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Without dimension, wbere length, breadth, Half Aying; beboves bim pow both oar and and height,

1 sail. And time, and place are lost; where eldest As when a gryphon through the wilderness Night,

With winged course, v'er bill or moory dale, And Chaos, ancestors of Nature, hold

Pursues the Arimaspian, who by stealth Eternal anarchy, amidst the noise

Had from his wakeful custody purloin'd Of endless wars, and by confusion stand. The guarded gold : So eagerly the Fiend For hot, cold, moist, and dry, four champions' O'er bog, or steep, through strait, rough, fierce,

dense, or rare, Strive here for mast'ry, and to battle bring With head, hands, wings, or feet pursues bis Their embryon atoms; they around the flag


[Aies: Of each his faction, iu tbeir several clans, And swims, or sinks, or wades, or creeps, or Light-armod or heavy, sharp, smooth, swift or At length a universal hubbub wild slow,

Of stunning sound and voices all confus'd, Swarm populous, unnumber'd as the sands Borne through the bollow dark, assaults his Of Barea or Cyrene's torrid soil, Levied to side with warring wiuds, and poise With loudest vebemence: thither he plies, Their lighter wings. To whom these most Undaunted to meet there whatever power adbere,

Or spirit of the nethermost abyss He roles a moment; Chaos umpire sits, Miglit in that voise reside, of whom to ask And by decision more embroils the fray

Which way the nearest coast of darkness lies By wbich be reigus : next bim high arbiter

Bordring on light; wben straight be hold the Chance governs all. Toto this wild abyss,

throne The womb of nature, aud perhaps her grave, Of Chaos, and his dark pavillion spread Of neither sea, nor shore, por air, nor fire,

Wide on the wasteful deep; with him ed. But all these in their preguant causes mix'd

tbrou'd Confus'lly, and wbich thus must ever fight, Sat sable-vested Night, eldest of things, Unless th'almighty maker them ordain The consort of his reign ; and by them stood His dark materials to create more worlds :

Orcus and Ades, and the dreaded name Into this wild abyss the wary Fieud

Of Demogorgon ; Rumour next and Chance, Slood on the briok of Hell and look'd a while, ' And Tumult and Confusion all embroild, Pond'ring bis voyage; for no narrow frith

Aud Discord witb a thousand various mouths. He had to cross. Nor was bis ear less peal'd T' whom Satao turning boldly, thus. Ye With noises loud and ruinous (to compare

Powers Great things with small) than when Bellona | And Spirits of this nethermost abyss, storms,

Chaos and ancient Nigbt, I come no spy, With all her battering engines bent to raze

With purpose to explore or to disturb Some capital city; or less than if this fraine

The secrets of your realm, but by constraint Of Heav'a were falling, and these elements

Wand'ring this darksome desert, as my way lo mutiny had from her axle torn

Lies through your spacious empire up to Tbe steadfast earth. At last bis sail-broad


Alone, and without guide, balflost, I seek He spreads for fight, and in the surging smoke What readiest path leads where your gloomy, Uplifted spurus the grouod; thence many a bounds league,

Confine with Heav'n; or if some other place, As in a cloudy chair, ascending rides

From your dominion won, th' etherial king Audacious; but that seat soon failing, meets

Pussesses lately, thither to arrive A vast vacuity : all unawares

I travel this profound; direct my course; Fluttering bis pennous vain, plump down he || Directed no mean recompence it brings drops

To your behoof, if I that region lost, Tep thousand fathom deep, and to this hour

All usurpation thence expelid, reduce Dowp bad been falling, had not by ill chance

To her original darkness and your sway Tbe strong rebuff of some tumultuous cloud,

(Which is my present journey) and once more Instinct with fire and nitre, hurried him Erect the standard there of ancient Night; As many miles aloft : that fury stay'd, Yours be th’advantage all, mine tbe revenge. Quench'd in a boggy Syrtis, neither sea,

Thus Satan; and him thus the Anarcb old, Nor good dry land : nigh founder'd on he With falt'ring speech and visage incompos’d, fares,

Answer'd. I know thee, stranger, who thou Treading the crude consistence, balf on foot,



That mighty leading Angel, who of late Mov'd on, with difficulty and labour he ; Made head against Heav'n's king, though over. But he once past, soon after when man fell, thrown.

