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required a broken and a contrite heart, and that man should accept of the mercy offered to him in the Gospel. He set before him the unspeakable compassion of the Saviour, who casts out none who come to him weary and heavy laden, yea, who even pardons them freely. The blessing of God accompanied the testimony which flowed from Christopher's believing, affectionate breast. The stony heart gradually melted, the prodigal began to weep, and at length to pray, and to supplicate earnestly for mercy and grace. He fell on his knees with his benefactor, and with a broken and a contrite heart, confessed before God the sins of his youth, all his follies, his transgressions, and his crimes. The Lord heard the supplications of this penitent, and gave him peace, even the


which he himself had purchased by his own precious blood-shedding on the cross. The countenance of the pardoned sinner testified of the entire change of his heart; his whole demeanour was altered; his quiet, diligent, and tractable conduct showed the genuineness and sincerity of his conversion. This favourable change was observed not only by his fellowprisoners, but it also attracted the notice of the Governor of the fortress, who became much attached to the prisoner, and did all that lay in his power to lighten his miserable condition.

At the expiration of the term of his confinement, Christopher took his friend to his own lodging, where they spent a few months together in retirement, in order that they might strengthen and fortify themselves by the study of the Holy Scriptures, before they again entered into a world abounding with temptations. After they had publicly testified their faith, and sealed their

friendship, by partaking together of the Lord's Supper, Christopher brought his friend's wife to him, accompanied by his only son, to whom she had given birth at the time of the trial..... It was not long before this devoted and selfdenying young Israelite became seriously ill ; but he was resigned, and full of peace and comfort. While lying on his sick bed he was frequently heard to pronounce the name of his friend, and to pray earnestly that the Lord would keep him steadfast in the faith, and grant that he might let his light shine before men, and especially before the members of his own family, whom he had so deeply wounded; yea, that the Lord would even make him the blessed instrument of bringing them also to a knowledge of his salvation.

Filled with gratitude to God who had brought him out of darkness into his marvellous light, and had “ crowned him with loving-kindness and tender mercies," Christopher exclaimed with his dying breath, Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace; for mine eyes thy salvation." (Luke xi. 29, 30.)

And now he beholds face to face the Saviour whom he loved, in whom he believed with all his heart, and whom he followed faithfully to the end. His faith had not been put to shame, neither was

for his friend unanswered. He who once was an alien from God, and was a stranger to the covenant of promise, now walked consistently in “ the narrow way which leadeth unto life; not only his wife, but both her parents, were brought by his example, to see the mysterious power of the Gospel, and experienced its saving influence in their own hearts. They too, though not open transgressors of the law of

his prayer

have seen God, were brought to a knowledge of their lost condition, of their separation from God by sin, and of their need of a Saviour. They learnt to know Jesus Christ, to love him, and to follow him ; to renounce the world and its lusts, and to walk joyfully in the way of God's commandments. The proud and the self-righteous, indeed, looked with disdain on these “ saints,” as they reproachfully called them; especially on the former transgressor ; but the children of God gave praise to their Heavenly Father, who of his great goodness and longsuffering had mercy on the malefactor, and overruled his heineous deeds for the salvation of his immortal soul, and by the mysterious dealings of his providence, blessed them to the souls of others.

When Israel's seed, by unbelief and sin,
Fell from their bright and once exalted place;
God did not cast them off, but hedged them in,
And chose a remnant that should seek his face.
“ Blindness,” indeed, he said, “ in part should fall
Upon this erring race; but only till
The Gospel of the Cross be preached to all,
And Gentile times their days of grace fulfil.”
And further yet the word of promise stands :
That, “when again graft in their olive tree,
Israel shall be the heralds to all lands,
Of that salvation which has set them free."
Yes, in that day, that long expected day,
The tide of Gospel truth shall visit all :
Gentile and Jew shall own Messiah's sway,
And, fill’d with love andawe, before his footstool fall.

E. M. L.

CHANGE OF NAME TO AVERT DEATH. It is one mark of all false systems of religion and superstition, that they offer to the dying sinner

only "refuges of lies." This is seen in heathenism, in Popery and in Judaism. Christianity alone offers full, free salvation by an Almighty and ever willing Saviour, whose blood atones for our transgressions, and whose merits are all-sufficient.

Judaism, called by St. Paul “ the Jews religion,” consists of the traditions of men. That Apostle, when he says, that he “profited above many

who were his equals” in age, in the Jews' religion, tells us in what that religion consists, being, he adds, more exceedingly zealous of the “ traditions of the Fathers.” Our Saviour told the Pharisees, that they made void the law through traditions ; that they rejected the word of God that they might keep their own traditions. Thus, whilst true Judaism, which is the religion of Moses and the Prophets, agrees with the doctrines of the New Testament,-is the Gospel preached in type and prophecy; false Judaism, -the religion of the modern Jews—is alike opposed to both Old Testament and New, and offers in its vain traditions, but “ refuges of lies” to the enquiries of the anxious spirit.

Thus the changing of the name of a person dangerously ill is an invention of the Rabbies, or of Satan, acting through them, for the delusion of dying men. The Talmud is full of such tricks and subterfuges. The sick person's name is changed, in order to save his life, when it is

supposed he is about to die, in pursuance of a sen. tence pronounced and a warrant delivered into the hands of the executioner on the day of atonement. Now both this sentence and the warrant, it is affirmed, become null and void, when the person against whom they are directed bears another

The warrant mentions Joseph; the exe


cutioner—the Angel of death—comes to take the life of Joseph; but lo! he eludes both the warrant and the officer, he has changed his name: Joseph has become Samuel. His name is not in the warrant. What a clever trick is this ! Alas that men should be found to believe such a lie, and sport thus with the Allwise and Almighty Creator, whose sentence they believe has appointed this man to die.

In order to give the change of name publicity, as well as to make it legal, it has to be done in the Synagogue, in the presence of a certain number of persons. The following is the substance of the form of attestation which is used :

May it please the God of our Fathers, to make the change of name serve for the abolishing of the decree thou hast made, and cause thee to revoke that sentence which thou hast pronounced against the name of Joseph,) which ought not to be executed against the name (of Samuel). He is at this present time become another man, as an infant new-born, to live a holy life to the end of his days.”


JERUSALEM. ONE of the most deeply interesting spots in Jerusalem is the Jews' place of wailing. This is a spot on the western side of the area in which the Temple stood. Here are courses of masonry of very large stones, which doubtless have remained there from the time of Herod, if they are not of much more distant antiquity. A representation of these is given in “ Bartlett's Walks about Jerusalem,” and also an interesting

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