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in suffering, yet. I hope I shall give be preserved her. Become acquainted by deemed too enthusiastic, if I say, that each some accident, perhaps by the conduct is to be so far received as a blessing, that 'of the women, with the nature of the house, the heaviest affliction being once acknow- and her situation, she had escaped unperbedged to be imposed as a trial of virtue, ceived, though at the risk of her life. we must, considering it as an opportunity il “ The window by which Lucilia had of improvement to our minds, as far as is escaped opened upon an alley; slie had no posible, be ihankful for it, even under the suoner gained the grouud, than with that pressure of grief, of disappointment, or in strength which terror sometimes gives, she the tortures of bodily pain. If in these betook herself to flight. She was soon, sensations we are enabled to say not only however, copscious of being pursued; the with our lips, but from our hearts, God's fear of being overtaken added new speed ; will be done! thus may, and will, our all
, however, was ju vain; her puisuers soriow be truly turned into joy !-But let gained ground, and at length coming up, me conclude my melancholy narrative. proved to be the watch of the vight. Be
« The illuess of Lucilia continued a long lieving her by her dress to be one of those time, and during the whole of it she was disorderly women too frequent in a popukept ignorant of her situation. Upon her lous city, they lodged her, without further recovery, and the dismissal of her phy. question, in the watch-house ; and on the sician, to the horror, to the astonishment following morning carried lier before the of Lucilia, their first, indeed their only sitting magistrate. Lucilia was coinpersecutor, the Colonel, appeared. The manded to explain herself. The melan. Colonel, indeed, by chance or design, bad choly in the countenance of the venerable passed the door of Lionel in the moment magistrate encouraged her; she related of his arrest ; hc had followed him to the her story as distinctly as her grief vould prison, and seized the opportunity of get- admit. If the spectators, of which there ting into his possession the person of Lu were many, werc astonished at the narra. cilia. The mob pleased with bis apparent tive, still more so were they at the evident humanity, had borne her lifeless frame to emotion of the magistrate during the narhis carriage, the Colonel whispered in the ration. ear of his coachman, and the fellow,worthy “ She had no sooner concluded, than of his master, drove to one of the most rising from his seat, ‘Lucilia,' said he, abandoned, and therefore perhaps the most your misfortunes have ceased; behold in splendid houses of bad reception in the me the uncle of the unfortunate Lionci. city of Dublin. In this house Lucilia bad My anger at bis union soon passed away,' hitherto been, and was only preserved | and my heart yearned to embrace the ne. from outrage by her long illness; her reco- phew I loved, and of whose merit I was very to health and beauty recalled ber justly proud, as chiefly the work of my persecutor,
own hands. The artifice of an unworthy “ It is needless to say that Lucilia re. cousin caused me to believe that I was only jected his advances with merited disgust, a subject of ridicule to Lionel and your.' Jiough she did not as yet know the extent self. The death of that relation has re. of his villainy, nor the cha'acter of the stored to me the letter of Lionel, written house. Lucilia demanded with renewed in the midst of his bitter distress, and agony her beloved husband; though the which had hitherto never met my eyes. Colonel knew and rejoiced at the event of I hastened to repair my error; alas, it is his death, he hesitated not to promise bis in some respect too late, yet let me repair release upon conditions in the power of in the protection of you the injustice I Lucilia. Lucilia again rejected him with have done to your husband.' increased horror; irritated at the repulse, “I here pass over minute circumstances.' and resolved on success, the monster io- Suffice it to say, that being wholly without troduced himself by a private door into otber heirs, the uncle performed his proher apartment in the night. Lucilia, mise. I pass over the long grief of Luci. however, was not to be found; hearen had ' lia, when informed of the death of her husa
band. The narrative I have given you is misery as in seeming happiness, in the collected from scattered notes which Lu storm of adversity as in the zephyrs of cilia gave me, and the greater part of hope, is still present and consulting the which were written at the time of the oc- good of his creatures. With this cont. curience, Lucilia having formed an early dence she is happy, and deserves to be so. habit of keeping a journal of her life; a “ The immense estates of her father most useful practice, as nothing can be are possessed by a very distant relative, com a more effectual means of withholding us whom the inhuman parent left them in his from further errors, ihan by daily, hourly, will; his title is extinct through defect of seeing the effects of our former ones. male heirs. But it is thought that if an
