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eight 17-0 nono

nono four nono six

nono Gewo

bvo I2-O one (Syár kang la)

bono

three none four none Lịchi-cho

five II-O none (Nup kang lá) two

none
none
none

none
Totá

eleven

19ono

one two none four

nono Pyang-pa

seven 13-0 one

ono seven none four

none ba |L chí five and a half II-O ono

one two

none three nono 63 |Phi láng

twelve
16-0 one (Serak lá)

none
ono
none
one

nono
64 Locha pángwo

thirteen 19 two (Nak lá)

none
three
uone
one

ono
65 Tha-tho

seven
12-0 nono

none
two
none

three none
Liliba-jéung

nino
17-0 one (Gabu lá)

Done
one
none
none

one
67 Chyni chlou

nino
17-0 one (Gamu lá)

none
two
nono

three nono
Mali

five
11-O five

ose
nono
none
noue

nono
69 | khó
four
one (Yutakh lá) one

0110
nono
one

none 70 Gnangta tár sixteen

five four four

none
two

none
71 La kung
five

none T
nono two

none two

none 72 La kata

eight

13-0 one (Syánam chola) none two

none cight none 73 |Tháng 10 or Cham-do |eight

12-0 none none threo none

two

none
74 Má pha or Mung bhu six

12-0
two

one
one
nono
two

none
Pow tyáng

six
11-O two

none
one
none
ono

none
PA kung or Ba-gang nino

17-30 ono

two
nono
none
nono

nono
Wing Phi

fivo
11-O nono

none
one
none
nono

none
Gnang ti or Gam soven and a half

1340 none

one two none two

nono 79 Tays

eight 21-0 one

none one none two

noue đó Lộ bảng chúng

12-0 nono

none two

none two

none 81 Ang sa or Azu

nino

16-0
two

nono
one
none
none

none 82 Sépang kow or Newa siz

one

none
one
none
none

none
83 Li su or Risyú

17three

nove ono nono none

none 8 Mang khám o Cháng eleven

23-0 one

none
one
nono
none

nono
85 Kúsá
(kha eight
17-0 ono

nouo
two
nono two

none
86 Mangali

nine
18-0 two

none two

nono dono

nono
87 Khanchi kha

three
6-0 ono

nono none none none none
• Zhi-khi-chhén of Newari, capital of province of Tsáng = zhf-ká-tsé of Tibetan and Digarcha of Khas.
The Sikim Raja's Vakil suggests Kháruld or Nyunzying Klangzan, a great snowy range.

The Teamding monastery is situated here.
Kangla (kangla

i Gyamda thol'and the seven next-named mountains are said to be vast masses of perpetual snow. True of Gyanda thola and Ssarkangin and Nhup
Information,

- snowy mountain or pass), but not of the three interveuing lá. The pass of Gyamdatho is very fatal to travellers. Recent virá roce xogyamda-singwa. Sangwa la on the border of the provinces of U and Khám. From Gnaksa to Sángwd is the jurisdiction of Lhase. Tho full name of Sáng wá is Kwom

Nono of the above with the simple addition ld, instead of Kangla, are snowy

ten

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16-30
16-30

len 19 nono none forty- nono forty.

two seren

seven 119 Lyochang syang

five 9-0 one

nono nine

nono nine

ono 120 Myang tou

seven 15-0 nono

two six none six

one 121 Chathúng syang twelvo

17-0 two

two fourteen ono

thrco one
122 U-liang-i

eight
16-0 ono

dono
two
none two

none
123 Chyi táng

pine

17 two

nono four none four

one 124 Tású sú

eleven

23 two

one six none seven

none 125 Kwa ya syang

ten 21-0 ono

ono threo one

two

two 126 Syhsyu-yan-i

twelve

28-0
two

none
one
nono
two

one
127 Khwang pa-i

six
12-0 two

none
three
none
ono

none 128 Nichi-tou

five 10-0 two

none one none nono

one 129 Tá gnái nino

one nono three none

none

1011e
130 Myả syang
nine

nono

nono
three
none
one

one
13: Páú tráng

eight
12-0 none

Dono
four
nove
one

nono 132 Mátá wei

ten

18-0 one none three

none two

none 133 Tályó-pá

pino 16-0 three

none
six
none
seven

one
134 Langsyang

nino

15-0 one

none
seven
none

seven none
135 Phranyáng

nino

16-0
ono

none
seven
none
seven

one
16 Khwa nyou-phú

eleven
20-0 nono

nono
six
none
four

none 137 Pau ching nyang

18-0 two

nono nino

nono

thirteen ono 138 Phrang--yang-phra nino

17-0 nono

two four nono

three one 139 Chhi nyáng syan six

10-0 nono

one
threo
none

three one
140 U kum syang

twelro
21-0 none

four four

none

three two 141 Syángpbrengsyang nino

15-0 nono

four
one
none

two
142 Sing-ha-pha

ten

19-0 nono

two
two
none
two

two
143 Lét-nang-shan

six
13-0 none

two
four
none
four

one
144 Pri-lan-syan

eight
1940 Dono

two four

none
three

one
145 Khwang myú

twelve
25-0 none

eleven fifteen none fourteen three
146 Phong thon ten

ten

23-0 none two five

none two

two
147 Lyangpyang-syan ten

23-0
none

done
two
none
two

four 148 SA-tou

six 11-0 none

one
five
none
two

two
149 I'-pang-sys

noven
14-0 nono

none three none

three three 150 Myá-thung-syang seven

13-0 one

nono seven none six

one • Figure for elght perhaps s cypher.

