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COMPENDIOUS CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES.

TABLE I.

FROM THE DEATH OF SOLOMON TO MALACHI, EXHIBITING THE COXTEMPORARY HEBREW

KINGS AND PROPHETS.

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Jehoahaz.
Jehoiakim.
Jehoiachin

(or Copiah).
Zedekiah.
Babylonian captivity.
Babylon taken by Cyrus.
Proclamation of Cyrus ; Ze-

rubbabel and Jeshua.
Foundation of the temple.
Artaxerxes (Pseudo-Smerdis)

forbids the work.
Favourable decree of Darius

519.

or

Azariah
Uzziah.

Amos,

Hosea.
Joel(?)

Hystaspes.
Temple finished.
Xerxes, king of Persia.
Esther made queen.
Haman's plot frustrated.
Artaxerxes Longimanus.
Ezra sent to govern Jerusalem.
Nehemiah sent as governor.
Darius Nothus.

Hagkai,

Zechariah.

782
772,
771.
760,

Anarchy.
Zechariah.
Shallum ;

Menahem.
Pekahiah.
Pekah.

515.
486.
478.
474.
465.
467.
444.

758. 757.

Jotbam.

Isaiah.

424.

420.

Malachi.

TABLE II.

FOR READING THE BOOKS OF THE PROPHETS IN THEIR CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.

PROPHET'S

XAME

PLACE OF
MIXISTRY.

DATE B.C.

HISTORICAL CONNECTION.

Jonah
Joel
Amos.
Hosea

Israel and Nineveh......
Judah
Israel...
Israel..

About 825—724
About 800
About 810-784
About 790-725

Isaiah

Jerusalem

About 760-695

Micah
Xahum
Zephaniah
Jeremiah..
Habakkuk.
Daniel
Obadiah

About 725-690
After 644
About 630
About 629-588

Judah and Israel....
Probably Judah
Judah
Judah and Egypt...
Judah
Babylon and Persia
Judah or Babylon...
Chaldpa; on the river

Chebar
Judaea
Judæa
Judæa

In the reign of Jehoahaz.
In the reign of Uzziah.
In the reign of Jeroboam II.
From the reign of Jeroboam II. to the captivity of

the Ten Tribes.
From the reign of Uzziah to that of Hezekiah or

Manasseh.
In the reigns of Hezekiah (Jer. 26. 18) & Manasseh.
Probably at the end of the reign of Manasseh.
In the reign of Josiah.
From the reign of Josiah until after the com-

mencement of the Babylonian captivity.
Shortly before the captivity.
During the whole of the captivity.
Shortly after the destruction of Jerusalem by the

Chaldeans.
Among the Jewish exiles, before and after the de-

struction of Jerusalem.
During the rebuilding of the Temple.
During, or shortly after, the time of Nehemiah.

About 626
About 607-533
About 585 (?) ...
About 694-572

Ezekiel

Haggai
Zachariah
Malachi

About 520
About 520
About 420

*** For the Contents of the other Books of the Bible chronologically arranged, see the Historical Epitome of the Bible; and for

further information as to dates, see Bases of Scripture Chronology.

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30

45

50

51

63

54

57

MARYLLUS appointed Hipparch.....CALIGULA Emperor.

3 Saul's escape from Damascus, and visit to Jerusalem.

HEROD AGRIPPA I. king of Judæa 'Invasion of Britain bs 4 and Samaria.

Plautius

CLAUDICS Emperor.
Admission of Cornelius into the

Church
James beheaded and Peter deli-
vered.

HEROD AGRIPPA I. dies at Casarea
Paul's second visit to Jerusalem,

with alms from the church at
Antioch.

War in Britain, 13-1
Paul is set apart as an Apostle. CUSPICS FADOS Procurator.

!
His first missionary journey, oc- TIBERIUS ALEXANDER Procurator.
cupying about a year,

VENTIDIUS CUMANUS Procurator...
His third visit to Jerusalem, re-

specting the obligations of the
Mosaic Law on Gentile con-

verts.
Paul sets out on his second mis-

Caractacus sent prisoners sionary journey, occupying rather

Rome...
more than 3 years, and including ANTONIUS Felix Procurator

his fourth visit to Jerusalem. The Tetrarchy of Trachonitis given Decree of Claulus tarsi
He enters Europe.
to AGRIPPA II.

ing the Jews from LGE 2 Paul writes 1 and 2 Epistles to the

Thessalonians from Corinth.
begins his third missionary jour.

ney, occupying about four
years.

