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MEANWHILE the new baptiz'd, who yet re- Hail highly favour'd, among women bless'd! main'd

While I to sorrows am no less advanc'd, At Jordan with the Baptist, and had seen

And fears as eminent, above the lot

70 Him whom they heard so late expressly call'd Of other women, by the birth I bore, Jesus, Messiah, Son of God declar'd,

In such a season born, when scarce á shed And on that high authority had believ'd, 5 Could be obtain'd to shelter him or me And with him talk'd, and with him lodg'd, (I mean From the bleak air; a stable was our warmth, Andrew and Simon, famous after known,

A manger his; yet soon enforc'd to fly

75 With others, though in holy writ not nam'd,) Thence into Egypt, till the murderous king Now missing him, their joy so lately found,

Were dead, who sought his life, and missing fill'd So lately found, and so abruptly gone,

10 With infant blood the streets of Bethlehem? Began to doubt, and doubted many days,

From Egypt home they return'd, in Nazareth And as the days increas'd, increas'd their doubt: Hath been our dwelling many years; his life 80 Sometimes they thought he might be only shown, Private, unactive, calm, contemplate, And for a time caught up to God, as once

Little suspicious to any king; but now Moses was in the mount, and missing long; 15 Full grown to man, acknowledg'd, as I hear, And the great Thisbite, wh on fiery wheels By John the Baptist, and in public shown, Rode up to heaven, yet once again to come. Son own'd from heaven by his Father's voice; 85 Therefsre as those young prophets then with care I look'd for some great change : to honour? no, Sought lost Elijah, so in each place these

But trouble, as old Simeon plain foretold, Nigh to Bethabara ; in Jericho,

20 That to the fall and rising he should be The city of Palms, Ænon and Salem old,

Of many in Israel, and to a sign Machærus, and each town or city wall'd

Spoken against, that through my very soul 90 On this side the broad lake Genezaret,

A sword shall pierce: This is my favour'd lot, Or in Perea; but return'd in vain.

My exaltation to afflictions high Then on the bank of Jordan, by a creek, 25 Alflicted I may be, it seems, and bless'd . Where winds with reeds and osiers whisp'ring play, I will not argue that, nor will repine: Plain fishermen, no greater men them call, But where delays he now ? some great intent 95 Close in a cottage low together got,

Conceals him. When twelve years he scarce had Their unexpected loss and plaints outbreath'd : I lost him, but so found, as well I saw [seen,

He could not lose himself; but went about “ Alas, from what high hope to what relapse 30 His Father's business; what he meant I mus'd. Unlook'd for are we fallen! our eyes beheld

Since understand; much more his absence now 100 Messiah certainly now come, so long

Thus long to some great purpose he obscures, Expected of our fathers; we have heard

But I to wait with patience am inur'd; His words, his wisdom, full of grace and truth; My heart hath been a store-house long of things Now, now, for sure, deliverance is at hand, 35

And sayings laid up, portending strange events” The kingdom shall to Israel be restord: Thus we rejoic'd, but soon our joy is turn'd

Thus Mary, pondering oft, and oft to mind 105 Into perplexity and new amaze :

Recalling what remarkably had pass'd For whither is he gone, what accident

Since first her salutation heard, with thoughts Hath wrapp'd him from us? will he now retire 40 Meekly compos'd awaited the fulfilling : After appearance, and again prolong

The while her Son tracing the desert wild, Our expectation? God of Israel,

Sole, but with holiest meditations fed,

110 Send thy Messiah forth, the time is come;

Into himself descended, and at once Behold the kings of th' earth how they oppress All his great work to come before him set, Thy chosen, to what height their power unjust 45 How to begin, how to accomplish best They have exalted, and behind them cast

His end of being on earth, and mission high; All fear of thee: arise, and vindicate

For Satan with sly preface to return

115 Thy glory, free thy people from their yoke.

Had left him vacant, and with speed was gone But let us wait; thus far he hath perform'd, Up to the middle region of thick air, Sent his anointed, and to us reveal d him,

