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According to a calculation of M. Coquebert | vations another, consisting of several stories, Munthert, The French empire at present con was discovered. It is remarkable for baving tains the following population :-Inbabitants in one corner a pipe, or tuhe, of stucco, inwho speak the Frencla language, 23,126,000; tended for the conveyance of smoke. Tbis' the Germa0, 2,705,000; the Fiemish, 2,277,000; / discovery seems to set at rest a question loug the Breton, 967,000; the Biscayan, 108,000; 1) agitated by the learned, whether the ancients formning a total of 33,262,000.
were acquainted with the use of veuts, or The celebrated Russian traveller, M. Hen- | chimneys, for carrying off smoke. In the same denstrom, has paid a second visit to the coun. apartments were fouod several pieces of marble tries discovered to the north of Siberia, which land alabaster, valuable on account of the bassoare denominated in the best maps the country relievos and inscriptions with which they of Listickof, or Sannikof. He has found them are adorned. Their Majesties then proceeded to be only an island; but farther to the north to a triclinium, or diving apartment, recently this traveller discovered a country watered by discovered. The walls are decorated with considerable streams, wbich he thought form paintings in the best taste, representing fishes, ed part of the continent. He examined coasts birds, and game of all kinds. Here are three to the extent of 170 wersts, and found them couches of masonry, in perfect preservatiou, covered witb great trees, petribed and lying in upon which the ancients reclined during their heaps one upon another. The hills are formed meals, and near them is still to be seen a of scarcely uuy thing but slates, petrified wood, marble foot, which must have served to supand coal. This country he bas named New port the table. Siberia. In his researches there M. Henden A suciety for the education of the blind has strom has found the claws of a gigantic bird, | lately been established at Zurich, in Switzerwhich seems to have buionged to a species at land. Tbe present number of pupils is fifty z present unknown. These claws are described and what is singular, the head master, M. as being each a yard in length; the Yakuts have | Furke, is blind. He is described as an excel. assured him that in their bunting excursions | lent teacher and an ingenious wechanic. they have frequentiy met with skeletons and The calamities experienced at different times even feathers of this bird. This discovery can. l in Switzerland from the sudden rolling down not fail of proving interesting to naturalists, l of prodigious masses of rock and other comsince it strengthens the probability that toge ponent parts of mountains in the Grisons, ther with the mammoths, mastodontes, and have suggested to the government the proother quadrupeds now extinct, ibere existed | priety of employing M. Escher, a geologist of buib in the animal and vegetable kingdom | Zurich, to survey that country. He has acspecies of corresponding dimcosions, and in cordingly published the result of bis enquiries; all probability a world quite different from the from which it appears that the valley of Nolla, present.
near the village of Thusis, and the valley of In the month of October last a fresh search Plesner, Dear Coire, are threatened with the was made for antiquities in the ruins of the visitation of avalanches, unless measures of ancical Pompeji, by order of their Neapolitan precautivu be speedily adopted. Majesties. On this occasion the Chevalier A bumorous French writer, in describing Arditi, superintendant of the Royal Museum, the peculiarities of the English, tells a story of presented several pieces of ancient pitch, a a man who was going down the Bird.cage vessel full of wheat, a piece of coral, several | Walk, in St. James's Park, to drown bimself beautiful pintings, and a lamp of baked earth in the canal, but was stopped in his passage in the furm of a leaf, with a Latiu inscription. || by the sentinel, who refused to let him go on, This lamp was covered with a very five varnish though much intreated to do it. The other, or vitrificalion, which gave it a silvery or enraged at his disappointment, few into a pearly appearance. It seems therefore that passion, and exclaimed, that English liberty those authors are mistaken, who assert that was lost for ever? this vitrification was not invented till the An itinerant Jew having purchased a boulso tifteenth century by a Florentine sculptor with a piece of ground in the suburbs of WarTheir Majesties having expressed a desire to saw, while lately engaged in removing some have some of the