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evil;

Of highest agents, deemed however wise. With reason, tu ber seeming, and with truth; Queen of this universe, do not believe

Mean while the hour of noon drew on, and Those rigid threats of death: ye shall not die:

wak'd How should ye? By the fruit? It gives you life An eager appetite, rais'd by the smell To knowled e; by the chicainer? Look on me, Su savory of that fruit, which with desire, Me who have touchill and tasted vet both live, Joclinable uow grown to touch or taste, And life more periect have attaiu'd than fate Solicited her longing eye ; yet first Meant me, by vent'ring higher than my lot Pausing a while, this to herself slie mus'd. Shall that be slut to Man, which to the Beast Great are thy virtues, doubtless, best of Is open? Or will God incense bis ire

fruits,

[mind, For such a petty trespass, and not praise Though kept from man, and worthy to be ad. Rather your dawi ess virtue, whom the pain Whose taste, too long forhorn, at first essay Of dealb denounc'd, briever thing death be, Gave elocution to the inute, and taught Deterr'd not from achieving that might lead The tongue not made fur speech to speak thy To happier life, knowledge of good and evil;

praise : Of good, how just? Of evil, if what is evil Thy praise be also ubo forbids thy use, Be real, why not known, since easier shuna'd? Conceals not from us, naming tliee the tree God therefore cannot hurt ye, and be just; Of knowledge, knowledge both of good and Not just, not God; not fear'd then, nor obey'd. Your fear itself of death removes the fear. Forb ds us then to taste, but his forbidding Why then was this forbid? Why but to awe, Commeuds thee more, while it infers the good l'hy but to keep ye low and ignorant,

By ibee comm nicated, and our want; His worshippers ; he knows ibat in the day For good unknown, sure is not had, or had Ye eat thereof, your eyes that seem so clear, And yet unkuown, is as not had at all. Yet are but dim, shall perfectly be then In plain then, what forbids be but to know, Open'd and cleard, and ye shall be as Gods, Forbids us good, forbids us to be wise? Knowing both good and evil as they k!ow, Sucha prohibitions bind not. But if death That ye shall be as Gods, since I as Man, Bind us with after-bands, what profits Internal Mav, is but proportion meet;

Our inward frecdum ? In the day we eat I of brute human, ye of human Gods.

Of this fair fruit, our doom is, we shall die.
So ye shall die perhaps, by putting off llow dies the Serpent? be hath eaten and lives,
Hunan, to put on Gods; death to be wishid, And knows, and speaks, aud reasons, and dis-
Though threateu’d, which no worse than this cerns,
can bring.

Irrational then. For us alone
And what are Gods that Man may not become Was death invented? Or to us deny'd
As tiey, participating God-like food :

This intellectual food, for beasts reserv'd? The Gods are first, and that advantage ise For beasts it seems: yet that one beast which On our belief, that all from them proceeds;

first I question it, for this fair earth I see,

Hath tasted, envies not, but brings with joy Warmd by the smil, producing every kind, The good befall'ı bivi, author unsuspect, Them nothing: if they all things, who inclos's Friendly to man, far from dtceit or guile. knowledge of good and evil in this tree, What fear I then, rather what know to fear That whoso eats ibereof, forthwith attains Under this ignorance of good and evil, Wisdom without their leave? And wherein

Of God or death, of law or penalty? lies

[know ? || Here grows the cure of all, this fruit divine. Tb'oficnce, that Man should thus attain to Fair to the eye, inviting to the taste, What can your knowledge burt him, or this

Of virtue to make wise: What binders then. tree

To reach, and feed at once both body and Impart against his will if ali he bis?

mind! Or is it envy, and can envy dwell

So saying, her rash land in evil hour lu heav'nly breasts: These, these and many Forth reaching to the fruit, she pluck'd, she

eat: Causes import your need of this fair fruit.

