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GLOSSARY OF BIBLE WORDS,
NOW DIFFICULT OR OBSOLETE, EXPLAINED AND ILLUSTRATED.
BY THE REV. J. RAWSON LUMBY, D.D.
of Magdalene College, Cambridge.
The illustrations from English writers of the period of the Anthorised Version in this Glossary are chosen,
as much as possible, from authors of the Elizabethan and Jacobean times; but now and then, to indicate that a word is old, an example of it has been given from Chaucer, while on the contrary a few examples have been selected from Milton and Dryden when a word continued to be used in its Biblical sense to a late date. With the exception of Spenser, Shakespeare, Milton, Burton (Teg!, 1857), and Dryden, the works mainly used for illustration are those published in (1) Mr. Arber's series of reprints; (2) the Fuller Worthies Library (Grosart); (3) the Old Shakespeare Society's volumes; and (4) the publications of the
with which each word is connected :ad fix. = towards the end. Eng. English,
L. or Lat. = Latin.
pret. = preterite. adj. su adjective.
fig. = figuratively. LXX.= Sept. Vers.of 0.T. prob. = probably. adv. adverb, Fr. - French.
met. = metaphorically. pron. = pronoun. A. S. = Anglo-Saxon. G, or Germ. * German. n. noun.
P. B. Vers, Prayer Book conj. = conjunction. Gk.
Version of the Psalms. conn. = connected. Heb. = Hebrew.
0. F. = Old French. Span. Spanish cp.- compare. Icel. Icelandic. part. = participle.
v. i. = verb intransitive. Dan. = Danish inter, = interjection.
p. p. = past participle. v. refl. = verb retective Dut. - Dutch.
It, or Ital. = Italian. prep. = preposition. v. t. = verb transitive. ABJECT, n. (Lat. abjectus, cast & to risk: Deut. 28. 16; Judg. 9. 17; ALLOW, v. t. (Lt. allaudare) to apavay.) A worthless, contemptible Acts 19. 31.
prove of: Lk. 11. 18; Rom. 7. 15; person: Ps. 35. 15.
I am almost afraid: pet I will adeenture, i Thes. 2. 4. Death tells the proud they are bat abjects,
Shaks. Romeo, *, & 11. How far-forth do you like their articles ? ad hurubles them at the instant. By adventuring both, I oft found both.
I like them all, and do allow them well. Raleigh's Hist, ad fine.
Shake. Ner, Ven. 1. 1143
Shaks. Henry VI. pt. 2. iv, 2. 54. ABOMINATION, n. (Lat. abomi- ADVERTISE, v. t. (Fr. adoertir) to Cp. Pr. Bk.B. Ser. (God) favourably
natio.). Anything that is loath inform, give notice : Num. 24. 14; alloweth this charitable work of some, hence applied to objects of Ruth 4.4. See Estate, Occurrent. ours. idolatrous worship : as Ex. 8. 26,
This is to be partaker of other men's ALL TO, adv. All to pieces: Judg. &c.
siny, I advertise you in God's name, look
9. 53. To often prefixed in 0. E. Within God's sanctuary itselt their shrines, ADVISEMENT, n. (Fr. avis=) conn
to verbs of breaking, cleaving, Abomination Par. Lost, I. 387. sel, i Chron. 12. 19, consideration.
&c., to indicate utter destruction, An idol is also called 'a thing of I shall be at liberty to take new ad
e.g. to-breke' to-chap', tonaught', Jer. 14. 14, & horror', oisement. More's Utopia, p. 16.
rend', to-tere The word all 2 Chron. 15. 16, marg.,' a shame AFFECT, v. t. (Lat. affectare) to
being frequently added to the exHos. 9. 10, 'dungy gods', Deut. 29. desire earnestly, to strive after :
pression to increase its strength, 17, marg. Gal. 4. 17.
all-to became used as an adverb, ABROAD, adv., out of doors. Judg. The world's & crafty strumpet most
though the to belongs properly to 12. 9; 1 Kin. 2. 42, &c. See Gad.
the verb. His mailed bauberk They will not safter their wives to be seen
And closely following those that most broken and to tore'. Rom. of Par. elroad Barton's Anatomy, p. 642.
tenay, 5872. By the time of Spen.
But sacmn ing careless, nicely disrespectADAMANT, n. (Gk. adamas, uncon
ser, all was invariably joined with
ing, querable), hence applied to very And coyly flying those that most affect
to. Thus:hard stone: Exe. 3. 9; Zech. 7. 12.
Quarles' Emblems, i. 4.
With locks all loose, and miment all to nent.
F, Queen, v. 84. The first letter of the word being AFFECTIONED, P. p. (Lat. affectus)
Cp. altogether. dropped, now diamond.
disposed : Rom, 12. 10. They supposed I could rend bars of steel, There be many so afectioned to religion ALMS, n. singular, (shortened from and spurn in pieres pasts of adamant. that they pass (.e care) nothing for learu almesse, the 0. Eng. form of Gk. Shaka Henry VI pt 1. i. 4. 52.
More's Utopia, p. 149. eleemosyné = pity), a charitable ADDICT, v. refl. (Lat. addicere = to AFFINITY, (Lat. affinis) a relation gift, almagift: Acts 3. 3.
deyote. Addicted in a good sense ship by marriage : 1 Kin. 3. 1; 2 | ALOOF, adv. at a distance : Ps. 38. * dedicated, and not as in modern Chron. 18. 1; Ezra 9. 14.
