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manner of good old Peter Sterry of Cromwellian memory ; and like him and Jeremy White, espouses the doctrine of a Universal Resti. TUTION. Art. 52. Hymns in Profe for Children. By the Author of Lef
sons for Children. i zmo. I s. Johnson. 1781. The desigo of these Hymns is to impress the infant mind with early ideas of God, by connecting religion with a variety of sensible objects, and with every thing that affects it with wonder or delighe; and thus, by deep, strong, and permanent associations, to lay the beft foundation for pradical devotion in future lise.
Speaking of hymns in verse, adapted to the capacities of children, Mrs. Barbauld has a very judicious observation : “ It may well be doubted whether poetry ought to be lowered to the capacities of chil. dren, or whether they should not rather be kept from reading verse till they are able to relish good verse : for the very essence of poetry is an elevation in thought and style above the common ftandard ; and if it wants this character, it wants all that renders it valuable." Art. 53. A Letter from a Catholic Christian to his Roman Catholic
Friend. 8vo. 6 d. Worcester, printed.' 1780. Art. 54. An Esay on the Law of Celibacy imposed on the Clergy of the
Roman Catholic Church, and observed in all the Orders abroad; in which are delineated its Rise and Progress, from the most early ages of its Existence, down to the present Times : and the Impropriety of this Ecclesiastical Constitution is shewn, whether it be considered in a moral, a physical, or a political Light. As also a summary Account is given of the monastic Life ; of the Prejudices which chiefly contributed to introduce it; and in what Manner these have been perpetuated, &c. Interspersed with various Remarks on several other Observances of the Roman Catholic discipline. 8vo. 3 $. Worcester, printed.' London, fold by Rivington, 1781.
We unite these two pamphlets in one article, as they have borb che same author, and their subjects are connected. In the firft we find the Writer modestly and handsomely apologizing for his having separated himself from the church of Rome, in which he had been educated, ordained a priest, and continued for some time to discharge the functions annexed to that character. This letter is written with an apparent candour and integrity, which does the Author honour. He ftill considers himself as a Chriftian minister. Among other remarks, he supposes the question to be proposed, Whether he fill intends to continue in a itate of celibacy?' To this he replies in the negative. And by this means he is led to enquire a little into the grounds of this practice in the Romish church ; which gave rise to the second very sensible pamphlet, the subjects of which are particularized in the above title. In general, to Proteftants, especially fuch who have used a little refection, it is unnecessary to offer much in order to prove the unreasonable and absurd conduct of the church of Rome on this point of celibacy, as well as others; and accordingly our Author remarks:
• This labour may appear, perhaps, at first fight, fuperfluous, and the whole controversy of little importance, io a kingdom where peither the obliga:ion, nor propriety of such a law, with respect to the numerous body of the Chriftian clergy, is admitted. But as it is a fact, that these institutions are not only revered as sacred by many of our fellow-citizens, who fly to a voluntary exile in foreign climates, to the prejudice of their mother-country, and by thousands of either sex in every flate where the Roman Catholic discipline prevails, to the detriment of society in general, it is the interest of every indivi. dual, of every citizen of the world, to have this matter duly canvalsed, and exhibited in its proper light. Thus considered, it is no longer a subject fit merely for private speculation and debate, but becomes of public concern, and claims the attention of all who have at heart the general advantage of mankind, and are willing to promote its welfare.
To the above we may add a farther passage, in which it is said, 'My with is rather to be useful, by contributing to support what I really efeem the cause of truth, than to seek unmerited and unsatisfactory applause, by advancing any opinions which may disturb the peace of the community. On the contrary, it is in the defence of its most facred rights that I have here presumed to stand forth, without any other pretenfions to the favour of the Public, than what the merits of the cause itself may deserve. I have combated millaken notions thac bave long prevailed; but I have neither treated them ludicrously nor with contempt. Ancient prejudices deserve at all times a certain degree of respect; but our deference for them should not be carried so far as to command our filent homage, when they evidently tend to deftroy the happiness of mankind.'