50 Where all his potentates in council sat; By his great Prophet, pointed at and shown

There, without sign of boast, or sign of joy, In public, and with him we have convers'd; Solicitous and blank, he thus began:

120 Let us be glad of this, and all our fears Lay on his Providence; he will not fail,

“Princes, heaven's ancient sons, cthereal thrones, Nor will withdraw him now, nor will recall, 55

Demonian spirits now, from th' elenient Mock us with his bless'd sight, then snatch him Each of his reign alotted, rightlier call'd hence;

Powers of fire, air, water, and earth beneath,
Soon we shall see our hope, our joy, return." So may we hold our place and these mild seats 125

Without new trouble; such an enemy
Thus they out of their plaints new hope resume Is risen to invade us, who no less
To find whom at the first they found unsought : Threatens than our expulsion down to hell ;
But to his mother Mary, when she saw

60 I, as I undertook, and with the vote Others return'd from baptism, not her son,

Consenting in full frequence was impower'i, 130 Nor left at Jordan tidings of him none, (pure, Have found him, view'd him, tasted him, but find Within her breast though calm, her breast, though Far other labour to be undergone Motherly cares and fears got head, and rais'd (clad : Than when I dealt with Adam, first of men. Some troubled thoughts, which she in sighs thus Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell,

However to this man inferior far,

135 “O what avails me now that honour high If he be man by mother's side at least, To have conceiv'd of God, or that salute,

With more than human gifts from heaven adorn'd,

Perfections absolute, graces divine,

Of worth, of honour, glory, and popular praise ; And amplitude of mind to greatest deeds:

Rocks whereon greatest men have oftest wreck'd; Therefore I ain return'd, lest confidence 140 Or that which only seems to satisfy Of my success with Eve in Paradise

Lawful desires of nature, not beyond :

230 Deceive ye to persuasion over-sure

And now I know he hungers where no food Of like succeeding here; I summon all

Is to be found, in the wide wilderness : Rather to be in readiness, with hand

The rest commit to me, I shall let pass Or counsel to assist; lest I, who erst

145 No advantage, and his strength as oft assay." Thought none my equal, now be over-match'd."

Heceas'd, and heard their grant in loud acclaim ; So spake th' old Serpent doubting, and from all Then forth with to him takes a chosen band 236 With clamour was assur'd their utmost aid

Of spirits likest to himself in guile
At his command; when from amidst them rose To be at hand, and at his beck appear,
Belial, the dissolutest spirit that fell,

150 If cause were to unfold some active scene The sensualest, and after Asmodai,

Of various persons; each to know his part; 240 The fleshliest incubus, and thus advis'd:

Then to the desert takes with these his flight;

Where still from shade to shade the Son of God “Set women in his eye, and in his walk,

After forty days' fasting had remain'd, Among daughters of men the fairest found;

Now hungering first, and to himself thus said : Many are in each region passing fair

155 As the noon sky; more like to goddesses

“Where will this end? Four times ten days I've
Than mortal creatures, graceful and discreet, Wand'ring this woody maze, and hurnan food (pass'd
Expert in amorous arts, enchanting tongues Nor tasted, nor had appetite; that fast
Persuasive, virgin majesty with mild

To virtue 1 impute not, or count part
And sweet allay'd, yet terrible to approach, 160 Of what I suffer here; if Nature need not,
Skill'd to retire, and in retiring draw

Or God support Nature without repast, 250 Hearts after them tangled in amorous nets.

Though needing, what praise is it to endure ?
Such object hath the power to soften and tame But now I feel I'hunger, which declares
Severest temper, smoothe the rugged'st brow, Nature hath need of what she asks; yet God
Enerve, and with voluptuous hope dissolve, 165 Can satisfy that need some other way,
Draw out with credulous desire, and lead

Though hunger still remain; so it remain 255 At will the manliest, resolutest breast,

Without this body's wasting, I content me, As the magnetic hardest iron draws.

