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PERSIAN LETTERS.

No. VI.

FROM YULEY CID SADI, ONE OF THE SECRETARIES TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE PERSIAN

AMBASSA D'OR IN LONDON, TO OSMAN CALI BEG, HIS FRIEND IN ISPAHAN.

Beloved friend of my youth, I have' private house; and a husband, as far as I received a packet of your letters in arswer can see, has vo fariber rights in his family, to those which I first se!it you, and shall than that of paying all iis experces. His now endeavour to answer your questions. wife (for the law allo:vs him but one, There wiil be some diíficulty, however in though lie may be rich enough to purchase so doing, as in conceiving those questions, a dozen) seis his authority at defiance an and the expression of them, you bave had | hundred times a day, and he has no remedy. an eve to institutions in Persia, with which It is lawful, indeed, for a man to chastise there is nothing analagous in those of this bis wife; but, as I am inforined, there is country. The sun of science and religion, no case in which he is allowed to order which has for 30 many centuries enlighten- her to be strangled. The law, indeed, ed !'ersia and rendered it a worthy abode will sometimes do it for him; for example, of the true religion, has not yet reached where ihe woman has murdered him. But this land of Infidels; with the exception adultery is only a civil injury, as it is call. of the mechanic arts, and the arts of eating ed. The woman is valued at so much, and drinking (what they term cookery), i and the adulterer pays it, and takes his they are still barbarians.

purchase. The woman receives no manWith respect to your first question, as ner of punishment; she has not even her to the nobles,-the nobles of his land are arms lopt off, which, as you know is the very different from those in Persia; it is a punishment amongst us for the women principle in Persia, that the nobles are who only lift up their veils in a public rays of the majesty of the throne, and that street. in their own person they should represent

The nobles, morcover, lave as little to in an inferior degree only, the character distinguish them when they walk or ride of the Prince. Hence they are, in their out, as in their houses; no one prostrates respective circles, as absolute, as mighty, themselves before them; they are pushed as sovereign, and as princely as the Sultan about the streets as if they were so many himself; their servants wear their heads i water-carriers. Though I am a Mussul. only at the pleasure of their master, and the man, and an Ambassador, and therefore house, under this salutary au hority, is as even in the eyes of the laws of England, well administered as the kingdom. Happy | the greatest man in the kingdom, next to kingdom ! where every master of a family \ their own Sovereign and the Princes of is indeed master of his family; where a blood, yet if I were to demand the head of seditious wife or a rebellious child may an Englishman who offended me, who be decapitated or hanged; where justice | happened to laugh at my beard, or be in preserves peace, and all are obedient un. my way, it would not be granted to me. der the authority of the master,

This is a piece of the barbarism of the It is not so in England. The women country. set up a claim to equality with the men, In Persia, if an English Ambassador and in the best houses they are too power were to demand the heads of a dozen Perful. I have myself seen a woman rebelsians, they would be sent to him in a against her husband; I have seen a servant hamper, as if they were so many turnips. seditious against his master, and instead of But in this country the law is without via losing his head lose only his livery. There | gour and the men without beards; the is law enough in the state, but none in the wonnen govern the house, and none even No. VI.-Vol. I..N.S.

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know how to sit right but the taylors; I, extinguish a feud in his bia'em, decapitated have seen no correct resemblance of a one wife and three slaves, and slit thie Persian levee but a taylor's shop-board, || tongues of three other viies. A few er there every one sits at his ease, and in all || amples of this kind would be of infinite ose his natural and unrestiajued dignity. amongst this people, but as I have before , I have been to see a spectacle which told you, the law is unluckily in the way. they call “ Blue Beard;" it is the only natural drama in the country, and when I From London, the city of Infidels, saw Blue Beard, I thought I saw my father, in the Month denominated way." he ordered off' the heads of his wives wiib true Persian dignity; and remembered me

(To be continued ] of your illustrious grandfather, who, to

THE HISTORY OF THE OLDCASTLE FAMILY.

AN ORIGINAL NOVEL.

