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Prayer-A Covenant Privilege.
Bedford Square, London. Write when you can. My love to your family and all friends. Adieu.
James OSBOURN. Mr. GEORGE ARROWSMITH,
Of New York.
ITS SIMPLICITY IN THE HEART-THE
P.S. I have informed you somewhere in (We have received some little tracts pubthis letter, that all the sweet and solid rest lished by Mr. Collingridge, City Press, and peace found by me in these days, is in Long Lane, London, which (for the most the dear Redeemer; all out of him is part) contain sound, experimental, and marked with mortality and afford my soul interesting matter; and are adapted for no divine solace; but in Christ there is an gratuitous distribution. Why should ample store of most fragrant fruit to feast not the churches holding divine truth, an heavenly mind; and when the whole of have a Gospel Tract Society? From one it, or any part of the same is brought be- of these tracts, headed, PRAYER-AND fore me by the Holy Ghost, on it my soul ITS ANSWER,' we make the following exfeeds and thrives as the corn and vine; tract, which we believe our friends will and I heartily recommend all and every peruse with pleasure.-ED.] whit of it to you, and to each one that loves and fears God in and about the city of New York. I don't think you can well tell how very
"I was directed (says the writer) to one ardent my wish is that you and others may of the worst localities of our city, to enhave the testimony of Jesus confirmed inquire for an artizan, who was represented your heart; and that the substance of this to me as a skilful workman. With some divine testimony is, making known to the difficulty I found him out. He was a fineregenerate children of God their predesti- looking, intelligent young man, with a very nation to the adoption of sons. Yes, my saddened cast of countenance. In a foreign brother, this is that very momentous point accent, he returned my salutation,-and in the christian religion, which most of the glancing his eye round the miserable room, Lord's children in America, and in Eng- which contained but two chairs, one of land too seem to be in the dark about; which was occupied with a washing-pan, nor can I see that they are particularly he placed his own seat for me. I declined solicitous concerning it, though we are ex- taking it. After a minute's silence, he horted to give diligence to make our call- said, Our Lord Jesus Christ was poor : ing and election sure. They appear to me why should I care?! No,' I replied, you to be afraid of the exhilarating testimony need not, if through this, his poverty, you of Jesus, and of that liberty wherewith have been made rich; and if he feeds the Christ makes us free.
fowls of the air, surely he will take care of In one sense of the word it may be said, his own.' ' Aye,' said Graaffe, 'that is that they love darkness rather than light; what I want to feel; I want to give up and I know and am sure that this per- work. I answered, God has appointed us fectly agrees with the state of the church to labour.'. I don't mean there,' said he, of Christ at large is now in-a shut up pointing to his lathe, but I mean here, state-under a cloud-the bottles of heaven and he struck his breast as he spoke. “'Tis stayedthe joy of the heart ceased, and here I want to give up work-to be quietthe dance turned into mourning. This is to rest. I want to lay my head in my the condition of the church, even of the re- Father's lap and go asleep, and leave all
to generate church of Christ at this time; bis care.' And can you not ?" I asked. but still there are yet some few rejoicing: No,' said he, only for a little minute, and ones in Zion; and as by an act of divine it is gone, and I go to work again, and clemency they have been brought out from work harder here than there ; but God has under an old covenant state of things, so has said, 'What you build I will break they are now walking in the life, light, down, and what you plant I will pluck up.' spirit, love, comfort, and liberty of the Well, I said, “he is still the just God, everlasting gospel of Christ. And oh, that he does no iniquity.' 'I know it, I know you may again, and again, receive by faith it,' said the poor man, with affectionate the sweet refreshing testimony of Jesus, eagerness.
But sometimes our Lord and and then feelingly say, My beloved is mine, I have great fights which shall be master.' and I am his; and also make free with Well,' said I, ‘how do the battles end ?' him, and to him draw near, and on him
God reigns,' he answered, “and when he rest, and of him sing, and speak good of his makes me feel this, I lie like a little child name, and walk humbly before him all the at his feet, and tell him I will never try days of your life, and so shall it be well to be master again.' On further inquiries, with thee in the land of the living, and I drew from Graaffe his little history, the after death a crown of glory. J. O. latter part of which will serve to illustrate
my opening remarks. His father was a res“The Lord wili not bring to the birth pectable mechanic, a native of Dresden. and refuse strength to bring forth. Where- He brought up a family of five children ever there is soul-travail, there is labour creditably, and gave them an education and pain, and struggling with all prayer suited to their circumstances. The eldest and supplication in the spirit' for deliver- son, the subject of this brief account, marance, pardon, and peace. Wade.
