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it was couched in terms as mild as possible. He was condemned to be publicly whipped three times, and to suffer one year's imprisonment with hard labour. Nathan heard his sentence with tears in his eyes, but perfectly resigned to the will of God, and to his fatherly chastisement, he returned composedly to his cell.
On the day appointed for the first infliction of his disgraceful punishment, the prisoner was brought to the Senate-house to be publicly whipped. A vast concourse of spectators had already assembled to witness this ignominious punishment; suddenly the air resounded with the cry, “ Nathan is not to be whipped, he is innocent! he is innocent! The people looked at each other in amazement. How can it be? Have the judges been deceived ? or has the real murderer of Eleazer surrendered ? The one said this, and the other that, and the eager, inquisitive crowd gradually dispersed. Many murmured that they had waited so long for nothing; others, that they had wasted their time; for, unhappily, there are beings so inhuman that they find pleasure in the pains and tortures inflicted on their fellow-men. Not a few, however, returned home rejoicing in the hope that the innocence of Nathan was now brought to light, and that too, just at the very moment when the long-suspended sentence was about to be inflicted. All surmise respecting this sudden change was, however, soon dispelled by the public announcement made by the court that a messenger had arrived from the court of justice at P-, with the information that,
the murderer of Eleazer the Jew, had been discovered and arrested, and had already acknowledged his crime.
(To be continued.)
THE JEWISH CALENDAR.
(Continued from page 65.) THE SABBATH.–First mentioned in ScriptureGen. ii. 2.
To-morrow, which is the Sabbath of the Lord -Exod. xvi. 23.
The seventh day, which is the Sabbath-Exod. xvi. 26.
See, for the Lord hath given thee the Sabbath -Exod. xvi. 29.
Remember the Sabbath-day, to keep it holyExod. xx. 8.
Repeated and work prohibited—Exod. xxxi. 13. Again, kindling fire prohibited-Ex. xxxv. 2. Again, ordered to be kept-Lev. xxiii. 3.
The Sabbath-breaker stoned to death-Num. XV. 32.
Offering thereon-Num. xxviii. 9.
Keep the Sabbath-day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee—Deut. v. 12.
Covenant not to sell or buy on the SabbathNeh. x. 31.
Gates of Jerusalem shut during Sabbath, to put a stop to traffic thereon-Neh. xiii. 15.
Blessed is the man that keepeth the SabbathIsa. lvi. 2.
The Sabbath a delight—Isa. lviii. 13.
Bear no burdens on the Sabbath-day-Jer. xvii. 21.
New Moon.-Kept now as a minor festival, but by the following passages of Scripture appears to have been kept more sacredly in former times.
Extra offerings thereon-Num. xxviii. 11.
To-morrow is New Moon, and I should not fail to sit with the King at meat-1 Sam. xx. 5.
It is neither New Moon nor Sabbath—2 Kings iv. 23.
The New Moons and Sabbaths I cannot away with-Isa. i. 13.
I will also cause her mirth to cease, her feast days, her New Moons, and her Sabbaths-Hosea i. 51.
When will the New Moon be gone, that we may sell corn—Amos viï. 5.
The Rabbies say that the New Moon is a festival particularly given to women, for their unwillingness to give their jewels to make the molten calf.
A few other fasts and festivals are to be found in the Jewish Calendar ; but we omit them for the present.
The people cannot now observe, as in days of old, any of their religious observances. They have no temple or tabernacle now: they have no priesthood now: they have no burntoffering, no sin-offering, no altar. The records of the past, the present shadow of former things in the services of the synagogue tell of glory gone, of a people who have the law but cannot keep it, and whose highest attainment must therefore be, as it regards the future, the gloom of uncertainty, the looking forward fearfully to the eternity which awaits them.
Oh! that the Sun of righteousness may soon arise upon them, and put these dark shades to flight!
MISSIONS TO THE JEWS.
House of Industry. We are most thankful to tell our readers that the House of Industry, at Jerusalem, has been reopened. The object which this institution is intended effect, is to afford the means of instruction in various trades, to poor converts, in order that they may earn a livelihood by their own industry, when they have become Christians.
This event, so interesting and important to the Jerusalem mission, took place on the 21st of December (1848).
The bishop and the Rev. John Nicolayson proceeded, about one o'clock, to the premises occupied as the House of Industry; where they were met by a numerous assembly, consisting of the members of the mission, the masters of trades, and others, mostly converts and enquirers. Mr. P. J. Hershon has been appointed superintendent of the establishment.
The bishop briefly stated, in German, the wish and purport of the Committee of the Society in the establishment of this institution, and pointed out to the inmates the solemn duties devolving upon them, exhorting them to obey the rules of the house, to be diligent in business, and fervent in spirit.
Mr. Nicolayson then expressed the purport of the several rules and regulations, and after an appropriate exhortation, concluded with prayer, that the blessing and spirit of God might rest on the institution, and give success to its object. The bishop then dismissed the assembly with the blessing
Three Jews were admitted as residents in the institution at the time of its re-opening; another was admitted in January.
Sudden death of a Convert. We mentioned, in the account of the consecration of the Church on Mount Zion, that two Israelites were baptized on the afternoon of Sunday, January 21st. On the 24th of that month Mr. Nicolayson says, “ Dr. Macgowan has just called to apprize me of the death, quite sudden, this morning, of poor John Jacob, who was bap-tized (in his usual health) on Sunday last. His health was never good, but his sudden removal was quite unexpected.
“ Is it not as if he had just been spared long enough to make his public profession, in baptism, of that faith in Christ, as the Redeemer of Israel and his Saviour, in which he has now departed?”
SCHOOLS IN POSEN.
We always feel pleasure in referring to these Schools, which constitute a most interesting branch of the London Society's labours. Frequent testimony has been borne to their good results, by both Jews and Christians. All who have been accustomed to have intercourse with Jews, and have had to deal with such as have been brought up in these schools, bear testimony to the great difference which exists between the latter and their Jewish brethren in general, as, regards their feelings towards Christianity.
And it is not only the children themselves, on whom the effect is visible, but it may be said in this case, that “the hearts of the parents were