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And what more ? [Light and heat].

And what is then the whole appearance of the coal ?

How may we describe the action of the fire ?

[It unlocks the dark hard matter, and unites with the latent fire in the coal; it decomposes the coal, and changes a part of it into its own substance.]

What becomes of the fire when the coal is consumed ?

And where is the heat dispersed ?

What becomes of the grosser part of the coal ?

Does the cinder contain as much latent fire as the coal? Why not?

What has the coal lost by burning? Is its weight the same? Its size? Its colour? Its hardness? Its power of combustion ?

With what element do the ashes at last mingle?

After the different particles of the coal are separated by burning, can you trace whither they go ?

Who knows whither every single particle is gone, and makes every particle serve its proper end?

Now let us collect into one view, some of the particulars we have noticed in our conversation.

In what different states may you think of the coal ? [First, of its state in the mine, where probably this piece of coal formed part of a large mass.

Secondly, we may consider it in the state in which we now see it, when it has been dug out of the mine, and separated from the mass of which it was a part.

Thirdly, we' may think of it in a burning state; as emitting smoke, flame, light, and heat.

Fourthly, we may think of it when it has undergone the operation of fire, either partially or wholly.]

• Let us consider how the qualities of the coal differ in its different states.

You have already told me some of the qualities of the coal in its present state tell me how it differs in its burning state.

And what can you tell me of it, when it has become a cinder ?

Let us try whether, from any part of our considerations, we can draw spiritual improvement.

What is the present state of the coal ? Is it not cold, gross, dark, hard, heavy and inert ?All these qualities exist in the unrenewed heart.

If you had never seen burning coal, would you have supposed the piece you now see, capable of being brought into a state so different from the former ?

And if we could, with our spiritual eyes, behold the heart of man as it really is, entirely opposed to the divine grace and love--if we could be fully aware of its blackness, coldness, hardness.

We should think it impossible that the same heart could be brought into a state of light, warmth, and heavenly life.

We will next consider an inflamed piece of coal ;-observe how bright it is, it is all transformed into a fiery mass :-—now look at this piece which is half consumed; one side retains its original blackness, the other is changed into the appearance and state of fire.

Could we behold what takes place in the conversion and sanctification of the human heart, we should perceive a spiritual process, of which the facts we have observed


afford some illustration.--The sacred fire of the divine love takes hold of the heart, breaks it open, enters it, unlocks its dark hard being, penetrates every part, and by degrees changes it into its own bright substance.

The luminous piece I shewed you, may remind us of a happy soul who has lost its own nature in the divine--the blackness is gone, and it manifests nothing but the brightness which has been imparted to it.

The coal exhibiting on one side its own properties, on the other the properties of fire, may remind us of those souls who are undergoing the earlier process of purification, or sanctification: the divine love has begun to penetrate their being; they are as yet, however, renewed but in part; and if they have on the one hand the glowing properties of fire, they have on the other, the yet unconsumed opposites of their own dark nature.

• If the Instructor find that the attention of the pupil is arrested, he may direct him to apply to himself the view we have been taking, and to ask himself these questions :

Have I yet become acquainted with my own fallen nature aud its properties ?

Have I get thought of being transformed into the divine nature ?

If I have, do 1 entirely yield myself to the influence of the divine light and love ?

How far am I renewed; wbat progress is the work of sanctification making in my heart? How far do the qualities of my depraved nature still appear-how far do I manifest the effects of the operation of the Divine Spirit ?



Various simple and amusing exercises may be given to children upon colours.- In the summer they may be told to gather flower leaves of such or such a colour: they may first be shewn the three primitive colours, then their shades and combinations. In winter painted cards may be used. When a rain-bow is visible they should be called to observe it, but as it is transient, and its hues blend into one another so that they can scarcely be distinguished, it may be well to have recourse to an artificial object which will shew the colours with sufficient clearness..By spouting water in the beams of the sun an artificial rain-bow may be formed.The different rays of light should be exhibited by means of a prism; and in the flame of a candle the three primitive colours may often be pointed out: the lower part or cup of the flame is blue ; in the body of the flame is the yellow ; and in its thread or spiral extremity the red may be seen. After the children have been accustomed to observe colours, a lesson something like the following may be given.

What can you tell me about colours?

Do you know how many there are? Think of all

you can. Where do we see the greatest number of colours united ?

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