ried a poor servant girl, which so greatly
displeased the father, that he would never , but it is only that which comes from God, see his son again. After a few years, the can go to God.' 'Well,' said the traveller,ʻif father died, and left his property and busi God has not given me prayer, I cannot have ness to the younger brother. This so greatly it, by your account, so it is not my fault.' disgusted Graaffe with his relatives and I did not say it was,' replied Graaffe, but country, that he determined to start for it is your loss, for I find it is very sweet to England. With little nioney, a misman- get what I want from God by prayer.''You aging wife, and scarcely a word of our lan- don't get much,' retorted the traveller, guage, he found himself in Plymouth. He dryly, for you geem poorer than you desoon set to his trade, but times were bad, serve to be. 'No,' replied Graaffe, 'I deand employment scarce. Day after day serve nothing but damnation; my poverty rolled on, and things waxed worse, till does not trouble me,- I only want to get Graaffe was nearly at his wits' end. One rid of this load, and feel my sins pardoned. night, when he was meditating upon the Well, why don't you pray for it,' asked aspect of affairs, it came into his mind to the traveller. 'ľ do,' answered "Graaffe, try the Lord in prayer. He did so; and but God will not be hurried; my prayers Providence seemed to smile upon his pe- do not alter God's mind, or hasten his acts. titions. This encouraged him to ask again. I believe all things are fixed by him, but he After some weeks of pleading for provi- teaches his children to talk to him, and ask dential mercy, with no little success, the for what he means to give, and wait bis Lord laid it upon his heart that he was a time for the answer." Well,' said the sinner, and then the Lord directed his traveller,' I do not understand you, but I cries and prayers for pardon. But how was deeply feel your kindness, and if I could he to be pardoned? Through Christ he repay you, I would. I have nothing worth knew, but how could God pardon him ? your acceptance, I know; but I have with Then the thought sprang up in his mind, if I me an old German Bible, that perhaps may had but a Bible that would tell me all, and serve to teach your little ones from.' Graaffe I should see if there were any pardoned in was almost stunned by this offer. The the Bible who were as bad as I. Well, traveller unfastened his small bundle, and thought Graaffe, the Lord has lately lis- drew forth the Bible. Graaffe snatched it tened to many a prayer, and given me with spasmodic grasp, and clasping it to many a meal when I asked it, surely he his breast, exclaimed, 'He does hear my will hear when I ask for spiritual food; prayer. Oh, what a God is my God! The traperhaps he will send me a German Bible. vellers were amazed at hisemotion, and still Month after month passed away,-Graaffe more so, when Graaffe declared this Bible prayed daily for a Bible, but no Bible came. had been the matter of his prayer for eight One evening as he was preparing some months. 'It would bave been kind of God wood for his work, at the door of his dwell- to give it me without prayer,' said Graaffe ing, two way-worn travellers passed, who 'but it was far kinder to teach me to pray addressed each other in German. Graaffe for it.' hailed them, and mutual inquiries were “This precious gift was greedily read, exchanged. The travellers were brothers, and the Lord graciously blessed the readon their way to London; they had neither ing to Graaffe. Light broke in upon his food nor money, and were purposing to soul,- liberty followed, and peace by the walk as far as they could, and rest for the blood of the cross was richly enjoyed. He night in the first shed they came to. Graaffe had been four years in Zion's way when I told them he was poor, but he would share met with him, and I soon found his soul was his supper with them, and give them the cast upon the Rock of eternal truth. God's shelter of his roof, for the sake of their sovereignty, in the everlasting salvation of father-land. The travellers were grateful his chosen church by the blood of the cross, for his offer, and gladly accepted it. Next was the foundation of his hope,-and an day they spoke of starting, but Graaffe per- experimental acquaintance of his deep desuaded them to stay till his return in the pravity, by divine teaching, drove him to afternoon. He was successful in selling embrace the rock for want of a shelter, some of his ingenious works during the and to live upon a free-grace God.” day, and was enabled to provide for the wants of the travellers, by giving them a Satan Sifting a Minister of Christ. good meal. “I wish,' said the elder traveller, I had it in my power to repay your kind- MY DEAR BROTHER IN THE LORD JESUS— ness, but I am poor.' 'I know what it is to Through the goodness of our New Covebe a stranger in a strange land, myself,' nant God and Father, I am permitted to replied Graaffe'' but I wish you knew how write to you once more. Since I last wrote to pray to God, and he would provide for to you it has pleased our heavenly Father your wants.'
