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BABES, inexperienced rulers, Isa. 3. 4. of all these powers in God's redeeming pur 8; Jer. 18. 45 ; Ezek. 22 21, 22purification,

SYMBOLICAL LANGUAGE OF SCRIPTURE. As all human speech is more or less figurative, and many and the following Alphabetical Summary has been prepared material symbols of abstract or spiritual idens have becoma rather as an aid to interpretation than as a complete guide. conventional and familiar, it would be useless, if possible, to One great principle to be borne in mind in investigating the give a complete view of Scripture synubolism. Then, on the subject is, that the analogies which these symbols express in other hand, there are many specific types, as in the institutions concrete form are likenesses of relation, not resemblances in the of the Jewish Law, and comparisons Instituted for some special things themselves. Hence the similitude must not be pressed purpose, as in the Parables of our Lord, which it would be too far, nor must a symbol always be held to one exclusive sense. unnecrestry formally to explain. But between these extremes, Thus the familiar symbol of water with equal appropriateness there is a large mxs of imagery characteristic of Scripture, it denotes in one place an overwhelming flood of afictions, and

not peculiar to it, arising partly from Oriental modes of thought, in another the fulness of Gospel blessings; and leaven, which ! and partly from the emblems and symbols of Old Testament in some passages signifies corruption of character or doctrine,

prophetic poetry. It has been thought that many Bible readers means in at least one other the spread of the truth, the one would be helped by a connected view of the chief symbols so characteristic of leaven which gives rise to both applications employed, with a reference to some of the passages where they being its difusiveness. The neglect of this simple principle has are to be found. To attempt an exhaustive summary of thezo led to many extravagant interpretations, and even to erroneous texts would be to trespass on the province of a Concordance ; doctrines.

ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION, denote evil ways of living, Prov. 4. 17; 20. DEW, genial divine influence, Hos. 14,5; standards of the Roman army, Matt. 24 17; 31. 2. Christ the B. of Life; the sup. vigour, strength, P& 110. 3. 15; cp. Dan. 12. 11.

port and sustenance of the soul, John 6. 35. DOGS, the wicked and abominable, Ps. ABOMINATIONS, idols. 19. H. 19; idol BRIDE and BRIDEGROOM. the Church 22. 16; unfaithful and selfish ministers, Isa. atries, Rev. 17. 4: sins generally, lan 66. 3. and Christ, Eph. 5. 32; Rev, 19. 7-9. See 56. 10, 11 ; Phil. 3. 2 (Gentiles called dogs ADULTERY, faithlessness to God See Marriage.

by Jews, Matt. 13. 26). Marriage. An adulterous generation, a BRIERS and THORNS, perverse, inju DOOR, OPEN. opportunity for free propafaithless race, Matt. 12 39. rious persons, Ezek. 2 6

gation of the Gospel, 1 Cor. 16. 9; COL. 4. 3; AMEN, truth, faithfulness ; & title of BRÍMSTONE, utter destruction, Job 18 Rev. 3. & Christ, Rev. 3. 14 15; Rev. 9. 17. 18.

DRAGON, an enemy in power, Ezek. 29. ANGEL (beside its general meaning 23 BULLS, strong and furious foes, Ps. 22. 12 3; the devil. Rev. 12. 7. messenger or minister of God, see Peti. 17 :

DRUNKENNESS, madness in sin, Isa. 28. Rev. 82), the animating or controlling

CANDLESTICK. See Lamp.

3; helplessness under Divine judgments, Isa spirit of anything; of the waters, Rev.

CEDARS, great men, Zech. 11, 2.-C. of 51. 21. 16. 5; of the churches, Rev. 1. 20. etc. (but Lebanon, kings and great men of Judah, DUST AND ASHES, human frailty, Job some understand by angels here, bishops).

Isa. 2. 13. -Top of its branches, princes and 13. 12. ANIMAL CREATIUN, or Living Crea nobility, Ezek. 17. 4; goodliness and strength tures.

EAGLE, leader of an army. Ezek. 17. 3,7; See under different hoa ls. Gene of character, Ps. 92. 12. rally, the animated creation used to

CHAFF. worthless persons, Job 2. 18: the Roman forces, Matt. 2. 8- Eagles symbolize the several forms or characteris. Matt. 3. 12; cp. Ps. 1. 4: Jer. 3 8. Wings, Divine support, Ex, 19. 4; Rev. 12. tics of the spiritual world.

CHAIN, bondage, aflliction, Lam. 3. 7.

14. See Cherub. ARM, power manifested, Ps. 89. 13; Isa. CHERUB, CHERUBIN, probably tho

EARTHQUAKE, political revolution, Joel 5.9-4. outstretcard, made bare (as if by agencies, material or spiritual, by which 2. 10.

EGYPT, a wicked people, Rev, 11. 8; cp. furning up the loose sleeve, in readiness for God executes His will: the four faces or action), revealed, isa. 51. 9; 52. 10; 33. 1. forms representing different aspects of the Babylon, Sodom

ARMOUR, generally, equipment with Divine working: the intelligence and syin EYE, moral discernment, the affections, Christian principles and grices, Eph. 6. 13. pathy of the man, the patience and ser- the desires; Matt. 6. 22; Eph. 1. 18; Prov.