(Continued froin Page 224.)

coft was not till after some intervall form me that he was a clergyman in the that I at length procured an explanation neighbourhood of my father, and had befrom the agitated Mirabel. He at length come acquainted with him since my elopeinformed me, that he had returned to Ilie ment. — The consequences of your error theatre indignant at the treatment he had have been fatal indeed; in the apathy of met with, and imagining that a young man despair, your father neglected his conin the uniform of a Lieutenant of the navy cerns, and bis affairs have all hastened to regarded him with a look of insult, he had ruin. His small estate has been sold, and himself anticipated him by grossly affront. even this has been insufficient to discharge ing him. A challenge had ensued, they the debts which accrued from his neglect. had met, and the Lieutenant had fallen ; | He was this morning arrested, and thrown . nor is ibis all,' added he, alas, my Mary, || into prison.' this Lieutenant is your cousin William. “Tell, tell me, exclaimed I, where I It was bis own proposal that we should || shall fly to his relief.' maintain our ground till one of us fell. My

“It is too late,' replied the stranger, aim has been too sure.'

'your father is beyond all human help. “ It was too late, however, to endeavour || He is dead; yes, I must conceal nothing, · to escape the consequences, the police was he has died of a broken heart under its alarıned, and Mirabel was arrested as we

other name of an apoplexy.' were getting into a post-chaise for Dover. “I will vot attempt to describe the effect As the sessions were at hand, his trial was

of this intelligence. expected to come on in a few days.

“ I passionately, however, justified my. “ In this interval, I was one day inform | self as being married to Mirabel. ed by my servant that a gentleman waited “You are in error, there,'said the stran. below to speak with me. Imagining that | ger; 'your father bad heard something of it inight be some person from Mirabel, I | the report of a private marriage, I called obeyed the summons. I found the gentle. on Sir Harry to enquire into the truth; he nian, however, to be a perfect stranger. || treated me with haughty iosolence, denied He demanded of me if my name was Mary || the marriage, and defied us to produce our Saunders, and if I was the daughter of the witnesses.-In a word, your father was senfarmer of that name, at Teignmouth in | sible a few moments before his death, and Devonshire. I replyed in the affirmative. || addressed himself to me as a dying man. I • Then,' said he, have I to discharge a bear you his forgiveness -I am engaged to mournful taski'-He the proceeded to in- Il discover to you your situation. Mirabel is

one of the worst of libertines.-Read and | Dowager of high quality, who contrived be convinced.'

to supply the scantiness of her dower by “With these words he pu: a newspaper asserting the privileges of her peerage; into my hands, and direcied my attention ber house was litile less than a ge!eral rento some passages. The name of Sirabel dezvous of the most distinguished games, collected all my faculties. In the same Iers of the town; her splendour was suppaper, and same column, was his trial and ported by the subscription purse of her acquittal in the atiair of the duel, and an

guests. o:ber in which he was cast in diuinages of The rooms were all splendidly illunsivat. seven thousand pounds for the seduction | cd, and the admiration of Agries was not cita married woman, the wife of one of his unjust. T'he crowd was inmense, it was friends. I know not what supplied me with i rather the concourse of spectators to a sirength to endure this shock of miery | public spectacle, than an assemblage of without at once sinking under it. But the friends. Agnes looked around her in wo:cup of bitterness was not yet full.

der. She had never before seen such a “I passed the whole of the night in an profusion of magnificence.—Bronze figures agony of grict which surpasses all desciip. | «Grecian vestas, ardEgyptian splinxes, tion, and even imagination. It was now supported indumerable lights, and though that the pernicious principles infused by The winter was now far advanced, the disthe authors I had perused, commenced play of fruits on the side-boards, and their fatal operation. I coolly and deliber. || flowers in the recesses, led the fancy back ately resolved on suicide as my last refuge; to the past-summer, and created a scene and so infatuated was I, that considering of fairy beauty. this ici ei'as sue, and beyond all human Mirabel had joined the Beachcroft party, power to wrest from me, I became in a

and Agnes was too cheerful to testify her degree consoled, and towards moruing had

repugnance, though she would have preeven some houss sieep.

ferred any other companiou. In their pro“I rose with this resolution; my situation || menades up and down the several rooms, was bat of au borrible apathy, a false | Sir George, Lady Beachcroft, and her tranquillity at which I tremble as I now re daugh:er insensibly disappeared, nor did cail it to my memory. Another stranger re Agnes miss them, till she found herself quested admittance to me upon business of left alone with Mirabel. She now hastened importance. Decided in my resolution, 1 from one apartment to another in search svas indiffe: ent to every thing, and ordered l of them, but her search was fruitless. him to be adınitted. After a long preface

