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. As to the Flings of this Author, about small popular States, and the Spirit of Shopkeeping, I have only this to say, that other Powers, besides the States General, to whom he designed this Complement, have encreased, the Number of their Subjects by the Admission of Foreigners. Antient Rome naturalized whole Kingdoms at a Time, for the sake of increase ing its Military Strength. And since the Power of France hath the Force and Riches of almost twenty Millions of People United against us, I leave the World to judge, whether we are able to withstand them with only ten Millions,—and those never well united. France also itself hath, for some Time past, naturalized

foreign one of the Danish Missionaries, to remove to Fort 6. St George, and there begin a new Mission, for the “ Conversion of the Heathen at Madrass, the Society

engaged for the Support of the same, thoʼat an Expence " that did then far exceed their Ability; trusting to the “ Goodness and Blessing of Almighty God: Which “ Expence has been fince greatly encreased by an Ad“ dition of Missionaries, as well as the Enlargement of " the Mission to Cudulore, near Fort St David, another “ English Settlement. However, the Society chearfully “ rely upon the same wise and gracious Providence, 56 which has hitherto wonderfully profpered this, and 66 all other their Undertakings, to raise up such a true “ Christian Spirit, as will abundantly supply all their “ Wants; such a Spirit, as thews itself in Mr Professor Franke of Hall, in Saxony, whose Remittances to“ wards carrying on this pious and glorious Design, “ have been large and constant." Sce allo No IV, Page 58. for a further Account,

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foreign Catholicks, especially the English, Scotch, and Irish; thereby draining us of People, to encrease its own Subjects. '* Even the bigoted Spaniards have now a Project on Foot for naturalizing Two HUNDRED THOUSAND fo-, reign Catholicks. Also the King of Prusa is covering his Wastes, Forests, and Marshes, with Farms and Villages, enlarging his Towns and Cities, and replenishing his Manufactures with additional Hands, drawn from all Coun. tries: By these Means he is, to a great Degree, enabled to maintain, in constant Pay, one of the greatest Armies, and the best appointed, that was ever seen in Europe.' These are neither small, nor popular States; nor are their ruling Powers ashamed of inspiring a Spirit of Trade and Shop-keeping into their People. But if the hopeful Schemes of this Author and his Party had taken Place, the English, by this Time, would have had very few Shops to keep.-Nay, the very House of Austria begins now, not to think it below the Dignity of an Imperial Crown, to encourage Trade and Commerce in its Dominions. And foreign Merchants and Mechanicks are invited to settle! in all the Hereditary Countries, with a Promise made them of many ample Privileges and Exemptions.

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See The Thecry and Practice of Commerce, Chap. 14. Written by Don Geronimo Ujlarits, one of the Lords of Trade to His Catholick Majesty,

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It is not therefore fo bad, or so dishonour.. able a Thing to make our Country a Recep tacle and an Asylum for the Virtuous and Induftrious of other Nations And one would think the English would be the last to object to such a Proceedure, who arrived to their prefent Greatnefs by thefe very Means, and are themselves a Collection of all the Nations, and their very Language a Mixture of every Tongue in Europe. But whatever they were at their first coming, their Descendants foon become so thorough Englishmen, as to contract the Epidemical Disorder of the Country, an Averfion to Foreigners. And, at the Juncture now under Consideration, the poor Pelatines were the Objects against whom this Aversion was strongly vented.

It would have been very eafy for the then Ministry, to have found Employment for these unhappy Sufferers, who had their Country burnt up, Towns pillaged, and Lands laid waste, for no other Reason, but because they were engaged in a War, on our Side, against the Common Eneny. And many Schemes were set on foot for the Employment of them; particularly the dividing of the New Forest into Lots and Shares: This would have suited best the Genius of the People, as they mostly consisted of Husbandmen and Labourers, and were desirous of not being dispersed far from

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each other. But the Ministry had other Views than thele:For if the Palatines had been fixed in regular Settlements, they would foon have become an useful People, and have top ped the Clamours faisedagainst them. Whecer as the views of the Ministry were not to filenet, but to encrease these Clamours by continuing the Palatines both uselels to themselves, and a Burden to the Publick, that the popular, Odin um against Foreigners might rebound, and fall the heavier upon the Authors of the late Na: turalization Bill, the Marlborough and Godolt phin Ministry: +who had likewise the Guild of beating the French, and keeping out the Pretender: And the unfortunate Circumstance of the Dearness of Corn, then almost Ten Shil lings a Bushel, together with the Ferment raif. ed by Dr Sacheverela gave too much Success to their Machiavelian Schemes. ...in and

AFTER * the Nation had been thus taught to hate and despise a People, whom, of thema

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* A Writer in the Paper called Old England, March 23. 1751. hath these Words, " As to Vine-dreffers “ [speaking of the Palatines) 'I do not fee of whar Ufe " they can be in England." True; but is not every Vine-Dreffer an Husbandman likewise, at those Times when he is not employed in the Vineyard ?- -Quere, Was there ever known an Instance of a Set of Peafants living wholly by Vine-Dressing, and not following other Country Bufiness the remaining, that is, the much greater Part of the Year i

-The former Objections against Foreigners used to be, That they did not betake

them

felves, they would not have been too fond of, these Foreigners were sent abroad, fome to Ireland, and others to New York. The Parliament of Ireland had voted: 24000l. for the Reception of them: And I find by an Act, passed in the Parliament of Great Britain, the first of George I. c. 29. that they were not thought an idle, or an useless People in the Kingdom of Ireland. Those who were sent to New York, having not received the kindest Usage, moved from thence, and settled in Pensylvania, where they met with an humane and hospitable Reception. There they invited Numbers of their Countrymen to join them; and not a Year passes, but many Thousands of Germans go over to them. By these Means, the Province of Pensylvania is enriched to such a Degree, that an Estate in Land, which might be purchased for 100). Sterling, before their Arrival, cannot now be had for Three Times that Sum; so greatly have they encreased the Wealth and Property of the Landed Interest. And the other Provinces are now using all their Interest, to have as many German Protestants to come and settle among them, as they can; a People, no longer described as useless, lazy,

indolent, themselves to the Cart, the Plow, or the Flail, but co Handicrafts, and easy Occupations: But now, when these Palatines were mostly employed in Agriculture, a grievous Complaint is made against them by the Examiner, No 44. That they understood no Trade or Handicraft. So that either Way, Tradesınen or Husbandmen, the Foreigners must be condemned.

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