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that it hath pleased Thee to dispose the hearts of Thy people all over the world, to favour Zion, and to erect this house for Thy worship and service. Bless them, O Lord, for their regard to Thy honour and to the good of souls. Bless them for their love to Zion, and for their compassionate care for the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Bless all Thy servants, by whose common care, this tabernacle has been reared among the ruins of Jerusalem : Prosper their work, and give suc. cess to their endeavour to lead the sons and daughters of Abraham to their Redeemer. Bless all those who pray for the peace of Jerusalem : and grant, O Lord, that all those, for whose good this pious work is intended, may show forth their thankfulness by making a right use thereof, to the glory of Thy blessed name, through Jesus Christ our Lord. AMEN."

Mr. Nicolayson gives a fuller detail than we have thought it necessary to introduce, of this most deeply interesting service, and then adds : “ The unusual severity of the weather during the preceding week had prevented many friends at Beyrout and elsewhere from attending on this interesting occasion, as they had purposed, and there were only three English travellers here, who had prolonged their visit on purpose. But the usual congregation (chiefly converts) and many natives of the city, men and women, Jews and Jewesses, and Pilgrims of other lands and other communities, quite filled the place, even to the organ-loft. Perfect order and propriety were observed under the influence of the deeply solemn spirit which marked the members of our own congregation, which those also felt who could not understand the language used.”

The Syrian bishop with some priests and deacons, attended throughout the whole solemnity. The former expressed himself deeply interested in the service. There were also some Armenian and Greek Catholic priests present.

The Armenian Patriarch, being indisposed, did not attend, though he had accepted the invitation of the bishop.

In the afternoon, the service was in German. The Rev. F. C. Ewald read the prayers.

The Rev. J. Nicolayson preached on Matthew xviii. 20. The bishop baptized two Israelites, who, having been long waiting for this privilege, were thus “ graffed into their own olive-tree,” and we trust, they have been made partakers with ourselves in the salvation that is in Christ, by like precious faith. A great number of Jews were present at this service also. May this be a day long remembered as the commencement of a brighter period in the history of this muchtried mission !



(Continued from page 57.) In the next year, the Committee proceeded to adopt other important measures for carrying on the great work entrusted to them.

A PRINTING OFFICE was established for the employment of converts, and for teaching young Jews the art of printing, in order that they might obtain a living when they had forfeited the means

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of doing so, through their profession of Christianity. A number of publications speedily issued from this office, the most important of which was a specimen of an intended translation of the New Testament into Hebrew. The Rev. Dr. Buchannan had, most convincingly, shown the importance of this great work, and kindly presented the Society with a copy of the manuscript which he had brought from India, and which had been placed by him in the library of the University of Cambridge.* This translation had been made by a learned Jew, with a view to the refutation of the sacred writings of the Evangelists and Apostles ; but it led to his conversion, and now was to be used as a help in the revision of the proposed translation for the spiritual benefit of his nation. This translation, as well as one which existed, but had never been circulated amongst the Jews, contained too many rabbinical words and phrases, and the Committee were desirous that the proposed work should consist, as exclusively as possible, of purely Biblical Hebrew. They desired to use the language of the five books of Moses, and, where the vocabulary of these inspired records failed, the earliest of the books of the Old Testament in succession. Referring to this important work, in their Annual Report, the Committee said, “This will be a great undertaking, even worthy to be taken up as a national object; and your Committee will now submit their proposed plan of proceeding, that their literary and religious friends may judge of its propriety, or suggest any alterations which may occur to them.' The plan was to engage one or more persons, thoroughly ac

* See page 35 of the present volume.


quainted with the Greek, Syriac, and Hebrew languages, to prepare the basis of the translation; and as half-sheets of it were composed, from time to time, to submit them to the unreserved inspection of every acknowledged literary character in the United Kingdom, who would lend his assist

Then, a select number of literary men were to meet and decide upon the merits of the various suggestions which might be collected from all quarters. They desired to avail themselves of all the ability that could be brought to bear on the great work “ that it might come out as complete as united wisdom and learning could make it, and that it might be dispersed throughout the world, and handed down to posterity as a monument of national literature as well as Christian love to the children of Israel.”

About fifty gentlemen favoured the Committee with their remarks upon the first half-sheet, and engaged to contribute their literary labours throughout the work.

An edition of the Old Testament in Hebrew was also printed at the Society's press. A large number of the writings of the Prophets was also struck off for distribution amongst the Jews.

A COTTON SPINNING MANUFACTORY also established for the employment of destitute Jews, and it was thought desirable to open a house of Industry, where various trades might be taught, as a means of alleviating the pressure of poverty upon those who had lost all for the sake of Christ. This, however, was not accomplished; but at a subsequent period, a basket manufactory was commenced. The great difficulty which then pressed upon the Society, and still presses,


could say,

was, how to provide employment, so as to be a means of support to poor converts.

Lectures continued to be regularly delivered to the Jews in Ely Place Episcopal Chapel, and in the Jews' Chapel, in Spitalfields, and many there heard the word of eternal life.

The schools, always a deeply interesting part of the Society's labours, prospered beyond all the hopes of the most sanguine, so that in their fourth report, in May, 1812, the Committee

“ The difficulties connected with their establishment have, happily, vanished. Forty-five boys, and thirty-eight girls have been admitted.” Some of the boys were educated under the care of an excellent clergyman, in the hope of their future employment as missionaries to their brethren, and many proofs were afforded that the truths which were taught to all, were not merely treasured in their memories, but affected their hearts.

The Committee were also able to refer to as many as forty-one adult Jews, who had been, by baptism, received into the Christian Church ; of whom they could say that, with three exceptions only, they walked worthy of their profession.

An extract from a letter sent by one of the boys, who had been received into the school, and afterwards placed under the care of an excellent clergyman for instruction, will interest our young readers. He says, “ Myself a Jew, of the seed of Abraham, once living in the abyss of sin and misery, and hastening my course in the road to destruction and ruin, was by the mercy of God, led to your place of refuge for the destitute and hopeless, and safely delivered from the chains of Satan : there I was freely taken in ; under your

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