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Thus unlimited passive Obedience, and Non-ReSistance, are inseparably connected with the Claim of an indefeasible hereditary Right. And if a Prince sets up the one himself
, he may very reafonably require the other to be practised by his Subjects.
II. If ever the Chevalier succeeds to the Crown, he can do no less, consistently with the Principles of Justice and Gratitude, than restore to his Benefactor, the King of Spain, the important Fortresses and Ports of Gibraltar and Mabone. This would be no extravagant or unreasonable Demand in the. latter to make, but would be a Thing highly injurious and ungrateful in the former to refuse; be, cause these Places were conquered by those whom the Pretender must stile Usurpers, and from those who have ever been assisting him in his greatest Exigencies: And upon his coming to the Throne, he can lay no Claim to these Places, either by Treaty, Cellion, or Conqueft ;- consequently, can have no Appearance of Right, of any Sort, to detain them. Thus all the Trade to the Mediterranean would in a great Measure depend on the mere Will and Pleasure of the Court of Spain; and the Brittish Nation would not have it in her. Power to rule in those Seas as she doth at present, but must submit to lose all that Influence, and the Benefit of her Maritime Strength, for want of Ports and Harbours for the wintering and refitting of the Ships, and Security of the Fleet.
III. The same Reasoning holds with respect to the delivering up of Cape Breton to the French; Both Justice and Gratitude demand it of him.
But as the Case stands at present, if we prove successful in the War, we shall certainly keep *it; and by that Means open to ourselves a Trade more beneficial than all the Mines of Peru: But should we prove ever so unfortunate, we shall still be able to obtain something valuable in Lieu of it, and so procure a Peace upon more advantageous Terms than could otherwise be obtained. Add to this, that it is much to be questioned, whether France, in the Plenitude of her Power, would practise such unusual Moderation, as to be content with the re-delivering up of Cape Breton, as an Equivalent for all the Expences she hath been at in placing the Pretender on the Throne; when it will be entirely at her Option, to make her own Terms, and to infift upon the most valuable Pofsessions we have, either in America or felsewhere, in order to prevent it from ever being in the Pow. er of the Brittijo Nation to oppose her again,
IV. The Duty on French Wines, &c. muft be considerably lowered, so as to be upon a Par with the Duties on the like Commodities of other Na
tions. * The surrendering up of this Fortress is now amply compensated by the settling of Nova Scotia; and it is also to be ob. served, that the Cession of it was one of the principal Inducements with the King of France to conclude fo difadvantageous a Peace, by restoring all Flanders; from whence this Nation can be invaded with every Easterly Wind, as it would both bring the Invaders over, and lock up our own Fleet in Port.
+ It is well known, that the French have looked upon Ires land for a long Time paßt with wistful Eyes, as this fertile Country would supply them with Wool for their Manufactures at Home, and Provisions for their Colonies Abroad; and as its Ports would be a Means of augmenting and prote&ting treir Trade, and strike a Terror in the whole English Nation, when made the Rendezvous of a French Fleet.
tions. For it would be very strange, and an ilf Requital of Favour and Protection, if the Chevalter, when King, should put the Subjects of that Crown, who restored him to bis, upon a worse Footing than the rest of Europe within his Dominions. The Produce of France, when imported here, pays heavier Duties at present than that of other Nations; and her Wines are charged about two thirds more than thofe of Portugal, which was wisely done in Consequence of an express Treaty with the King of Portugal, for the Grant of a favourable Admiffion of our Woollen Manufactures, and other Commodities, into his Dominions. Can we imagine then that France would not embrace such an Opportunity as here fupposed, to get these excessive and discouraging Duties repealed?. And doth not the Thing itself look very plausible, carrying a Face of Equity that it should be fo? In short, the Chevalier and his Friends, cannot, in point of Decency, Honour, or Gratitude, refuse to concur in such a Repeal; or if they would, they dare not.
WHAT then would be the Consequence with respect to us ?-French Goods, of various Sorts, would be imported, as we are so fond of their Fashions, and their People work so much cheaper. than ours, to the utter Ruin of our own Manu. factures: French Wines would be almost univerfally drank instead of Port, whereby that most valuable Part of all our Commerce, the Trade to Portugal, would be entirely lost, and very probably pass from our Hands into thofe of the French. Thus there would ensue a general Stagnation of Trade and Manufactures, and our present ready. Specie would daily diminish, by being carried a
way into France, without any Prospect of its Return, or of receiving fresh Supplies from other Countries.
V. Seeing such a Reign as here supposed must unavoidably be productive of insupportable Grievances, and Matters of just Complaint, the Number of Malecontents and dissatisfied Persons would be much greater, and their Clamours more violent than ever.
And as the present Reigning Family would be looked upon, at that supposed Juncture, as the Pretenders and Rivals to the Throne, the Discontented and Disaffeeted would be so much the more formidable. Therefore a very numerous Army would become necessary to keep in Awe a free People, unaccustomed to bear the Yoke of Oppresion; -- or a new Revolution would soon ensue. Hence Taxes, instead of being diminished, would inevitably be multiplied, as the Government would have the fame Load of National Debt it hath at present, or must have Recourse to a Spunge to wipe it off: For in such Circumstances there could be no other Method of paying it. And if this should be thought the best Expedient,* then the whole Publick Credit must sink of course; Widows, and Orphans, and thousands of Perfons of good Fafhion, be reduced to the most indigent and abject State; and many Publick Charitable Foundations of Schools, Hospitals, Infirmaries, &c. be obliged to be shut up. But if the fame Debts are suppored to remain, then the prodigious Expences of the Service, joined to the Interest payable to the Publick Creditors, would put the Government under a Necessity of laying on many new and beavy Taxes, when the Trade or Money circulating in the Nation would bear no Proportion to answer them.
Orphans, * By the Tenor of the Chevalier's Manifesto, published during the Rebellion, it fhould seem, that he preferred the Expedient of Annihilating the Publick Debts to that of Paxing them. For he is pleased to inveigh against them as contracted to keep out his Family, which is by no Means true of the greater Part of them. For they were really contracted to withstand the exorbitant Power of France; which is a Duty so incumbent on every Brittish King, that the Stuart Family themselves ought to have done the very fame Thing, if they had continued on the Throne. He then goes on, saying, “ He would leave the 4 Matter to a free Parliament, whether there Debts should be “ paid or 'not:” That is, in plain English, The first Parliament he called after his Victories, composed only of his own Friends and Followers, and the Soldiers of Fortune (for at such a Junc
VI. After these Things impartially confider ed, we may clearly observe, that the continual Affiftance of France would become so absolutely necessary, that it would be impossible to support such a tottering Crown without it. And therefore it would be the Interest of the Chevalier, to fee Flanders always in the Hands of France, as he could receive Asistance, with great Ease, from his potent Ally, by Means of the Flemish Ports, to quell any Attempts of the Friends of Liberty to recover their Freedom: And it would be the Intereft of France to foment all our domestick Divisions, at least not to take away the Cause of them, in order to keep the Crown of Great Britain ftill dependant. - So that in fact, the Chevalier would be little better than a Vice-Roy, or Lord Lieutenant, under the Grand Monarch; and the Brittis Subjects would actually be in a much worse State, than if they were under an immediate French Government.
VII. THERE ture none others could dare to appear) would then determine, whether they mould pay the publick Creditors, or share the Spoils among themselves. And it is ealy to resolve which they would chuse to do.