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ED (striatus), marked with hollow 2. Beset with stiff bristles. Since we can

channels, running in straight lines, not find significant English terms for all the as with the Arum maculatum. numerous varieties of pubescence, it is perhaps best to use the Latin terms where we can. Thus hirsule and hispid are preferable to shaggy and bristly; rough with hairs, hirtus, is nearly the same as hirsutus, and implies bairs stilier thau in pilvsus. -MARTYN.

3. Covered with strong fragile bristles, or prickles, but whese roots are only superficial, so as to strip off with the rivd.-BERKENHOUT.

4. Bristly; and also hirtus or pilosus, hairy.S.Th.


XXXIV. SCABROUS, ROUGIT, RUGGED (scaber), rough with small prominent or hooked joints, as Rudbeckiu lucineata. Vide Nos. XXXIX. XL. XLI. XLII. XLIII.


4. Furrowed, with deeper lines than in the STRIATUS, from stria, a groove.

striated stem.-SMITH. 1. Lineis tenuissimis excavatis inscriptus.

5. Lorsque les excavations longitudinales, LINNAUS.

plus profondes et plus élargies, imitent des

sillons.--LAMARK, 2. Stalk, or culm, marked or scored with superficial, or very slender lines ---MARTYN.

3. Superficially channelled, or fluted, lon XXXVII. MURICATED (muria gitudinally, with parallel lines.-BERKEN- catus), having subulate scattered HOUT.

points, like the sharp prickles of the 4. Marked with fine parallel lines, -SMITH. 5. Lorsqu'elle est chargée longitudinalement murex, a kind of shell-lish, as Cactus de petites côtes nombreuses et rapprochées. parasiticus. LAMARK.

OBS.--The small linear projections of Lamark would have been an bappy illustration, unless from his departure from this mode of explanation in his next definition.

XXXIV.FURROWED, GROOVED FLUTED (sulcatus sillonnee), marked as the last, but the excavations wider and deeper, as in Ranunculus bulbosus.


NOTES. Muricatus, from murex, a prickly fish. 1. Punctis subulatis ads persis.-LINN ÆUS.

2. Having subulate points scatiered over it; or armed with sharp prickles, like the murex shell fish.--IARTYN.

3. Prickly.-BERKEN HOUT.

4. Quand ses tubercules sont grands, poins tus, rules ou anguleux.-LAMARK.

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XXXVIII. TUBERCULATED, KNOBLED (tuberculatus), covered with small knobs, or tubercles, like a shell-fish.


TUBERCULATUS, from tuberculum, a little
SULCATUS, from sulca, a furrow.

round knob or pimple, a term not found in 1. Sulcis excavatis latis profundis exaratus. | MARTYN, BERKENHOUT, or Smith, as apLINNEUS.

plied to stems 2. Scored with deep broad channels, longi 1. Tubercul use, lorsqu'elle (la tige) porte des tudinally. -MARTYN.

Lubercules saillans et arrondis, - LAMARK. 3. Deeply channelled or furrowed, longi 2. Couverte de tubercules, is translated, inu. tudinally.-BERKEN HOUT.


XXXIX. TOMENTOSE, XL. WOOLLY (lanatus), coverDowny, NAPPY, FLOCKY, COT-ed with still finer hairs, which TONY (tomentosus), covered with soft appear curled, as in Salvia Æthi, hairs so interwoven,as scarcely to be ligpica, discernible, as Verbascum thapsus.


NOTES. LANATUS, from lana, wool. 3. Quasi tela araneæ indutus.-LANN£.

2. Woolly, having a covering resembling a spider's web, composed of hairs curling spoe. tanecusly.-MARTYN.

3. Covered as with a spider's web.-BER. KENHOUT

4. Woolly.--SMITH. Notes.

5. Laineuse, lanugineuse; les poil sont

semblable a de la laine.—BRISSEAU-MIRBEL. TOWENTOSUS, from tomentum, down, nap, cotton, or flocks, from TEMNO, to cut, being the fine cuttings or shavings, or as others

XLI. VILLOSE, VILLOUS (vilthink from TUMEO, to swell, being used to stuff losus), covered with soft hairs; & pillows and beds. Strictly speaking, tomen- less degree than the last. tum is short wool that is not carded and spun.

1. Villis intertextis vix conspicuis tegitur, ergo sæpius albidus; uti plantæ marinæ et campestres ventis expositæ. -LINNÆUS.

2. Tomentose, which if translated, is downy, rappy, cottony, or flocky, is applied to stems, when they are covered with hairs so interwoven as scarcely to be discernible, and is a species of pubescence, usually white, as found on sea plants, and such as grow in exposed situations.-MARTYN.

3. Covered with whitish down, whose hairs are interwoven, and hardly distinguishable. BERKEN HOUT.

4. Downy, very soft to the touch.-SMITH. 5. Drapée, les poils forment une couver

Notes. ture semblable à du drap.-BRISSEAU-MIR

VILLOSU 3, from villus, wool, and this froa SEL.

velare, to conceal.

