

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23 ¶ And when they came to a Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore Il That is, Bit the name of it was called || Marah. 24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

terness,

Ruth 1. 20. ch. 16. 2. & 17. 3.

fch. 14. 10. & 17. 4.

Ps. 50. 15.

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25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, 1 which when b See 2 Kings he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,

2. 21. & 4. 41. See Josh. 24. 25.

* ch. 16. 4. Deut.8.2,16. Judg. 2. 22. & 3. 1, 4.

81. 7.

1 Deut. 7. 12, 15.

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26 And said, 'If thou wilt diligently PS. 66. 10. & hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I Deut. 28. 27, will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD " that healeth thee.

60.

" ch. 23. 25.

Ps. 41. 3, 4.
& 103, 3. &
147. 3.

• Numb. 33. 9.

1491.

• Numb. 33. 10, 11.

b Ezek. 30. 15.

ch. 15. 24. Ps. 106. 25. 1 Cor. 10. 10.

4 Lam. 4. 9.

• Numb. 11.

4, 5.

m

27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.

CHAPTER XVI.

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7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD and 'what are we, that ye murmur against us?

8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.

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9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, "Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings.

1 13, & ch. 6. 7. Numb. 16. 28, 29, 30.

* See ver. 10. Isai. 35. 2. & 40. 5. John 11. 4, 40.

1 Numb.16.11.

m See 1 Sam.
8.7.

Luke 10. 16.
Rom. 13. 2.

"Numb.16.16.

10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. ver. 7. ch.13. 11 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses,

1 The Israelites come to Sin. 2 They murmur for want of bread. 4 God promiseth them bread from saying, heaven. 11 Quails are sent, 14 and manna. 16 The ordering of manna.

25 It was not to be

found on the sabbath. 32 An omer of it is preserved.

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21.

Numb. 16. 19.

1 Kings 8. 10, 11. P ver. 8.

1 ver. 6.

12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with ver. 7. bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.

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13 And it came to pass, that at even 'the quails came up, and covered the camp and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

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14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay "a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.

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Numb.11.31. Ps. 78. 27,28. & 105. 40. Numb. 11.9.

"Numb. 11.7. Deut. 8. 3. Neh. 9. 15. Ps. 78. 24. & 105. 40.

15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, || It is or, What is manna for they wist not what it was.

this? or, It is a portion.

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* 2 Cor. 8. 15.

* Gen. 2. 3. ch. 20. 8. &

17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.

18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.

19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.

20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank and Moses was wroth with them.

21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

22 ¶ And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

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23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the 31.15. & 35.3. LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

Lev. 23. 3.

b ver. 20.

⚫ ch. 20. 9, 10.

d2 Kings 17. 14.

Ps. 78. 10,22.

& 106, 13.

24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

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The people murmur for water.

man go out of his place on the seventh day.

30 So the people rested on the seventh

day.

Before CHRIST 1491.

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31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like Numb. 11. coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.

7,8.

33 And Moses said unto Aaron, 'Take Hebr. 9. 4. a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.

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34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testi-ch. 25. 16,21. mony, to be kept.

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35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.

36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.

CHAPTER XVII.

1 The people murmur for water at Rephidim. 5 God sendeth him for water to the rock in Horeb. 8 Amalek is overcome by the holding up of Moses' hands. 15 Moses buildeth the altar Jehovahnissi.

a

& 40, 20. Numb. 17. 10.

Deut. 10. 5. 1 Kings 8. 9. Numb. 33.

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Ahildren of Israel journeyed from AND all the congregation of the the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 Wherefore the people did chide Numb 20. with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?

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d

b

d

3,4

Deut. & 16,
Ps. 78. 18, 41.
Isai. 7. 12.
Matt. 4. 7.
1 Cor. 10. 9.

3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that ch. 16 2 thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?

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4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, ch. 14. 15. saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

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f 1 Sam. 30. 6. John & 59. & 10. 31.

5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with Ezek. 2. 6 thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod,

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wherewith thou smotest the river, take
in thine hand, and go.

6 Behold, I will stand before thee Numb. 20.8. there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

& 105, 41. & 114. 8.

1 Cor. 10. 4.

*Numb.20.13.

Ps. 81. 7. & 95. 8.

Hebr. 3. 8. That is, Tentation.

|| That is,

Chiding, or,
Strife.

1 Gen. 36. 12.

Numb. 24. 20.

Deut. 25.17.

1 Sam. 15. 2.

Called Jesus,

Acts 7. 45. Hebr. 4. 8. "ch. 4. 20.

James 5. 16.

P ch. 31. 27. 4 Numb. 24. 20,

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7 And he called the name of the place * || Massah, and || Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?

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10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

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11 And it came to pass, when Moses ° held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

12 But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the

Deut. 25.19. Sword.

1 Sam. 15.3,

7. & 30. 1,17.

2 Sam. 8. 12. Ezra 9. 14.

14 And the LORD said unto Moses, P Write this for a memorial in a book, and That is, The rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for "I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

LORD my banner: See Judges 6. 24. Or. Because the hand of Amalek is against the throne of the LORD, therefore, &c.

+ Heb. the hand upon the throne

of the

LORD.

ch. 2. 16. & 3. 1.

b Ps. 44. 1.

77, 14, 15.

& 4.

& 105, 5, 43

& 106. 2, 8.

15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it ||Jehovah-nissi :

16 For he said, || Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.

CHAPTER XVIII.

Jethro cometh unto Moses.

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2 Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back,

Before CHRIST 1491.

• ch. 4. 26.

d Acts 7. 29. • ch. 2. 22.

3 And her two sons; of which the 'name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strangeThat is, 4 land:

stranger there.

4 And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said That is, My he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh :

5 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God:

6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.

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7 And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and "kissed him; and they asked each other of their † welfare; and they came into the tent.

8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD 1 delivered them.

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9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the Ps. 78. 42. goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.

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10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

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11 Now I know that the LORD is 'greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt "proudly he was above them.

12 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.

13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people : and the people stood by Moses from the

1 Jethro bringeth to Moses his wife and two sons. morning unto the evening.

7 Moses entertaineth him. 13 Jethro's counsel is
accepted. 27 Jethro departeth.

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WHEN Jethro, the priest of Mi- What is this thing that thou doest to the

dian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;

people? why sittest thou thyself alone,
and all the people stand by thee from
morning unto even?

15 And Moses said unto his father in

* Gen. 14. 20. 2 Sam. 18.

28.

Luke 1. 68.

12 Chron. 2.5 Ps. 95. 3. & 97.9. & 135. 5. ch. 1.10,16, 22. & 5. 2,7. & 14. 8, 18. 1 Sam. 2. 3. Neh. 9. 10, 16, 29.

Job 40,11,12. Ps. 31. 23. & 119. 21.

Luke 1. 51.

Deut. 12. 7.

1 Chron. 29. 22.

1 Cor. 10.18, 21, 31.

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