ARKOWS, slanderous words. Ps. 64. 3; viceable strength of the ox, the majestic 22. 9; Pr. 25. 15. afflictiona, Ezek. 5. 16; any means or im force of the lion, the sublinity and mystery EYES of the LORD, His watchful proviplements of strength or attack, Num. 24. 8; of the caglı'x flightThey are the bearers of dence, Ps. 34. 15; Rev. 5. 6. Ps 127. 1

God's chariot, Ezek. 1, 525; the supports ASHES. See Dust,

FACE, the SHINING of, propitiousness, of His throne, Rev. 1.6–8 The cherubini upon the mercy sent signify the employment Ps 31. 16; 89. 15; Dan. 9. 17.

, wrath and its effects, Ps. 18 ignorant and inconstant persons, 1 Cor. 3: pose. Heb. 85; Ps. 18. 10. 1; simple-hearted recipients of instruction, vice, Deut. 30. 6. (the contrast in Deut. 30. 3. 13.

CIRCUMCISION, readiness for God's ser- Mal. 3. 2; discrimination, Matt. 3. 11; 1 Cor. Matt. 11.25

FLOOD, extreme danger, Ps. 69. 15. BABYLON (chief foe to God's Israel), the 6). –The C., the Jewish people, Gal. 29

FORNICATION, idolatry, 2 Chron. 21. 11; koman power, Rev. 14. 8; 18. 2; antichrist. The true C., Christians, Phil 3'3. Rev. 16. 19; 17. 5.

CITIES and COUNTRIES. See under Rev. 19. 2

FOUR See Numbers
BALANCE, scarcity, famine, Rev. 6.5; cp. Babylon, Jerusalem, &c.
Ezek. 4. 1

CLOUD, & multitude or army, Isa. 60.8;

FOX, a deceiving prophet, Ezek. 13, 4; a Jer. 4. 13

cunning foe, Luke 13. 32. BALDNESS, destruction, Jer. 47. 5. COLUMN. See Pillar.

FRUIT, results of action.-F.. good, Ps. BAPTISM, overwhelming sorrow. Matt 90.22; Luke 12. 50; transition to a new life, Christ, 1 Pet. 2. 6; Eph. 2. 20.

BEASTS, propensities of the natural man Gospel, 1 Cor. 1. 17, 18; Gal. 5. 11, 24; 6. 12. Matt. 16. IS-G.of death, imminent peril of 7.3--7; 8. 3-8, antichrist, Rev. 13. 2; 20. tory, 1 Pet. 5. 4: Rev. 3, 11; royal honour, getic activity, Luke 12. 35; 1 Pet. 1. 13; loos

CORNER STONE, foundation, Jerug 1.3-4. cvil, Jer 21. 14.

FURNACE, severe and testing affliction, Kom. 6.3, 1. BEASTS, better, 'Living Ones', the che: in Christ's service, Matt. 16. 24. in Epp:

CROSS, the taking up, meeting danger Jer. ll. 4; Ezek. 22. 18-22. rubim in animated form, Rev. 4. 6. See Christ's atoning death, or, generally, the

GARMENTS, WHITE See Whito Chorus

GATES, seat of powerHades, personified, Isa 11. 6-8; ignorant, brutish / 14: Phil 3. 18. 2 2 12, . CROWN, adornment, Prov. 12. 4; vice life. Ps. 9. 13.

GIRDLE, , for enerBIND and LOOSE, forbid, permit,' Matt, immortal bliss, Rev. 2. 10. 16. 19: 18 18

CUP (according to its symbolic contents), encd, relaxation and repose; ls &

GLASS, heavenly purity and calm, Rev. 4 BITTERNESS, oppression, misery, Amos blessings, Ps. 23. 5; afflictions, Isa. 61. 17:

6:15. 2; 21. 18. 21. 6. 10; Rev. 8. 11. - Root of bittern-es, perni- cp. Matt. 26. 39.

GOLD, purity of character, Job 23. 10; cious error, as the cause of evil, Heb. 12. 15; DARKNESS, ignorance, sin, Rom. 13. 12; Rev. 3. 18; the beauty of holiness, Rev. 21. Gall of bitterness, a depraved state of heart, affliction, Ezek. 26. 18-Darkening of Sun, 18, 21. Acta 8. 23

Voon, &c., failure of rulers, ls. 13. 16; Joel GRASS, human beings, as weak and frail, BLACKNESS, famine, Jer. 14. 2; Joel 2.6. 2. 10.

Isa. 40.,7. BLOOD, natural descent, Acts 17. 26.-B. DAUGHTER of a city, or community, its GROWTH, increase in godliness, Isa. 65. of Christ, His sacrifice, Rom. 5. 9; Heb. 9. population (the city regarded as mother: 10, 11. 13:12. 4; Rev. 12. 11.-B., resisting to, sery.cp. metro-polis), of Jerusalem, Isa. 37. 22; ing Christ even to martyrdom.

Jer. 8.21.22; of Tyre, Ps. 45. 12; of Babylon, HAIL, calamities in war, Isa. 32. 19; Ezek. BODY, an organized and living system, Ps. 137. 8.