Last syllable perhaps conuse: 1 Cor. 16. 15. AGAINST, conj. used of time: Gen.
nected with verb, leave. ADJURE, v. t. (Lat. adjaro= to af 43. 25 ; Ex. 7. 15. firm on oath.) Used not in the
ru charm his eyes, ageinst she do appear. AMAZEMENT, n. (connected with
Shaka. Nide. N. D. iii. 22 Fr. s'esmaier. Confusion, trepi. common sense, to entreat solemnly, but = to bind by an oath, cause ALBEIT, conj. although it be : dation, bewilderment: 1 Pet. 3. 6. to swear: Josh. 6. 26.
Amazement shall drive courage from 1 Ezek. 13. 7; Philem. 19.
Shaks. Pericl. 1. 2. %. ADMIRATION, n. (L. admiratio=) ALLEGE, (Lt. allego) to bring evi
wonder, Jude 16. Rev., 17.6, undue dence, to prove by quotation (of AMBASSAGE, n. (Ital. ambasciata, regard, astonishment, without any Scripture, Acts 17. 3).
and the first syllable is to be seen of the good sense which the word One place more of St. Augustine will I
in the Germ. amt = office.) An has now. ellege.
embassy: Luke 14. 82.
Ridley Aget. Tranenbetantiation. ADO, n. (from Eng. do, with pref. a) ALLEGORY, (Gk. allegoria) a de
AMBUSHMENTS, n. (Fr. embusbustle, tumnlt: Mk. 5. 39.
quer= lie in a lurking place.) The Great cry and little wool, much ade and scription of one thing under the
middle syllable is akin to Eng. ste help.-Gosson's School of 4busc, p. image of another: Gal. 4. 24.
bush= a thicket. An ambuscade, The Fathers, before they fully inderstood the literal sense in Scripture, looked
a party of men lying in wait in a ADVENTURE, v. t. and i. (Lat. adout for allegory.
wood or thicket : 2 Chron, 13. 13; venire, adventurus.) To venture,
Selden 9 Table Talk, p 2. 20. 22.
AMEN, Heb. The original is an monstrate: Acts 2. 22, &c.; 2 Cor. AVOUCH, v. t. (Lat. adrocare, 0. adj. =sure, true. In the English 6. 4.
Fr. adrmer) to acknowledge, OCI, it means I So let it be (in The letter which approves him an in avow: Dent. 98. 17, 18.
telligent party-Shak. k. Lear, iii. 5. 12 prayers or wishes), as Num. 5. 29,
You have made to offence, if the duke &c. 2 So it is in affirmations and (2) To test, put to the proof, Rom, arouch the Justice of your dem.ba
1 In ascriptions), as Ps. 73. 19, &c. 2. 18, &c.; cp. *Prove all things':
Sbaks. N. UT WIS • 990 1 Thes. 5. 21. the X. T., esp. St. John's Gospel,
AWAY WITH, F.t. Aray = on the
On whose eyes I might approve it is constantly rendered rerily.
This flower's force in stirring love.
way; cp. ashore, advard. So oner Shaks. Mids, N. D. ii. 2. &
with = to go on the same tua AMERCE, F. t. to impose a money
with, hence to endere, tolerie, penalty, Deut. 29. 19; derivation, ARK, n. (Lat. arca =) a chest.
pnt up with: Is. 1. 13. either a mercie, i.e. at the king's Used of (1) Noah's vessel, Gen. 6. One is so XUT, o eratbed and som mercy, or more probably) con 14; (2) any box, Ex. 2. 3; 3) the pleasant that he can audy w Do TES nected with Lat. merces = wages. box in which Aaron's rod, the Dor sport. Mures Copa De I Every one shall be by him amerced, tables of the law, &c. were kept,
Axay rith him, John 19. 15, &c. with penance due. Ex. 37. 1, &c.
means to remove, to take awar. Spenser's Sonneta, 70.
Father, if it be postle may win this If any of their family spoke any word ARTILLERY, n. (Fr, artillerie) used bitter cup Latimer's Scra, that savoured of the palace or the schools, in O. E, of bows and arrows, or of
1 he should incur the penalty of an anroe
any missile weapons : 1 Sam. 20. 40. ment. Howell's Letters, 4. 19. The Grecians' strength lying in artillery.
B. AMIABLE, adj. (Fr. aimable; Lat.
for that purpose Athens had 100 men
which were only archers. amabilis) loveable, or lovely, i.e.
BACKBITER, n. Bom. 1. 2. The Ascham's Tox. 74.
word thus rendered means as to behold: Ps. 81. 1.
Artillery Dow-a-days is taken for two Venus had her mole on her cheeke, things; guns and bows. Latimer, i. 27.
er of evil, a slanderer, Witboo: may which made her more amiable. Elsewhere Latimer distinguishes
necessary idea of secresy. The Lyly's Euphwes, p. 34. artillery from orduance.
cognate verb is thrice translated
to speak eril: Jam. 4. 11. AND IF, also written an if=if: Mt. ASSAY, v. t. (Fr. essayer) to try, 24. 48. A common redundancy in
test, mostly now of testing metals, BANK, n. (A. S. banc) a mord, Old Eng. AN used alone if.
to attempt: Deut. 4. 34, &c. In Sam. 20. 15, &c., of earth raised Scratching could not make it worse, an 1 Sam. 17. 39, he assuyed to go= by besiegers against a city's sis. 'twere such a face as yours.
he was willing to go, he tried to Xow used only of tbe grond be Sbaks. Much Ado, i. 1. 137. walk.
the side of a river. Cp. erbank These be fine things, an they be not
I have assayed to set forth my plough. ment of a railway.