NERO Emperor..
writes to the Galatians (?) from Revolt of the Sicarii, headed by an
Ephesus.

Egyptian (Acts xxí. 38)
writes to the Corinthians. Epistle

i from Ephesus; Epistle 2 from

Macedonia
writes to the Romans from

Corinth.
He visits (the fifth time) Jerusa-

lem; is apprehended, brought
before Felix, and imprisoned at

Caesarea.
appears before Festus; and is PorcIcs Festus Procurator.

sent to Italy.
arrives a prisoner at Rome. Embassy from Jerusalem to Rome War with Boadicea Dian 6
James writes bis Epistle (?).

respecting the wall.
Paul writes to the Ephesians,

Colossians, Philemon, Philip-
pians, and Hebreu's (?) froin

Rome.
Paul is supposed to have been ALBINUS Procurator.

released (?).
Jude writes his Epistle (?).
GESSIUS FLORUS Procurator.

Great fire at komme med
Peter writes his Epistles (?).

persecution of the Clos

tians.
Beginning of the great war between

the Romans and Jews.
Paul writes 1 Epistle to Timothy VESPASIAN General in Palestine.
and Epistle to Titus (?).

GALBA Emperor
writes 2 Epistle to Timothy (?).

OTHO and VITELLITS E

perors.
Paul's martyrdom (?).

VESPASIAS Emperor
Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.

Tits Emperor.
DOMITIAS Eniperor

Perst cution of Christus
John writes his Epistles (?).

NERFA Emperor
his Gospel ().
the Apocalypse (?).

TRAJAX Emperor

68

68

60

61 61 62

64

67

68

96 97 98

NOTE. - In the first part of the above Tables, com- | perfect exactness can be assietted, there are prising the principal epochs in the Pentateuch, the dates checks upon any serious mistake as to pite a messa assigned by Usher and Hales respectively

are given in sepa- degree of probability to the general line of the chest rate columns ; Usher following in the main the present It will be observed that no dates

nf anteniment llebrew text, and Hales the Septuagint. After the en- in heathen countries are given before the re (tres trance upon Canaan, the dates given in the Tables differ B. C. 776: recular chronology before that ers les from both systems, and are the result of careful compu- certain. And some of the later dates which is tation, together with a comparison of the best authori- the Table

have been place there, according

to ties. Although it must be admitted that in the earlier chronology, without reference to the questa parts of the history there are few instances in which have been raised as to the erents themselves

The dates marked * have been corrected in accordance with the Assyrian inscriptions - At p. 77 obert years. An error has by some means crept into 2 Kings xviii. 13, the real date being Hezekiah's with seart

. 18776

COMPENDIOUS CHRONOLOGICAL TABLES.

TABLE I.

FROM THE DEATH OF SOLOXOX TO MALACHI, EXHIBITING THE CONTEMPORARY HEBREW

KINGS AND PROPHETS.

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FOR READING THE BOOKS OF THE PROPHETS IN THEIR CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER.

PROPHET'S

NAME.

PLACE OF
MIXISTRY

DATE B.O.

HISTORICAL COXXECTIOX.

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In the reign of Jehoahaz.
In the reign of Uzziah.
In the reign of Jeroboam II.
From the reign of Jeroboam II. to the captivity of

the Ten Tribes.
From the reign of Uzziah to that of Hezekiah or

Manasseh.
In the reigns of Hezekiah (Jer. 26. 18) & Manasseh.
Probably at the end of the reign of Manasseh.
In the reign of Josiah.
From the reign of Josiah until after the com-

mencement of the Babylonian captivity.
Shortly before the captivity.
During the whole of the captivity.
Shortly after the destruction of Jerusalem by the

Chaldeans.
Among the Jewish exiles, before and after the de-

struction of Jeruzalem.
During the rebuilding of the Temple.
During, or shortly after, the time of Nehemiah.

Judah and Israel
Probably Judah
Judah
Judah and Egypt.
Judah
Babylon and Persia
Judah or Babylon.....
Chaldea; on the river

Chebar.
Judæa
Judæa
Judæa

Habakkuk
Daniel
Obadiah

About 626
About 607-533
About 585 (?) ...

Ezekiel

About 591-572

Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi

About 620
About 520
About 420

. For the Contents of the other Books of the Bible chronologicaly arranged, see the Historical Epitome of the Bible; and for

further information as to dates, see Bases of Scripture Chronology.

