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which comes to general conclusions before it has the knowledge of particular facts, will often fall into error-a mind which is satisfied with the investigation and knowledge of facts, has done but half its work. To assist the mind in steering between these two extremes, should be one great object of the Instructor-let the perceptive faculties of children be early exercised, and their reflective be at the same time gradually called forth; thus knowledge and reflection may go hand in hand.—Let children be taught to ascend from the minute to the vastlet them again be exercised in descending from the vast to the minute. The process of number may be continually going on within the mindwe branch out from unity to multiplicity ; we retrace multiplicity to unity. The child should be continually led up to the great Unity, which is God; in going into multiplicity, he should be taught always to take the unity as its centre.
We remarked, that children who have been accustomed to enter into minute detail, are gradually prepared for comprehensive views. At times a lesson something like the following might be given.
You have heard of the word Universe : did you ever consider its meaning ?
It may be used in different senses; sometimes it may signify the solar system-sometimes all the systents of worlds which God has made. The word Universe is well calculated to bring to our mind the most expansive and sublime ideas; we cannot grasp them in their full extent. We will, however, try to give a sketch, though a faint and imperfect one, of what we mean by the word Universe.
Consider for a moment the globe we inhabit. What do you call it with relation to the solar system?
It is only one out of several planets. And round what great body do these planets move?
Are they at different distances from the sun ? Have you any idea of these distances ?
[The Teacher may tell the children, that of the eleren planets yet discovered, the nearest is 37 millions of miles, and the farthest 1800 millions of miles from the sun.]
Think then of the sun as the centre, and of all the planetary bodies as revolving round him, at different immense distancés.
Think of the rapidity with which these bodies move, the motion of the slowest planet (the Georgium Sidus) being about 16,000 miles an hour, and that of the swiftest (Mercury) more than 105,000.
Consider that some of these bodies are attended by moons which revolve round them, as they revolve round the sun.
Think also of the comets moving in their elliptical orbits.-In order that you may form sonie idea of these orbits, you may reflect that one of the comets--that which appeared in 1680, is supposed, at the extremity of its orbit, to be 11,200 millions of miles distant from the sun; you may also reflect that in the part of its orbit, in which it was nearest the sun, it travelled at the rate of 880,000 miles an hour.
Observe once more, that the sun is the centre of a system of worlds.--I would also call your attention to a remarkable fact, which is, that the nearer a planet is to its centre of attraction, the swifter iş its motion, the motion of the planet at the greatest distance from the sun being the slowest of all, and of that nearest to it, the swiftest.
(Ask questions, and ascertain that the pupils · understand the meaning of the terms used.]
Now let us, for a few minutes, turn our attention to the fixed stars.-Do you know how many of these are visible to the naked eye?
[In different parts of the globe about 3000.]
But multitudes have been discovered by the aid of the telescope ; there are probably millions of fixed stars. In the milky way alone, Dr. Herschel discerned through his telescope, 1 16,000 stars in a quarter of an hour.
It is calculated that the distance of the nearest fixed star, cannot be less than 100,000 times the length of the earth's orbit, or 19,000,000,000,000 miles. To help you to
form some conception of the greatness of this distance, we will suppose a cannon ball, which may move at the rate of 1200 miles an hour, to be sent from the nearest fixed star :-it would not reach the earth in less than 1,800,000 years.
It is supposed that all the millions of fixed stars may be suns to other worlds.—Let your mind, if possible, embrace for a moment, the immensity of space. Let it first behold our sun as a centre of worlds-then as one of millions of centres. We cannot count the num.' ber of these centres, still less can we ascertain that of their revolving worlds!
What has been said of the distance of the nearest of the fixed stars, may be sufficient to give some faint idea of the immensity of a space, which to us appears boundless.
Now let me ask-Who pervades all space, upholds all worlds ?-Who has fixed their place, appointed their orbits, regulated their motions, ordained their time?
He, the greatness of whose power and wisdom we cannot eren conceive, knows every grain of sand upon the sea-shore; He who comprehends the Universe knows and sustains the minutest aton.
The Father of the Universe, the Creator and Preserver of myriads of worlds, is also your Creator, your Father. He who ruleth over all, numbers the very hairs of your head. He by whom the worlds were framed, (Heb. i. 2; xi. 3.)
became man, and died to redeem you. * Admire His creative Power-adore and confide in His redeeming Love !
* Who can glance at the wonders of Creation, without admiring the Creator's Power ?--but where is the hope of fallen man?-In the mystery of Redemption, in the Love “ which passeth knowledge.” The same Power which created, has redeemed-the omnipotence of the “ WORD made flesh" united with inconceivable Love.
The whole Creation waiteth with extreme desire for the triumphal reign of Immanuel. Rom. viii. 19–21.-And even now, by the Spirit of adoption, every redeemed soul calleth upon the incomprehensible Jehovah, and saith-
« Tell me, ye shining hosts, " That narigate a sea that knows no storms, “ Beneath a vault unsullied with a cloud, “ If from your elevation, whence ye view “ Distioctly scenes invisible man, “ And systems, of whose birth no tidings yet “ Have reach'd this nether world, ye spy a race “ Favour'd as ours ? transgressors from the womb, “ And hasting to a grave, yet doom'd to rise, “ And to possess a brighter Heav'n than yours ?-“ As one, who, long detain'd on foreign shores, " Pants to return, and when be sees afar “ His country's weather bleach'd and batter'd rocks, “ From the green wave emerging, darts an eye “ Radiant with joy towards the happy land; " So I with animated hopes behold, “ And many an aching wish, your beamy fires, " That show like beacons in the blue abyss, “ Ordain'd to guide th' embodied spirit bome “ From toilsome life to never-ending rest. « Love kindles as I gaze. I feel desires, “ That give assurance of their own success, “ And that infus'd from Heav'n, must thither tend."