13. 11-13.-4. und fre, devastation, Rey. as the church, 1 Cor. 12 12--27; Eph. 1. 23; DAY, a time appointed, Isa. 34. 8; 63. 4 8.7. COL 1.18

(80 Year), the definite term of life, Job 14 HAIR, GRAY, decay of strength, Hos. 7.9. BOOK, a register or enrolment, as of citi. 1; John 11. 9; a time of spiritual light and HAND, power. Gen. 9. 2: help, 2 Kin. 15, zens, Ps 87. 6; Dan. 12. 1; Luke 10. 20.- blessing, Rom 13. 12. Prophetically, a day 19.-High I., great power, Ps. 80. 13. - Right B. of Kife, the record of the livinx, naturally, often represents a year, see Ezek 4.6; henco 11., might, Ex. 15. 6: Ps. 1086; the place of Ex. 32. 33 ; Ps 9. 28; spiritually, Kev. 25; weck-7 years; A month 50 years : a year honour, Ps. 110. 1: Matt. 20. 21. 13.8; 20. 12

or a time a 360 years; 79 weeks -- 190 years, HARVEST, season of privilege, Jer. & POW, strength, Job. 23. 20; victory, Rev. Dan,.24. But the application of this me :0; the ingathering of mankind to Christ's 6. 2 thod is questioned by many.

kingdom, Matt 9.37: John 4,35; destructivo BRANCH, offspring, as of David, Isa. 11. DEATH, separation from God, Rom. & 6: judgments. Joel 3. 13: Rev. 14. 15. 1; Jer. 23. 5; Zech. 3.8.

hence, worldliness of mind, insensibility to HEAVEN, high power or privilege, Isa. BREAD, livelihood generally; the human spiritual interests. Matt. 8. 22; Rev. 3.1 -The 14. 12: Luke 10. 13; God Himsell, Dan 4. lot or portion, as of abundance. Ezek. 16. Second D., the final separation, Rev. 2 11 3; Luke 15. 21. 9; of adversity, Isa 30. 20; of tears, Ps. 80. (sometimes Death means separation from HELL (hades), depth of ruin, Isa. 14. 15; 5.-B. W wickedness, of deceit, of idleness, any former state, as of sin, &c., Col. 3.3). Luke 10. 15.

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AN ALPHABETICAL LIST OF THE PROPER NAMES

IN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS; WITH THE SIGNIFICATION OF MANY OF THEM IN THE ORIGINAL LANGUAGES; TOGETHER

WITH THEIR PRONUNCIATION.

BY THE REV. T. K. CHEYNE, M.A.,
Fellor of Balliol College, Oscford, and Lecturer on Hebrew and the Old Testament.

TAB primary object of the following list is to promote a more correct pronunciation of the proper names in the Bible. Probably no educated person would be satisfied to pronounce the names which occur in French history as incorrectly as many pronounce those in the New and almost all those in the Old Testament. Strict accuracy is no doubt unattainable. In some cases (e.g. Moses, Aaron. Solomon, Isaac, Samuel, Jeremiah) the forms adopted by the Authorized Version are borrowed from the Septuagint through the medium of the Vulgate. Here the correct pronunciation would require an alteration of familiar names, which would be quite intolerable. But even where the current forms are derived from the Hebrew, a strictly accurate pronunciation would offend by introducing a dissonance into the rude but real harmony of our English speech. Besides, that quickness of ear which is necessary for reproducing foreign sounds is conspicuously wanting to most natives of England. Still the prevalent system of pronouncing Biblical names seems unnecessarily wide of the mark. There is no occasion to offend so gratuitously against the laws of Hebrew sound and composition as we do at present. Not a few of our mispronunciations of Hebrew names impede the comprehension of their meaning, especially in the case of names of religious significance, where the meaning is inost fully fraught with instruction.

A working compromise between pedantic precision and persistent mispronunciation is surely feasible, and it is this which has been attempted in the following pages. Special care has been given to those names which contain in ! Bone form the proper dame of God in Hebrew. In these the accent has, as a rule, been shifted so as to bring the i religious significance of the name prominently before the reader. A second and hardly less important object, though 1 it requires a little thought to realize it, is the opening up of a fresh source of information as to the thoughts, feelings, and beliefs of the Israelites and their neighbours. It is true we have an authoritative record (or rather collection of records) of Jewish religion in the Old Testament, but it is one which for the most part relates to the higher classes and choicer spirits of Israel. The proper names, on the other hand, furnish us with contemporary and undesigned evidence as to the thoughts, convictions, and feelings of persons in all ranks of society. To a very large extent they contain statements respecting God and His attributes, or respecting the less spiritual forms of religion against which the long succession of prophets struggled in vain (18a, xvii. 8 ; xxvii. 9; Jer. ix. 14; Amos v. 26, &c.). They also help us to understand how the truths of spiritual monotheism found so fervent an expression in Jewish prophecy. Again, the nations related to the Jews, and especially the Assyrians and Babylonians (who early came into contact with the ancestors of the Israelites) seem to have possessed a leaven of something akin to spirituality which distinguishes them from other Gentiles. Even to readers who remember that it was from Padan Aram, the Piedmont beyond the Tigris (Stanley), that Abraham sought a wife for the Child of Promise, and Rebekah a wife for Jacob, the next heir to the promises, it will be a pleasing surprise to notice the similarity in the expression of religious faith between the Israelitish proper names and the few Assyrian and Babylonian preserved in the Old Testament.