ORIGIN OF NATIONS (In GEN. x. On the use of this oldest extant record, see Prof. Sayce's Art, Ethnology of the Bible,

NOAH's sons.

PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES.

PRINCIPAL XATIONS SPRING FROM THEM.

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Kimmerians, and kindred tribes living about the Black Ses
Scythians, ie, peoples N. of Caucasus Mt., and in ite at
Medies.

about the Cr
Ionians, and Greeks (generally).
The Tibareni between the Black and Caspian Seasl.
Probably Moschii between Colchisontte B
Thracians (so Josephus and the ancients): of people abus :
Taurus; or the Etruscans, called by the Greeks TyTSL)
most recently, Tuch, Noldeke, Dillmann). The identical

is uncertain, there being no Biblical clue.
Elamites of Susiania, i.e. the N. coastland of the Persian Guk.
Assyrians.
Chaldeans (in Heb. Casdim are Arphaxadeans."-Joseph
Lydians.
Sýrians, including peoples of N. Mesopotamia (Pedas Arom.

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Ethiopians, or Abyssinians,
Fgyptians.
Libyans,
Canaanites.

AN HISTORICAL EPITOME OF THE HOLY BIBLE;

WITH THE CHIEF EVENTS OF THE PERIOD BETWEEN THE TESTAMENTS.

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“ Belicvers in Christ are the true Israel; the Church of Christ is only a continuance of the plan acourtiaz tə which God called Abraham and separated his descendants to be llis peculiar People"-SPEAGERS COUDTABL. Note. - On the Chronology, see Dr. Green's art. Bases of Biblical Chronology.

PART I.-OLD TESTAMENT. Dates Genesis

The Creation and Fall of Man. in IV. i.-ii. 3. margin

THE CREATION-A history of the stages in the earth's derelopment, and its

THE (U sher).

progressive adaptation to become the habitation of mankind, corcaiing tita sn explanation of the origin of the Sabbath.

Days (periods or stages) of Creation, riz. 1. Light and darkness: day and night 2. The 'tirmament see Glossary) or atmosphere.-3. Water and lan i: Fiata

4. The 'heavenly bodies' and their order.-5. Animal life, in water api air: Fir? B.C.

Fowls.-6. Animal life on land-- from lusects to Man in God's own inaze tante 4001.

dominion orer created life.-7. God rests from his creative work Hence Heats ii. 4-26. cp. Heb. iv. 9, a rest,' Gk. 'a Sabbath-rest.')- second history, dealing specialis in the

origin of Man. The animals affording no suitable companion, Woman is formed to be

his help.' (Meet for him.'i.e. corresponding, adapted to him.) iii.

The Fall - Adam and Eve, expelled from Paradise, are doomed with their descendients

live by toil, and to suffer pain and death, but are promised ultimate reiemption through a descendant of Eve.

The World Peopled. - Line of the Promised Seedtill the Flood (Luke iii. 36–38 4003 iv. 1, 2. Birth of (1) Cain, (2) Abel. -- Abel's sacrifice is accepted and Cain's rejectei (see Hea si 3875.

3-16. 4; 1 John ii. 12). Cain, through envy, murders Abel. The curse on ibe first murderer. I

17--21. The Origin of Civilization and different arts. 3874. 23, 20. The Generations of Adan (ie the account of Adam and his descendantsl-Barthol

Seth, Abel's successor, and heir to the Promise. The Sethites-contracted with the sot
Cainites. Seth's direct descendants, riz. Enos; Cainan; Mahalalveli Jared; Enoch;

Metbuselah: Lamecn : Noah. 3769. iv. 26. The public worship of a Covenant-God (Heb. Jehovah) begins among the Sethites. 3074. V. 5.

Adam dies, aged 930 years. 3017.

23, 24. Enoch, whose life pleased God,' is taken up to God (Heb. xi. 5: Jude 14 2918. 28-29.

Noah, son of Lamech, the future father of the world renewed after the food is bem vi. 1-8. Great and increasing corruption of mankind-ascribed to inter-marriages of the 'soes el

God' with the daughters of men.' 2469. 9-22 The Generations of Noah. God commissions Noah, alone found faithful, to presch re

pentance and to build the ark (Heb. xi. 7: 2 Pet. ii. 3 , during a respite of 191 year before! the floor (1 Pet. iii. 20). Meanwhile, i.e. after his 50th year, Noah's 3 sons are born, ris.

Shem. Ham, and Japheth. 2418.