The Author's fpirit and manner of writing are agreeable to these profeflions. He appears like an honest man, a man who feels him. felf happy in being released from chains by which he once was Ihack. led, and at the same time does not seem to entertain any of that ran.
cour and bitterness of temper which new converts, especially if haly 3. and intereited, have sometimes discovered ; but writes at once like a
man, a scholat, and a Christian. It needs hardly be said, that he establishes his point; in several controversies it is difficult to affirm this on either lide, but here, we apprehend, it may be done with Rafety. Bossuet's saying concerning theatrical entertainments is properly applied on this occafion : Il y a de grands exemples pour, mais de fortes raifons contre. It may be pleaded for from great examples, bot there are folid arguments against the practice. Art. 55. Sermons preached before the University of Cam
bridge. By Peter Stephen Goddard, D.D. Master of Clare-Hall. 8vo. 45. Boards. Rivington. 1781.
Io chefe Sermons Dr. G, infiis on the following topics; A true and zealous Christian the greatest and best of characters; Eternal life clearly and fully revealed by the Gospel only; Ridicule Bo teft of truth; The freedom of man's will conliftent with the grace of God; Our Lord's treatment of the woman of Canaan explained and jutti. fied ; Needless curiofity; A day of grace and a day of wrath ; fins of infirmity and fins of presumption; Covetousnefs idolatry; Criminal compliance with prevailing customs ; Hezekiah's behaviour on receiving the message from God by Isaiah ; The duty of prayer ; Duty both of the preacher and his hearers :--To which is added, Concio ad Clerum, a Latin oration delivered in 1761.
Thefe discourses are principally recommended by solid sense, and a tendency to improve and amend the heart; which, after all, are the best recommendations that pulpit compofitions can have : they are not remarkable for the beauties of language, or elegance of fepciment and expreslion ; but they are grave, serious, plain, pradical, and judicious; adapted to perfuade men to attend with diligence to those objects which are of the greatest moment to their present and future welfare.
The drift and aim of the discourses is co do good to the heart; they present those weighty seflections and pertinent addresses which are likely to have an happy influence on those who will peruse them with due attention.
The Concio ad Clerum is to be regarded as an ingenious Latin oration.
SERMON S. 1. Preached before the Univerfity of Oxford, at St. Mary's, Nos
vember 5th, 1781. By William Crowe, LL.B. Fellow of New College. 4to. 13. Cadell. 1781.
This is a well-written discourse, and in some respects remarkable. While the Author properly celebrates the events which must ever render the 4th and sth days of November memorable in the English annals, he pleads in favour of those Roman Catholics resident among U's, from the considerations, that their number is inconfiderable, their disposition peaceable and loyal, and farther, that the Romila power is no longer an object of dread. It may be said, in answer to this, that if the real principles of Popery have always the fame tendency, they must be unfriendly to liberty. But we will not dispute the point. We'must, however, object, as we bave often done on other occasions, to the infinuation, that the late dreadful and furious havock in London was effected by the Protestant Association. No fufficient reason has yet appeared to induce us to believe this, and there is great cause to think otherwise. What renders this Oxford Discourfe principally remarkable, is the proper manner in which the Author speaks on the fabject of religious liberty, and the account that is given of the present state of our country, when he mentions our unfortunate dispute with America as a war of apprehenfion and dismay, and fays, Surely that state cannot but be in a perilous condition, where, on one hand, corruption maintains a wide and increafing influence, acknowledged but uncontrouled, and prodigal beyond example: on the other, a people indulge themselves in idle and luxurious dilipa. tion, so to avoid reflections too serious and too distressful, because they care not, or despair of the commonwealth. Yet these, and other practices as bad as these, are but as diseases wbich a sound constitution may throw off, and again recover its pristine health. Much worse is the case, when national principles are vitiated; when, for infance, it is asserted with a wicked boldness, that corruption is useful and necessary to the government; or when those plain and sacred doctrines of civil liberty, which no fophiftry can perplex, and no strength of argument confute, are slandered with the injurious name of empty speculations. These are dreadful and fatal tokens, and usleis fome antidote can subdue their malignity, the confitution in which they are found will soon decline into that state of agony and despair, when its evils shall be both intolerable and ipçurable.'