The meanings of names not of a religious character may sometimes appear strange and unnatural; but it does not follow that their interpretation is fanciful or supported by insufficient evidence. The selection of a name was, and still is, in the East, often dictated by some accidental circumstance, as by a word spoken at the birth of a child, or by some object which chanced to meet the eye of the mother. So Rachel called her last-born Benoni, the son of my sorrow, while his father called him Benjamin. It would almost appear from Luke i. 60—62 that the mother was the first to give a name, subject to correction by the father. None of the meanings here given are arbitrary, and yet they are by no means equally certain, (1) because the original form of the names has sometimes become modified, and (2) because the old Hebrew literature is so scanty in extent, and so far from embodying the entire word-store of the Israelites, that it is often necessary to call in the aid of the kindred dialects (especially Aramaic and Arabic) in explaining the proper names. This is a process in which different scholars will often come to different results ; but the majority of the meanings here given have at least a high degree of probability. The most doubtful ones have the sign of interrogation attached.

The student of the Bible will be thankful that the explanations of names having reference to religion are among the most probable; many of them in fact are either certain, or all but certain, thanks to recent rerearches. In this class of names and in this only, the author has aimed at something like completeness. To have given an exhaustive list of names of (presumably) a non-religious character and of uncertain meaning, would have occupied much space, with little protit, if any, to the Bible student, and perhaps diverted attention from those of greater importance. Names of difficult pronunciation have, however, as a rule been included.

It only remains to be added (1) that the reader will sometimes find a discrepancy between the meanings given in the margin of his Bible and those assigned in the present list. This arises from a peculiarity of the sacred writers, who by the conditions of their mission aimed at edification rather than historical information, and often attached a significance to proper names which does not etymologically belong to them. The etymologies of the Old Testament, on which those given in the margin are based, are frequently parallel to some at least of the applications of the psalms and the prophecies which we find in the New Testament. The object of the sacred writers in such cases was clearly edification only. To invest the Old Testament writers with a critical character which they nowhere claim, would

LIST OF PROPER NAMES.

involve an unreasonable violation of the laws and analogies of language. Without disparaging the advantages of sanctified study, we must never forget that to the poor the Gospel was (first) preached The Bible was written fa "the simple," that it might become the property of the whole of mankind. (2) The author has retained the familia rendering "The LORD” for the name of God, feeling that without a lengthened explanation tbe correct form coald hardly be made palatable to ordinary students. The form Jehovah is unhesitatingly to be rejected, as due to a mis understanding of comparatively modern origin.

It has not been thought worth while to translate all the Greek names cited from the New Testament, a historical interest being mostly wanting. That vivid consciousness of the significance of names which we tind in the 0.1

Testament does not seem to have existed among the Greek-speaking communities, at any rate in that period of | decline providentially selected for the coming of Christ. It is extremely unlikely that the Greek-speaking concerta to Christianity,

whose names are given in Rom. xvi., attached any weight to the meanings of the names gren to them in their heathen period. Why then should we investigate them, and so confound two essentially different classes of names? On the other hand, Isaiah, Zechariab, &c., could not help being reminded of a great trith every time their names were mentioned. Names of deep religious import such as these are worthy of careful study, and show how thoroughly the truths of religion entered into

the everyday life of those who bore them. Priscilla, Aquila Andronicus, &c., on the other hand, might, for ought we know, just as well have borue any other baas name was equally convenient, and perhaps equally unmeaning with another.

Preliminary Note on the Pronunciation of Hebrew Names in the Bible.
Vowels. -a' should always be pronounced as ah; i as ee : o as oh ; u as oo.
Consonants.-c should always be pronounced as ki ch as kh ; j as y.

N.B.-In the subjoined List pron. or pr. means pronounce.
The pronunciations indicated below are intended to bring the conventional pronunciation of Bible sames more

into harmony with their true pronunciation in Hebrew.

APA ROY: E14.14

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A-hi'ram, high father. 1 Kings 16. 34. A-do-ni'ram. high-lord 1 Kings 4 & A bad don, the place of destruc- A-bi shag, father of wandering 0 A-do-ni-ze'dek, ond of righteousness tion (i.e, of the departeri spirits). 1 Kings 1. 3.

Josh. 10. 1.
Rev. 9. 11.
Est. 1. 10. A-bi'shai. 1 Chron. 2. 16. [15.2.

A-do-ra'im 2 Chron 11.9.
A-bag tha, fortunate. (Persian word.) Ab-i-sha'lom, father of peace. 1 Kings

A-do'ram (see Hadoram). A-ba na pr. Abahnal 2 Kings 6. 12. A-bi-shu'a, father of welfare. i Chr.

Ad ram-me lech, Adar the big sie A ba'rim pror. Abahreem), regions A-bi'shur. 1 Chron. 2. 28.

supreme god). 2 Kings 17. 31. & 19. beyond. Deut. 32 19.

A-bi'tal. 2 Sam. 3. 4.