Birth of shem, the ancestor of Abraham, and through him of the Promisei Seel 231).

Methuselah dies, aged 999.- Voah enters the ark in his cooth year, with his wife, his three vil 1-viii. 12 sons and their wives, and with every species of living creature by seveds or pain The

flood destroys mankind, except the eight persons preserved in the ark (1 Pet. n. 30).

The World re-Peopled.— The ' Promised Seed' from Noah to Abram'the Hebres.' 2318. viii. 13-22 The flood subsides; Noah, &c. leave the ark. Noah offers in thanksgiving a berri

ix. 1-7. offering, which Goci accepts. Gori enters into a covenant with promises attested to the 8-17. rainbow as a sigu or seal, with Noah as the representative of surviving bumanity, Pring

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PART 1.-OLD TESTAMENT.

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mankind dominion over the animal creation and permitting them to use animals as food, but He forbids them to eat blood, and commands them to respect human life. He promises never again to destroy the earth by water (Is, liv. 9 ; 2 Pet. iii, 6, 7).

Noah Vesses Shem aad Japheth for filial conduct; but curses Canaan, 4th son of Ham and ancestor of the Canaanites. [Ham's evil disposition, transmitted to the Canaanites, explains their dispossession and almost total destruction by Israel, cp. ch. xv. 16-21, &c.)

The Generations of the son of Noah.-(See the Origin of Nations and Sayce's art. Ethnology. The bistorian deals with the origin of the nations involved in Hebrew history.] The world is re-peopled by Noah's family (first from Ararat, ¿.e. the Armenian plateau, the watershed of W. Asia, and later from the valley of the Euphrates and Tigris).

2346.

xi. 10--26.

2218.

X. 8-12

2247,

xi. 1-9

9188.

X. 13.

20501930.

xi. 27-29.

1923.

31.

1921.

32.

xii. 1-3.

4-8.

1920.

10-20.

The Generations of Shein, i.e. Shem's descendants in the line of the Promised Seed, viz. Arphaxad (born two years after the flood) : Salah; Eber; Peleg, in whose days the earth was divided' [? = mankind dispersed from Babel); Reu ; Serug; Nahor; and Terah father of Abram.

Nimrod founds the Assyrian, the first recorded inonarchy, in the rich plain of Shinar (between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, the later Padan Aram, or Aram i.e. highland) Naharaim (i.e. of two rivers), Gk. Mesopotamia. Surviving monuments suggest that Nimrod's prowess as a destroyer of wild beasts was connected with his elevation to lead men and found a kingdom around the tetrapolis of Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calnch, and later of Nineveh, Rehoboth, Calah, and Resen to the N. in Assyria).

Babel is built the later Babylon: ‘Babel,' in Assyrian, means Gate of God), as it to concentrate mankind. A confusion of language disperses the builders.

Mizraim (pl.), son of Ham, gives his name to the kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt [still Misr' in Arabic : the land of Ham,' Ps. cv. 23, 27).

The Generations of Terah.-In Ur of the Chaldees. Terah's sons Nahor, Haran, and
Abram (1906) are born : Nabor marries Haran's daughter Milcah and has issue. Harun
begets Lot and dies. Sarai, Abrani's half-sister (ch. xx. 12) and future wife, is born, B.C.
1986.--Noah dies, aged 950 years, B.C. 1998 (ch. ix. 28, 29).

The Migration of Teral.- Terah (8th from Shem), with Abram and Sarai, and with
Lot, remove from Ur to Haran (Charran, Charre) in Mesopotamia, the city of Nahor,'
Gen. xxiv. 10 & xxvii. 43. Terah, aged 205, dies in Haran.
The Patriarchs. - The Covenant Family ("The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob').-Call

of Abram (cp. Acts vii. 2--16; Ps. cv 5-23).-- The Promises.
The first of the Promises is made to Abram, viz. that he should be the father of a great
pation, and the medium of a world-wide blessing. God bids Abran leave Harau and
his kinsfolk [? to preserve the 'Promised Seed' from idolatrous influences, "strange
gods, Josh. xxiv, 2, 15).

The Migrations of Abram,- Abram, aged 75 years, with Farai and Lot, leaves Haran, and crossing the R. Euphrates (the Hebrew' may mean the Crosser) with his clan (A.V. house) and stock, adopts a nomad life. In faith, he wanders southward; at length, in Canaan, when encanped by the Oak (A.V. plain of Moreh (Shechem), he receives the second Promise, viz. that his seed should inherit Canaan. Abram believes, erects a memorial altar, and moves near to Bethel (see Acts vii. 4; IIeb, xi. 8. 9).