Earth felt the wound, and nature from her seat Govidess humane, reach then, and freely taste. Sighing through all her works, gave signs of lle ended, and his words repicte with guile

woe, Into her heart too easy eutrauce won :

That all was lost. Back to the thicket slunk Fix'd on the fruit she gaz'd, which to behold

The guilty serpent, and well might, for Eve Hiigla tempt alone, and in her cars the sound Lutent now wholly on her taste, pought else Yet ruug of bis persuasive words, impregu'd Regarded, such delight till then, as seem'd,

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In fruit she never tasted, whether true

Yet oft his heart, divine of something ill, Or fancy'd so, througla expertation high Misgave bim; be the filtring me as we felt; Of knowledge, nor was God-lead from her And forth to meet her went, the way she took thought

That moru w ben first they parted; by the tree Greedily she ingorg’d without restraint, Of knowledige be must pass, there hc her met, And knew not eating death : satiate at length, Scarce from the tree returning; in her hand And heibien'u as with wine, jocundand boon, A bough of fairest fruit, thal downy smila Tbus to herself she pleasingly hogan :

New gather'll and ambrosial smell diffus'd. O sovran, virtuous, precious of all trees To bim she hasted; in ber fice excuse In Paradise, of neration bless'd

Came prol gue, and apology too prompt, To sapience, biherto obscur’d, in fam’d,

licb with bland words at will she thus adAnd ihy fii fruit let hang, as to no end

dressid: Created; but henceforthi my early care,

Hast but not wonderd, Adam, at m; stay? Nut without song, cach morning and due Thec bave I miss'd, anu ihought it long, depraise,

priv'd Shall tend thee, and the fertil burden ease Thy presence, agony of love till now Of thy full branches offer'd free to all; Not telt, nor shall be twice, for never more Till dieler hiç liiee I grow mature

Mean I to try, whai rash untry'd I sought, In knowledge, is the gods who all things know; The pain of absence from tly sight. But Tbough others enry what they cannot give;

strange For had the gift been ilirs, it had not here Hath be n the cause, and wonderful to hear: Thus grown. Experience, next to thee I owe, Tbis tree is not as we are told, a tree Best guide; not following the I had remain'd Of danger tasted, nor to evil unknown In Ignorance; thou open'st wisdom's way, Opening the way, but of divine effect And giv'st access, though secret she retire, To open eyes, and make them gods who taste; And I perhaps am secret; Heav'o is high, And bath been tasted such; the serpent wise, Hisli, and remote to see from thence distinct Or not restrain'll as we, or not obeying, Each thing on Earth; and other care perhaps Hath eaten of the finit, and is become, May have diverted from continual watch Not dead, as we are threateu’d, but thenceforth Our great Forbidder, safe with all his spies Torucd with human voice and human sense About him. But to Adam in what sort Reasoning to adiniration, and with me Shall I appear? shall I to him make known Persuasively hatli so prevail'd, that I As yet my change, and give bim to partake Have also tasted, and have also found Full happiness with me, or rather not, Th'effects to correspoud, opener mine eyes, But keep the odds of knowledge in my power Dim erst, dilated spirits, ampier heart, Without copartver; so to add what wants And growing up to Godhead; which for thec In female sex, the more to draw his love, Chiefly I sought, withoit thee can despise. And render me inore equal, and perhaps, For bliss, if thou hast part, to me is bliss, A thing not undesirabic, sonetine

Tidious, unshar'd with thee, and odious soon. Superior ; for inferior who is free?

Torn therefore also taste, that equallot This may be well : but what if God have scen, Mai join us, equal joy, as equal love; And death ensue? then I shall be no more, Lest thou not tasting, different degree And Adam wenided to another Eve,

Disjoin iis, and I then too late renounce Shall live with her enjoying, I extinct; · Deity for thee, when Fate will not permit. A death to think. Confirm'd then I resolve, Thus Eve with count'nance blithe her story Adam shall share with me in bliss or woe:

tull; So dear I love lijm, that witb him all deaths But in her clieek distem per flushing glow'd, I could endure, without him live no life. On the other side, Adam, soon as he heard