(6. 11. 37. Isa. 37. 38. Ab'da, servant. 1 Kings 4. 6. 16. 44. A-bi'tuh, father of prosperity. i Chr. Ad-ra-myt ti-um. Acts 2.2 Ab'di, servant of the LORD. 1 Chron. A-bi'ud (see Abihud). Matt. 1. 13. Adri-2. Acts 27. 37. Ab'di-el, servant of God. 1 Chr. á. 15. Ab'ner, the father (13) a lamp. 1 Sam. | A-dullam. 1 Sam. 11 Chrua. Il Ab'don, servant. Judg. 12. 13.

14. 61. Comp. Neriah.

A-ga bus, locust. Aets 119. & 1 10 A-bed ne-go, servant of Nego (ie. Ne- Abra-ham, high father. Gen. 11. 27.

A gag (name of Amalekite DS! bo, Babylonian god). Dan. 3. 12. Abram,

Num. 24. 7; 1 Sam. 15 %. Abel, (1) son, Gen. 4. 2; (2) meadow, Ab'sa-lom, father of peace. 2 Sam.3.3. A.ga gite, descendant of Agag;0,0 2 Sam. 20. 18. Ac'cad, highland. Gen. 10. 10.

province of Agag. Est II Abel-beth-ma'a-cha ( pr. -kah), mea Ac'chos pr. Akko! Judg. 1. 31. A'gar. See Hacar.

dow of Maskah. 1 Kings 15. 20. A-cel da-ma, the field of blood ( pron. A-grip'pa Acts 95. & 28. Abel-ma'im, meadow of waters. 2 Akeldama) Matt. 27. 7; Acta 1. 19. Agur, one who collecte Protni Chron. 16.4.

A-chai'a | pr. Akaia), name for Greece. Ahab, brother father probably a diAbel-me-ho'lah, meadow of the Acts 18. 12. Rom. 15. 28.

vine title). 1 King 16 dance, 1 Kings 4. 12 (Gen. 50. 11. A-cha'i-cus (pr. Akaicus), a native of A-has-u-e rus Est. 1. 1. Abel-miz'raim, meadow of Egypt. Achaia 1 Cor. 16. 17.

Aha-va. water. Ezra 15 A bel-shit'tim, meadow of acacias. A'chan, or A'char (pr. Akan, Akar). A haz (shortened from Jekabszi. : Num. 33. 49 he that troubleth. Josh. 7. 18-26. Kings 16. 1.

(Kings the Lord is a father, i.e. is Ach bor [pr. Akbor), mouse. Gen. 36. A-haziah, the Lord taketb boi : Abi,

to be worshipped under A'chim (pr. Akim). Matt. 1. 14. [38. Ahi. the Loni is a truitberie is A-bi'ah,

the symbolical title of A'chish.°1 Sam. 21. 10. & 27.2. & 28. i. & A-hi ah, } to be nurshipped underske father. 2 Kings 18. 2; 1 Ach'me-tha Ezra 6. 2. (29.6. symbolical title of brotho Thar! Chron. 7. S.

A'chor ( pr. Akor), causing trouble. the following names herpning rith Ab-i-albon. 2 Sam. 23. 31.

Josh. 7. 24, 26.

(15. 16. Ahi seem to be titles of Gode of A-bi-a'saph, the father (ie. God) Ach'sah (pr. Aksah), anklet. Josh. heathen deities). 1 King 11

gathereth (ie, protecteth). Ex. 6. 24. Ach shaph [pr. Akshaph), enchanted. A-hi e zer, brother of belp Sur 112 Ab-ia'thar (pr. Ab-yah-thar), father Josh. 11. 1. & 12 20.

A-hi hud, brother of majesty. S. of preeminence. 1 Sam. 23. 9. (This Ach'zib (pr. Akzib], deceptive. Josh. A-hijah (see Ahiah). and the following names beginning 19. 29. Mic. 1. 14.

A hi kam, brother-arising. Fins with Abi or Ab, seem to be titles of A'dah, ornament, beauty. Gen. 4. 23. A-hilud. 2 Sam &. 16. God)

(25. 4. A-daiah, the Lord hath adorned. 2 A-hi-ma’az 2 Sam. 1& 27. A-bi dah, the father knoweth.Gen. Kings 22.1.

A-hi mad. 1 Chron. 9. 17. A-bi dan, father-judge. Num. 1. 11. A-dal ia [ pr. -ya). Est. 9.

A-bi-me lech (pr. melek), brother & 2. 22.

Adam, red (?). Gen. 1. 27. & 2. 19, king. 1 Sam 21. 1&9. Ab’iel, God (is) a father. 1 Sam. 9. 1. A-da'mah, earth. Josh. 19. 36.

A-bi'moth 1 Chron. & S. A-bi-ezer, father of help. Josh. 17. 2. A-da'mi. Josh. 19. 33.

A-bi-na dah, pohle brother. 1 kings Ab-i-ga il, father of exultation. 1 A dar, glory (strictly name of a god). : A-hi-noam, brother of graciousness Sam. 25. 14.

(3. 35. Ezra 6. 15; Est. 3. 7, 13. & 9. 15, 21. 1 Sam. 14 50 Ab-i-ba'il, father of strength. Num. Ad be-el. Gen. 25. 13.