Strange alteration ! Sin and Death amain I saw and beard, for such a numerous host Following his track, such was the will of Fled not in silence through the frighted deep

Heaven, With ruin upon ruin, rout on rout,

Pav'd after him a broad and beaten way Confusion worse confounded; and Heav’n Over the dark abyss, whose boiling gulf gates

Tamely endur'd a bridge of wond'rous length Pour'd out by millions her victorious bands From Hell continued reacbing the utmost orb Pursuing. I upon my frontiers here Of this frail world; by which the Spirits Keep residence; if all I can will serve

perverse That little which is left so to defend, With easy intercourse pass to and fro Encroach'd on still through your intestine To tempt or punish mortals, except whom broils,

God and good Angels guard by special grace. Weak’ning the sceptre of old Night: first Hell Bat now at last the sacred influence Your dungeon stretching far and wide be- of light appears, and from the wall of Heaven neath ;

Shoots far into the bosom of dim Night Now lately Heav'n and Earth, another world, A glimmering dawn; bere Nature first begins Hung o'er my realm, link'd in a golden chain Her farthest verge, and Chaos to retire To that side Heav'n from whence your legions || As from ber outmost works a broken foe fell:

With tumult less and with less hostile din, If that way be your walk, you have not far; That Satan with less toil, and now with ease So much the nearer danger; go and speed; Wafts on the calmer wave by dubious light, Havoc and spoil and ruin are my gain. And like a weather-beaten vessel holds

He ceas'd; and Satan stay'd not to reply, Gladly the port, though shrouds and tackle But glad that now his sea should find a torn; sbore;

Or in the emptier waste, resembling air, With fresh alacrity and force renew'd

Weighs bis spread wings, at leisure to behold Springs upward like a pyramid of fire Far off th'empyreal Heav'n, extended wide Into the wild expanse, and through the In circuit, undetermin’d square or round, shock

With opal tow'rs and battlements adorn'd Of fighting elements, on all sides round of living sapphire, once bis native seat; Environd wins his way; harder beset And fast by hanging in a golden chain And more epdanger'd, than when Argo passd This pendant world, in bigness as a star Through Bosporus betwixt the justimg Of smallest magnitude close by the moon. rocks :

Thither full fraught with mischievous ry Or when Ulysses on the larboard shunn'd

venge, Charybdis, and by th' other wbirlpool steer'd. || Accurs’d, and in a cursed hour he bies. Se he with difficulty and labour hard






God sitting on his throne sees Satan flying towards this world, then verly created; shews him to the Son who sat at'uis right hand foretels the success of Satan in perverting mankind; clears liis own justice and wisdom from all

imputation, having created Man free and able enough to bave withstood his tempter; yet declares his purpose of grace towards him, in regard he fell not of bis own walice, as did Satan, but by him seduced. The Son of God reb. ders praises to his Fathe: fur the manifestation of lois gracions purpose towards Map; but God again declares, that grace cannot be extended towards Man without the satisfaction of divine justice ; Man hath ofseuded the majesty of God by aspiring to Godhead, and therefore with all bis progeny devoted to death must die, unless some one can be found sufficient to answer for his oftence, and undergo his punishment. The Son of God freely offers himself a ransom for Mau: the Father accepts him, ordains his iucarnation, pronouvces his exaltation above all names in Heaveu and „Earth; commands all the Angels to adore him; they obey, and hymning to their hups in full quire, celebrate the Father and the Son. Mean while Satan aliyhts upou the bare convex of this world's outermost ob; where wandering he first finds a place, since called the Limbo of Vanity; what persons and things fly up thither; thence comes to the gate of Heaven, described ascending by stairs, and the waters above the firmament that flow about it. His passage thence to the orb of the Sun: he tinds there Uriel the regent of that orb, but first changes himself into the shape of a meaner Angel; and pretending a zealous desire to behold the new crcation, and Man whom God had placed bere, inquires of him the place of bis habitation, and is directed; alights srst ou Mount Niphates.

Hail, hoły Light, offspring of Heav'n first Nightly Lvisit: nor sometimes forget born,

Those other two equall'd with me in fate, Or of th' Eternal coeternal beam

So were I equal?d with them in renowo, Play I express thee unblam'd? Since God is i Blind Thamyris and blind Mæonides, light,

And Tiresias and Phiveus prophets old: And never but in unapproached light

Theu feed on thougbts that voluntary move Duelt from eternity, dwelt then in thee, Harmonious numbers ; as the wakeful bird Bright effluence of bright ossence increate. Sings darkling, and in shadiest covert hid Or hear'st thou rather pure ethereal stream, Tunes her vocturnal note. Thus with the Whose fountain who shall tell? Before the sun,

year Before the Hear'ns thou wert, and at the voice Seasons return, but not to me returns Of God, as with a mantle didst invest

Day, or the sweet approach of ev'n or mora, The rising world of waters dark and deep, Or sight of vernal bloom, or summer's rose, Won from the void and formless infinite.