ruins dug up in their pre-rubbish, discovered at the depth of three feet sence, the workinen had the good fortune to a truok covered with plates of iron, and which, fiod several pieces of money of various deno. on bursting open, was found to contain gold minatious; a number of bronzes, among which and silver coins to the amount of 14,000l. was a very fine vase and an urn for wine; some sterling. From particular circumstances it is articles formed of bones; a great quantity of supposed that the treasure was coucealed glusses of various shapes and sizes, and in par during the siege of Warsaw by the Russians ticular several vascs, improperly called Etrus. in 1796. can, with Latin inscriptions. They also dis A man and his wife were recently executed covered various works in marble, some comic at Augsburg for a murder, the discovery of Ipasks, a few small but elegant altars adorned which, after a long lapse of time, strongly mawith basso-relievos, and weights marked on nifests the impossibility of eluding the allthe upper side with cyphers. Hitherto only a seeing eye of Providence. The criminal, whose single subterraneous babitation, erroveously name was Wincze, was originally of Nurendenominated a cautino, but which ought ra burg, but removed to Augsburg in 1788, where ther to have been manied crypte portico, bad he followed the law. In tbis city he became brou found at l'ompeji; in the recent exca intimate in the family of M. Gleg, to whose
daughter be paid bis addresses; but the old! The same gentleman also observes, that the
large sword-fish had struck us, which was
latitude; and 166. 35. East longitude: they vented by the beat produced during the time are seven in number, and the largest contains of beiling, which considerably dilates the ais a fine barbour, in which an abundance of fish, that comes in contact with the copper. It fol. fowl, wood, and water, cau be easily procured. lows that the accidents which sometimes at This to ships employed in the southern fishery, tend the use of copper vessels are occasione in so remote a region, is of great benefit; and by suffering liquids to cool in them, during perhaps other advantages may be derived from which time the air has access to the surface thenu by a commercial country like England, of the copper. Hence also our housewives Captain Bristow bas named Dioun “Lord will perceive the reason why cleanliness is Auckland's Group.”. their security when their culinary vessels be An eminent Apothecary in the vicinity of come partly uptinned by a continued use. inis metropolis, has lately recomnended, as
The Rev. Jaines Hall bas lately been en an effectual cure for the Tooth-ache, the gaged in experiments for procuring Max froni following remedy which he has been in the broom. This is effected by the following babit of using for many years, and out of the process :- Sleep the former year's branches, 1 number of cases, eight-tenths bave succeeded, preferring the most vigorous shoots, for two viz. to take three table spoonfuls of brandy, or three weeks, more or less according to the adding to it one drachm of camphire, with heat of the season, in stagnant water, or boil thirty or forty drops of laudavom, and then thema in water for an hour. On this the flax dropping a little on some lint, and applying separates freely from the twigs; and where it to the tooth affected, keeping the lint there is not machinery for the purpose, it may
moistened for tive minutes only ou the tooth be stripped off ' by children or other persons,
aud gum. when not quite dry, as hemp is pulled from Mr.J baving attended an javitation to the stalks. What adds to the value of this breahfast, with another barrister, not less emi. discovery is, that on being cleared of the flux, || nent for economy than for legal knowledge, and steeped for some time in boiling water, the two reneers of dry toast were presented on a tuigs or wood become tough and beautifully silver rack, accompanied by iwo priuts of while, and are worth, at a medium, fruni á huiter, each mot larger than a half crown billing to eighteenpence per pound, for mak- || piece. The witty advocate, mounting his ing carpet brooms and other purposes. When spectacles, began to explore the plate which stripped from the twigs the flax only requires || heid the butter. His host exclaimca, with to be well wasbed in cold water, thieu wrong some surprize, “What the dare you at and shaken well, and lung out to dry previ bith your spectacles !"-Mr., in answes, ously to its being sent to the paper manufac-suid, “ l'hy, my friend, I am always obliged turers, &c. Professor Davy has bleached some to use spectacles in perusing small prints.” of it for Mr. Hall, who has also seen it spul.