And from the sting of famine fear no harm, Women, when nothing else, beguild the heart Nor mind it, fed with better thoughts, that feed Of wisest Solomon, and made him build, 170 Me hung'ring more to do my Father's will." And made him bow to the gods of his wives."

It was the hour of night, when thus the Son 260 To whom quick answer Satan thus return'd: Commun'd in silent walk, then laid him down, “Belial, in niuch uneven scale thou weigh'st Under the hospitable covert nigh All others by thyself; because of old

Of trees thick interwoven; there he slept, Thou thyself doat'dst on womankind, admiring 175 And dream'd, as appetite is wont to dream, Their shape, their colour, and attractive grace, Of meats and drinks, Nature's refreshment sweet; None are, thou think'st, but taken with such toys. Him thought, he by the brook of Cherith stood, 266 Before the flood, thou with thy lusty crew,

And saw the ravens with their horny beaks False titled sons of God, roaming the earth, Food to Elijah bringing even and morn, (brought : Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men, 180 Though ravenous, taught to abstain from what they And coupled with them, and begot a race.

He saw the prophet also how he fled

270 Have we not seen, or by relation heard,

Into the desert, and how there he slept
In courts and regal chambers how thou lurk'st, Under a juniper; then how awak'd
In wood, or grove, by mossy fountain side,

He found his supper on the coals prepar'd,
In valley, or green meadow, to way-lay 185 And by the angel was bid rise and eat,
Some beauty rare, Calisto, Clymene,

And eat the second tiine after repose, Daphne, or Semele, Antiopa,

The strength whereof suffic'd him forty days; Or Amymone, Syrinx, many more :

Sometimes that with Elijah he partook, Too long, then lay'st thy scapes on names ador’d, Or as a guest with Daniel at his pulse. Apollo, Neptune, Jupiter, or Pan,

190 Thus wore out night; and now the herald lark Satyr, or Faun, or Sylvan? But these haunts Left his ground nest, high tow'ring to descry 280 Delight not all; among the sons of men,

The Morn's approach, and greet her with his song: How many have with a smile made small account As lightly from his grassy couch up rose Of beauty and her lures, easily scorn'd

Our Saviour, and found all was but a dream, All her assaults, on worthier things intent? 195 Fasting he went to sleep, and fasting wak'd Remember that Pellean conqueror,

Up to a hill anon his steps he rear'd,

285 A youth, how all the beauties of the east

From whose high top to ken the prospect round, He slightly view'd, and slightly overpassid:

If cottage were in view, sheep-cote or herd ; How he surnam'd of Africa, dismissa,

But cottage, herd, or sheep-cote, none he saw; In his prime youth, the fair Iberian maid.

Only in a bottom saw a pleasant grove, For Solomon, he liv'd at ease, and full

With chant of tuneful birds resounding loud: 290 Of honour, wealth, high fare, aim'd not beyond Thither he bent his way; determin'd there Higher design than to enjoy his state;

To rest at noon, and enter'd soon the shade Thence to the bait of woman lay expos'd :

High rooft, and walks beneath, and alleys brown, But he whom we attempt is wiser far

205 That open'd in the midst a woody scene: Than Solomon, of more exalted mind,

Nature's own work it seem'd, (Nature taught Art,) Made and set wholly on th' accomplishment And to a superstitious eye the haunt

296 Of greatest things: what woman will you find, Of wood-gods, and wood-nymphs: he view'd it Though of this age the wonder and the fame, When suddenly a man before him stood; (round, On whom his leisure will vouchsafe an eye 210 Not rustic, as before, but seemlier clad, Of fond desire? or should she, confident,

As one in city, or court, or palace bred, 300 As sitting queen ador'd on beauty's throne,

And with fair speech these words to him address'd : Descend with all her winning charms begirt To enamour, as the zone of Venus once

“ With granted leave officious I return, Wrought that effect on Jove so fables tell: 215 But much more wonder that the Son of God How would one look from his majestic brow

In this wild solitude so long should bide Seated as on the top of Virtue's hill,

Of all things destitute, and well I know 305 Discount'nance her despis'd, and put to rout Not without hunger. Others of some note, All her array; her female pride deject,