So saying, from the tree her step slie luru'd The fatal trespass done by Eve, amaz'd, Biit first low reverence done, as to tlic power Astonicd stood and blank, while horror chill That dwelt within, whose presence had infus'u Rain through bis viens, and all his joints re. Into the plaut sciential sap, deriv'd

lax'd;

[Eve From nectar, drink of gods. Adam the while From bis slack hand the garland wreath'd for Waiting desirous her return, bad wore

Down dropt, and all the fa 'ed :oses shed : Of choicest flowers a garland to adorn

Speechless he stood and pale, till thus at length Her tresses, and her rural labors crown, First to bimself le inward silence broke: As reapers oft are wont their harvest queen. O fairest of Creation, last and best -Great joy he promis'd to his thoughts, and new Of all God's works creature in whom excell'd Solace in her return, so long delay'd;

Whatever can to sight or thought be form’d,

Hoiy, divine, good, amiable, or sweet!

So forcible within my heart I feel How art thou lost, how on a sudden lost, The bond of Nature draw me to my own, Defac'', deflower'd, and vow to death devote? My own in tbee, for what thou art is mine; Rather how bast thou yielded to trangress

Our state cannot be sever'd, we are one, The strict forbiddance, how to violate

One flesh; to lose thee were to lose myself. The sacred fruit forbidden ? some cursed fraud So Adam, and thus Eve to him reply'd; Of enemy bath beyuild thee, yet unknown, glorious trial of exceeding love, And me with thee bath ruin'd, for with thee Ulustrious evidence, example high! Certain my resolution is to die ;

Engaging me to emulate, but short How can I live without thee, how forego Ofthy perfection, low shall I attain, Tly sweet converse, and love so dearly join'd, Adamı? from whose dear side I boast me To live again in these wild woods forlorade

sprung, Should God create another Eve, and I

Aud gladly of our union hear thee speak, Another rio afford, yet loss of thee

Que beart, one soul in both; whereof good Wovid verer from my heart; no no, I feel

proof The link of Nature draw me : Aesh of Hesh, This day affords, declaring thee resolv'd, Bone of my bone thou art, and from thy state Rather than death, or ought than death more Mine nerei -ball be parted, hliss 'r woe.

dread So having said, as one from sad dismay Shall separate us, link'd in love so dear, Recomfoyted, and after thoughts disturb'd To undergo with me one guilt, one crime, Submitting to what seein'd remediless,

If any br, of tasting this fair fruit, Thus in calm mood bis words to Eve he turnid : Whose virtile (for of good still good proceeds, Bold deel thou hast presum’d, adventrous Direct, or hy occasion) hath presented Eve,

This happy trial of thy love, wbich else And peril great provok'd, who thus hast daral, So eminently never had been known. Bad it been only coveting to eye

Were it I thought death menac'd would ensue That sacred fruit, sacred to abstinence, This my attempt, J would sustain alone Inch more to taste it under han to touch

The worse, and not persuade thee, rather die But past who can recal, or done ando?

Deserted, than oblige thce with a fact Nor God omnipotent, nor Fate; yet so Pernicious to thy peace, chiefly assurd Perhaps thou shalt oot die, perhaps the fact Remarkably so late of thy so true, }s not so heinous now, foretasted fruit, So faithful love unequal'd; but I feel Profvd first by the serpent, by him first Tar otherwise th'event, not death, but life Made common and unhallow'd ere our taste; Angmented, oper'd eyes, new hopes, new joys, For yet on him found deadly, bie yet lives, Taste so divine, tbat what of sweet before Lises as thou saidst, and guies to live as man Hath touch'd my sense, flat seems to this, and Fligher degree of life, inducement strong

harsh. To us, as likely tasting to attain

On my experience, Adam, freely taste, Proportional ascent, which cannot be

And fear of Death deliver to the winds. But to be gods, or angel demi.gods.