(36. A-hi'o, the Lord is a brother. :$ A-bi'hu, the father is He. Num. 3. 2. Ad'i-el, ornament of God. 1 Chr. 4. A-hi'ra, probably, Ra (the Egyptian A-bi'hud, father of majesty. 1 Chron.

sun-god) is a brother. Vom 1.15 8. 3. A-dina, } voluptuous. Ezra 2. 16.

A-hi ram, high brother. Num. XX A-bi'jah, the Lord is a father. 1 Kings Ad-i-tha'im, Josh. 15. 36.

(comp. Aliram).

(EL A-bi jam= Abijah. S 14. 31. Ad lai. 1 Chron. 27. 29.

A-hi-sa mach, the brother supporteth Ab-i-ma'el. father of Mael (an Ara- Ad'mah. Gen. 10. 19; Deut. 29. 23. A-hi-sha har. the brother (is) the early bian tribe). Gen. 10. 28. Admaa-tha. Est. 1. 14.

light 1 Chron. 7. 10. Ab-i-me lech (pr. -lek), father---king. 'Ad'na, pleasure. Ezra 10. 30. (1.5. A-hi shar. 1 Kings 4. 6. Gen. 20. 2.

(1. & 16.8. A-do'ni-be zek, lord of Bezek. Judg. A-hi-tho'phel. 2 Sam. 15. 31. & 17. . Ab-i-na'dab, noble father. 1 Sam. 7. A-do-ni jah, lord Yah (see Jah). 1 A-hi'tub, brother of Prosperity. I A-bi-no'am, father of pleasantness or Kings 1.5.

Sam. 14. 3. graciousness. Judg. 1 a

A-do-ni kam, lord-arising. Ezra 2. 13. , Ah'lab, fat or fruitful Jads 1.81

AP

PROPER NAMES.

BE

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Ahlai, on that ! (?). 1 Chron. 2. 31. A-phi'ah, puffing, striving after. 1 Az-ma'veth. 2 Sam. 23.81 ; Ezra 2.24. A-hoʻlah, her tent. Ezek. 23. 4.

Sam. 9. 1.

(Mic. 1. 10. Az-noth-ta'bor, ears (i.e. summits ?) Aholi-ab', father's tent. Ex. 35. 34. Aphʻrah (sounds like word for dust'). of Tabor. Josh. 19. 34. A-holi-bah, my tent in her. Ezek. A pol-lo'ni-a. Acts 17. 1. (18. 24. A-Zo'tus, the same as Ashdod. Acts 23. 4. A-pol'lo3 (short for Apollonius). Acts Azur; helper. Neh. 10. 17.

(8. 40. Aholi-ba'mah, tent of the high place A-pol'ly-on, one who destroys. Rev.

, (i.e. sanctuary). Gen. 3. 2, 1 Chr. | Apphi-a. Pilem, 2.

(9. 11. 1. 52.

Aq'ui-la. Acts 18. 2. Ai, or Hai (pr. as diphthongs), heap Ar, city. Num. 21. 28.

BA'AL, Jord, husband (a name of of ruins. Josh. 7. 2-5. Jer. 19. 3. A'rab, ambush. Josh. 15. 62.

Ba'al-ah, lady (Phoenician goddess). Ai'ah, falcon. 2 Sam. 3. 7. Gen. 36. 24. | A'rad, wild ass. Num. 21. 1.

A-ra bi-a. 2 Chron. 9. 14.

Ba'al-ath, Josh. 15. 9, 10.
A jah
Ain, fountain. Num. 34. 11.
A'ram, height. Gen. 10. 22. & 22. 21.

Ba'al-ath-be'er, Baalah of the well.
Josh. 19. 8.

(8. 33 Ai'ath. See Ai. Isa. 10. 28. Ar'a-rat. Gen. 8. 4.

Ba'al-be'rith, covenant-lord. Judg. Aja-lon, place of stags. Josh. 19. 42. A-rau'nah. 2 Sam. 24. 16. (14. 15. Ba'al-gad', lord-fortune. Josh. 11. 17. Ak kub, insidious, successor, 1 Chron. Ar' ba, four (symbol of a god ?). Josh. Ba'al-ha'mon, perhaps lord-Hamon

3. 24. Ezra 2. 42. (comp. Jacob). Arbite, man of Arab. 2 Sam. 23. 35. (=Amon, which see). Song 8. 11. Ak-rab'biin, scorpions. Num. 34. 4. Ar-che-la'us. Matt. 2. 9.). (4. 9.

Ba'al-ha'nan, the lord is merciful. A'lam-me lech, perhaps, king's oak. Ar'chevites, people of Erech (?). Ezra Gen. 36, 38, 39. Josh. 19. 26.

Ar chi, man of Erech, Josh. 16. 2; Ba'al-ha'zor, Baal of (-worshipped A-le meth, hiding (?). 1 Chron. 7. 8. Archite.) 2 Sam. 15. 32.

at) Hazor. 2 Sam. 13. 23. Al-ex-an der. Mark 15. 21.

Ar-chip'pus. Col. 4. 17. (Job 9. 9. Ba'al-her'mon, Baal of (worshipped Al-ex-an'dri-ah Acts 18. 24.