See More sprites.
Latimer, The Plowers, p. 17. Nay then, an if you grow so nice.
Heady streams are kept in vita La Shaks. Lor. La. Lost, v. 2. 232 ASSURE, v. t. to make sure, set
Bp. Pillaington's Note 3 at rest : 1 John 3. 19.
BANQUET, v. i. and 1. Ital. barANCIENTS, n. elders: Ps. 119. 100; If you misdoubt me,
chetto, a little berch.) The words Isa. 3. 14; Jer. 19. 1, &c. Hooker
I know not how I shall assure you
80 translated in the Bible gene
further.-Shaks. All's Well, ui. 7. 1. quotes Deut. 39. 7, from the Ge.
rally refer to drinking ratteries nera version, thus :ASSURANCE, n.(see Assure)=quiet
eating, though not decessarily in. Ask thy father, and be will shew thee; confidence, Dent, 28. 66, &c.; and
excess: Esth. 5. 4; 7. 2, se s. of thine ancients, and they shall tell thee. 1 Thes. 1. 5, in much assurance Eccl. Pol. v. 7.
wine. This latter sense was oficz =restful, unwavering belief. The
in the 0. E. word. ANGLE, n. (A.S. angel, a fish-hook): cognate v. t. is rendered surely Shall the king dance and delly, Lamunt, Isa. 19. 8, &c. A rod with line beliere: Luke 1. 1.
hawk, and hunt - Latimer's sera and hook for fishing. ASTONIED, p.p. (0. Fr. estonrer)
The officers be volop toyses No angle will hell thee; it must be a astonished, Ezra 9. 3; Job 17. 8.
quelling, and for the traintenance net. Lyly's Eve phues, p. 38.
voluptuousness go by-walk-bud. Cast angle', cp..cast an hook',
&c. ; also spelt astoynde ; still
intelligible : 1 Cor. 14. 11. Gk
Bp. Pilkington's Workx. p. 335.
barbaros, without any sense of
barbarism. It merels meent de
who spoke a different lar stage ANSWER, v. t. (A. S. anexarian=) AT ONE, ATONEMENT, ' to set
All nations of the world be the to reply to some previous reat one'=to reconcile : Acts 7. 26.
Latins and Greeks called baner mark; but often used in Bible for The recent of France was fain to be sent
Ex** A* for to set thein at one speech where nothing has been
Latiner's Serm., p. 63. BARBED, adj. (Lat. Darbo =. previously said Dan. 2. 26, &c.
Hence the transitive sense of the beard. Hence) of the bearske The last part of the word akin to verb atone = to reconcile.
end of a hook or arrow: Job 41.7 8cear.
I would do much to atone them.
Shaks. Othello, iv. 1. 244. BASE, adj. (Fr. bas == ) lov; vibout APACE, adv. (Fr. pas = a step)
the modern sense of wicked: with quick steps, swiftly: Ps. 68. ATTENT, adj. (Lat. attentus) atten. tire: 2 Chr. 6. 40; 7. 15.
small account: 1 Cor. 2. Sis 12.
Cor. 10. 1. ATTIRE, v. t. (fr. 0. Fr. atour=& APPARENTLY, adv. (Lat. appareo
hood.) To put on a head-dress : BATH, n. a Heb. meaenre of fatis = to appear.) Manifestly, visibly, Lev. 16. 4. This word has been
equivalent to the path in dry openly : Num. 12. S. extended to dress generally, tire
measure : Isa. 5. 10 ; Ezek jel It becometh us not to judge great magis.
being now contined to the dress Ten bachs - 1 homer; Josepbes trates, unless their deeds be openly and ing of the head. See Tire and
(Antiq., viii. 2, 9) makes the barb upparently wicked. Latimer's Serm., p. 116. Head-tire, Monster.
= 72 pints. APPEARANCE (of evil) in 1 Thes. AUDIENCE, n. (Lat. audientia) BEAM, R. (eonn. Ger. lass = a 5. 32 = form, sort, kind (of evil). hearing : Gen. 23. 13, &c.
tree), a large piece of timber: Vt Let us haste to hear it,
7. 3, 4, 5; Lk. 6. 41, 42. Csed to APPLE, of the eye, n. The eye
And call the noblest to the audience. signify some great defect, opposed ball: Deut. 32. 10.
Shaks, Hamlet, v. 2 308. to a mote or speek of dus, which Laugb upon the apple of her eye. In Acts 13. 16; 15. 12; 22. 22, Shaks. Lov. La. Lost, v. 2. 475. give audience
represents some trifling fault. listen, I can give audience
BEATEN, P. p. used of 4: KL. APPREHEND. (Lat. apprehendo) to
To any tongue, speak it of what it will. 27. 20. This is a literal rendering lay hold of, grasp: 2 Cor. 11. 32.
Shaks, Jaan, iv. 2 1:29 of the Hebrew, and refers to the ; which, how it worketh in them that have no power to apprehend such
AVOID, v.i. (Fr. rider), (1) to make way in which the oil was extract felicity, it is not for me to intimate.
empty. (2) To depart, escape, 1 ed from the olive-berries. Nash's Pierce Pennitesse, p. 68. Sam. 18. 11; intrans. use not rare BECAUSE, conj. i.e. by cars
in 0. E. APPROVE, v. t. (Lat. approbare, Here's no place for you: pray you, anoid,
with the intention or parpose. Fr. approver.) (1) To prove, de
in order that : Matt. 26. 31.