" With regard to her son, your former empiy honour éculd be worth ine trouble favourite, Edward, though you now dis- of acquisition, the son of Lionel would own him, I need say nothing. You are only have to prove his birth to obtain the already informed in what manner he has titles of his grandfather. But as the will been adopted for his merit by Captain has cut him off from the estate, the other Oldcastle. He bas chosen the sea for his perhaps is not worth his care: Heaven, profession, and has already obtained much however, may have blessings in store for reputation. As neither his mother nor his bim to repay the evil with which it has vncle could change this inclination in him, | inflicted his parents. The exeinplary they had the prudence, though much goodness and resignation of Lucilia will against their will, to submit. But they not pass without an ample reward, and bad the wisdom to avoid one error, which perhaps, reparation of all injustice. I is too frequently fatal; they did not think shall here conclude my narrative in my that a naval destination, and the necessity | own way, my dear, with a sacred truth to of conimencing it eaily, superseded all || which my own experience will bear testinecessity of other instruction. Instead of mony; I have been young, and now I sending him on board his ship at the age am old, yet wever have I seen the righof twelve, to remain there twelve years, ieous forsaken, nor his secd begging their and to receive in that time no other edu. | brcad." cation than what he could receive from The coach had by this time reached the writing.master of the ship, the young | home, and Lady Priscilla and Agnes deLionel was made to pass six years at a pub-scended, equally satisfied with their ride
laid of classic elements. The consequence ) --Agnes enjoyed for the remainder of the
has been, that though a sailor, he is now day the beloved society of her amiable an accomplished gentleman, and can ap- protectress, and almost accused herself of pear with as much ease in society as he selfishness for the wish that she could not can command on the deck.
avoid forming, that a fashionable party, “ I have nothing further to add to my expected for some time, would not arrive. narrative, than that within a few years Nothing indeed could be inore immediafterwards the good uncle died, and left ately contrary to the disposition equally of the whole of his estates to the young || Agnes and Lady Priscilla, than these gay Lionel and his mother. These estates visitors. "I confess, my dear," said she produce an ample, if not a wealthy in. to Agnes, “ that I prefer solitude to the come. Lucilia immediately left Ireland, | society of what is called the gay world. I and has since resided in England. Wher- think silence as good as insignificance, and ever she is known, she is esteemed and | far preferable to scandal, or that fashionbeloved, as her merit and piety deserve; || able wit and banter, which is more adshe is occasionally melancholy, when the mired, as it is more daring in its attacks death of her husband, and the eternal | upon all objects which are deemed sacred curse of her inhuman father, arise to her amongst the sober part of mankind. I memory. But for the most part her sense love my sister, and most sincerely regret of duty restrains all impatience against the that her excellent understanding, and nadecrees of Providence, wbo, in apparent tural goodness of heart, bas been corrupted
and contracted by the habits of the gay | lent young man. So unjust are ther, that world."
though he merits their gratitude and ad. Dinner was scarcely removed, before almiration, as being the only one who can servant entered with a letter to Lady Pris- restore their family to its former estimacilla, a circumstance so unusual as to tion, he is known in the fam:ly by no other cause the surprise both of Agnes avd bes. name than the clown; yet to my knowself. Agnes being desired to read it, ledge is this clown the most acco.nplished obeyed, and read as follows:
gentleman in their family. But hasten,
my dearest Agnes, and let our welcome be TO LADY PRISCILLA HARROWUY.
so much the more ardent, as depressed by My dear Madame-Though it has been the ill usage, the indifference at least of some years since I have had the happivess' his own family, lie requires more kind. of being personally known to my respected ness from me. This unworthy treatment aunt, I am not such a stranger to her good
of his family bave inspired into him a difness and reported kinduess, as to fear a
tidence of his own merit, which you may cold reception. In my present vacation
see even in the style of his letters. But at the University, I have chanced to make basten, Agnes, and write as I shall dicacquaintance with a gentleman, wbo having taie." occasion to visit Penzance, has persuaded
“ The servant is gone, my Lady," said me to accompany bim. Will your Lady. Jonathan, “ he told me he was not to wait ship pardon me, if being in your imme. for an answer." diate neighbourhood, I neglect not a mo
“ And do you know where his master ment to assure you of the respect and af.is," said Lady Priscilla? fectiun of, my dear Madım, your wephew,
“ No, my Lady," replied Jonathan. " G, BEACHCROFT."