My mother taught me some to cause me to pass through severe a flliclittle prayers,' answered the traveller, tion of body and deep distress of soul. The
when I was a child, and in times of dee devil and my own wicked heart have laid want I have repeated them, but I got no- hard at me; unbelief, carnality, legality, thing for it, so I gave up saying them.' 'O,' and darkness of soul, (as it regards my inanswered Graaffe, that is not what I mean; terest in the everlasting love of God, and my prayers were put in my heart by God; the work of Christ, and of any divine right like you, I have often repeated prayers, I had to be in the ministry,) have been tumbling me up and down at a fearful rate Thus, though the devil, the world, and the day and night.
flesh torment, trouble, and disquiet them, O, what groaning, crying, and agony it they cannot destroy them; for our dear has caused in my poor distracted soul At Jesus hath said, (and his words are truth,) the same time I was greatly afflicted with I give unto my sheep eternal life, and none pain and giddiness in my head. My dear shall pluck them out of my hand.? brother, I believe that the old serpent is de- My dear brother, excuse my scribble. I termined to give me all the annoyance he have had my dear young brother, Isaac can. As I was walking one day, he set upon Nutsey, (who is preaching to the dear peome with this temptation, there is neither ple at Partney, near Spilsby, whom I was God nor devil; heaven nor hell; and re- compelled reluctantly to leave) at Hull. I ligion is all á farce.' This temptation shewed him the Vessel, and gave him some came upon me so suddenly and powerfully home with him. He has written to me, that I absolutely stood still, and looked and tells me that he, with others have orround to know if any body was speaking to dered the Vessel. I am thankful it has got me. 'Now,' says he, you see that you are there, it will be a great help to them. deceived, and have been so all along'. The Brother Nutsey is a very amiable young distress of soul that this occasioned, I can- man, but very much exercised in his mind not describe. This temptation and dis- about the ministry, but I believe the Lord tress continued for some time. When I is leading him in the right way. May the tried to pray I could not. I felt I could do good Lord the Spirit keep him humble at nothing but groan and sigh because of the the foot of the cross. Amen and amen. soul anguish I was enduring. What to do, Your's truly,
D. WILSON. I knew not. I was at my wits' end. “ Well Hull : 20, Kingston Terrace, (I thought,) I will give it all up; for it is
Holderness Road. of no use.
I am undone for ever. But, 0, adored be the glorious Three-One Jeho- The Doctrine of the Cherubim vah ! who was pleased in his own time to
OPENED AND EXPLAINED. send me deliverance from the horrible pit.
(Continued from p. 233.) I cannot but admire his goodness in not only giving me deliverance, but also in the 2. The cherubim are in many places most manner in which the Holy Spirit effected manifestly distinguished from the divine it; which was nearly as follows: I had, as Being; they are represented as the seat and I have said, concluded in my own mind, throne on which he sits, and as a vehicle that I would give all up. Then, says thé in which he rides; so they are described at devil, 'CURSE GOD. This temptation seem- the first mention of them in Gen. iii. 24, ed to horrify my mind. No sooner had the where the words may be rendered he, Jehotemptation crossed my mind, than the fol- vah, inhabited the Cherubim, or dwelt with, lowing thought rushed like lightning over, or between them; and so he did in through my soul,' What, curse a being that the cherubim over the mercy-seat, from bedoes not exist? How foolish-how absurd !'|tween which he promised to commune with Yes; as if a voice said to me, 'absurd in Moses : and therefore, as before observed, is the extreme.' 'Yes, (cried my soul,) it is often described as dwelling between the absurd; THERE IS A GOD! THERE IS A cherubim, and on which he is said to ride, CHRIST! THERE IS A HEAVEN, AND HELL; See Exodus xxv. 22, Psalm lxxx. 1, and and glory to my precious Jesus, he has xviii. 10, and here the living creatures in saved my poor unworthy soul from that my text are said to be under the God of Ishell; and I will praise him for it.'