Or flocks, or berds, or human face divine; Thee I re-visit now with bolder wing,

But cloud instead, and ever-daring dark Escap'd the Stygian pool, though long des Surrounds me, from the cheerful ways of men tain'd

Cut off, and for the book of Knowledge fair Jo that obscure sojourn, while in my flight

Presented with an universal blank Through utter and through middle darkness Of Nature's works to me expung'd and ras'd borne

And wisdom at one entrance quite shut out. With other notes than to th’Orphean lyre So much the rather thou celestial Ligbt, I sung of Chaos and eternal Night,

Shine inward, and the mind through all her Taught by the heav'nly Muse to venture down

powers The dark descent, and up to re-ascend,

Irradiate, there plant eyes, all mist from Though hard and rare : theo 1 revisit safe,

thence Aud feel thy sov'reign vital lamp; but thou

Purge and disperse, that I may see and tell Revisit'st not these eyes, that roll in vain Of things invisible to mortal sight. To find thy piercing ray, and find no dawn; Now had the almighty Father from above, So thick a drop serene hath quench'd their From the pure empyréan where he sits orbs,

High throu'd above all beight, beat down his Or dim suffusion veil'd. Yet not the more

eye, Cease I to wander where the Muses haunt His own works and their works at once to Clear spring, or shady grove, or sunny bill,

view: Smit with the love of sacred song; but chief About him all the sanctities of Heav'n Thee, Sion, and the flow'ry brooks beneath, Stood thick as stars, and from his sight re. That wash thy hallow'd feet, and warbling flow,


for so

Beatitude past utterance; on bis right Of high foreknowledge; they themselves deThe radiant image of his glory sat,

creed His only Son; ou earth he first beheld

Tacir own revolt, not i; if I foreknew Our two first Parents, yet the only two

Foreknowledge had no iníluence on their fault, Of mankind, in the happy garden plac'd, Which had no less prov'd certain uuforeReaping immortal fruits of joy and love,

known. Uninterrupted joy, unrivald lore,

So vilivut least impulse or shadow of fate, In blissful solitude; he then survey'd

Or ought by me immutably foreseeni, Hell and the gulf between, oud Satan there They trespass, authors to themselves in all Coasting the wall of Ileav'u on this side Night Buth what they judge and what they chuse; In the dun air sublime, and ready now To stoop with wearied wings and willing feet I formid them free, and free they must remain On the bare outside of this world, that seemd l Till they in thrall themselves; I else must Firm land imbosom’d, without firmament,

change Uncertain which, in ocean or in air.

Their nature, and revoke the high decree Him God beholding from his prospect high, l'uchangeable, eternal, which ordain'd Wherein past, present, future, he bebolds, Their freedom, they themselves ordaind their Tbus lo his only Son foresceing spake:

fall. Only begotten Son, seest thou what rage The first sort by their own suggestion fell, Transports our adversary? whom no bounds Self-tempted, self.depravd: Man falls, dePrescrib'd, no bars of Hell, nor all the chains


(grace, Heap'd on bim there, nor yet the main abyss' By th’ other first: Mau, therefore, shall find Wide interrupt can hold; so bent he seems The other none : in mercy and justice both, On desperate revenge, that shall redound Through Heav'n and Earth, so shall my glory Upon bis own rebellious lead. And now

excel, Through all restraint broke loose be wings bis But mercy first and last shall brightest shine. way

Thus, while God spake, ambrosial fragrance Not far off Heav'n, in the precincts of light,

fill'd Directly tow'rds the new created world, All Heav'n, and in the blessed spirits elect And man there plac'd, with purpose to assay Sense of new joy ineffable difius'd: If him by force he can destroy, or worse, Beyond compare the Son of God was seen By some false guile pervert ; and shall per Most glorious; in him all his Father shone vert,

Substantially express'd; and in his face For Man will hearken to his glozing lies, Divine compassiou visibly appear'd, And easily transgress the sole command, Love without end, and without measure Sole pledge of his obedience : so will fall,

grace, He and his faithless progeny : Whose fault? Which uttering thus he to his father spake: Whose but bis own? Ingrate, he had of me O Father! gracious was that word wbich All be could have; I wade him just and right,


(grace; Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall. Thy sov'reign sentence, that Man should find Such I created all th' eternal powers

For which both Heav'n and Earth shall high And spirits, both them who stood and them

extol who fail'd;

Thy praises, with th' innumerable sound Freely they stood who stood, and fell w!ho fell. Of hymns and sacred songs, wherewith thy Not free, what proof could they have giv’o

throne sincere

Incompass'd shall resound thee ever blest. Of true allegiance, constant faith or love, For should Man finally be lost, should Man, Where only what they needs must do appear’d, Thy creature late so lov'd, thy youngest son, Not what they would? what praise could they Fall circumvented thus by fraud, though receive?