Arc-tu'rus (name of constellation). at) mount Hermon. Judg. 3. 3. Allon, an oak. Josh. 19. 33. A-re'li, heroic. Gen. 46. 16.

Ba'al-i, my lord. Hog. 2. 16. Al’lon-ba chuth ( pr.-bakuth], oak of A-re-o-pa'gus, hill of Ares (the place Ba'al-im (plural of Baal). Judg. 2. 11. weeping: Gen. 35. 8.

where the supreme tribunal of Ba'al-is. Jer. 40. 14. Al-mo dad, the Modadites (an Arab Athens sat). Acts 17. 19.

Ba'al-me'on, lord of the (heavenly) tribe). Gen. 10. 20. Ar'e-tas, lion, 2 Cor. 11. 32.

habitation (?). Num. 32. 38. Al'mon, hidden (?). Josh. 21. 18. Ar'gob, stony. Deut. 3. 13.

Ba'al-pe'or, Baal of mount Peor. Al mon-Dib-la-tha'im. Num. 33. 46. A'ri-el, lion of God. Isa. 29. 1, 7.

Num. 25. 3, 6. Al-phe’us, deputy. Matt. 10. 3. Mark Ar-i-ma-theʻa, the two Ramahs. See Ba'al-pe-ra'zim, lord of Perazim 2. 11. Acts 1. 13. Ramah. Luke 23, 61.

(which see). 2 Sam. 6. 20. 1 Ain'a-lek. Gen. 36. 12.

A'ri-och. Gen. 14. 1, 9.

Ba'al-sha-li'sha. 2 Kings 4. 42. Am-a'na (pr. Amabna], sure, perenAr-is-tar'chus. Acts 19. 20.

Ba'al-ta'mar, Baal of Tamar (which nial. Song 4. 8. Ar-is-to-bu'lus. Rom. 16. 10.

see). Judg. 20. 33. A-mariah, the Lord hath promised. Ar-ma-ged'don, mountain of Megid. Ba'al-ze'bub, lord of flies (name of 1 Chron. 6. 62. & 24. 23. do. Rev. 16. 16.

sun-god). 2 Kings 1.2, 3, 6. Am-a'sa, burden. 2 Sam. 17. 25, Ar-me'ni-a. Gen. 8. 4; 2 Kings 19. 37. Ba'al-ze'bul, lord of the heavenly) A-maz'iah, the Lord is strong. 2 Ar-mo'ni, palace-born. 2 Sam. 21. 8. height.

(14. 2. 9. Kings 14. 1. Ar'non, noisy. Deut. 2. 24.

Ba'al-ze'phon, Baal of the north. Ex. Am'mi-el, a kinsman is Godl. 2 Sam. A'rod. Num. 26. 17.

Ba'a-pa. 1 Kings 4. 12. 9. 4. Comp. Eliam. This air the A-ro'er. Num. 32. 34.

Ba'a-sha. 1 Kings 15. 16. following words beginning withAm- Ar-phaxad. Gen. 10. 22; Luke 3. 36. Ba’bel, gate of God (resembles the mi, seem to be titles of God. See Ar-tax-er xes. Ezra 4. 7.

(12. word for 'confusion'). Gen. 10. 10. on Abi, Abiah.)

(1. 10. Ar te-mas (for Artemidorus). Tit. 3. Ba by-lon. See Babel. 2 Kings 17. 24. Am'mi-hud, kinsman of majesty. Nu. A'sa, (the Lord is) a healer. Comp. Ba'ca, weeping tree (something like Am-mi-na'dab, noble kinsman. Ex. Rephaiah. 1 Kings 15. 8. (18. the balsam). Ps. 84. 6. 6. 23.

Asa hei, God hath made. 2 Sam. 2. Ba-hu'rim. 2 Sam. 3. 16. (Isa. 15 2 Am-mi-shad'dai, a kinsman is the Al- A-sa'iah (pr. Asahyah), the Lord Ba'jith (pr. Bayith). house, temple. mighty. Num. 1. 12.

hath ina le. 2 Kings 22. 12.

Ba laam, one who swallows up. Num. Am-ini-za'bad, the kinsman (ie. God) A'saph, (God) gathereth 1 Chr. 6.39. 22. 5, 9- 35.

[2. hath bestowed. 1 Chron. 27. 6. As'e-nath, probably Isis Veith (names Ba'lak, one who layg waste. Num. 22. Am'mon, belonging to a kindred. of two Egyptian goddesses). Gen. Ba'mah, a high place, or sanctuary. Gen, 19. 38. (Sam. 3. 2. & 13. 20. 41. 45.

Ezek. 20. 29.

(Num. 22. 41. Am'non, and A-mi non, faithful. 2 A'shan (see Chor-ashan). Josh. 15. 42. Ba'moth-Ba'al, high places of Baal. A'mok, decp. Neh. 12. 7, 20.

Ash bel, man of Baal (-Eshbaal). Bar-ab'bas, son of the father (i.e. A'mon (natne of Egyptian sun-god).

Gen. 46. 21.

(Josh. 15. 47. rabbi). Matt. 27. 20. (Job 32. 2. 6. 2 Kings 21. 19.