1. Pilis mollibus pubescens.--IANNÆUS.

3. Covered with pubes, one of the seven 2. Pabescent, or covered with soft hairs.- kinds of fulcra. It includes pili, lana, barba, MARTYN.

tomentum, striga, setæ, hami, glochides 3. Woolly, covered with distinct, but soft glaudulze, striculi, viscositas, and glutinohairs.-BERKENHOUT.

sitas. In the Plilomphiu Botanica, stimuli, 4. Shaggy.-SMITH.

aculei, furcz, and spinæ, are also numbered 5. I find no such term in BRESSEA U-MIR- among the pubes, but Linnæus has since

ranged them under arma.-BERKENHOUT. BEL

4. Pubescente, couverte d'uu léger duvet.

BRISSE AU-DIRBEL. XLII. PUBESCENT (pubescens), covered with any of the

LXX. PRICKLY (aculeatus), foregoing armour, as Linnæus calls armed with prickles, the eightla

species of armature, which arises

from the bark. 1. HAIRS (pili.), hairs not so stiff as the next term. Vide No. XXXIL

2. BRISTLES (setæ ), or strong found hairs. Vide No. XXXIII.

3. BEARD (barba), parallel hair.

4. FLOCK ( tomentum), interWoven villous hairs not individually distinct. Vide No. XXXIX.

5. Wool (lana), the finest curled hairs. Vide No. XL.

6. Hooks (hami), sharp crooked points. Vide No. XXXIV.

7. BARBS (glochides), sharp straight points. Vide No. XXXIV.

NOTES. 8. GLANDS (glandulæ), having

ACULEATUB, from aculeus, a prickle. the structure of glands. Vide

1. Prickly.--MARTYN. No. XXXVIII.

2. Beset with stiff sharp prickles, between

hispidus and spinosas, furuished withı uculei. NOTES.


3. Pourvue d'acquillon.---BRISSEAU-MARPUBEECEX?, from pubes, down. 1. Pubescentia est armatura plantæ quâ

5. Aculeus is a prickle like a thorn, but aris. ab externis injuris defenditur---LINNÆUS.

ing from the bark only; mucro pungens cortice 2. Covered with some sort of pubescence. tantum affixus.-LINNÆUS. Glands seem to be improperly enumerated by Linnæus as a sort of pubescence. -MARTYN.

[To be continued.]





(Concluded from Page 27.)

MAXIMS FOR THE CONDUCT OF LIFE, AD “ If any person report unto you some ia

DRESSED IN LETTERS TO HIS SONS. jury done you by another, either in words or “ OBSERVE and mark, as well as yon

steeds, do not be over basty in believing it, may, what is the temper and disposition of

vor suddenly angry with the person so acthose persons, whose speeches you hear, whe

cused; for possibly it may be faise or misther they be grave, serious, sober, wise, dis- taken; and, how unseemly a thing will it be, creet prisons; if they be such, their speeches when your credulity and passion, shall per

chance commonly are like then selves, and will de Carry you, upon a supposed injury, to

do wrong to bim that hath done you none; or, serve your attention and observation. But if

at least, when the bottom and truth of the they be light, impertinent, vain, passionate persons, their speecb is, for the most part,

accusation is known, you will be ashamed of according; and the best advantage that you

your passion ? beliere not a report till the will gain by their speech, is but thereby to

party accused be heard; and if the report be Searn their dispositions, to discern their fail.

true, yet be not transported either with pasings, and to make yourselves the more cau

sion, hasty anger, or revenge, for that will tous, both in your couservation with them,

be your own torment and perturbation; ever, and in your own speech and deportment, for,

when a person is accused, or reported to have in the unseemliness of their speech, you may

injured you, before you give yourself leave to better discern and avoid the like in yourselves.

be angry, think with yourself, why should I

be angry before I am certain it is true! or, if “ If any person, that you do not very well know iu be a person of truth, sobriety, and

it be true, bow can I tell how much I sbould

be weight, relate strange stories, be not too ready it may be, he bath done me wrong, vet possibly

angry till I know the whole matter? thoughi, or easy to believe them, nor report them after him; and yet (unless he be one of your fami

it is not so much as it is represented, or it was liar acquaintance) be not too forward to con

done by mistake, or, it may be, he is sorry tradict him; or if the necessity of the occasion

for it: I will not be angry till I know there be require you to declare your opinion of what is cause, and if there be cause, yet I will not be 80 reported, let it be modestly and gently, not

angry, till I know the whole cause, for till too bluntly or coarsely; by this means, on the

then, if I must be angry at all, yet I know pot one side, you shall avoid being abused by your

how much to be angry; it may be it is not too much credulity; on the other side, you

worth my anger, or, if it be, it may be it de. shall avoid guarrels, and distaste.

serves but a little. This will keep your mind “ If any man speuk any thing to the disad. and carriage, upon such occasious, in a due vantage or reproach of one that is absent, be

temper and order; and will disappoint malinot too ready to believe it, only observe and

cious or officious tale bearers. remember it; for it may be, it is not true, or

“If a man, whose futegrity you do not very it is not all true, or some oiber circumstances well know, makes you great and extraordinary were mingled with it, which might give the

professions and promises, give him as kind business reported a justification, or at least thanks as may be, but give not much credit to an allay, an extenuation, or a reasonable ex

it: cast about with yourself what may be the cuse: in most actions, if that which is bad reason of this wonderful kindness; it is twenty alone, or seems lo he so, be reported, omitting to one but you will fivd something that he that which is good, or the circumstances that aims at besides kindness to you : it may be accompany it, any action may be easily mis. he hath sonething to beg or buy of you, or to represented; be not too lasty therefore to be seli to yo!, or some such bargain that speaks lieve a reproach, till you kuow the truth, and out, at least, his own advantage, and not the whole truth.

yours; and if he serve his turn upon you, er

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