Page images
PDF
EPUB

As plauts : aiubiguous between sea and land Over the list and fuwl of sea, iltid air,
The river borse and scaly crocodile.

Beast of the field, and over all the Carth, At once came forth whatever creeps the And every creeping thing that creeps the ground,

ground. lusect or woru : those war'd their limber fans This said, he form’d thee, Adam, thee, O Man, For wings, and smallest livaments exact Dust of the ground, and in thy nostrils To all their liveries deck'd of Summer's pride

breath'd Withi spots of gold and purple, azure and The breath of life; in his own image he green :

Created thee, in the image of God These as a line their long dimensions drew, Express, and thou becam’st a living soul. Streaking the ground witla sinuous trace; not Male be created thee, but thy consort all

Female for race; theu blest Mankiud, and Minions of Nature; some of serpent kind,

said, Wondrous in length and corpulence, involv'd Be fruitful, multiply, and fill the Earth, Their snaky folds, and added wings. First Subdue it, and throughout dominion hold crept

Over fisls of the sea, and fowl of the air, The parsimonious emmet, provident

And every living thing that moves on th' Of future, in small room large heart inclos'd,

Earth. Pattern of just equality perhaps

Wherefore thus created, for no place Hereafter, joined in their popular tribes Is yet distinct by name, thence as thou Of commonalty: swarming next appear'd

know'st, T'he female bee, that fecals her husband drone He brought thee into this delicious grove, Deliciously, and builds her waxen cells This garden, planted will the trees of God, With honey stor’d: the rest are numberless, Delectable boili to behold and taste; And thou their natures kuow'st, and gav'st Aud freely all their present fruit for food them names,

Gave thee; all sorts are here that all th' Earth Needless to thee repeated; nor unknown

yiells Of buge extent sometimes, with brazen eyes Variety without end ; but of the tree, And hoary mane terrific, though to thee Which tasted works knowledge of good and The serpeut subtlest beast of all the field,

evil, Not noxious, but obedient at thy call.

Thou may'st not; iu the day thou cat'st, thou No: Heav’a in all ber glory slone, and dy'st ; rolid

Death is the penalty impos'd, beware, Her inotions, as the great first Mover's hand And govern well tly appetite, lest Sia First wheeld their course, Earth iu her rich Surprise thee, and her birsek attendant Denih. attire

Here fiuislı'd lie, and all that he had made Consummate lovely smild; air, water, earth, View'd, and behold all was entirely good; By fowl, fislı, beast, was flown, was swim, was So Bv’u and Morn accomplishid the sixth day: walk'd

Yet not till the Creator from his work Frequent; and of the sixth day yet remain'd; Desisting though wearied, up retorud, There wanted yet the master-work, the end l'p to the Heav'u of Heav'ııs his ligh above, Of all yet doue ; a creature who not prone

Thence to behold this new created world And brute as other creatures, but endu'd Th’ addition of his empire, how it show'd With sanctity of reason, might erect

In prospect from his tbroue, how youd, how His stature, and upright with front serene

fair, Govern the rest, self-kuowing, and from Answering his great idea. U'p he rode thence

Follow'd with acclamation and the sound Magnanimous to correspond with Heav'n, Symphonious of ten thousand harpes that tun'd But grateful to acknowledge whence his good Angelic harmonies: the earth, Ilie air, Desceuds, thither with heart and voice and Resounded, (thou reineinberöst, for thou eyes

heard'st) Directed in devotion, to adore

The Heav'ns and all the constellations rung, Aud worship God supreme, who made him The planets in their station list’ning stood, chief

While the bright pomp ascended jubilaut. Of all bis works: therefore th' Omnipotent Open, ye everlasting Gates, they sung, Eterual Futber (for where is not lie

Open, ye Heav'ns, your living Doors ; let in Present?) thus to his Sou audibly spake: The great Creator from his work returu'd

Let us make now Man in our image, Man Magnificent, his six day's work, a World ; lo our similitude, and let them rule

Open, and henceforth oft; for Gud will deig

To visit of the dwellings of justilen

Is greater than created to destroy. Delighted, and with frequent intercourse Who can impair iher, mighty King, or bound Thither will send his winged messengers Thy empire? casily the proud attempt On errands of supersal grace. Su sung Of spirits aporstate and their councils vain The glorious train ascending: he thronghThou hast repell’d, while impiously they Hear'a,

thought Tliat opeu'd wide her blazing portals, led Thce tu diminislı, and from thee withdraw To Gori's eternal house direct the way, Phe munber of thy worshippers. Who secks A broad and ample road, whose dust is guld To lessen thee arvinst his purpose serves And paveineut stars, as stars to thee appear, To manifest the more thy might: his evil Seen in the galaxy, that milky way,