As story tells, have trod this wilderness; Or turn to reverent awe ? for beauty stands 220 The fugitive bond-woman with her son, In th' admiration only of weak minds

Outcast Nebaioth, yet found here relief Led captive; cease to admire, and all her plumes By a providing angel; all the race

310 Fail flat, and shrink into a trivial toy,

of Israel here had famish'd, had not God At every sudden slighting quite abash'd :

Rain'd from heaven manna; and that prophet bold, Therefore, with manlier objects we must try 225 Native of Thebez, wand'ring here, was fed His constancy, with such as have more show

Twice by a voice inviting him to eat:



Of thee these forty days none hath regard, 315 What I can do or offer is suspect;
and more deserted here indeed.”

Of these things others quickly will dispose, 400

Whose pains have earn d the far fet spoil. With To whom thus Jesus: “ What conclud'st thou Both table and provision vanish'd quite [that hence?

With sound of harpies' wings, and talons heard ; They all had need, as I thou seest have none."

Only th' importune Tempter still remain'd,

And with these words his temptation pursu'd: 405 “ How hast thou hunger then ?" Satan repried:

Tell me if food were now before thee set, 320 “By hunger, that each other creature tames, Wouldst thou not eat?" “ Thereafter as I like Thou art not to be harm'd; therefore, not mov'd: The giver," answer'd Jesus. “Why should that Thy temperance invincible besides, Cause thy refusal ?" said the subtle fiend.

For no allurement yields to appetite, “ Hast thou not right to all created things?

And all thy heart is set on high designs, 410 Owe not all creatures by just right to thee 325 High actions ; but wherewith to be achiev'd? Duty and service, not to stay till bid,

Great acts require great means of enterprise ; But tender all their power? Nor mention I

Thou art unknown, unfriended, low of birth, Meats by the law unclean, or offer'd first

A carpenter thy father known, thyself To idols, those young Daniel could refuse;

Bred up in poverty and straits at home, 415 Nor protier'd by an enemy; though who 330

Lost in a desert here, and hunger-bit : Would scruple that, with want oppress'd? Behold Which way or from what hope dost thou aspire Nature asham'd, or better to express,

To greatness? whence authority deriv'st? Troubled, that thou shouldst hunger, hath purvey'd What followers, what retinue, canst thou gain, From all the elements her choicest store

Or at thy heels the dizzy multitude,

120 To treat thee as beseems, and as her Lord 335 Longer than thou canst feed them on thy cost ? With honour, only deign to sit and eat."

Money brings honour, friends, conquest, and

What rais'd Antipater, the Edomite, (realms. He spake no dream; for as his words had end, And his son Herod plac'd on Juda's throne, Our Saviour, lifting up his eyes, beheld

(Thy chrone) but gold, that got him puissant In ample space, under the broadest shade,


425 A table richly spread, in regal mode,

340 Therefore, if at great things thou wouldst arrive, With dishes pil'd, and meats of noblest sort

Get riches first, get wealth, and treasure heap, And savour, beasts of chase, or fowl of game, Not difficult, if thou hearken to me: In pastry built, or from the spit, or boil'd,

Riches are mine, Fortune is in my hand; Gris amber steam'd: all fish from sea or shore, They whom I favour thrive in wealth amain, 430 Freshet, or purling brook, of shell or fin, 315 While Virtue, Valour, Wisdom, sit in want." And exquisitest name, for which was drain'd Pontus, and Lucrine bay, and Afric coast.

To whom thus Jesus patiently replied : Alas! how simple, to these cates compar'd,

“ Yet wealth without these three is impotent Was that crude apple that diverted Eve!

To gain dominion, or to keep it gain'd. And at a stately side-board, by the wine, 350 Witness those ancient empires of the earth, 435 That fragrant smell diffus'd, in order stood

In height of all tneir flowing wealth dissolvid; Tall stripling youths, rich clad, of fairer hue

But men endu'd with these have oft attain'd Than Ganymede or Hylas; distant more

In lowest poverty to highest deeds;
Under the trees now tripp'd, now solemn stood, Gideon and Jephtha, and the shepherd lad,
Nymphs of Diana's train, and Naiades 355 Whose offspring on the throne of Judah sat 440
With fruits and flowers from Amalthea's horn.