“I am sorry for it," said Lady Pris“ Hasten, hasten, my dearest Agnes," || cilla, “ for I shall regret every minute till exclaimed Lady Priscilla, with an eager | I see my nephew. Ile know's not that his ness of satisfaction “ to assure him of the family are with me, and I hope will not kindest welcome; the letter is from my know it before he comes, lest it should eldest nephew, a young man, whose merit deter him. I hope, moreover, to employ I know not to be equalled, except it is by this opportunity to convince his parents of your own. I can pardon his family any | their injustice." thing, except their stupidity, in being so ignorantly blind to the worth of this excel
[To be continued.]
SOLUTION OF THE ARITHMETICAL PROBLEM.
(Given in our last Number, Page 236.)
The owner of the five loaves should || four, and each person eating an equal have seven of the pieces of money, and number, would be eight a-piece. The the other man the remaining single piece; stranger would of course obtain seven because, supposing each loaf to be divided parts from the first mat and only one into three pieces, there would be twentyall from the other.
A FULL EXPLANATION
THE SCIENCE OF BOTANY;
ROBERT JOHN THORNTON, M.D.
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, LECTURER ON BOTANY AT GUY'S HOSPITAL, AUTHOR
OF THE “TEMPLE OF FLORA,” &c. &c.
Or all studies there is none wbicb appeals, exercise to the understanding. It is to the more to the fancy and the understanding, than praise of the study of botany, that it furnishes this delightful science. Our best Poets seem. exertiou to the talents of those who could not to have been of this opinion. --Shakespear is be persuaded to employ them in any other Never so much at ease as when he is culling
It is an exercise which invigorates simples in the fields and gardens; and the most whilst it a nuses the mind. It increases, condelightful employment which Milton can give firms, and still more frequently forms a his Eve in her state of primæval innocence, is memory. By the habits which it induces, that of ranging through the bowers of Eden, it often calls forth latent powers of the and giving names and distinctions to the several understanding, and those who begin with herbs, trees, and flowers of Paradise. Even Mowers, herbs, and trees, may pass on to the genius of the Poet seems itself to rise | greater objects. To a word, a person who with renovated wing as he flies through this has become a good botanist, may ultimately store-house of nature. If he must want all become a good reasoner, and if his taste should feeliug who can bear unmoved the sounds of so lead him, a good natural philosopher. music, whose soul and whose senses are dead Bctany is a science which has so many to the concord of sweet sounds, still more charms that it must bave been cultivated senseless must be be who can walk unmoved from time immemorial. We learn from Scripamidst the charms of nature ; who can see ture, when man was first created, he was put with undelighted eye “the lilies of the field,” into Paradise, and had enjoined him the culand all the luxuriant bounty of nature in tivation of plants, an employment as poble beauty and variety.
as it must be agreeable. Every heart must Botany may be truly defined the study and indeed be filled with delight, at seeing the contemplation of the most beautiful part of bounty and profusion of nature in the vegetable nature. The natural philosophers study her kingdom. Besides the gratification of the in other modes; the one takes her minerals, sight, how are the other senses regaled by the the other her animals. Every part of nature vegetable race. Independent of the smiling certainly well werits, and well repays, the aspect of Howers, the sense of smelling is also Jabour and the attention of the student. excited by the most agreeable odours, whilst The botanist, however, with happier taste, the murmuring of quivering leaves gently leaving the harder science of general physiology
rouses the sense of hearing; and lastly, a to the philosopher by profession, selects for thousand delicious fruits from the bended bimself from the vegetable world. He follows bouglis invite us to partake of a rich and nature as it were to her dressing-room, and be. | wholesome repast. The variety of hill and comes spectator of the art and felicity in which dale, the broad expanse of water, the luxuriant she invests herself, and of the beauty in which verdure beneath, the multitude of trees clothhe sees her. Like Solomon he learns the name of ing the mountains to their very tops; animals, every flower that grows, and no herb that sips : birds, and insects, which seem as it were formed the morning dew, no lowering tree that rises to make the landscape alive ; the clouds floatto the mid-day sun, is unknown to him. ing above, whose skirts are brightened by the
Of studies equal in the innocence of their all-enlivening sun, which gently drop from ohject, the preference seems due to that which, i their bosoms the fructifying shower; the va. whilst it contributes to the amusement of the riety of seasons, with their successive produc. leisure hour, provides at the same time an tions, forming, as it were, a diversified drama, No. I. Vol. I.N.S.