CHA BEEVES, n. plural of beef (Fr. BOOK, (A.S.bốc.) Books in the mo myself'='I am conscious of nobans), which
was formerly ap dern sense had no existence before thing against myself', Cp. Conplied, as the French word still is, printing, but the word is used for science. to the living animal: Lev. 22. any writing. An indictment, a For whom no wool appeareth fine 19, &c. formal accusation : Job 31. 35.
enough: Now has he land and beeres.
I speak not this by English courtiers. Shaks. 2 Hen, V., iii. 2. 353. BOOTIES, n. (G. beute) plunder :
Gascoigne's Steel Glas, p. 71. See & similar use of mutton = Hab. 2. 7. Plural disused,
BY AND BY, adv. = - immediately: sheep (North's Plutarch, p. 100): They have passed out of Belgick to Mat, 13. 21, &c.
One was the price of an ox, the other search bogtics and to make war. of & multon.
Lyly's Euphres, p. 247.
The clapper brake, and we could not
get it amended by and by. BEGGARLY, adj. (in a metapho- BOSS, n. (Fr. borse) a knob or
Latimer's Serm., p. 173. rical sense), mean, worthless, bump. The knobs on a shield: miserable; Gal. 4. 9. Job 15. 26. Cp. Emboss = to stud
C. Beggarly lies no beggarly wit but can with knobs. invent.-Nash's Pierce Pennilesso, p. 15. A finger ring which in the bosse thereof CALKERS, n.='stoppers of chinks',
had a watch, Howell's Letters, 4. 1. BEHEMOTH, n. Heb., Job 40. 15.
Ezek. 27. 9, 27, marg. Derivation Some huge beast, probably the BOTCH, n. (Ital. bozza, a bubble), uncertain. To calk - to stop the hippopotamus. The description a boil: Deut. 28. 27, 35. See Blain. crevices in a ship's side with tow. which follows is clearly that of an
A medicine for a botch must be had as far as the Red Sea.
CAMPHIRE, n. (old spelling of camamphibious animal.
Burton's Anatomy, p. 436. phor) henna : Song 1. 14; 4. 13. BESIDE, adv. i.e. by side. Used (1) BRAVERY, n. (Fr, braver, to vaunt), CANKER, n. (Lat. cancer) an eating, besides, in addition to: Gen. Isa. 3. 18, showy dress.
corroding ulcer : 2 Tim. 2. 17. 26. 1, &c. (2) By the side of : 1 He gratulates the first sin and fig leaves Sam. 19. 3.
that were an occasion of bravery.
CANKERED, eaten away with Earle's Hicrocosm., p. 39.
rust: Jam. 5. 3. BESOM, n. (A. S. besma) a broom:
The rose eaten with the canker, yet Isa. 14. 23.
BRAY, v. t. (Fr. broyer =) to pound, yieldeth sweet water. I think there is no more difference bebruise: Prov. 27. 22.
Lyly's Euphues, p. 200. ween them, than between a broom and a Abigail took five bushels of brayed corn. CANKER-WORM, n. a kind of beson. Lyly's Euphues, p. 309. Wycliffe's Bible, 1 Kings 23. 18.
caterpillar (larva of locust): Joel BESTEAD, adj. (fr. A. S. stede BREACH, n. broken place, indenta 1. 4; 2. 25; Nah. 3. 15. sa place, situation, stead, c.l. tion in the coast line, a creek :
Cankerworms that breed on the rust of home-stead, see Stead), situated : Judg. 5. 17.
peace.-Nash's Pierce Pennilease, P. 61. Isa. 8. 21. Hardly bestead = in.
BREAK UP, v. t.=to break open CAREFUL, adj. (Lat. cura = care), volved in troubles. or through: Gen. 7.11; Mic. 2. 13;
frequently in A. V. a translation What the foul evil hath thee so bestead i Matt. 24. 13; Mark 2. 4.
of words signifying over-anxious, Spenser's Sh. Cal., Aug. 7. Break up this (letter).
filled full of care: Phil. 4. 6; cp. BESTOW, v. (A. S. stow, a place,
Shaks, Mer. Of T., il. 4. 10.
Mat. 6. 31. See Thought. preserved in names, é.g. Stow
Ghosts break up their graves. market, Felixstou. Hence bestovo
Shaks. 2 Henry VI., i. 4. 22.
CARRIAGE--S, n. (Ital. carriagio =) to put in a place : 1 Kin. 10. 26 ; BRIGANDINES, n. (Fr. brigandine)
=a carriage.) In Biblical lan2 Chr. 9. 25; Lk. 12. 17, 18, &c. a coat of mail: Jer. 46. 4; 51. 3.
gnage this word always means In what safe place have you bestowed
Helmet and brigandine of brasa.
something which is to be carried,
baggage, Judg. 18. 21; aus do the my money ?-Shaks, C. of Err., i. 2. 78.
Milton's S.A., 1120.
Heb. words rendered carriage. BEWRAY, v. t. (A. S. urégan=to
BROIDED, === braided : 1 Tim. 2. 9. So, 'Your carriages' (the things accuse. Hence the compound=) | BROIDERED, p. p. (Fr. broder, to
which you carried about) are to accuse, convict, make evident : embroider) embroidered : Ex: 28. heary laden' ('made into a load Prov. 27. 16; Matt. 26. 73. It is 4, &c.
for the beasts and cattle), Isa. also sometimes used as to betray. The turf with daisies broider'd o'er. 46. 1, i.e. packed up; so
took up Vain excess berornys a prince's faults.