# Boundary of Tibet and Chloa Proper. Soo Diary of a Cashmerian journeying on the route thus far in our Rescarches. Khám extends from Sángwa or sint stage to this point,

There and the next two noted aro crossings of ono mountain-locked river, not separate rivers. The fourteen of stage 121 is another instance of the same kind.

118 Tayang

ten

I one

[graphic]
[graphic]

Lakes Rivers or
Mountain ridges or

Boat
Distance in kós. ghadis and
Halting place.

riverand

Forts. ranges crossed.

Bridges.

ferries. pals.

tanks. crossings. 151 Syáng-lyáng-syang nine

20-0 one fourteen

twenty

two
Reven
Ta Khô lyáng sying

13--0 none
none seven none

seven

one
153 Múng syang

three two

one
one

one
154 | 2hai-chhen phú

one
four
none
four

one 155 Y6 khwb-i (syáng seven

none
six
none
six

one
I56 | Khwo-khon-chang- ten

two (two five
none four

two
157 Vei-khai-phú

twenty

none four two 158 Chhi syang

four five

none four three six 12-0 nono

two
six
none five

one
10o Tí-tai-phú

two
seven
none six

two
161 Sa-tou
seven

none three nono three one
16a Kháng-tang-sying seven

13-0 none none six

none
six

one
163 | Súng-tou-phú

seven

none seven two six 16. Lĩ chhi-sáng

II-O none none three none

one

three
six

none
two
none
two

one
166 Twa-tou

one
four
none
four

one
four and a half
167 Lou thyáng-syang

two
three none

one

three
168 Dyang-dyang-phú six and a half 13-0 none

three none

three one
169 Shito-syảng

three none three one
170 Chhipú syang

two
two
none
two

one
17 | Phố khú-sying

two
two
none
two

one
172 Pou tyán phú

three none three one
173 Pai-khw6

eight

eight none 17+ TS-tou

eight 16-0 none seven six

six

one
175 Long syan
eight and a half 18-0

five

five

two
176 Pai-chin (Pekin) seven

five
none six

three
176
176
1267 (12633) 2576

102 (106)
150 652 23

607
REMARKS. -The above paper, like that which accompanies it, is deserving of implicit reliance, from the circumstances under which it
was prepared and transcribed for me. The kós, according to which the computation of distance is made throughout, is that of Népal, equal
to 24 miles; and the time in ghadis and pals is the same, according to which 60 pals make a ghadi and 2 ghadis an hour. The embassy set
out on 7th of Asár (June) and arrived at Pekin on 12th of Mágh (January), halting forty-seven days, which are included.

In the fifth column of the original, the names of the passes (Inngur in Khas and lá in Tibetan) are not given. I have, however, set down in brackets such ns I was enabled to procure before I left Nópál.

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SECTION XI.

ROUTE FROM KÁTHMÁNDÚ, THE CAPITAL OF NÉPÁL,

TO DARJEELING IN SIKIM,

INTERSPERSED WITH REMARKS ON THE PEOPLE AND

COUNTRY.

First Stage to Choukot, East, 77 kós. I'ROCEEDING vid Mángal, which is within a quarter of a mile of the city, we came to Nangsál, at the like distance from Mángal. Both are petty suburban Néwár villages. Thence to Deopátan, distance three-quarters of a kós, a large pakka village inhabited by Néwárs. Thence to Thémi, one and a quarter kós. Thémi is a considerable pakka town of Néwárs, and is famous for its pottery. Thence to Bhátgáon, distant one kós. Bhátgáon is a large handsome Néwar town situated near the Eastern end of the valley of Népál, and is said to contain 12,000 houses. Its palace, temples, and tanks are very striking structures. Thence to Sángá, two kóz. This bridge-like place stands on a low ridge separating the great valley of Népal Propert from the subordinate valley of Banépa. It is a small place, but the houses are all pakka, as usual with the Néwárs.

• Pakka here means built of burnt bricks. This word and its correlative kachcha are most convenient terms, for which I know no English equivalents.

+ The valley of Népál is about sixteen miles in either diameter, of shape between oval and lozenge, cultivated throughout, and yields two cropis per annum, a spring one of wheat and an autumo one of rice. It is very densely peopled with a popu. Intion of probably 350,000 souls, distributed in three priucipal and many subordinate towns, all of burnt brick and tiled roof, in the tent style of architecture so prevalent io China. Equidistaut frum shows and plains, elevation 4500. Centrally placed with reference to the length (E. and W.) and breadth (N. and S.) of the kingdom. For its people see on to p. 196 infra.

Compare note at exordium of vol on Buddhism, and separate paper therein on Sambu Puran, (F.ssays l., 115), notices of Valley and Teri of Nepalya Kallyana iu Benga's A. S. Journal.

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