a continually shifted scene, which never ! Only remove from your ideas the total ex cloys, and always deliglits, must have at the istence of vegetables, as Cicero said, “deprive first struck man, even the more barbarons, the world of friendship," or as Lavoisier or least instructed. How much more then said, “fancy the sun extinct,” cach to exalt must be the satisfaction of virtuous and culti the value of their suljects, then no longer vated miuds. What must be the enjoyment of would those trees wbich afford us shade, that that person who beholds these wonders of cre verdure which delights vur eyes, and feeds our ative powers throngh the medium of science! fucks and berds, thuse plants which produce How much more will be rejoice who sees oot us linen, cordage, and paper, the very bread these things collectively, but can scparate tbe we eat, those medicives which assuage our component parts. A single object to the in- ills, all those vumberless flowers which regale structed will arrest his attention for hours. It our sight and smell, all would be desolation; is here that the botanist will find an unknown
and as all animals are supported primarily on plant, which he probably observes for the first vegetables, animal life must quickly cease to tiine, a new acquaintance, wbo will ever after exist; so much depends ou plants. wear the same smiling countenance: there he
To some persous the study of botany may will behold another, which be has for some
appear an arduous and disagreeable task: but tiine lost sight of, and will now be to him as
I it should be remembered ibat nothing worthy welcome as a relative returned from a distant acquisition is 10 be obtained without lacountry; and at every walk he will meet with bour. The aucients, who used to clothe their his old acquaintances, who annually come to
sentiments in bieroglypbical representations, pay him their visits. Every season, every
expressed this by the marriage of Vulcan climate, every country will present a new
with Venus, the god of Deformity to the spectacle to bis sight. Even places the most goddess of Beauty, to point out that the wild and uncultivated has its charms, for hewing of stones, shaping them, bringing there nature will be found to work fresh won
them togetber, bad the appearance of a task, ders. There is no solitude to him, he is of roughness, and deformity; whereas, when always surrounded with agreeable companions these were associated, and the temple or pawhich interest him, as those who take the
lace was constructed, nothing appeared but circuit round the world, and observe new symmetry and beauty; or to use our former inhabitants, new manners, and new customs;' comparison, as on a bright day the elevation aud in this pursuit he never feels bis spirits of a telescope shews us the primary planets in Hag; his faculties become improved, his bealth all their splendour, and their attendant satelis thereby increased or renovated, he is away lites, so will a knowledge of the terms of bofroin the smoke and confusion of cities, be tany make us see the vegetable world with feels an inward contentment such as no other other optics than with tbuse they appear in pursuit can give bim; and in reading over the to the generality of spectators. pages of the book of nature, if ever it be the In order to acquire a true knowledge of lot for man to he happy, it is then.
botany, the terms of the science must be first But in order to possess this bigh prerogative, learnt, and as an apology for our terms, what denied to the lower ranks of mankind, to see
science is there devoid of terms? Geography, nature as she is, through the optics of science, astrouony, chemistry, and music, have each it is necessary that the youthful botanist their respective or peculiar expression, and should understand well the terms, or defini- habit as readily familiarizes us to them, as we tions of our art.
acquire a new language, and the apparent Butanists will see order and contrivance difficulty is only at the ouset. Unfortunately, where the uninformed spectater behoids but as the terms apply to things, these should the confusion of parts, and splendour of co.
either be pointed out in nature, or their picJour; botanists will discern a vitality in piants,' tures presented us, or our notions will be which approximate them to our own natures; confused, for what is addressed to the ear botanists will rise from class to order, from cannot equally express what is given by the genera to species; will compare and establish painter; and the defect of botanical publicathe difference of resembling individuals; will | tions in general is, that a right definition separate rarieties from this last; and if ever with demonstration has seldom gone hand in there was an atheist, that being could not be hand; but it is the intention of the Proprietor one conversant with our science, for the bo- of this Magazine *, to forward the purposes tanist cannot fail to acknowledge an order, a design, a contrivance, that mark both in * It has been proposed to Doctor Thornton, finite power, wisdom, and goodness!
and accepted by him, to give the world a New