Shenstone's Inscrip., i. our carriages', Acts 21. 15 (Gk.
His thoughts are not loaden with any BIBBER, n.(Lat. bibere = to drink ;) rumour, Jer. 10. 22; Nah. 3. 19,
carriage besides.-Earle's Micro., p. 41. cp. imbibe, Prov. 23. 20; Matt. 11. fame. 19; Lk. 7. 34 : a drinker.
bruit of which hath filled every corner
Learn to clout thine own old cast cob. BLAIN, n. (A.S. blegen =)a boil: Ex. of the world.
bled shoes. 9. 9, 10. Survives in chilblain, &c.
Lyly's Euphuos, p. 253.
Gascoigne's Stoel Glass, p. 67. Common in N. of England.
BUFFET, v.t. (Ital. buffetora blow) CAST ABOUT, v. i. to turn round, Joh, when he had boils, botches, blains, to strike, to beat : Matt. 26. 67,
turn back: Jer. 41, 14. and scabe, suffered them patiently. Latimer's Serm., p. 188 &c. Cp. Rebuf.
CAUL, n. (0. Fr. cale =) a net, a
Not a word of bis but buffets better than BLAZE, v. t. (A. S. blæran =) to a fist of France,
woman's cap : Isa. 3. 18; also any blow: Mark 1. 45. To publish far
Shaks, K. John, ii. 465
network, hence the pericardium, and wide, to blazon. BULWARK, n. (Fr. boulevard=) a
or membrane surrounding the
heart: Hos. 13. 8. I spared not in all places to place thy rampart: Deut. 20. 20.
Why do they make such glorious shows loyalty. Lyly's Euphues, p. 95. The great suns and bulwarks that He
with their scarfs. . cauls, cuffs, damasks? BLOOM, v. t. (A. S. blosmian) to will set up His church with.
Burton's Anut., p. 525. Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 30. blossom, Num. 17. 8, to bring forth
CAUSEY, (Fr. chauxxep) a paved fruit. BUNCH, n. (Dut. bonk =) a lump,
road: Pro. 15. 19, margin. An old The tree of life blooming ambrosial excrescence, hump: Isa. 30.6. So fruit.
spelling of what has been corruptMilton's l'ar. Los!, 4. 2:20. bunch-backed = hump-backed in
ed into causeway: 1 Chr. 26. 16. The word is rare in this sense. Shakespeare's Richard III.
A man Justling by in haste on a narrow
There is in the head of a young colt a BOLLED, p.p. (A. S. bolla a bowl)
causcy. bunch named Hippomanes.
Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 25. swelled into a pod or ear: Ex.9. 31.
Lyly's Euphues, p. 345.
CHAFED, p. p. (Lat. calefacere; ball, billoto, julge, and is genewithout, except, Ps, 19. 3, P. B.V.
Fr. chauffer = to make warm) rally spelt bolna. * Touch not the cat but the
inflamed with anger, irritated : Blossoms bolne to blow.
2 Sam. 17.8.
The chased hoar swells not so.
Shaks. Til, And., iv. 2, 138. Bolned with success
There is nothing evil but within us.
Sidney's Arcudia, iv. p. 728. CHALLENGE, V. t. (Fr. chalanger,
So 'no language, but their voices connected with Lat. calumniari) BONNET, n. (Fr.bonnet) of the head. are heard '= where their voices are to claim, to set up a claim: Ex. dress of men : Ex. 28. 10; 29. 9, &c. not heard.
22. 9; (generally a false one). My son.
For my part I do challenge no praise of Go to them, with this bonnet in thy hand. BY, prep.= against, in respect of.
learning to myself. Shaks, Coriol., 11. 2. 73. In i Cor. 4. 4, I know nothing by Nash's Merce Pennilesse, p. 42
CHAMBERING, n. (Lat. camera = CIELED, p. p.
This word should COME BY, v. t. to seqaire, to a charnber) sensual living : Rom. be written seeled. To seel a room hold of: Acts 1. 13. 13; in pursuit whereof men was to wainscot it: 2 Chron. S. 5, He is loth te ceste dy pee seek corners and dark places &c. From a false spelling the word (Latimer's Rem., p. 18.
has been connected with Lat. cæ, COMFORT, D, and r. t. she le. Affected motions.chainbering, splendid lumheaven, Fr. ciel, and is used and swelling words,
confortare, to strength, to now of the roof of a room only. 17. Vaughan, iii. p. 240.
Latin fortis, STUDE Hoa 3,
Thou which hast thy cieled chainber, CHAMPAIGN, n. (Lt. campur-ra furred stomacher, and good cheer.
strength, support: John plain; Ital. campagna) flat coun
Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 55.
119. 5. &c.: and as Vere = ""
strengthen: Gen. Is. ; Just try : Dt. 11. 30. CITHERN, n. (Gk. kithara, Germ.
19. 5, ; Ps. 23. 4. &c. Sezrave is situated in a champaign, at zither--), guitar : 1 Mac. 4. 51. A
They say there was Darts the edge of the wolds.
kind of barp; form unknown. to him (ie trocps to ug i
Comfort is that by the tas 3. 17, &c.
of all our OT were *** to change) of garments = that
You can not only look through a mill- strengthened. may be changed to have many stone, but clean through the mind. changes of raiment was a sign of
Lyly's Euphus, p. 29. COMMEND, F. t. (Leto wealth and luxury): Isa. 3. 22. CLEAVE, v. i. (A. S. clifan=) to
*to procure farver. Het This is the simple sense of the stick to: Gen. 2. 24, &c. The 0.