Thou usest, and from thence creat'st more Which mightly as a circling zone thou see'st

good. Powder'd with stars. And now on earth the 'Witness this new-made World, another Hear's seventh

From Heav'n gate not far, founded in view Evening rose in Eden, for the sun

On the clear hyaline, the glassy sea; Was set, and twilight from the east came of amplitude alipost immense, with stars on,

Numerous, and every star perliaps a world Forerunning Night; when at the holy mount | Of destin'd habitation; but thou kuow'st Of Heav'o's high-seated top, th' imperial Their seasons : among those the seat of throne

men, Or Godhead, fix'd for ever firm and sure, Earth with her nelber ocean circnmfus'd, The Filial Power arriv'd, and sat bini down

Tbeir pleasant dwelling place. Thrice happy With his great Father, for he also went

men, Invisible, yet stay’ıl, (such porivilege

And sons of men, whom God hath thus ad. Hath Omnipresence) and the work ordain'd,

vancd, Auilior and end of all things, and from work

Created in his image there to dwell Now resting, blest and kallow'd the sev’oth

And worship inim, and in reward to rule day,

Over his works, on earth, in sea, or air, As resting on that day from all luis work, And multiply a race of worshippers But not in silence holy kept; the barp

Holy and just: thrice happy if they know Had work and resied not, the solemn pipe, Their happiness, and persevere upright. And dulcimer, all organs of sweet stop,

So sung they, and the empyréan rang All sounds on fret by string or golden wire With balleluiahs: thus was sabbath kept. Temper'd soft tunings, intermix'd with voice

And thy request tbink now fulfilled, that Choral or unison: of incense clouds

ask'd Foming from golden censers hid the mount. How first this World and face of things beCreation and the six days' acts they sung,

gan, Great are thy works Jehovah, infinite

And wbat before thy memory was done Tly power: what tbought can measure thee From the beginning, that posterity or tongile

Inform’d by thee might kuow if else theo Relate thee? greater now in thy return

seek'st Than from the giant angels; thee that day Ought, not surpassing human measure, say. Thy thuuders magnify'd; but to create

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK VIII.

THE ARGUMENT. Adam enquires concerning celestial motions, is doubtfully answered, and exhorted to search rather things more worthy of knowledge. Adam assents, and still desirous to retain Raphael, relates to him what he remeinbered since his own creation, his placing in Paradise, his talk with God concerning solitude and fit society, his first meeting and auptials with Eve, his discourse with the Angel thereupou; who after admonition repocaied departs.

now

The Angel ended, and in Adam's ear Rose, and went forth among her fruits and So chirming left his voice, that he a while

flowers, Thought bim still speakiug, still stood fix'd to. To visit how they prosperid, bud and bloom, hear;

Her nursery ; they at her coming sprung, Then as new wak'd thus gratefully reply'd :

And touch'd by her fair tevdance glad i'r grew. What thanks sufficient, or what recompense

Yet went she not, as not with such discourse Equal have I to render to thee, divine

Delighted, or not capahle her ear Historian, who thus largely hast allay'd Of what was bigh: such pleasure she reserv’d, The thirst I had of knowledge, and vouch Adam relating, she sole auditress; saf'd

Her husband the relator she preferr'd This friendly condescension to relate

Before the Angel, aud of him to ask Thivgs else by me unsearchable, low heard Chose rather; be, she knew, would intermix With wonder, but delight, and, as is due, Grateful digressions, and solve high dispute With glory attributed to the bigh

\Vith conjugal caresses; from his lip Creator? Something yet of doubt remains,

Not words alone pleas'd her. O when meet Which only thy solution can resolve. When I behold this goodly frame, this world Such pairs, in love and mutual honour join'd? Of Hear'n and Earth consisting, aud compute

With Goddess-like demeanour forth she went, Their magnitutes, this earth a spost, a grain, Not unattenderi, for ou her as queen An atom, with the firmament compar'd A pomp of winning graces waited still, And all her number'd stars, that seem to roll

And from about her shot darts of desire Spaces iocomprehensible (for such

Toto all eyes to wish her still in sight. Their distance argues and their swift return And Raphael nuw to Adam's doubt propos'd Diurnal) merely to officiate light

Benevolent and facile thus reply'd. Round this opacous carth, this punctual spot,

To ask or search I blame thee pot, fur One day and night, in all their vast survey

Heaven Useless besides ; reasoning I oft admire,

Is as the book of God before tbee set, How nature wise and frugal could commit Wherein to read bis wond'rous works, and Such disproportions, with superfluous hand

leara

[years; So many nobler bodies to create,

His seasons, hours, or days, or months, or Greater so manifold to this one use,

This to attain, wbether Heav'n niove or Earth For ought appears, and on their orbs impose Imports not, if thou reckon right; the rest Such restless revolution day by day

From Man or Angel the great Architect Repeated, while the sedentary earth,

Did wisely to conceal, and not divulge That better might with far less compass move, His secrets to be scann'd by them who ought Serv'd by more noble than herself, attains Rather admire; or if they list to try Her end without least motion, and receives, Conjecture, he bis fabric of the Heavens As tribute, such a sumless journey brought Hath left to their disputes, perhaps to move Of incorporeal speed, ber warmth and light; His laughter at their quaint opinions wide Speed, to describe whose swiftness number | Hereafter, when they come to model Heaven fails.

