« PreviousContinue »
1. THE HEART'S RESOLVE, painted by Sarah Setchill, French Novelists, Modern-See Modern.
Father of the Queen-Sharpe's Magazine, . 320
Female Novelists, English,
French Wars of Religion-Blackwood's Maga-
Atlantic, Steam-bridge of-See Steam-bridge.
Goethe, Genius and Influence of Edinburgh
Gifts of Science to 'Art-Dublin University
425 Gossip about Beethoven-See Beethoven,
Gold Hunters—See California.
Glacial Theory, The-Chambers's Edinburgh
House of Guise--See Guise.
History of the Mormonites-See Mormonites.
History and Anecdotes of Forgery-See Forgery.
I. J. K.
64 Inedited Letters of Celebrated Persons-Bent-
Kean, Charles—Dublin University Magazine, . 538
Locomotion, Wonders of Modern-See Modern.
Life and Poems of George Crabbe-See Crabbe.
Libraries, British and Continental-Eclectic
Leigh Hunt's Autobiography Chambers': Ed-
Lacordaire, the French Pulpit Orator - Hogg's
Literary Profession, The-See Profession.
Paul I., of Russia, Death of-See Mysteries.
Picture-writing, Discoveries in-British Quar-
POETRY.—Wallace and Fawdon-New Monthly
Magazine, 139; The Wall Flower, 514; Eye Memo-
ry, 56; Flowers, 68; Lover Over the Way, 95; Old
36 | Feelings, 185; Stanzas for Music, 202; The Parti-
Refugee-Chambers's Edinburgh Journal, 163
Scott, A Pilgrimage in the Path of-Sce Pil-
Tennyson's New Poem-See In Memoriam.
Talleyrand, Life of-Bentley's Miscellany, 219
Tortoise Family-See Facts.
Thomas Moore-Chambers's Edin. Journal, 556
Visit to the Mammoth Cave-See Mammoth.
Wonders of Modern Locomotion--Dublin Uni-
Webster, Prof. J. w., Trial of North British
Wales Literature of Eclectic Revieie
Euvres de Condorcet completées sur les MSS. originaux : enrichies d'un grand
nombre de Lettres inedites de Voltaire, de Turgot, gc.: précedées de l'Eloge de Condorcet, par M. F. Arago : publiees par A. Condorcet O'Connor, Lieutenant-Général, et M. F. Arago, Secretaire perpetuel de l'Academie des Sciences. 12 tomes 8vo. Paris, 1847-1849.
Of these twelve volumes the slenderest | plied the inedited materials of the collection, has 600 pages—the most corpulent reaches and it is, no doubt, published at their exto 823 of that first and monster tome 180 pense. pages are given to a biographical preface by Bulky as it is—more bulky, in fact, than Arago ; 65 pages to letters between Con- the one of 1804, in twenty-one ordinary dorcet and Voltaire ; 170 to correspondence volumes-we miss here again several tracts with Turgot and others; the rest to academ- wbich made noise enough in their day, and ical discourses and other minor pieces con- of which we possess the original editions, sidered as illustrating important steps in Con- with the author's name to them. Several dorcet's personal career. The second and others, which M. Arago labels as now for the third volumes consist of his Eloges on first time printed, are also on our shelves as Academicians. There succeed three of “ Mé- yellow tea-paper pamphlets of the revolulanges de Littérature et de Philosophie;" one tionary period—and it is probable that of them wholly occupied with the Life of their text, as given from Condorcet's MS., Voltaire and Notes on his works—another may be distinguished only by wanting his with the historical Essays composed after final correction—but that is a point which Condorcet's proscription. The remaining six we lack zeal to investigate. What is cervolumes are
Economie-Politique et Poli- tainly new comprises almost all Condorcet's tique.” The arrangement and editorship are, letters to Voltaire—perhaps half of Voltaire's we presume, wholly M. Arago's. Condor to him—and the far greater part of the corcet's daughter and her husband, the well respondence with Turgot. The prefatory known General Arthur O'Connor, have sup- | narrative was printed a few years ago in the
VOL. XXI. NO. I.