INCIDENTS OCCURRING IN AND NEAR LONDON, INTERESTING MARRIAGES, &c.
A LETTER having been addressed hy Sir pel force br force. Here the conversation ended, Francis Burdeit to his constituents, contesting the and Mr. Colman withdrew. right assumed by the House of Commons to im On Friday evening the crowd about the Tower prison persuns deemed guilty of violating their
was particularly great. As soon as possible after privileges; this publication was denounced to the vote of the House, orders were seut to the the House by Mr. Lethbridge as a high breach of Tower for Earl Moira to direct the necessary pre. the saine, and after an adjourned debate it was parations to be made for the reception of a Mein. voted, on the night of Thursday, 5th April, that ber of the House of Commons. It is usual when the author should be cominitted to the Tower. a state prisoner is sent there, to plant artillery Such a measure, it was natural to expect from the opposite to and commanding the principal gate, popularity of the Member for Westminster, could and to let the water into the ditches; this was not be carried without some disturbance.
done. About ten o'clock the populace began to A considerable crowd remained in the avenues assemble in great numbers at ihe Tower, antici. to the House during the wbole of the night, and pating the approach of Sir Francis Burdert. shouts of “ Burdett for ever,” together with occa five o'clock a dragoon arrived with an express to sional hisses and groans, were uttered as the Lord Moira ; and about six his Lordship went Meinbers were returning to and froin the House. 2way. In the neon time the crowd had increased On Friday morning, as soon as the decision was amazingly in Piccadilly; they filled the whole of known, upwards of two thousand persons :issem the street, and every carriage and waggon was bled in Piccadilly, near the Baronet's house, who | stopped till the persons in them cried out“ Bure continued there during the whole of the day, cal. dett for ever.” Towards evening the crowd inling out “ Burdett for ever!" and compelling the creased, and proceeded to the houses of those ob coochmen who passed to pull off their hats and noxious to them; to Mr. Yorke's, in Charles. receive placards into their carriages. Placards / street, where they smashed every pane of glass, were posted up in the course of the duy in all parts broke some of the window-frames and shutters, of Westminster, stating, that a requisition was and covered the house with mnd. From this the signing, for the purpose of calling a meeting of mob went to Lord Chatham's in Hill-street, where the Electors of Viestininster, to consider what they broke all the parlour windows, those above steps they should take in consequence of the House | being protected by Venetian blinds outside, then of Commons having deprived them of one of their to Grosvenor-square, where they demolished the Representatives. No other symptoms of riot ar windows of the Duke of Montrose, of Lord Veste peared during Friday, but towards night a con moreland, and of another person's house ; in Up. siderable disposition to violence was manifested. per Grosvenor-street they smashed in the whole A mob paraded about the streets in the neighbours front of Sir Robert Pecle's house, and likewise the hood of Piccadilly, directing the inhabitants to windows of the Marquis Wellesley, Lord Castleilluminate their houses under the penalty of hap. reaghi, and Sir John Anstrutber, were completely ing their windows broken; a party of them went
destroyed. Meanwhile Gorerument had been in search of Mr. Lethbridge to Berkley-square, taking precautions. The Horse Guards had been where that gentleman formerly resided, and from ordered to be in readiness; the ditlerent corps thence directed their course io St. James's. In of Volunteers were also called to quarters. After the eastern part of the town a considerable crowd baving vented their rage on the houses we have assembled in the neighbourhood of the Tower
enumerated, they proceeded again 10 St James's. waiting for the appearance of Sir Francis Burdett. I square, and attacked Lord Dartmonth's; they The warrant was sigued by the Speaker soon after next proceeded to Mr. Perceval's, in Downingthe vote of the House had passed, and given to street, and began demolishing the windows. The Mr. Colman, the Sergeant at Arms, to exccute. Horse Guards, lowever, arriving, soon cleared Mr. Jones Burdett, who remained in the vicinity the street. Patroles of horse were in the nican of the House of Commons throughout the night, time scouring the streets; the mob, however, proceeded to Wimbledon in the morning, to ap confined themselves to breaking windows, and prize bis brother of