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TABLEAU GÉNÉRAL DE LA NAVIGATION DE L'AMÉRIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE.
Depuis le premier Janvier 1769, jusqu'au premier Janvier 1770.
Pour le Continent
Pour les Indes
Pour l'Afrique & le
Pour l'Irlande &
The tenth and last volume confifts entirely of general re. flections on the following subjects : religion, government, policy, war, naval affairs, commerce, agriculture, manufaclures, population, taxes, public credit, the fine arts, philosophy, morals, and the effects of the discovery of America. In this part of the work, the Author unfolds his opinions at large, and without reserve: and they are for the most part so original and curious, and often so contrary to the notions which are commonly received, that there is no doubt of their engaging a very considerable share of the public attention, and consequently, on some future occasion paffing again under our inspection. This expectation, together with the great difficulty of making a selection from materials which are so interesting throughout, induce us at present to content ourselves with a general notice of these volumes.
To this edition of the Abbé Raynal's History is added, in quarto, an Atlas, drawn up on purpose for the work, confifting of 49 maps ; to which is prefixed a succinct analysis, explaining the maps, and enumerating the authorities on which they are constructed.
ART. XI. The following Correspondence was intended for the Month of
June, but came too late for Infertion.
I T A L Y.
ing philosophy, sees its votaries multiply daily, and is cultivated in Italy with unremitting ardour and succefs. A new production in this line has been lately published at Turin and Milan under the following title, Mineralogie Sicilienne, Dacia mastique et Metallurgique, &c. i. e. Sicilian, docimaftic, and metallurgical mineralogy, or an account of all the minerals contained in the island of Sicily, with a circumftantial description of the mines and quarries, and a history of all the works that have been carried on in them, both in ancient and modern times. To which is subjoined, a Sicilian minero-hydrology, or a description of all the mineral waters of that island, together with 13 tables, containing the earths, stones, salts, bitumens, metals, semi-metals, mineralizers, mineral waters hot and cold, which are known in Sicily. By the author of the Sicilian Lithology. 8vo. Price 5 French livres. 1782.
Lettres sur la Sicile et sur l'Ile de Malte, &c. i. e. Letters concerning Sicily and the Ife of Malta, written in the Years 1776 and 1777, by Count de Borch, Member of several Aca.
demies, to the Count C. of V. and designed as a Supplement to Mr. Brydone's Travels in Sicily and Malia. 2 vols 8vo. Turin, 1782. Price in French livres. These letters contain some new instruction; and Count Borch has augmented the number of interesting observations made on this famous island by preceding travellers. This work is enriched with 27 plates, engraven by Mr. Chr. De l'Acqua, of Vicenza, an artist of the first rate; as also with three maps, which represent ancient and modern Sicily, and the environs of Mount Ætna. All these plates and maps were engraven after the original drawings of Count Borch, except the view of the temple of Juno-Lucina, at Agrigentum, which is executed after the draw: ing of Mr. Ph. Hockert, whose productions are well known to the connoisseurs.
Opuscoli, &c. i. e. Physico-Chymical Treatises (Opuscula), by M. LANDRIANI. 8vo." Milan, 1781. The Chevalier Lana DRIANI is an adept in experimental philosophy and chemistry, and has already given the public several proofs of his knowledge and talents in these combined walks of science. Of the five treatises contained in the work before us, the first exhibits an account of a machine invented by him, by means of which it may be known, at a single observation, how much rain has fallen in a day, as also the time and duration of its fall. The second contains a method of varnishing butterflies and other insects, in order to preserve their form and colours. The subject of the third is the conversion of all acids into one. The Author undertakes to demonstrate, that all acids may be changed into fixed air, i.e. into aerial acid; and he concludes from thence, that the acid of fixed air ought to be considered as the universal acid. The fourth treatise contains an account of all the discoveries that have been hitherto made relative to that kind of fire which exifts in bodies, without giving any external mark of its presence; this matter is illustrated by new experiments and observations. In the fifth and laft, M. LANDRIANÍ shews, that depblogisticated air may be obtained not only from the nitrous acid, but also from the vitriolic, marine, and arsenical acids,
Lezioni, &c. i. e. Lectures on Disorders of the Eyes, for the Use of the New University, founded by the King of Naples, in the Hospital for Incurables. By M. MICHAEL Troja, Royal Professor in that Univerficy. 8vo. 403 Pages, with Two Plates. Naples, 1781.-The fixteen lectures, contained in this volume, are divided into three fections. The first treats of the anatomy of the eye, and of every part of it relative to vision. The second, of the disorders incident to the external parts that surround the globe of the eye. The third, of the disorders of the eye itself, and of its various membranes.
Rifeffioni, &c. i. e. Reflexions concerning the Inequality oferoable among Men. By the Marquis F. A. GRIMALDI. 3 vols. 8vo. Naples.-These reflexions contain interesting materials for a history of man, whose inequalities on diffimilar aspects this noble author confiders with refpc&t to his physal, moral, and civil state. He has been carefully on his guard against the illusion of fancy and systematic prejudices in this philosophical tablature of human nature, which discovers no common degree of fagacity, judgment and learning.
Le Saros Meteorologique, ou Esai d'un nouveau Cycle pour le retour des Saisons. i. e. The Meteorological Saros, or an Essay concerning a new Cycle of Seasons. By the Abbé TOALDO, Professor of Astronomy at Padua. 15 pages 4to. This very learned astronomer, in the second edition of his meteorological effay on the infinence of the heavenly bodies, mentioned a curious discovery he had made of a period in the return of the seasons, or a ferics, at the end of which the same tem per 2ture of seasons returns in regular revolutions. The illustration and proofs of this discovery are contained in the short Memoir before us. Saras is the denomination of a period, among the ancients, of which the real duration is unknown, but which fome authors suppose to have been the period of eighteen years, mentioned by Pliny and Ptolemy, which brings back the eclipses and inequalities of the moon in the same order, and was for. merly employed to predict eclipses. The Abbé TOALDO has found this period as important for the science of meteorology, as for that of astronomy, as it has appeared to him to bring back, nearly in the same order, dry and rainy, cold and warm years. This he proves by a table of observations, made from the year 1725 to 1781. The resemblance of the three periods, contained in this space of time is remarkable. In the period, for example, between 1743 and 1760, there are 68 lunations or months marked as very moist, and in the succeeding period, from 1761 to 1778, there is exactly the same number of months marked in the same way. There are, indeed, somewhat fewer lunations so marked in the firft of the three periods contained in this table, and this might bring up to the remembrance of an objector the old proverb, that two swallows de net make a summer; our Abbé, however, tells us, that the first faras or period resembles the two others, notwithstanding this imall difference.
The months that are marked as moderately moist, correspond nearly with each other in the three periods. Of go lunations taken from each period there are more than 30 that agree perfeetly in all the three. Our Author has more than once observed, that a storm, or a violent gust of wind has been re