So saying, she embrac'd him, and for joy Nor can I think that God, Creator wise,

Tenderly wept, much won that he his lore Though threat'ning, will in earnest so destroy Had so cunobled, as of choice to incur U's his prime creatures, dignify'd su high, Divine displeasure for her sake, or death. Set over all his works, which in our fall,

lo recompense (for such compliance bad Foi us created, needs with us must fail,

Such recompense best merits) from the bougla Dependent made; so God shall uncreate, She gave him of that fair enticing fruit Be frustrate, do, ondo, and labor lose,

With liberal hand: he scrupled not to cat Not well conceivid of God, who though his Against bis better knowledge, not deceiv'd, power

But fondly overcome with female charm. Creation could repeat, yet would be loatla Earth trembled from her entrails, as again t's to abolish, lest the Auversary

In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan, Triumph and say; fickle their state whom God Sky low'rd, and muttering thunder, some sad Most favours; who can please bin long? Me drops first

Wept at completing of the mortal sin He ruin', now mankind; whom will he next?

Original ; while Adam took no thought, Matter of scorn, not to be given the foe. Eating his fill, nor Eve to iterate However I with thre have fix'd my lot, Her former trespass fear'd, the more to sooth Certain to urdergo like room; if death Him with her lor'd society, that now Consost with thee, leath is to me as life; As with new wine intoxicated both

They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel Uncover'd more. So rose the Danite strong Divinity within them breeding wings

Herculean Samson from the barlot's lap Wherewith to scorn the earth : but that false Of Philistean Dalilah, and wak'd fruit

Shorn of bis strength, they destitue and bare Far other operation first display'd,

Of all their virtue; silent, and in face Carnal desire inflaming; he on Eve

Confounded long they sat, as strucken mute, Began to cast lascivious eyes, she him Till Adam, though not less tban Eve abash'd, As wantonly repaid; in lust they burn: At length gave utterance to these words con. Till Adam thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move.

strain'd. Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste, O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give ear And elegant of sapience no small part, To that false worm, of whomsover taught Sioce to each meaning savour we apply, To counterfeit man's voice, true in our fall, And palate call judicious; I the praise False in our promised rising; since our eyes Yield thee, so well this day thou hast pur Open'd we find indeed, and find we know vey'd.

[stained Both good and evil, good lost, and evil got, Mucb pleasure we have lost, while we ab- Bad fruit of knowledge, if this be to know, From this delightful fruit, nor known till now Which leaves us naked thus, of honour void, True relish, tasting; if such pleasure be Of innocence, of faith, of purity, In things to us forbidd’n, it might be wishid, Our wonted ornaments now soil'd and stain'd, For this one tree had been forbidden ten. And in our faces evident the sigos But come, so well refresh’d, now let us play, Of foul concupiscence; whence evil store; As meet is, after such delicious fare;

Ev’n shame, the last of evils: of the first For never did thy beauty since the day Be sure then. How shall I behold the face I saw thee first and wedded thee, adoru'd Henceforth of God or Angel, erst with joy With all perfections so inflame my sense And rapture so oft beheld ? those heav'nly With ardour to enjoy thee, fairer now

shapes Than ever, bounty of this virtuous tree. Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze

So said he, and forbore not glance or toy Insufferably bright. O might I here, Of amorous intent, well understood

In solitude live savage, in some glade Of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire. Obscur’d, where highest woods impenetrable Her hand he seiz'd, and to a shady bank, To star or sun-light, spread their umbrage Thick overhead with verdant roof imbow'rd, broad He led her nothing loath; flow'rs were the And brown as evening: Cover me, ye Pines, couch,

Ye Cedars, with innumerable boughs Pansies, and violets, and asphodel,

Hide me, where I may never see them more. And hyacinth, Earth's freshest softest lap. But let us now, as in bad plight, devise There they their full of love and love's dis- What best may for the present serve to hide port,

The parts of each from other, that seem most Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal, To shame obnoxious, and unseemliest seen; The solace of their sin, till dewy sleep Some tree, whose broad smooth leaves together Oppress'd them, and wearied with their amo sew'd, rous play.