So many ages, and shall yet regain
And ladies of th' Hesperides, that seem'd, 361 That seat, and reign in Israel without end.
Fairer than feign'd of old, or fabled since

Among the Heathen, (for throughout the world Of fairy damsels met in forest wide

To me is not unknown what hath been done By knights of Logres, or of Lyones,

Worthy of memorial) canst thou not remember 445 Lancelot, or Pelleas, or Pellenore:

Quintius, Fabricius, Cureus, Regulus ? And all the while harmonious airs were heard For I esteem those names of men so poor Of chiming strings, or charming pipes; and winds Who could do mighty things, and could contemn Of gentlest gale Arabian odours fann'd

Riches though ofter'd from the hand of kings. From their soft wings, and Flora's earliest smells. And what in me seems wanting but that I 450 Such was the splendour, and the Tempter now 366 May also in this poverty as soon His invitation earnestly renew'd.

Accomplish what they did, perhaps, and more?

Extol not riches then, the toil of fools, « What doubts the Son of God to sit and eat? The wise man's cumbrance, if not snare, more apt These are not fruits forbidden; no interdict

To slacken virtue, and abate her edge,

455 Defends the touching of these viands pure; 370 Than prompt her to do ought may merit praise. Their taste no knowledge works at least of evil, What if with like aversion I reject But life preserves, destroys life's enemy,

Riches and realms; yet not for that a crown, Hunger, with sweet restorative delight.

Golden in show, is but a wreath of thorns, All these are spirits of air, and woods, and springs, Brings dangers, troubles, cares, and sleepless nights, Thy gentle ministers, who come to pay 375 To him who wears the regal diadem,

461 Thee homage, and acknowledge thee their Lord : When on his shoulders each man's burden lies; What doubt'st thou, Son of God'? sit down and eat." For therein stands the office of a king,

His honour, virtue, merit, and chief praise, To whom thus Jesus temp'rately replied: That for the public all this weight he bears. 465 " Said'st thou not that to all things I had right? Yet he who reigns within himself, and rules And who withholds my power that right to use: Passions, desires, and fears, is more a king; Shall I receive by gift what of my own, 381 Which every wise and virtuous man attains: When and where likes me best, I can command ? And who atiains not, ill aspires to rule I can at will, doubt not, as soon as thou,

Cities of men, or headstrong multitudes, 477 Command a table in this wilderness,

Subject himself to anarchy within,
And call swift flights of angels ministrant 385 Or lawless passions in him which he serves.
Array'd in glory on my cup t' attend :

But to guide nations in the way of truth
Why shouldst thou then obtrude this diligence, By saving doctrine, and from error lead
In vain, where no acceptance it can find

To know, and knowing, worship God aright, 475 And with my hunger what hast thou to do?

Is yet more kingly: this attracts the soul, Thy pompous delicacies I contemn,


Governs the inner man, the nobler part; And count thy specious gifts no gifts, but guiles." That other o'er the body only reigns,

And oft by force, which to a generous mind To whom thus answer'd Satan malcontent: So reigning, can be no sincere delight. 480 “ That I have also power to give thou seest; Besides, to give a kingdom hath been thought If of that power I bring thee voluntary 394 Greater and nobler done, and to lay down What I might have bestow'd on whom I pleas'd, Far more magnanimous than to assume. And rathe opportunely in this place

Riches are needless then, both for themselves, Chose to impart to thy apparent need,

And for thy reason why they should be soughé, 48 Why shouldst thou not accept it? But I see To gain a sceptre, oftest better miss'a.”