Rom. 3. 5, to set off, but I original, but possibly in A.V. it E, clip== to embrace, to hold to.
trions. The Gk, more ****! *shot, as that word is now used The caterpillar cleareth unto the ripest
establish. of silk.
Lyly's Euphtes, p. 4. Thy doublet of changeable taffeta,
COMMON, adj. Lat. est Shaks. I'welfth N., 11. 4. 77.
CLOSET, n. (Lat. clausus, Eng. shared in brai. So en el CHAPITER, n. (Lat. capitulum, Fr.
close, cloister) eny closed private
such as happens to 2.): 1 room: Mat. 6. 6. chapitre) the capital of a column:
16. 99: CORAON saltatie SK
In a closet of the church there is St. Ex. 36. 38, &c.
to all; Jude 3: SL Hilary's bed to be seen. Burton's Anat., p. 29.
1. 4: COmson bread, of luck CHAPMAN, n. (A. S. ceapmann,
may tat; 1 Sam. 21 4 Ador Germ. kaufmann =) a merchant! CLOUTS, (A. 8. cleot, a patch) as a term for all things gegan 2 Chron. 9. 14. The first syllable patches, rags : Jer. 38. 11, 12
nse which the las peito is connected with cheap, cheapen, Children play with babies of conls (i.c.
Burton's Anal., p. 20.
Jers, and therefore chaffer, which at first had only rag dolls).
Mark 7. 2. mars.; Act 141; the sense of market, marketing. CLOUTED, p. p. patched: Josh. Rom, 14. 14, marg. Cp. Cheapside, Chipping. Chep- 9. 5. See Cast. stow, i.e. place of market (see I put my clouted brogues from off my COMMUNE, V. i. (Lat. E * Bestow). Soformerly, 'good cheap'
Shaks. Cymo., iv. 2. 214. common, So to take bon marché - cheap. COAST, n. (Lat. costa, a rib=side.)
our thoughts, to course, con After chapmen's wonted guise, Used in 0. E. for any border-land,
Ex. 25. 29; 1 Sam. 19.3. What stange contents the title did rehearse
1 Sam. 5. 6. Nash's Pierce Pennilesse, p. 92.
God, throughout all coasts of the world, COMPASS, n. Fr. cagesse hath them that worship him,
cuit. The expressiva 10 CHAPT, adj. -= cracked, Jer. 14. 4
Edward VI.'s Catechirm, p. 47. Co in paes', Sam. . ;: Kn: (of the ground). Akin to chip, COCKATRICE, n. (a corruption of
Acts 28. 13 =to go round abuse chop, &c. the word crocodile, Fr. cocatrix, O.
make & circuit; acd to carpa
sea and lad 'sto spare Do CHARGE (to give in), v. t. (Fr. Eng. cockedrill. The change in
Mat. 23. 13. charger, to load. So) to lay as a the spelling led to the fable of an
The ends of the island in het load, to enjoin as a duty or ob- animal hatched by a cock from
compass of 500 ml (stesa i les ligation, to prescribe, order, com- the egg of a viper.) In the A. V. the new moon.-Mures , mand: 1 Tim. 5. 7.
the name is used as=adder, Prov. CHARGEABLE, adj, burdensome,
23. 32, and margin: Isa.'11. 8; COMPREHEND, F. t. (LALA 14. 29, &c. The cockatrice was
together, pretendon to be a cause of expense: 1 Thes. 2.9. fabulously reported to fascinate
of. So) lit. to bring togetha, I hear some complain that all things be now $u churgeable. or kill by its glance, like the basi.
lect, include: Is, 40.13; Rom. 4! Lever's Serm, p. 115. lisk.
CONCISION, (fr. Late*
They will kill one another by the look, CHARGER, n. (Fr. charger, to load :
cnt) is used as a term of like cockutrien still used of guns. Same root in Shaks. Troelfth N., iii. 4. 215.
instead of cirkescicies : F1115 Cargo.) That on which a load is laid, a dish: Mt. 14.S; Mk. 6. 23. COCKER, V. t.=to pamper, to spoil : CONCLUDE, v. t. (Lst. person : An altar loaded with plate, flagens, Ecclus. 30. 9.
class together, to armprises
list : Rom. 11. S; GAL * beakers, salts, chargers, casting-bottles. COCKLE, n. (A.S. cocel =) darnel, Albumazar" (in Dodsleyi, ii. 3. 91. tares: see Job 31. 40, margin.
CONCUPISCENCE, 1. Iste CHARGES, n. (Fr. charger, to load; Good seed degenerates, and into corkle piscentia ardent desire, 12:15 hence) something laid upon a man,
strays. Donne's Verse Lellera, p. 30. 3. 5; 1 Thes. 4. 5. cost, expense: Acts 21. 24.
One love eyeliech nether, and COLLOPS, n. (perhaps Lat. and They might buy honey cheaper than be
membrance of the later geeste ing at such charges in keeping of bees,
Gk, colaphus==å slap, which word concupiscence of the tree
Lytse Echo R haps, is clap with collop. The word CONEY, n. a rabbit : Lev. Ilik CHARITY, n. (Lat. carita:=) love,
pat has similarly the two senses of 1 Cor. 13. The Gk. word is trans
Old Eng, form myn. Etu" a stroke and a small portion.) Slices lated love in many places in N. T.; of flesh, slices generally : Job 15.27.
uncertain, perhaps koos. charity has now lost that sense.