And girded on our loins, may cover round Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit, Those middle parts, that this new comer, That with exbilirating vapour bland

Shame, About their spirits had play'd, and inmost There sit not, and reproach us as unclean. powers

So counsel'd he, and both together went Made err, was now exhald; and grosser sleep Into the thickest wood : there soon they chose Bred of unkindly fumes, with conscious The fig-tree, not that kind for fruit renown'd, dreams

But such as at this day to Indians known Incumber'd, now had left them; up they rose In Malabar or Decan, spread her arms As from unrest and each the other viewing, Branching so broad and long, that in the Soon found their eyes how open'd, and their ground miud

The bended twigs take root, and daughters How darken’d; Innocence that as a veil

grow Had shadow'd them from knowing ill, was About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade gone,

High over-arch’d, and echoing walks beJust confidence, and native righteousness,

tween; And honour from about them, naked left There oft the Iudian herdsmay shunning heat To guilty shame; he cover'd, but his robe Shelters in cool, and tends his pasturing herds No. VII.-N.S.

M

me.

At looplioles cut through thickest shade: those Or here th' attempt, thou could'st not have leaves

discern'd They gather'd, broad as Amazonian targe, Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake; And with what skill they had, together sow'd, No ground of enmity between us known), To gird their waist, vain covering if to hide Why he should mean me ill, or seek to barm. Tbeir guilt and dreaded shame; O how ui Was I to have never parted from thy side? like

As good to have grown there still a lifeless To that first naked glory! Such of late

rib. Columbus found ib’ American, so girt Being as I am, why didst not thou the head With feather'd cincture, naked else and wild Command me absolutely not to go, Among the trees on isles and woody shores, Going into such danger as tlou saidst? Thus fenc’d, and as they thought, their shame Too facil then thou didst not much gaiosay, in part

Nay didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss. Cover'd, but not at rest or ease of mind, Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, They sat them down to weep; nor only tears Neither had I transgress’d, nor thou with Raiu'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within

To whom then first incens'd Adam reply'd. Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate, Is this the love, is this the recompeoce Mistrust, suspicion, discord, and shook sore Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve, expressid Their inward state of inind, calm region once Immutable when thou wert lost, not I, Aud full of peace, now tost and turbulent:

Who might have liv'd and joy'd immortal For understanding rul'd not, and the will

bliss, Heard not her lore, both in subjection now

Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? To sensual appetite, who from beneath

And am I now upbraided as the cause Usurping over sov'reign reason claim'd

Oftby transgressing? not enough severe, Superior sway: from thus distemper'd breast, It seems, in thy restraint: what could I Adam, estrang’d in look aud alter'd style,

more? Speech intermitted thus to Eve reuew'd,

I warnd thee, I admonsh'd thee, foretold Would thou hadst hearkeu'd io my words | The danger, and the lurking enemy and stay'd

That lay in wait; beyond this had been force, With me, as I besought thee, when that And force upon free will bath here no place. strange

But confidence then bore thee on, secure Desire of wand'ring this unhappy morn, Either to meet no danger or to find I know not whence possess'd thee; we had Matter of glorious trial; and perhaps then

I also err'd in overmuch admiring Remain’d still happy, not as now, despoild What seem'd in thee so perfect, that l. Of all our good, sham’d, naked, miserable.

thought Let noné benceforth seek needless cause to

No evil durst attempt tbee, but I rue approve

That error now, which is become my crime, The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek And thou the accuser. Thus it shall be fal Sych proof, conclude, they then begin to fail. Him who to worth iu women overtrusting To whom soon muy'd with touch of blame

Lets her will rule: restraint she will not thus Eve.

brook, What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam, se And left to berself, if evil then ensue, vere!

She first bis weak indulgence will accuse. Imput'st thou that to my fault, or will

Thus they in mutual accusation spent Of wand'ring, as thou call'st it, which who

The fruitless hours, but neither self-conkuows

demning, But mighi as ill have happen'd thou being by, || And of their vajo contest appear'd no end. Or to thyself perhaps? Hadst thou been there,

END OF THE NINTH BOOK,

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