Her attention was now attracted by a he entered upon his busi:ress, which was a scene of general confusion. The defiance proposal from Sir Harry of an annual ll of law, with which the Countess Shuffle. allowance, and all further connection 10 con had opened her house as a professed cease. He informed me that there was no subscrip:ion house, had several times wirnesses nor any entry in any public regis- uwakened the indignation of the police ter of our marriage, if such had taken | magist:ates, and a general coinmand had place, a:d that it was most to my interest been given to their officers to watch their to compound what I could not preveni. opportunity, and detect the gamesters in

“I dismissed, this gentleman with an their act. They had been several times answer that Mirabel should soon be satis repulsed by the porters and other hired fied that lie should find no opposition to assistants drawn up in array before the his designs from me. He was no sooner

doors, but had not succceded in a forced gone than I rushed from the house, and entry. The apartments were soon filled made the attempt froin which your hu. with constables, and every thing was in manity rescued me.”

confusion. It is now time to return to Agnes. Agnes requested Mirabel to seek her Accompanied by Lady Beachcroft and party. Mirabel apparently obeyed, but in family, she had attended the rout of the a moment returned.“ Sir George," said Countess Shufleton. This lady was ahe, “and the ladies are seeking you below,

permit me to lead you to them."-Agnes which has encreased in the same proporaccepted his arm, and bastened to the lower tion as it has become more hopeless. De apartments.

spair has reduced me to this act. Impute Neither Sir George nor any of his party it to my love and fear nothing." were there, “they are not gone, however," Indignation now inspired Agnes with said Mirabel; “for I see their carriage. courage to demand what he meant by an It will be the surest way to permit me to outrage of this nature. conduct you to it, as you can wait in it till “Nothing," replicd he, “but to bring they join you."

you nearer to myself by removing you Agnes had no objection to this apparent. || from all others. - Fear nothing, your ho. ly reasonable proposal. The carriage was pour will be respected as though you were at some distance.-Alarmed and bewilder. 1 in the house of your father. You will be ed, Agn's lastened forwards supported by

restrained in noihing but your liberty. the arm of Mirabel.

But I cannot tainely submit that the cox. There is nothing to fear," said he; comb Beachcroft, withi bis stiff morality, “though it is doubtless better to effect our shall prevail over me by the advantage of retreat, as the officers of the police have a opportunity." general warrant against all whom they

The chariot was already beyond the inay

find here, and therefore will make no streets of the metropolis, the night was distinction. They will seize the persons i dark, and rendered still more so by a thun. of those who may first fall in their way,

der storm which was fast-collecting. Agnes and our names may be thus rather dis saw that it was in vain to call for assistance. agrecably published."

She did not attempt it,-she resolved to “Alas, why did Sir George bring me to defer the attempt till they should reach such a place?" replied Agnies.

some house on the road. Her terror was “ Nay," added Mirabel, “no possible too great even to suffer her to siuk under blame can attach to Sir George, 'for this it. Wild, pale, and all the faculties of her unpleasant adventure; the Countess is mind suspended in the horror of cxpecvisited as much, and more, than other tation, Agnes sat motionless as a statue, women of quality. She supports herself whilst Mirabel continued to implore ber indeed, as many others in this town support | pardon, but was careful not to irrila:e her themselves by assisting the convenience of || by any further outrage. her friends. She has no enemies but the The chariot at length reached its first police, who have at length succeeded in in. stage. Agnes was preparing to solici: the terrupting the harmony of her meetings." interposition of the people of the inn, but

As he uttered these words, he stopped no one appeared but a boy who changed abruptly, and a servant opened the door the horses. Agnes now for the first moof a travelling chariot. Four horses were ment remembered the late hour ofane harnessed to it, and by the light of the night; the chariot moved on again at its lamps in front, Agnes saw a pistol in the former rapidity, and Agnes in despair of pocket of the door which was opened. She relief, appealed to the humanity and genc. started back in terror, seeing that it was rosity of Mirabel. not Sir George's carriage. Mirabel passing Mirabel could scarsely conceal a smile his arm around her waist raised her into as she uttered these words. He was not a the chariot, the servants hastily closed the man to be moved by the eloquence of indoor, and the postillions drove on at an