Journal des Savans—but those quartos have, yet to witness more fruits of the science of we suppose, very little circulation beyond 1789. the learned brotherhood ; and M. Arago has Though M. Arago spends several pages in now added an entertaining Epilogue, of explaining why he gives not an Eloge but a which more anon. On the whole, it seems Biographie, his bookseller's title-page speaks very improbable that the cost of these huge the truth, and his preliminary essay is in fact octavos will ever be repaid ; but the really much more of a Panegyric than a Life. He novel and popular materials entombed in the has, in truth, very little feeling for anything ponderous cenotaph will soon be reproduced connected with his hero except the mathein a couple of handy duodecimos—at Brus- matics and the poltics ; but of his studied sels, if Paris be not on the alert. At all contempt of mere practical information, we events, there can be no doubt as to what con- need give no other instance than that you cerns Voltaire.
read the Biographie on till within a few For M. de Condorcet we cannot affect the pages of its close, without once finding the enthusiasm which M. Arago proclaims. He man designated as a Marquis—and the cirseems to have been amiable-for his time and cumstance is then alluded to only because it country exemplary-in his domestic rela- was necessary to exalt the merit of Condorcet tions; he was a man of vigorous talents and in moving a resolution of the Legislative Asvery extensive accomplishments; but why sembly that all patents of nobility, heraldic M. Arago should speak of the nom glorieux pedigrees, and other similar records and docude Condorcel we are at a loss to comprehend. ments, should be collected and burnt by He was in no walk truly original-not in any the public executioner. sense of the word a genius--nor, as to mere If we may put any trust in earlier and less acquisition, had he studied any one subject worshipful biographers, Condorcet, down to or science so profoundly as to merit a place the dawn of the revolution, was rather noted among its first-rate masters. He was (to for the importance he attached to the advanparody Johnson's phrase) a man of letters tages of his birth. The family name was among the savants, à savant among the men Caritat. They were said to have been of of letters—the best possible Secretary and Italian origin, but had been classed for many Eloge-maker for the Academy-vix amplius. generations with the gentry of Dauphiny, The cleverest of the lighter pieces, viz., the and took their title from the little town and “ Lettres d'un Théologien,” are such close chateau of Condorcet. His father, however, copies of Voltaire's controversial tracts-of
was a younger brother and captain of horse, his peculiar style of sarcasm and insolence, and from him the philosopher appears to that, to the Patriarch's annoyance, they have inherited little or no fortune.* passed at the moment for his own. Condor- | born at Ribemont, in Picardy, A.D. 1743. cet's Political Economy is, first and last, an The Captain died early, and he was left to elaborate expansion of Turgot—of his politi- the guardianship of his mother, whom Arago cal writings prior to 1788, we may say the describes as a devotee of the weakest credusame thing. His conduct from the com-lity, and his father's elder brother, the mencement of the revolution to the fall of Bishop of Lisieux, a prelate of considerable the Girondists seems to us very unworthy of distinction, and notable not least for his Arago's lofty eulogies. The history of his closing months brings out some striking * The utter laxity, under the later reigns at features of resolution and self-command; but least of the old régime, as to the assumption of all on the whole, his public career was that of an
titles below that of Duke, is so notorious that we uninteresting variety of the mischief-maker, may be contented with barely alluding to it. Whe-a sort of frigid fanatic, who calmly inculcated ther the Terre of Condorcet had ever been erected
formally into a Marquisat, we cannot say–we only on the multitude lessons that they were sure know that no such Marquisate is to be found in the into carry out into atrocity, and who, though dex to Anselme, or any other old Nobiliaire we have he might not have foreseen the extreme ap- been able to examine. We are equally uninformed plication of his own doctrines, was at least how, if there was a real Marquisate, the son of a
brother came to be the titulaire. It is ready enough to exert all the resources of probable that the head of the family, being an Echis literary skill in apologizing for the prac- clesiastic
, may have obtained leave to resign the tical results. When an Arago could extol secular honor to his cadet. Whenever M, Arago such a man in the face of the Academicians mentions that gentleman, he calls him merely Capof 1845, as a model of philosophic and tain Caritat--but this may be a bit of republican patriotic virtue, the Guizots who listened to Bishops of London and Exeter are rarely more than him might have suspected that they were | Dr. Blomfield and Dr. Philpotts.