Ash'dod, fortified place. 1 Sam. 5. 1; Ba'racb-el (pr. Barakel). God blesseth. Amʻorite, highlander (?). Gen. 10. 16. Ash'doth-pis gah, slopes of Pisgah. Ba-ra-chi'as (pr. Barakias), the Lord A'mos, one who bears a burden. Deut. 3. 17.

blesseth. Matt. 23. 33. Amos 1. 1. Luke 3. 25.

Ash'er, favourable. Gen. 30. 13. Ba'rak, lightning. Judg. 4. 6. A'moz, vigorous. Isa. 1. 1.

A-shi'ma (name of Hamathite god). Bar-je sus, son of Jesus or Jeshua Am-phip o-lis. Acts 17. 1. (16.8. 2 Kings 17. 30.

Acts 13. 6. (nan), Matt. 16. 17. Am'pli-as (short for Ampliatus). Rom. Ash'ke-naz Gen. 10. 3.

Bar-jo'na, son of Jona (i.e. of JohaAm'ram, high kinsman (comp. A Ash'pe-naz. Dan. 1. 3. (Judg. 2. 13. Bar na-bas, son of exhortation. Acts bram). Ex. 6. 20.

Ash ta-roth, images of Ashtoreth. 4. 36; 1 Cor. 9. 6. Am'ra-phel. Gen. 14. 1.

Ash-toʻreth (name of Asiatic goddess). Bar'sa-bas, son of the sabbath (i.e. Anah. Gen. 36. 2, 20. (Neb. 8.4. 1 Kings 11. 5.

born on the sabbath). Acts 1. 23. A-na'iah, the Lord has answered. A'si-a. Acts 2. 9. & 19. 26. & 20. 16. Bar-thol'o-mew, son of one's own Anak, long-necked. Num. 13. 22, 28. As'ke-lon, Judg. 1. 18.

brother (i.e. friend). Matt. 10. 3; A'nam-me lech, Anu is prince (i. e. As-nap'per (corruption of the Hebrew Acts 1. 13.

(10.46 supreme Godi. 2 Kings 17. 31.

form of Esarhaddon). Ezra 4. 10. Bar-ti-me'ns, son of the blind. Mark A-na'ni, the Lord covers over (i.e. Asóriel, God (is) prosperity. Num. 26. Ba'ruch, blessed (by God). Neh. 3. 20; A-pan'iah, screens). 1 Chr. 3. 21. 31. [Assyria. Gen. 10. 11. 22. Jer. 32. 12. A-na-ni as, See Hanımún. Acts 5. As'shur (pr. Ashur). god and land of Bar-zilʻlai, of iron. 2 Sam. 17. 27. 1. & 9. 10.

(Judg 3. 31. As'sir, prisoner, or, Osiris (Fryptian Ba'shan, fruitful. Num. 21. 33. A'nath (name of an Asiatic goddess). | As'sos. Acts 20. 13. (gol). Ex. 6.2.1. Bash'e-math, sweet-smelling, agreeAn'a-thoth, images of the goldess A-sup'pim, stores (not really a proper

able. Gen. 20. 34. Anath (applied as name of town). name). 1 Chron. 26. 16.

Bath'she-ba, daughter of the seven (?), Jer. 11. 21. A-syn'cri-tus. Rom. 16. 11.

or of an oath (). 2 Sam. 11. 3. An'drew, Matt. 4. 18. Luke 6. 14. A'tad, buck-thorn, Gen. 50. 10, 11. Bo'al-iah (pr. -yah), the Lord is lord. An-dro-ni'cus. Rom. 16. 7. Ath-a'iah. Neh. 11. 4.

1 Chron. 12. 5. (1 Sam. 12. 11. A'ner. Gen. 14. 24. A-thal'iah. 2 Kings 8. 26.

Be'dan (error of scribe for Barak ?). An'na, grace. Luke 2. 36. Ath'ens. Acts 17. 15.

Be-el'ze-bub. See Barl-zebub. An'nas, gracious (for Ananus-H& At-ta-li'a. Acts 14. 25.

Be-elze-bul (right reading in Matt. 10. nan). Luke 3. 2.

(2. 13. Au-gus'tus. Luke 2. 1; Acts 26. 21. 25, &c.). See Baal-aebul. An'ti-pas (short for Antipatros). Rev. A'va 2 Kings 17. 24.

Be'er, a well. Num. 21. 16. An-ti-pat'ris. Acts 23. 31. 15. 6. A'ven, vanity; idols. Ezek. 30. 17. Be'er-lahal'-ro'i, well of the living one A-phar'sa-chites (pr. -kites). Ezra A-zar'iah, the Lord helps. 2 Kings that seeth me (?). Gen. 16. 14. A-phar-sath'chites. Ezra 4. 9.

14. 21.

(10, 11. Be'er-e'lim, well of trees. Isa. 15. 8. A-phar'sites. Ezra 4. 9.

A-ze'kah, a field dug over. Josh. 10. Be'er-she'ba, well of seven, or of an A'phek, fortress. Josh. 12. 18. Az gad. Ezra 8. 12.

oath. Gen. 21. 14, 33.

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