Famine in Canaan Abram enters Egypt. Pharaoh takes Sarai, who passed a2 Abram's sister, into his barem (cp. Esth. ii. 3. 12), but surrenders her when undeceived.

NOTE. -- The 430 years of the sojourning of the children of Israel in Egypt' dates hence. See Ex, xii. 40; Gal. iii. 17. Abram and Lot return into Canaan, to Bethel. Their stock exceeding the pasturage and water-supply (cp. Num. Xxii. 3, 4), Abram magnanimously offers Lot the choice of country : Lot selfishly and recklessly chooses the tropical and well-watered valley of the infamous Pentapolis of the Plain of the Dead Sea, and settles in Sodom.

Abrain receives the third Promise--an emphatic repetition and enlargement of the two former. He encamps by the Oak (A.V. plain) of Mamre, near Kirjath-arba (Hebron),

Lot, captured in Sodom by Chedorlaomer, is rescued at Laish Lan) by Abram and his allies, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre. Melchisedek (? a faithful Canaanite patriarch, cp. Job, Jethro, &c.) meets Abram (see Heb. vii. 1-4). Lot returns to Sodom.

Abram, lamenting his childlesspess, receives the fourth Promise, viz. of a son whose seedl, numberless as the stars, shall inherit Canaan (from Egypt to the R Euphrates, fulfilled.under Solomon). Adopting as a sign or pledge the customary covenant-sacritice, God also reveals the intervening 100 years of exile from Canaan and of bondage in Egypt, and the return of Abraham's seed as a great and wealthy nation into the land of Promise in the fourth_generation, when the cup of Canaanite iniquity should be full. Abram believes (see Rom. iv. 3)—but Sarai gives to Abram Hagar her handmaid (whose child would reckon as Sarai's, ch. XXX. 3, &c.]. Next year, Hagar bears Ishmael, whom even Abram regards as the promised heir (ch. xvii. 18).

In Abram's g9th year God makes an 'everlasting covenant' with Abram and his seed, ordainiug circumcision as its perpetual national sign. God confirms the Promises and changes significantly the names of Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah. God promises Sarah a son, Isaac, to be heir to the new 'everlasting covenant;' and reveals Ishmael's future, Abraham immediately adopts circumcision.

Abraham still at Mamre) entertains three angels unawares, who repeat to him and Sarah the Promise of a son. God reveals the doom of the five cities of the plain; Abraham intercedes for Sodom (see Heb. xiii. 2).

Two angels urge Lot to flee from Sodom. Lot permitted to intercede for Bela, i.e Zoar, escapes thither. The other four cities are destroyed. Lot's wife perishes.' Lot and his two daughters leaving Zoar dwell in the mountains (see Luke xvii. 29; 2 Pet. ii. 6-8; Jude 7), the future home of Moab and Ammon, Lot's descendants by his two daughters (and so kinsmen and future neighbours, but generally foes, of Abraham's seed].

Abraham migratiug S. sojourns in Gerar; Abimelech the Philistine king acts as Pharaoh B.C. 1920 in respect of Sarah.

Birth and circumcision of Isaac in Abraham's 100th year.

Ishmael and Hagar are sent away. Ishmael settles in the Wilderness of Paran and marries an Egyptian. Abrabam settles at Beersheba.

Abrabam's faith and obedience, being tested by the command to sacrifice Isaac, is rewarded by a confirmation of the Promises. Abraham still at Beersheba.

Sarah dies in Kirjath-arba (Hebron), aged 127, and is buried in the Cave of Machpelah, E. of Mamre, Abraham's sole possession in Canaan.

Abraham to keep the heir of the Promises in Canaan, yet to protect him from local idolatrous influences) ohtains a wife for Isaac of his own kindred from Haran, riz. Rebekah, daughter of Bethuel, the Aramæan (A.V. Syrian) of Padan Aram, Nahor's son.

1918

xiii. 1-12.

1917.

10.

-18.

1913.

xiv.

XV.

1911. 1910.

Ivi. 1-3.

15, 16.

1808.

xvii.

xviii,

xix. 1-30.

31-38,

1807. 1892. 1891. 1872

Xxi. 1-7.

8-21. 22-31. xxi.

1860.

xxiii.

1857.

xxiv.

1

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