[seem'dAnd calculate the stars, bow they will wield So spake our Sire, and by bis count'nance! The mighty frame, how build, uubuild, conEut'ring og studious thoughts abstruse, which

trive Eve

To save appearances, bow gird the sphere Perceiving where she sat retir'd in sight, With centric and eccentric scribbled o'er With lowliness majestic from her seat,

Cycle and epicycle, orb in orb :
And grace that won who saw to wish her stay, || Already by tlıy reasoning this I guess,
XVII.V.S.

K

serve

(rui,

Who art to lead thy offspring, and supposest Stilt luminous by bis ray. What if that light
That bodies bright and greater should not Sent from her through the wide transpicuous

air,
The less not bright, nor Heav'n such journies To the terrestrial moon be as a star
Earth sitting still when she alone receives Enlig lit’ning ber loy day, as she by night
The benefit: consider first, that great

This earth.? reciprocal, if land be ibere,
Or bright infers not excellence: the earth Fields and inhabitants: Her spots thou seest
Thoughi, in comparison of Heav'n, so small, As clouds, and clouds may raio, and raja pro-
Nor glist'ring, may of solid gold contain

duce More plenty than the sun that barreu shines, Fruits in lier softcu'd soil for some to eat Whose virtue on itself works no effect,

Allotted there; and other suns perlaips But in the fruitfal earth; ibere first received With their attendant inoons thou wilt descry His beams unactive else, their vigour find. Communicating inale and female light, Yet not to earth are those bright luminaries Wbich two great sexes abimate the world, Officious, but to thee, earth's habitant. Stor'd in each orb perhaps with some that live, And for the Heav'u's wide circuit, let it speak for such vast room in nature un possessid The Maker's high magnificence, who built By living soul, desert and desolate, So spacious, and his live stretch'd out so far; Only to shine, yet scarce to contribute That Man may know he dwells not in bis owu; Each orb a glimpse of light convey'd so far An edifice too large for him to till,

Down to this habitable, which returns Lodg'd in a small partition, and the rest Light back to them, is obvious to dispute. Ordain'd for uses to his Lord best known.

But whether thus these things, or whether not, The swiftness of those circles attribute, Whether the sun predominavt in Heaven Though numberless, to his omnipoteuce, Rise on the earth, or earth rise on the sun, That to corporeal substances could add He froin the east bis flamiog road begin, Speed almost spiritual: me thou think'st not Or she from west her silent course adrance slow,

[Heaven With inoffensive pace that spinniug sleeps Who since the morning hour set out from Ou her soft axle, while she paces even, Where God resides, and ere mid-day arriv'd And bears the soft with the smooth air along, In Eden, distance inexpressible

Solicit not thy thoughts with matters bid, By numbers that have name.

But this I urge,

Leave them to God above, him serve and fear; Admitting motion in the Heav'ns, to show Of other creatures, as bim pleases best, Invalid that which thee to doubt it mov'd; Wiserever plac'd, let him dispose: joy thes Not that I so affirm, though so it seem In what he gives to thee, this Paradise To thee who hast thy dwelling here on earth. And thy fair Eve ; Heav'n is for thee too higl God to remove his ways from human sense To know what passes there; be lowly wise: Plac'd Heav'u from Earth so far, that earthly Think only what concerns thee avd thy being, sight,

Dream not of other worlds, what creatures If it presume, might err in things too high,

there And no advantage gain. What if the son Live, in what state, condition or degree, Be centre to the world, and other stars

Contented that thus far hath been reveal'd By his attractive virtue and their own

Not of Earth only but of highest Heaven. Lucited, dance about him various rounds?

To whom thus Adam, clear'd of doubt, Their wand'ring course now high, now low, reply'd. then hid,

How fully hast thou satisfy'd me, pure Progressive, retrograde, or standing still, Intelligence of Heav'n, Angel serene, In six thou seest, and what if sev'nth to these

Avd freed from intricacies, taught to live, The planet earth, so stedfast though she seemn, The easiest way, nor with perplexing thoug bi Insensibly three different motions move?