From this gloomy prospect the Preacher turns himself to that great Being who only can deliver, and with humble, earneit piety, supplicates his guidance and his aid. And with this reverent address the Sermon concludes. IJ. Preached in the Cathedral at York, July 20, 1781, at the Adizes. . By Samuel Beilby, M. A. Chaplain to the Duke of Rutland, Roc
tor of Folkton, &c. 8vo. Is. Baldwin. An ingenious harangue against slander and detraction, from Ticus jii. 2. Speak evil of no man. At the same time recommending a
proper, manly, constitutional obedience to magiftrates ;' and exhorting us to support the spirit of the gofpel with vigour and prudence, blended with meekness and moderation. While the Preacher laments the dishonour brought on the Christian cause by the uncharitable conduct of many of its professors, he adds, ' Let us forget, if possible, the late daring attempts of fanaticism to overave the legislature, to destroy our fenators, and to fire the capital.' We particularize this passage, because it cafts an odium on a set of people, who, por fibly, do not deserve it, and therefore if unjust, becomes properly à Jiander. It has cos yet appeared with any certainty, that the hora rid devaftation which lately disgraced our metropolis, was really made by the petitioners against Popery. In truth, it rather feems to have, been efected by the felons, &c. who were, by a general gaol-deli. very, let out of the prisons by the rioters, in order to fet at liberty sach of their companions as had been taken into custody. III. The Christian Duty of cultivating a Spirit of universal Benevolence
amidt be present unhappy national Hoftilities., Preached July 4. 1781, at Bradford in Yorkhire, before an Assembly of Diffenting Minifters. By William Wood. 8vo. 6 d. Johnson.
In this ingenious, lively discourse, the Preacher's aim is to per-, fuade as, ' while we love our country, and fervently pray that proAperity may be zuithin her palaces, to be careful that we do not hate the reft of mankind.'. Had it been preached before those depredators ia the East Indies, who have disgraced the English name; or before others abroad and at home, whose desire and labour is to enrich and aggrandize themselves with the spoil and plander of their own or ober countries, it had been very feasonable, and might have proved osefol. Universal benevolence, good will and good wishes towards all men, without distinction, is, however, agreeable to the excellent Spirit of the gospel, and should be inculcated and cherished by every human being; at the same time that their more direct attention must be paid to immediate connections, and to their own country.
Though this kingdom is unhappily engaged in war with different dations, we hope that our people, in general, do not maintain a spirit of hatred and rancour even towards those who, in a more public view, may be deemed enemies. Such a spirit may indeed be politically cherished among some ranks, or may be excited in those who are more immediate spectators of the calamities and cruelies of war; but we trust it is not generally prevalent. This Sermon agreeably recommends an oppofte temper, and urges us to be kindly affectioned to
the whole human race, as children of one Almighty and All-gracious Parent. IV. Preached at the Anniversary Meeting of the Sons of the Clergy,
in the Cathedral of St. Paul, May 11, 1780. By John Law, D.D. Archdeacon of Rochester, &c. 410.
Cadell, &c. This Discourse, from Pfalm Ixviii. 5. is well calculated for the occa. fion on which it was dire&tly delivered. The Preacher endeavours to remove certain objections which might poflibly be urged, and then offers some affecting and weighty confiderations to enforce an attention to this charity. Particular norice is taken of a late generous benefactress, Mrs. Elizabeth Dongworth, late of Durham, who bequeathed the sum of 1000 l. which was received in July 1780. The secretary to this charity having found that his desiga, of publishing an exact lift of the stewards and preachers, is approved, has now procured a more accurate account than has heretofore been given, and has affixed it to this Discourse, together with the Sums collected at the anniversary meetings, fince the year 1721.
CORRESPONDENCE. .. A “ Friend and conftant Reader," who dates at "Norwich, , January 20th,” expresses his dissatisfaction in regard to the account of Art. 28. in our Catalogue for December, as we have therein given no opinion of the merits of the several Thefes contained in Dr. Webfer's Collection. In our Review for February last, we mentioned the two preceding volumes of the Doctor's publication, and had our Correspondent perused that Article, he would, perhaps, have taken our word as to the " impoffibility” of our giving more than a lift of the subjects, with the names of the respective authors;” and would have faved himself the trouble of writing. If this apology does not meet his comprehension, let him become a Reviewer: let him one. dertake to cleanse the Augean table (no reflection on the Work to which he alludes), and then he will be convinced that none but, an Hercules is perfectly equal to the task. --Beside, the Iliad is not to be written in a Nutshell.-Indeed were every Review a folio, we are persuaded that we should still, from the multiplicity of the new publications that come before us, be obliged to dismiss many articles in the fummary way which this Correspondent refers to, in a single intance.
+++ Two Letters are received, concerning the rot in forep; with others on different fubje&s-which will be noticed hereafter.