the result of the debate. Sir Jiuzzaing “ Burdett for ever." Francis arrived in town about one o'clock, where On Saturday Mr. Colman, accompanied by two he received a note from the Serjeant at Arms, in messengers, waited on the Ilon. Baronet, and enforming him of the order of the House for his deavoured to prevail on him by remonstrances committal, and requesting to know when he should and threats to accompany him to the Tower, in wait upon him with the Speaker's warrant, for obedience to the Speaker's warrant; but Sir the purpose of accompanying him to the Tower. Francis persisted in his refusal. The Serjeant Sir Francis, however, had not been many minutes then observed,-“ Sir you must be aware that I at his house, when Mr. Colman entered, and he have two persons waiting below who are prepared was informed that the Honourable Baronet would to take von away by force.”—“Then Sir," replied be at leisure to speak with him about twelve the Baronet, “ I have four persons waiting above, o'clock next day. Upon this Mr. Colman de who are ready to resist them by force.” The Ser: ported; but about six o'clock in the evening be jeant and inessengers then went away. again called, and stating to Sir Francis Burdett About eleven o'clock on Saturday night the that he had the Speaker's order to execute the populace attacked the military with stones and warrant forthwith, the Honourable Baronet re brickbats; several of whoin, we are sorry to state, plied, that he would not go with bim, Mr. Col were so dreadfully cut and bruised in the face, as man urged the authority of his warrant, and that to be obliged to return to their quarters; and an he was entitled, if he thougbt proper, to call in officer was shot in the jaw. The military were aid for its enforcement. Sir Francis denied the then under the necessity of dispersing the mob, authority of such an instrument, alledging his which had collected in every court and evenue in right to call in aid if he thought proper to resist Piccadilly, especially in Derby-court, where the its execution, and expressed his resolution to re soldiers galloped thirough, tiring several pistol
shots. One young man was carried on a bier to make as much resistance as possible, the Serjeant the hospital, severely wounded, and is since dead. at Arms consulter the Law Officers of the Crown About a dozen others were brought to a chemist's || for legal advice, whether he might use force for shop, in the neighbourhood, to have their wounds carrying the warmnt into effect. His Majesty's dressed.
Attorney and Solicitor-General gave their opiSir Francis Burdett, in the course of Saturday, Inions, that the use of force was justitiable. The wrote the following letter to the Sheritl's :- Serjennt then applied to the Secretary of Stato
GENTLEMEN,,In furtherance of an attempt for the Home Departinent, to have the warrant to deprive me of my liberty, under the authority backed by bis authority, and to have the aid of of an instrument which I know to be illegut, viz. a military force. The former was refused, as uu. a warraut by the Speaker of the House of Com- | necessary; the latter readily granted. mous, my house is ai this moment beset by a mili- Accordingly, a little before eleven o'clock, the tary force. As I am determined never to yield a Serjeant at Arms, accompanied by messengers, yoluntary obedience to an act contrary to the law, | police officers, and a large military force, proI am resolved to resist the execution of such a ceeded to Sir Francis's bouse. There was but a warrant by all the legal means in iny power,
aud small assemblage of people, and a strong body of as you are the constitutional Officers appointed horse kept the streei clear on each side of the to protect the inhabitants of your bailliwick from house. The first attempt was made on the first violence and oppression, from whatever quarter toor widow, but it failed. The officers next they may come,' I make this requisition to you, descended into the area, and tried the door, but it Gentlemen, to furnish me with your aid, with was so well barricadoéd that it resisted every which the laws have provided you, either by call. etfort to force it. They then stove in one of this ing out the Posse Comitatus, or such other as the kitchen windows, by ineans of irou crows. One case and circumstances may require. It is for of the officers entered and opened the area gate you to consider how far you may be liable, should from within side. They rushed up stairs to the 1, by any unlawful force, acting under an un- drawing-room, Mr.Colman, the Serjeantat Arms, lawful authority, be taken from my house.- | having joined ihem. On entering ihe room, Mr. I have the honour to be, yours, &c.