I have no salt lucon,
Germ. käsigking, bith CHEER, n. (Fr. chère =) the aspect
Collops for to maken.
having at first the sense obra of the face. So, 'be of good cheer'
Piers Plonomum, 4369 ing, clever, ensing.
Make them restore back such a collop word for rabbit little king. show the signs of happiness in out of their gain.
Applanse makes men ist als your countenance: Mat. 9. 2, &c.
North's Plutarch, p. 146. frost doth costier. -Hurtaisest So, CHEERFUL = with round COLONY, n. (Lat. colonia) of Ro- CONFECTION, n. (I.st. happy face: Prov. 17. 13. Bid your friends welcome, show a merry
mans sent out to occupy some im. cheer.-Shaks. Mer of Ve., ill. 2. 314. portant portion of a conquered
any compound made me CHURL, n. (A. S. ceorl, a peasant,
district, e.g. Philippi at the time
apothecary: Ex. .
Your humoar is not to be pa! serf) a rude and miserly person:
of St. Paul's visit: Acts 16. 12. the apothecaries' confections Isa. 32.5, 7. SO CHURLISH, adj. COLOUR, n. (Lat. color=) a prerude, ill-natured : 1 Sam. 25. 3. text: Acts 27. 30.
In 1 Sam. S. IS, the derived Although churis be niggards, and will Under this colour and pretence the king
CONFECTIONARIES not part with it. hath gathered abundance of money,
of unguents, sweetmcats; seta Bp. Pilkington's Works, p. 150.
More's Utopia, p. 69.
CONFIDENCES, n. (fr. Lat. con fido dovecote.) Sheepfolds, 2 Chr.32. 28; that temporal chastisements are =to trust in.) Objects in which cp. 1 Sam. 24. 3.
the ' damnation' or 'doom' contrust is placed : Jer. 2. 37.
Watching where shepherds pen their templated by St. Paul there. In flocks at eve,
2 Pet. 2. 3, the Greek word is dif. CONFOUND, v. t. (Lat. confundo, In hurdled cotes.
ferent and destruction. Damn. to pour together). Now mostly =
Milton's Par. Lost, iv. 186.
ahle heresies', 2 Pet. 2. 1, is literto confuse. But in A. V. a stronger COUNTERVAIL, v. t. (Lat. contra ally ‘heresies of destruction', the sense often belongs to this word, valeoto prevail against) to coun. same Gk, word rendered destrucfor in Jer. 1. 17, it is used for the terbalance: Esther 7. 4.
tion in that same verse. same Hebrew word which in Isa.
The three fleets did hardly make the 9.4 is rendered to break: it some benefit of the voyages to counterrail the DAY, n. (Lat. dies, a day.) Sometimes means to break in pieces, charge.
Howell's Letters, 4. 12. times signifies 'appointed time'. destroy: Ps. 35. 4; Zech. 10.5.
So the day of the Lord' - the As a galled rock doth overbang, and CRACKNEL, n. a biscuit : 1 Kin. 14. 3 (80 called from the crackling
time when He will interpose : Jutty his confounded base. Shaks. Henry V., ill. 1. 13.
noise made when it is broken). Isa. 2. 12, &c.
Cakes, simnels, buns, cracknels made CONSCIENCE, n. (Lat. conscientia) with butter. Burton's Anat., p. 146.
DAYSMAN, n, an umpire, arbitra
tor: Job 9. 33. In 1 Cor. 4. 3, knowledge, a knowledge within CRAFT, n. (A. S. cräft=strength: 'man's judgment' is in the Gk. one's self, consciousness : 1 Cor. preserved still in handicraft.
man's day(i.e. trial by man). The 8. 7; Heb. 10. 2. Hence) manual art, trade: Acts
notion of fixing a day for a trial Whoe'er thou be, That hast the noble conscience, thou art 18. 3; 19. 24-27; Rev. 18. 22. See
may have given rise to the word. she. Sharm.
Some common arbitrators or dayamon Donne's Elegy on Prince Henry, l. 92.
He is not his craft's master.
in every town, that made a friendly com
Shaks. Henry IV., iii. 2. 297, position between man and man, CONSENT, v. i. (Lat. consentire --) CREATURE, n. (Lat. creatura)
Burton's Anat., p. 47. to agree with. In Ps. 50. 18, the
whatever is created (not neces- DAYSPRING, n. break of day, be. original means 'thou didst take
sarily living beings), creation : fore sunrise : Job 38. 12; Lk. 1.78; pleasure in'; the A. V. Thou
Rom. 8. 19-22 ('creation', v. 22: consentedst with them' seems to
cp. Judg. 19. 25; Ps. 63. 8. imply active participation; cp. so in original of 2 Cor. 5. 17).
We trudge and we trot from dayspring
These thy creatures of bread and wine. to midnight. Roister Doister, p. 33. Acts 8. 1.
Consecrution Prayer. CONSORT, v. i. (fr. Lat. consors, CREDENCE, (Lat. credere = to be- DEAL, n. (A. 8. diol, G. theil=) a
part, portion, Exod. 29. 40, &c. : one who casts in his lot with lieve) belief, credit: Ps. 106. 21,
(from A.S. dalan, to divide, which others) to associate with: Acts P. B. Vera.
survives in the verb to deal, e.g. 17. 4.
There is no king, emperor and ruler but Let's not consort with them. are bound to give credence to God's holy
cards, justly). Dole is a more coinWord. Latimer's Serm., p. 22.
mon form now. . Tenth cleal's Shaks. Muco., IL. 3. 141.
tenth part. So the verb to deal CONSTANTLY, adv. (Lat.