join'd What pleasure I from such obedience paid, With his own folly? that be from thee far, When will and reason (reason also is choice) That far be from thee, Father, who art judge Useless and vaiv, of freedom both despoil'd, Of all things made, and judgest only right. Made passive both, had serv'd Necessity, Or shall the Adversary thus obtain Not me? They, therefore, as to right belong'd, His end, and frustrate thine shall be fulfil So were created, nor can justly accuse His malice, and thy goodness bring to nought, Tbeir Maker, or their making, or their fate, Or proud return, though to his heavier doom, As if predestination over-rul'd

Yet with revenge accomplish'd, and to Hell Their will, dispos'd by absolute decree Draw after hina the whole race of Mankind,

By him corrupted? or wilt thou thyself Which of ye will be mortal to redeem
Abolish thy creation, and unmake

Mau's mortal crime, and just th? unjust to For him, what for thy glory thou hast made ?

save? So should thy guoduess and thy greatness | Dwells in all Heaven charity so dear? both

[feuce. He ask'd, but all the hcav'oly quire stood Be question’d and blasphem'd without de

mute, To whom the Creator thus reply'd :

And sileuce was in Heav'o : on Mau's behalf O Son, in whom my soul hath chief delight,

Patron or intercessor none appear’d, Son of my bosom, Son who art alone

Much less that durst upon his owu bead draw My word, my wisdom, and effectual might, The deadly forfeiture, and ransom set. All hast tbou spoken as nıy thoughts are, all And now without redemption all Mankind As my eternal purpose hath decreed:

Must have been lost, adjudg'd to Death and Man shall not quite be lost, but sav'd who

Hell will

By doom severe, had not the Son of God, Yet not of will in him, but grace in me Tu whom the fulness dwells of love divine, Freely vouchsaf'd; once more I will renew His dearest meditation thus renew'd. His lapsed puwers, though forfeit and in

Father, thy word is past, Man shall find tbrail'd


[way, By sin to foul exorbitant desire;

And shall Grace not find means, that finds her Upheld by me, yet once more he shall stand

The speediest of the winged messengers, On even ground against his mortal fue,

To visit all thy creatures, and to all By me upheld, that he may know how frail

Comes voprevented, unimplor’d, upsought? His fall'n coudition is, and to me one

Happy for Man, so coming; he her aid All his deliverance, and to none but me.

Can never seek, ouce dead io sius and lost; Some I have chosen of peculiar grace

Atonement for himself or offering neet, Elect above the rest; so is my will:

Indebted aud undone, hath none to bring : The rest shall hear ine call, and oft be warn'd Behold me then; me for him, life for life Their siuful state, and to appease

hetimes I ofier; on me let thine anger fall; Th’incensed Deity, while offer'd grace Account me Man; I for his sake will leare Luvites ; for I will clear their senses dark Thy bosom, and this glory next to thee Whit may suffice, anu soften stony hearts Freely put off, and for him lastly die To pray, repent, and bring obedience due.

Well pleas'd; ou me let Deatlı wreck all his To prayr, repentance, and obedience due,

rage ; Though but endeavour'd with sincere intent, Under bis gloomy power I shall not long Mine ears shall not be slow, inine eyes not Lie vanquish'd; thou hast giv’n me to pos

shut. And I will place within them as a guide, Life in myself for ever; for thee I live, My umpire Conscience, whom if they will. Though now to Death I yield, and am his due hear,

All that of me can die, yet that debt paid, Light after light well ns'd they shall attain, Thou wilt not leave me in the loathsome Aud to the end persisting, safe arrive.

grave This my long suffʻrance and my days of grace, His prey, nor suffer my unspotted soul They who neglect and scoro, shall never For ever with corruptiou there to dwell; taste;

But I sbali rise victorious, and subduc But hard be harden'd, blind be blinded more, My vanquisher, spoild of bis vaunted spoil; That they may stumble on, and deeper fall; Death his death's wound shall then receive, And none but such from mercy I exclude.

and stoop But yet all is not done; Mav disobeying, Inglorious of bis mortal sting disarm'd. Disloyal breaks his fealty, and sins

I througb the ample air, in triumpb bigh, A sajust toe bigh supremacy of Heav'n, Shall lead Hell captive maugre Hell, and Affecting Godhead, and so losing all,


(the sight To expiale bis treason hath nothing left, The powers of darkness bound. Thou, at But to destruction, sacred and devote,

Pleas'd, out of Heav'n shalt look down and He with his whole posterity must die;

smile, Die he or Justice must; uoless for biin While by thee rais'd I ruin all my foes, Some other able, and as willing, pay

Death last, and with his carcase glut the The rigid satisfaction, death for death.

grave: Say, beav'nly Pow'rs, where shall we find such Then with the multitude of my redeemid Jove?

Sball enter Heav'n long absent, and retura


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