Tuinterrupt the sweet of life, from wbich Which else to several spheres thou must God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares, ascribe,

And not molest us, unless we ourselves Mov'd contrary with thwart obliquities, Seek them with wand'ring thoughts, and aeOr save the sun his labour, and that swift

tions vain. Nocturnal and diurnal rhomb suppos'd, But apt the mind or fancy is to rove luvisible else above all stars, the wheel

Uncheck'd, and of her roving is no end; Of day and night; which needs not thy belief, Till warn'd, or by experience taught, she learn, If earth industrious of herself fetch day That not lo know at large of things remote Travelling east, and with her part averse

From use, obscure and subtle, but to know From the suu's beam meet oight, her other part | That which before us lies in daily life,

Is the prime wisdon ; which is more, is fume, Sospake the Godlike Pow'r, and thus our Sire; Or empliness, or food impertinence,

For Man to tell how human life began And renders is in things that most concern Is hard; for who himself beginning knew? Uupractis'd, unprepar'd, and still to seek. Desire with thee still longer to converse Therefore from this bighi pitch let us descend Tuduc'd me. As new wak'd fron the soundest A los Hight, and speak of things at hand

sleep C'reful, whence bply mention may arise Soft on the flow'ry herb I found me laid Of something not unseasonable to ask

In balmy sweat, which with bis beams the sun By sufference, and ihy wonted favour deign’d Soon dry'd, and on the reaking moisture fed. Thee I have heard relating what was done Strait toward Heav'n my wond’ring eyes I Ere my remembrance: now hear me relate

turn'd My stary, which perbaps thou hast not heard; And gazd a while the asnple sky, till rais'd And day is not yet spent; till then thou seest By quick instinctive motion op 'I sprung, How subtly to detain thee I devise,

As thitherward endeavonring, and upright Juviting thee to hear while I relate,

Stood on my feet; about me round I saw Fond, were it not in hope of thy reply: Hill, dale, and shady woods, and suny plains, For while I sit with thee, I seem in Heaven, And liquid lapse of moru’ring streams; by And sweeter thy discourse is to my ear

these,

(Alew, Than fruits of palm tree pleasantest to thirst

Creatures tbat liv'd and mov'd, and walk’d, or And hunger both, from labour at the hour Birds on the branches warbling; all things Of sweet repast; they satiate, and soon fill

smild,

[fowa Though pleasant, but thy words with grace di With fragrance and with joy my heart o'er: vine

Myself I then perus’d, aud limb by limb Imbued, bring to their sweetness no satiety. Survey'd, and sometimes went, and sometimes To whom thus Raphael answer'd heav’uly

ran meek.

With supple joints, as lively vigour led : Nor are thy lips ungaceful, Sire of men,

But who I was, or where, or from what cause, Nor tongue ineloquent; for God on thee knew not; to speak I try'd, and forth with Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd

spake; Inward and outward both, luis image fair: My tongue obey'd, and readily could name Speaking or mute all comeliness and grace Whate'er I saw. Thou Sun, said I, fair light, Attends thee, and each word, each motion And thou enlightend Earth, so fresh and gay, forms;

Ye Hills, and Dales, ye Rivers, Woods, aud Nor less think we in Heav'n of thee on Earth

Plains, Than of our fellow.servart, and enquire And ye that live and move, fair Creatures tell, Gladly into the ways of God with Man : Tell, if yé saw, how came I thos, bow here? For God we see hath honour'd thee, and set Not of myself; by some great Maker then, On Man his equal love: say therefore on; In goodness and in pow'r pre-eminent; For I tbat day was absent, as befel,

Tell me bow may I know bim, how adore, Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure, From whom I have that thus I move and live, Far on excursion toward the gates of Hell; And feel that I am happier than I know, Squar'd in full legion (such command we had) While thus I call'd, and stray'd I knew not To see that none thence issued forth a spy,

whither, Or enemy, while God was in bis work,

From where I firt drew air, and first beheld Lest he incens'd at such eruption hold, This happy light, when answer none return'd, Destruction with creation inight have mix d. On a green shady bank profuse of fow'rs Not that they durst without his leave attempt, Pensive I sat me down; there gentle sleep But us he sends upon his high behests

First found me, and with soft oppression seiz'd For state, as Sov'reign King, and to inure My droused sense, untroubled, though I Our prompt obedience. Fast wc found, fast shut thought The dismal gates, and barricado'd strong; I thou was passing to my former state But long ere our approaching heard within Inseusible, and forthwith to dissolve: Noise, other than the sound of dance or song, When suddenly stood at my head a dream, Torment, and loud lament, and furious rage. bose inward apparition gently mov'd Glad we return'd up to the coasts of light My fancy to believe 1 yet had being, Ere sabbath evening: so we had in charge. And liv'd: One came, methought, of shape Biit thy relation now; for I attend,

divine,

[rise, Pleas'd with thy words no less than thou with And said, Thy mansion wants thee, Adam, inine.

First Mari, of men innumerable ordaja'd

« PreviousContinue »