Colman said, «' FRANCIS BURDETT." “Sir Francis, you are my prisoner.". On Sunday, at twelve o'clock, iu consequence Sir Francis. By what right, Sir, have of the above letter, Sheriff's Atkins and Wood ap- you forced an entrance into my house, in viola prared at the Baronet's house, attended by the tion of the laws of the land? Posse Comitatus. On taking their places, they THE SERJEANT. Sir Francis, I am required addressed the Officer commanding the Horse to arrest you under the authority of this war. Guards on duty in the street, and informed him of the purpose of their coming. The Officer Sir Francis. Sir, I again ask you to exhibit then immediately directed the troops under his to me the law that authorized you to break into command to divide, and take a position of about my house? five hundred yards on either side of the louse. At THE SERJEANT. My authority is in my hand. two o'clock an immense motley crowd had col- || It is a warrant signed by the Speaker of the House lected; some with purple ribbons in their hats, | of Commons. others with purple tags hoisted on the ends of Sir FRANCIS. Sir, I tell you, that warrant I their sticks; every carriage that passed was know to be illegal. It does not justify you in seobliged to do homage, the servants compelled to curing my person in the open street, much less in take off their hats, cheer, and cry out, “Burdert breaking open my house. for ever!". At five o'clock, the Horse Guards THE SERJEANT. I am justified in believing dispersed the crowd. At nine o'clock four pieces the warrant of the Speaker, authorized by a vote of artillery were brought into St.James's, Berkley, 1 of the Commons, to be a legal instrument, and and Grosvenor-squares, and the horse were in I require you to surrender yourself to me in notion in the streets.
virtue of it. The mob increased at eleven o'clock, and the Sir Francis. Sir, do you demand me in the cavalry drove them along Piccadilly to near the name of the King? In that case I am prepared Haymarket. The populace then obtained a lad- to obey. der from a house that is under repair, and placed THE SERJEANT. No, Sir; I repeat that I it across Piccadilly. By this maneuvre the mili- || demand you in the name and by the authority of tary were stopped in their direct progress, but the Commons of England. they immediately took a circuitous route and Sir FRANCIS. Sir, I deny that they have the came upon the mob through Windmill-street. In power, and I desire you to take notice, ihat I con. the inean time the infantry came up, and their | sider the law of the land as violated in my person, pioneers broke the ladder to pieces. Asharp con- and that I am taken from my house by an unlawful jest then took place, but no person was seriously il force. hurt. The populace again dispersed.
The Serjeant and messengers, and constables, Monday the groupes began to assemble early took Sir Francis into custody, and upon a signal in the morning near 'Sir Francis's honse. Several | being given, a glass-coach approached the streetbad blue cockades and large sticks in their || door, and the cavalry made the greatest haste to hands. Shoutings were heard of “ Burdett for surround the coach, to the number of several hun. ever.” The Light Horse proceeded to Piccadilly dreds. Sir Francis was put in first, and was fol. with muskets only.
lowed by the Serjeant at Arms and another of. During this time the Cabinet and Privy Coun- | ficer. Mr. Roger O'Connor attempted to follow cil had met, the opinion of the Law Officers of him, but was prevented by the officers. the Crown had been taken ; and orders had been The coach, escorted by the cavalry, set off at a transmitted from the War-Office, in every direc- | quick rate, np Albemarle-street, across Bond. tion, for every regiment within one hundred street, through Conduit-street 'and Hanover. miles of London to march to the metropolis | square, for the New-Road, in order to avoid forthwith.