He contented himself with enunusual rate:

deavouring to console her by repearing his Agnes was rendered motionless by her || assurances that she had nothing to fear. terror and astonishment, and suffered in this manner passed another stage, and Mirabel to take her hand without resist- | they were now near forty miles from town. ance.-" Pardon me, sweetest Agnes," said The morning at length appeared, and þe, “that my despair has hurried me to | dicovered to Agnes that she had entered this excess. But I cannot live without you. an inclosed country, and was proceeding I have iu vain endeavoured to extinguish a by a road of which she was wholly ignorant; passion which preys upon my heart, and I They at lengih stopped to breakfast, Agnes

nocence.

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now re-o'ved not to leave the im with. I am not his sister, indeed, indeed I out informing the people of her forcible am not," exclaimed Agnes. abduction; she entered the room of the That

may be as it may," replied the ion, Mirabel followed lier.

landlady, " but I would advise you not 10 “ I know your intention," said he;" but be too hasty; marry in hasłe and repent in that you may not necdlessly expose your leisure," says the proverb, “and I say so seif, I will inform you that you efforts will 100. Here stand I, Deborah Wellcharge, be useless. The people of the inn are to be first husband was

young serjeant in given to understand that you are my sister, the Guards, I run away with biin as you and one of whom I am appointed the guar. might do, if your good brother had not dian, and that I have removed you thus prevented you, and a devil of a husband abrup:ly, that you might not elope with a did he prove to me sure enough, he eat libertine lover. If they doubt ry word, and drank up all the profiis of the inn. bere is the instrument scaled with the Phiee meals a day and a supper at night great seal of the Chancery, by which I am would not suit the young rogule

He died appointed guardian of your person." just in time to save me f om bankruptcy,-

Agnes ihrew her eyes upon it, and seeing beaven rest his soul, he was a bearty youth, that he had not spoken more than was Though he drank a galion as though it was true, began now to comprehend the dan. a half-pint." gerous plot, and gave herself up as lost.

Agnes saw it was in vain to persuade the You see, therefore,” continued he, | old woman against the truth of the fust " that all resistance is useless. As the story circulated by Mirabel's posuillions. gurdian of your person, I have the legal | She knew by former experience the obvight of removing you to whatever place 1 || stinacy of the vulgar. ay see occasion, or deem prudent. You

Mirabel returned to the room to resee that you are wholly in my power, but I

conduct her to the chario! before she am not ungenerous enough to abuse this

could make any further etforts. Taking poiver. As your guardian I disliked the

her hand with an air of incomparable as. visits of young Bellasis and others, and have executed my duty in thus removing | be, “ I love you too well 10 treat you with

surance,---" Fear nothing, my sister," said you."

rigour, I should not have resisted your in. These last words were uttered with some

clinations had l deemed their object thing between the çmile of raillery and worthy, but he is a wretch beyond your the sneer of triumph. Agnes was founded, and found herself involved in

co tempt." toils from which she sa's it impossible to

Agnes here was sufficiently recovered extricate hersell. She saw by the looks of from her first amazement to withdraw her the waiter and attendants that the postil

. || upon Mirabel

, “ The young lady,” said

hand indignantly; the landlady siniled lions had already published the story as feigned for the purpose by Mirabel; she || she, "- will soon know her friends, but concluded that all appeal would not only youth is one thing, and prudence another,

as my husband Jack used to say." be useless, buteven expose her to ridicule. So confident in his success was Mirabel

Agnes saw it was in vain to resist. She that he left her in the room whilst he pro. || permitted herself again, therefore, to be ceeded to order the borses, Agnes seized

led to the chariot, which again moved on the moment, and in an abrupt manner

with its former speed. endeavoured to excite the compassion of

The external respect of Mirabel still the landlady. The good woman listened continued, as if he wished in this manner to her in patience, and at length answered,

to compensate for his first outrage. Agnes " that she got her bread ly attending to alternately rented lier grief and indigna. her own and not to other people's busiwess, tion. Mirabel, however, was alike inthat Mirabel appeared a good gentleman, sensible to her tears, and her reproaches. and too good natured to ill treat a sister, Ile replied to them only by assuming an syen though she might deserve it." air of sorrow and humility, intreating her

con

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