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indolent, and a Burden to the Publick, but laborious, frugal, and industrious; enriching the Country they live in, by enriching themselves.*
INDEED, I am well aware, that the Author I have fo often quoted, is bold enough + to
pronounce it to be a moft falfe and infa
mous Scandal upon the Nation in general, “ to reproach them for treating Foreigners " with Haughtiness and Contempt. The French "Hugonots are many thousand Witnesses to " the contrary: And I wilh they deserved the " thousandth Part of the good Treatment they « have received."
THIS Author had a great Talent at pronouncing whatever he pleased for the Advantage of his Party. In the Tract entitled, The publick Spirit of the Whiggs, in Answer to Sir Richard Stoele’s Crisis, he asserted, “That there
K • Mr Salmon, in his Chronological Historian, Page 297. says, “ With what View they (the Palatines] were « introduced into England, unless to starve or bully the « Natives, I could never learn." How a poor, naked, defenceless Handful of People, could B ULLY such a Kingdom as this, is to me a Mystery.--What they said of themselves in the printed State of their Case is, “ That « they humbly entreated all Tradesmen, not to repine at so the good Disposition of Her Sacred Majesty, and the “ Nobility and Gentry:"-" We also entreat you, fay “ they, to lay aside all Reflections, and Imprecation, and “ ill Langunge against us; for that is contradictory to a “ Christian Spirit.”—These are not the Words of Bullies !
+ Preface to the B- of S- Introduction.
were not ten Jacobite Clergymen in Eng“ land, except Non-jurors.” He might have said, with equal Truth, that all the People in England were blind and deat, and that he only could see and hear.
Ás to the French Hugonots, they certainly did receive great Favours and Civilities; but this is no Proof of a national Disposition.Many of our Nobility and Gentry, and other Men of Sense, if they are not biassed by Monopoly-or superstitious Fears-or Disaffection, see these Foibles in our Countrymen, and are ashamed of them, and endeavour to retrieve the national Character, by a greater and more generous Benevolence. Besides, the greateft Number of the Refugees came over just at a Time of a violent and dreadful Persecution, from which they fled; and this Circumstance greatly softened the usual Resentment of the English against Foreigners, though it was very far from extinguishing it entirely. Many Complaints were uttered, even at that Time, That these Foreigners worked at an Under-price, and took the Bread out of the Mouths of the Natives.
BUT I would willingly know, what this Author meant by saying, “ He wished the “ French Hugonots had deserved the thousandth “ Part of the good Treatment they had receiv“ ed.” I humbly apprehend, this must im-. ply, either that the Refugees received greater
Encouragement in England, than in other Countries, or, that they had behaved unworthy of the Favours conferred upon them, or were the Friends, and a Support to a Government he wished to see destroyed.
If he meant the First, I must beg Leave to declare, in my Turn (and I have sufficient Evidences to justify what I say) that this is a great Mistake. The States General, the firft and second Kings of Pruffa, the King of Denmark, and the Protestant Princes of the Empire, not only received them with open Arms, naturalized them, settled Stipends upon their Ministers, and caused Collections to be made throughout their Dominions for their present Support (which were likewise done in *England) but also exempted them from certain Taxes and Duties, and from serving burthensome and expensive Offices, for a Term of Years. In some Places, they had the publick Money lent them, at a low Interest, to merchandize, and fet up their Trades with: In others, Lands were given them to cultivate, and Materials provided for the Building of their Houses: And the Artificers were every where incorporated into the Companies of their re
spective • Tho' after Mr Harley came to be Lord Treasurer, the 15,000l. voted by Parliament, and allowed in the Civil Lift, for the Support of the Ministers and Poor among the Refugees, was not paid them. . See Mr H. Walpole's Speech in the Parliament. Debates, Vol. V. Page 7
spective Trades. Moreover it must not be omitted, that the first, and second Kings of Pruffa, stationed express Agents on the Confines of France, to receive the Refugees, and to conduct them into Brandenburg; paying their travelling Charges through the Empire: Which humane and engaging Method is, as it is faid, lately revived by the present politick King of Prusia. It is therefore not at all surprising, that the French Refugees, when they fed out of France, chose rather to settle in other Protestant Countries, than in England. For out of 800,000 Persons, the Number computed by Voltaire and others,' to have fled from the Persecutions and Oppressions of Lewis XIV. not a twentieth Part came here. And at present, though we daily hear of Persecutions in the Southern Provinces of France, which chiefly abound with Protestant Manufacturers, we scarce find that a single Sufferer hath taken Refuge in England; at the same Time that great Numbers are daily retiring into other countries.
If the Second was this Author's Meaning, I must here allow him to be in the Right; and confess the Crimes those Hugonots are charged with. It is not, that they robbed, or stole, or cheated, or raised Insurrections, or werę taken in a Plot either against Church or State; But they opposed the Ministerial Bill of Commerce with France; and gave the first
Alarm to the Nation of the mischievous Ten, dency of it. They best understood the Manufactures of their own Country, and the Dife ference between the Price of Labour in France and England ; and therefore proved to a Demonftration, That we Mould be a ruined People, if the French were permitted to import their Manufactures, Wines, and Brandies into England, according to the Tenor of that Treaty. This was the great, the unpardonable Offence. -They ought to have held their Tongues, and not have blabbed out a Truth so Mal-a. propos. I must likewise add, that Mr Samuel Toriano, another foreign Protestant, though not a Frenchman, was in Danger of being sent to Prison, for his free and unwelcome Explanation of these Things at the Bar of the House of Commons.
LASTLY, If it was the Author's Intention to insinuate, that the French Hugonots are to be looked upon as Enemies to the Designs of that Party among us, who are not Friends to our present happy Establishment ;-I must plead guilty to this Crime also. And indeed I will freely acknowledge, that the Naturalization of foreign Protestants, can never have a favourable Aspect towards a certain Cause :-Nor is it to be wondered at, that Persons of that Comple&tion should oppose it with so much Virulence, and spread so many Stories among the Populace, to heighten their inbred Prejudices against it. For they know very