passing the main streets. When it had been ascertained that Sir Francis The military force was augmented in its prodid not morn to susredder voluntarily, but to Igress by parties of dragoons, which bad boer
stationed at different parts of the New-Road, the artillery-men were seen on the ramparts with
The Tower gates were in the mean- daughter of the late William Wood, Esq.of Chur
DIED--. On the ninth day, ing conveyed the Baronet to the Tower, prepared After being contined will her third child, to return.' But scarcely had the troops put them- The 5th day of October last, in the 27th selves iu motion, when the crowd began to loot,
'Year of her age, hiss, and pelt them. After some time the cavalry
Mrs. John Lochhart Barnard, turned upon the crowl, and began to fire with Of Albany Ilouse, Clapton, Middlesex. pistols. The passage through Crutched-friars, The virtues of this most excellent Lady, Fenchurch-streel, und Gracechurch-street, was á Whose Seminary was honoured by the patronage continued scene of confusion and alarm. Au old Of her Royal Higliness the Duchess of York, man, employed at a building in Tower-street, May be comprised in very few words:was shot, standing by the door of Mr. Evans, in Patient and meek, life's thorny path she trud, Jolin-street. One man, who had received a ball
And plac'd her sole reliance upon Gud. through lis throat, endeavoured to get admittance At his seat, near Teddingtoni, James Stopford, at a spirit-shop, but the door was shut against | Furl of Courtown. His Lordship was in bis zsth him, which so exasperated the mob that they forced year, and is succeeded in his estites and titles by the door open, ami broke all the windows it the his eldest son, Viscount Stopiord, Member for corner of Hark-lane several were wounded with
Marlborough-In Upper Wimpole-street, in the sabres and pisto's. One man bad bis ear cut off, il 79th year of ber agę, ile Right lion. Lady Charanother wus wounded in the breast, and a third lotte il entworth, the oily surviving sister of the was shot through the wrist. The balls passed late Marquis of Rockingham, and aunt to the prethrough the shop windows of several tradesinen in sent Larl Fitzwilliam.-lu George-street, Porto the streets before enumerated. A poor man, hard man-square, Mirs. Spelle, wife of l. Spelle, Esq. pressed by the multitude,sought refuge in the shop | President of the Board of Trade, Calcutta.- it OLMr Goodeve, the corner of Mincing-lune, where i Hackney, aged 90, the Rev. Jolin Kiddell.-la he received a shot through the lett breusi, und, 1 Sackville-street, Captain Charles Drummond, by falling, a severe confusion on the back of his late Commander of the Glitton East Indiamau, head. lle wies afterwards carried in a chair to St. aged 57:-). Gloucester-place, Mrs. Vangben Bartholomew's Hospital, Many wounded personas relict of Richard Vaughan, Esq. formerly of were carried in coaches to diferent bospitals. Golden Grove, Carmarthenshire." By her death Throughout all the route of the military the al property of about eight hundred pounds per streets were crowded beyond description. At annun devolve's to Lord Cawdori-10 Portmana one o'clock, Mr. Keid, the magistrare, irrived at
street, Lady Lanyłam, relict of Sir James Lauga the Tower, persuaded the people to disperse, and ham, Bart.--In George-street, Hanover-square, also reizeci che Rivi Act, in consequence of which Viscountess Carleton.- Lady Elizabeth Villiers, the muda algest oil towards the west. There re- sister of the Earl of Jersey-iu Queen don. unurd, however, many detached bodies, who Il street West, agel 52, William Suued Tracing buoted the soldiers on the batteries. Every eni-' 15.-In Berkely-square, Mrs. Raikes, wite of Dressure in the Tower hid sild mounted, and | Thomas Ruikes, É.4