CRIB, n. (A. S. cribb) a cattle stall,
with = to give a share or portion stanter) steadily, without wavera manger : Prov. 14. 4; Isa. 1. 3.
to: Gen. 19. 9, &c. Halfendeal=
He [Jesus as a very man was wrapped ing: Acts 12. 15; Tit. 3. 8.
half part. in clothes, and laid in a crib. He derired they would approve of his
Coverdale's Works, p. 71.
The heavenly lamps were halfendeal good intent, and not seek to dehort hiin
y-brent. Spenser's M. l. lii. 10. 53. froin it, and so on tantiy died.
CRISPING-PINS, n. curling-irons DEAR, adj. (A.S.deore) beloved, preBurton's Anat., p. 286. for crisping the hair: Isa. 3. 22.
cious, of great value, Ps. 72. 14; CONTRITE, adj. (Lat. contritus=) CRUSE, n. (Dut. kroes=) an earthen
116. 13, Pr. Bk. Ver.; Acts 20. 24, bruised, worn. Hence broken in cup or pot, 1 Sam. 26. 11, &c.; per
&c. So dearth first implies costli. spirit, humbled: Ps. 51. 17, &c. haps akin to cruet, crucible (dim.),
ness, and then the scarcity which
makes things costly.
crock. CONVENIENT, adj. (Lat. conve. Sink'st thou in want, and is thy small DEBATE, n. (Fr. débattre, to strug.
niens) suitable, fitting, becoming : cruse spent ?-Quarles Emblems, fil., The Prov. 30.8; not c. Eph. 5. $, &c. Entertainment.
gle) = active and physical contenIt is convenient that the new married
tion : Isa. 58. 4; Rom. 1. 29; 2 Cor. persons should receive the Holy Com: CUMBER, v.t. (G. kummer=trouble) 12. 20. Comp. bate = quarrel. muunion.
to encumber, to occupy wastefully: Make-hate'= å fosterer of quarRubric after Marriage Serrice. Luke 13. 7. CUMBERED, ie. rels; see margin, 2 Tim. 3. 3;
troubled, distracted : Lk. 10. 40. Tit. 2. 3. CONVERSATION, n. 3 versor = to
CUMBRANCE, Dt. 1. 12, trouble- DEBTOR, (Lat. debitor=one under associate and live with) abiding
someness, worry. with: Josh. 8. 35; 1 Sam. 25. 15.
Let it not cumby your better remem.
an obligation, not necessarily conbrance. Shaks. Tim., iii, 6 02.
nected with money. Hence) one The noun is employed = dispozi.
who feels, or is, bound to do sometion (Heb. 13. 5), = citizenship | CUNNING, n. & adj. (A.S.cunnan=-
thing : Rom. 1. 14; Gal. 5. 3. (Phil. 3. 20), and = manner of lite
to know. In this original sense =) (Gal. 1. 13).
skill, skilful: Gen. 25. 27; 1 Sam. DECEIVABLENESS, n. (L. decipio Choose friends with whom they may 16. 16; Ps. 137.5, &c. See Instant. == to deceive.) Deceptiveness : 2 seem, being asunder, to be conrereant. Virtue and cunning were endowments Thes. 2. 10. The adj. deceirable ==
Lyly's Euphues, p. 49. greater than nobleness (birth) and riches, The love of a court conversation drew
deceptive, is very common, the
Shubs, l'eri, fii. 2. 7. him often from Cambridge.
This is a deceirable argument.
Latimer's Serm., p. 116. versation
CURIOUS, adj. (curiosus --- ) made In saving love, and ours in a loration. with care, elaborate, Ex. 28. 27, DECLARE, v.t. (L. declarare =) to Lord Brooke's Of Monarchy, i. 5. &c. : 'curious arts', Acts 19. 19,
make clear, explain. Pr. Book CONVERT, v. i. (Lat. converto-to
magic. The word is there taken
Collect for 11th Sund. after Trin., from the Vulgate.
"O God, who declarest thy al. turn) to be converted : Isa. 6. 10. Let us learn to conrert, to repent, and
Despise costly apparel be it never so mighty power most chiety in
curious. amend our lives.- Latimer's Serin., p. 31.
Lyly's Euphues, p. 111. shewing mercy and pity'.
DECLINE, v. i. (Lat. declino) to CONVINCE, v. t. (Lat. convinco, to
deviate: Ex. 23. 2; Dent. 17. 11. overcome and go to convict.) (1)
My mind is to set forth the sense of To convict: John 8. 46.
God's Word, and not to decline from the Then might the wise convince me of DAMNATION, n. (Lat.damnare, to
same. folly. Lyly's Euphus, p. 179. condemn.) Damnation in every
Ridley augst. Transubstantiation, (2) To refute by argument: Job place but one in the N. T. is the DEFENCED, p. p. (Lat. defendo 82. 12, &c. See Lightness. rendering of a word which implies
to defend.) Of towns fortified: O that persuasion could but thus con
judgment, and condemnation, of. pince me.--Shaks. Troil., ill. 2. 171.
Isa. 25. 2, &c. (like Fenced). ten temporal. (For judge'= con
In high and defenced towers we are safe COTES, n. (A. S. cot, cyte=a small demn : see Luke 19. 29, &c.) In from the enemy.
shed. The root is found in cottage, 1 Cor. 11. 29, the context shews Cawdray's Treas, of Similies, p. 580.