SO spake the Son of God, and Satan stood
A while as mute, confounded what to say,
What to reply, confuted, and convinc'd
Of his weak arguing, and fallacious drift;
At length collecting all his serpent wiles, 5
With soothing words renew'd, him thus accosts:

“I see thou know'st what is of use to know,
What best to say canst say, to do canst do;
Thy actions to thy words accord, thy words 9
To thy large heart give utterance due, thy heart
Contains of good, wise, just, the perfect shape.
Should kings and nations from thy mouth consult,
Thy counsel would be as the oracle
Urim and Thummim, those oraculous gems
On Aaron's breast; or tongue of seers old, 15
Infallible: or wert thou sought to deeds
That might require th' array of war, thy skill
Of conduct would be such, that all the world
Could not sustain thy prowess, or subsist
In battle, though against thy few in arms. 20
These godlike virtues wherefore dost thou hide,
Affecting private life, or more obscure
In savage wilderness? wherefore deprive
All earth her wonder at thy acts, thyself
The fame and glory, glory the reward

25 That soul excites to high attempts, the flame Of most erected spirits, most temper'd pure Ethereal, who all pleasures else despise, All treasures and all gain esteem as dross, And dignities and powers all but the highest ? 30 Thy years are ripe, and over-ripe; the son Of Macedonian Philip had ere these Won Asia, and the throne of Cyrus held At his dispose; young Scipio had brought down The Carthaginian pride : young Pompey, quell'd 35 The Pontic king, and in triumph had rode. Yet years, and to ripe years judgment mature, Quench not the thirst of glory, but augment. Great Julius, whom now all the world admires, The more he grew in years, the more inflam'd' 10 With glory, wept that he had liv'd so long Inglorious: but thou yet art not too late."

To whom our Saviour calmly thus replied: “Thou neither dost persuade me to seek wealth For empire's sake, nor empire to affect

43 For glory's sake, by all thy argument. For what is glory but the blaze of fame, The people's praise, if always praise unmix'd ? And what the people but a herd confus'd, 49 A miscellaneous rabble, who extol [praise? Things vulgar, and well weigh'd, scarce worth the

They praise, and they admire they know not what, And know not whom, but as one leads the other; And what delight to be by such extollid, To live upon their tongues, and be their talk, 55 Of whom to be disprais'd were no small praise? His lot who dares be singularly good. Th' intelligent among them and the wise Are few, and glory scarce of few is rais'd. This is true glory and renown, when God,

60 Looking on th' earth, with approbation marks The just man, and divulges him through heaven To all his angels, who with true applause Kecount his praises : thus he did to Job, When to extend his fame through heaven and earth,

65 As thou to thy reproach. may'st well remember,

He ask'd thee, Hast thou seen my servant Job ?
Famous he was in heaven, on earth less known ;
Where glory is false glory attributed
To things not glorious, men not worthy of fame. 70
They ert who count it glorious to subdue
By conquest far and wide, to over-run
Large countries, and in field great battles win,
Great cities by assault: what do these worthies,
But rob and spoil, burn, slaughter, and enslave 75
Peaceable nations, neighb'ring or remote,
Made captive, yet deserving freedom more
Than those their conquerors, who leave behind
Nothing but ruin wheresoe'er they rove,
And all the flourishing works of peace destroy, 80
Then swell with pride, and must be titled gods,
Great benefactors of mankind, deliverers,
Worshipp'd with temple, priest, and sacrifice ?
One is the son of Jove, of Mars the other;
Till conqu'ror Death discover them scarce men 85
Rolling in brutish vices, and deform'd,
Violent or shameful death their due reward.
But if there be in glory ought of good,
It may by means far different be attain'd,
Without ambition, war, or violence;

By deeds of peace, by wisdom eminent,
By patience, temperance: I mention still
Him whom thy wrongs, with saintly patience

borne, Made famous in a land and times obscure; Who names not now with honour patient Job ? 95 Poor Socrates, (who next more memorable ?) By what he taught, and suffer'd for so doing, For truth's sake suffering death unjust, lives

now Equal in fame to proudest conquerors. Yet, if for fame and glory ought be done, 100 Ought suffer'd; if young African for fame His wasted country freed from Punic rage, The deed becomes unprais'd, the man at least, And loses, though but verbal, his reward. Shall I seek glory then, as vain men seek, 105 Oft not deserv'd? I seek not mine, but his Who sent me, and thereby witness whence I am."

To whom the Tempter murm'ring thus replied: “ Think not so slight of glory; therein least Resembling thy great Father: he seeks glory, 110 And for his glory all things made, all things Orders and governs; nor content in heaven, By all his angels glorified, requires Glory from men, from all men, good or bad, Wise or unwise, no difference, no exemption; 115 Above all sacrifice, or hallow'd gift, Glory he requires, and glory he receives Promiscuous from all nations, Jew, or Greek, Or barbarous, nor exception hath declar'd: From us his foes pronounc'd glory he exacts.” 120

To whom our Saviour fervently replied: “And reason; since his word all things produc'd, Though chiefly not for glory as prime end, But to show forth his goodness, and impart His good communicable to every soul

125 Freely; of whom what could he less expect Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks, The slightest, easiest, readiest recompense From them

who could return him nothing else, And not returning that, would likeliest render 130 Contempt instead, dishonour, obloquy ? Hard recompense, un suitable return


For so much good, so much beneficence.

(Whose ire I dread more than the fire of hell,) 220 But why should man seek glory, who of his own A shelter, and a kind of shading cool Hath nothing, and to whom nothing belongs, 135 Interposition, as a summer's cloud. But condemnation, ignominy', and shame? If I then to the worst that can be haste, Who, for so many benefits receiv'd,

Why move thy feet so slow to what is best, Turn'd recreant to God, ingrate and false,

Happiest both to thyself, and all the world, 225 And so of all true good himself despoil'd;

That thou who worthiest art shouldst be their Yet sacrilegious, to himself would take 140

King? That which to God alone of right belongs;

Perhaps thou linger'st in deep thoughts detain'd Yet so much bounty is in God, such grace,

Of th' enterprise so hazardous and high ; That who advance his glory not their own,

No wonder; for though in thee be united Them he himself to glory will advance."

What of perfection can in man be found, 230

Or human nature can receive, eonsider So spake the Son of God: and here again 145 Thy life hath yet been private, most part spent Satan had not to answer, but stood struck

At home, scarce view'd the Galilean towns, With guilt of his own sin, for he himself,

And once a year Jerusalein, few days Insatiable of glory, had lost all,

Short sojourn; and what thence couldst thou obYet of another plea bethought him soon.



The world thou hast not seen, much less her glory, « Of glory, as thou wilt," said he," so deem; 150 Empires, and monarchs, and their radiant courts, Worth or not worth the seeking, let it pass :

Best school of best experience, quickest insight But to a kingdom thou art born, ordain'd

In all things that to greatest actions lead. To sit upon thy father David's throne:

The wisest, unexperienc'd will be ever 240 By mother's side thy father : though thy right Timorous and loath, with novice modesty, Be now in powerful hands, that will not part 155 (As he who seeking asses found a kingdom) Easily from possession won with arms:

Irresolute, unhardy, unadvent'rous : Judea now, and all the promis'd land,

But I will bring thee where thou soon shalt quit Reduc'd a province under Roman yoke,

Those rudiments, and see before thine eyes Obeys Tiberius: nor is always rul'd

The monarchies of th' earth, their pump and With temp'rate sway; oft have they violated 160

state, The temple, oft the law with foul aitronts,

Sufficient introduction to inform Abominations rather, as did once

Thee, of thyself so apt in regal arts, Antiochus: and think'st thou to regain

And regal mysteries, that thou may'st know Thy right by sitting still or thus retiring?

How best their opposition to withstand." 250 So did not Maccabæus: he indeed

165 Retir'd into the desert, but with arms;

With that (such power was given him then) he And o'er a mighty king so oft prevail'd,

The Son of God up to a mountain high. [took That by strong hand his family obtain d,

It was a mountain at whose verdant feet Tho priests, the crown, and David's throne usurp'd, A spacious plain, outstretch'd in circuit wide, With Modin and her suburbs once content. 176 Lay pleasant; from his side two rivers flow'd, 255 If kingdom move thee not, let move thee zeal Th' one winding, th' other straight, and left be. And duty; zeal and duty are not slow;

tween But on occasion's forelock watchful wait,

Fair champain, with less rivers interven'd, They themselves rather are occasion best,

Then meeting join'd their tribute to the sea : Zeal of thy Father's house, duty to free


Fertile of corn the glebe, of oil and wine; Thy country from her heathen servitude;

With herds the pastures throng'd, with flocks the So shalt thou best fulfil, best verify


260 The prophets old, who sung thy endless reign; Huge cities and high tower'd, that well might seem The happier reign the sooner ii begins:

The seats of mightiest monarchs; and so large Reign then; what canst thou better do the The prospect was, that here and there was room while ?"


For barren desert, fountainless and dry. 264

To this high mountain top the Tempter brought To whom our Saviour answer thus return'd: Our Saviour, and new train of words began : “ All things are best fulfilld in their due time, And time there is for all things, truth hath said: “Well have we speeded, and o'er hill and dale, If of my reign prophetic writ hath told

Forest, and field, and flood, temples and towers, That it shall never end, so when begin 185

Cut shorter many a league, here thou behold'st The Father in his purpose hath decreed,

Assyria and her empire's ancient bounds,

270 He in whose hand all lines and seasons roll. Araxes and the Caspian lake; thence on What if he hath decreed that I shall first

As far as Indust east, Euphrates west,
Be tried in humble state, and things adverse, And oft beyond; to south the Persian bay,
By tribulations, injuries, insults,

190 And inaccessible th' Arabian drouth : Contempts and scorns, and snares, and violence, Here Nineveh, of length within her wall 27 Suffering, abstaining, quietly expecting,

Several days' journey, built by Ninus old, Without distrust or doubt, that he may know Of that first golden monarchy the seat. What I can suffer, how obey? Who best

And seat of Salmanassar, whose success Can suffer, best can do; best reign, who first 195 Israel in long captivity still mourns; Well hath obey'd : just trial ere I merit

There Babylon, the wonder of all tongues,

280 My exaltation without change or end.

As ancient, but rebuilt by him who twice But what conoerns it thee when I begin

Judah and all thy father David's house My everlasting kingdom, why art thou

Led captive, and Jerusalem laid waste, Solicitous, what moves thy inquisition ? 200

Till Cyrus set them free; Persepolis Know'st thou not that my rising is thy fall, His city there thou seest, and Béctra there; 285 And my promotion will be thy destruction

Ecbatana her structure vast there shows,

And Hecatompylos her hundred gates;
To whom the Tempter, inly rack'd, replied: There Susa by Choaspes, amber stream,
“Let that come when it comes; all hope is lost The drink of none but kings: of later fame,
Of my reception into grace; what worse? 205

Built by Emathian, or Parthian hands, 290 For where no hope is left, is left no fear:

The great Selucia, Nisibis; and there If there be worse, the expectation more

Artaxata, Teredon, Ctesiphon, Of worse torments me than the feeling can.

Turning with easy eye thou may'st behold, I would be at the worst; worst is my port,

All these the Parthian, now some ages past, My harbour, and my ultimate repose,


By great Arsaces led, who founded first 295 The end I would attain, my final good.

That empire, under his dominion holds, My error was my error, and my crime

From the luxurious kings of Antioch won. My crime; whatever for itself condemnd,

And just in time thou com'st to have a view And will alike be punish'd, whether thou

Of his great power; for now the Parthian king Reign or reign not; though to that gentle brow In Ctesiphon hath gather'd all his host 300 Willingly I could fly, and hope thy reign, 216 Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild From that placid aspect and meek regard,

Have wasted Sogdiana; to her aid Rather than aggravate my evil state,

He marches now in haste; see, though from far, Would stand between me and thy Father's ire, His thousands, in what martial equipage


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