rael, and so distinct from him: and in John's I now felt some sweetness and power in vision are described as about the throne of that text which says, 'He taketh the wise God, and as distinct from him that sat upon in their own craftiness. Blessed be the it; and the seraphim in Isaiah's vision, the Lord, I had now another proof of his love same with the cherubim here, are also dispower, and faithfulness in Christ Jesus. tinguished from the Lord sitting on a throne CHRIST JESUS! O precious name to a sin- high and lifted up; and are represented as burdened, and satan-harassed, world-bated, attendants on him, and worshippers of him, and empty professor despised' soul! Well Isaiah vi. 1–3. may he be said to be our peace. From a 3. If the cherubim could be thought to be vast eternity he was contriving with the emblems of a plurality in the deity, they Father and the Holy Spirit about the na- would be emblems, not of a trinity of perture, medium, and perpetuity of our peace. sons, but rather of a quaternity, since the In the glorious gospel he has published cherubim had four faces, each distinct from peace. By his holy Spirit he gives peace one another: yea, John's four living creato his elect in the day of power and love, tures were four distinct animals, each bave and in renewed manifestations of his paring a distinct head and face: and the face doning love and blood, when he sets his be- of a man, both in his and Ezekiel’s living loved on high, and makes them inherit creatures, is as a distinct a face as any of the throne of glory. Who is like unto the the rest; and if they are emblems of perLord our God, who in his mercy leadeth sons, that must be so too; whereas the hu. forth his ransomed from the power of the man nature of Christ, this is said to be an enemy; and guides them by his strength emblem of, is no person ; Christ did not unto his holy habitation, so that he makes take an human person, but an human nathem dwell on high. (Isa. xxxiii. 16, 17.)'ture into union with his divine person, for
reasons that might be given; much less is mercy-seat, 1 Pet. i. 12, where mention is it a person in the Godhead, as this supposed made of angels being desirous to look into emblem would make it to be. Besides, the the mysteries of grace; though it may be human nature in Christ is his inferior na-observed that ministers of the word are ture, whereas the face of a man in the che- sometimes so called, and may be there rubim is the superior face, the rest being meant: however, John's four living creafaces of irrational animals.
tures cannot be angels, since they are so 4. If the cherubim were an hieroglyphic often distinguished from them; not only of the Trinity, this would give a similitude by their names, the one being called angels of the divine Being, and of that in him and the other living creatures in the same which is the most incomprehensible to us, place; but also by their situation, the liva Trinity of persons in the Deity; and would ing creatures are represented as nearest to furnish with an answer to such a question, the throne of God, and round about it, then suggested as unanswerable, To whom then the four and twenty elders next to them, will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye and round about them, and then the angels compare with him? Isaiah xl. 18, 25, and as round about both; but what puts it out xlvi. 5, for then it might be replied, To the of all doubt is, that these living creatures cherubim ; but there is no likeness of God, are by themselves owned to be redeemed to nor any to be made of him; though the Son God by the blood of the Lamb, out of every of God often appeared in an human form, kindred and tongue, people and nation : and in the fulness of time became incar- which cannot be said of angels; for as they nate; and the Holy Ghost once descended never sinned, they never stood in need of the as a dove; yet the Father's shape was never blood of Christ to redeem them. See Rev. v. seen at any time, John v. 37. This notion 8, 9, 11, and vii. 11, and xv. 7. Wherefore, also is repugnant to the second command, Since the four and twenty elders in the which forbids the making any likeness of visions of John are the representatives of any thing that is in heaven above, Exod. the gospel-churches, so called in allusion xx. 4, and then most certainly forbids the to the twenty-four stations of the Levites, making of any likeness of the divine Being: fixed in the times of David; who, as they Supposing the cherubim at the garden of in turn attend the service of the temple, Eden were made by God himself, as those represented the whole body of the people of in the tabernacle and temple were made Israel; so these twenty-four elders before by his order; yet he would never make, the throne, and the temple of God, reprenor order to be made, such as he forbid, sent the whole Israel of God, all the memwhich he must, if they bore the similitude bers of the gospel-church-state from first to of him; but the truth is, the cherubim last; and since the four living creatures were not a likeness of any thing above in are clearly distinguished from them both heaven, nor of any thing on earth; there by name and by situation, and by giving never having been seen nor known by any the lead to them in divine worship, as min. man on earth, as Josephus affirms, any such isters of the word do to the churches : it creature whom they describe; and a cer- remains, that the ministers of the gospel tain Jewish writer observes, the making of only can be meant by the living creatures, or them came not under the interdict or pro- the cherubim. See Rev. iv. 4, 6, 9, 10, and v. hibition of the second command; which if 8, 11, 14, and vii. 11, and by considering the made in the likeness of God it would. several places where they are made men
5. To all which may be added, if the che- tion of, this will appear to be the truth of rubim were known emblems of the Trinity, the matter. As will be shewn in our next. it can hardly be thought that any man would take the name of cherubim to him Lines addressed to a Young Minister. self, or impose it upon any of his family, or should be so called by others; yet we find a man with his family of this name,
Go forth, my friend, and preach
l'he oracles divine; Ezra ii: 59; Neh. vii. 61. And still less
And may the Spirit's brightest ray, would it be given as it is, to Antichrist, the
On thy hard labours shine. anti-type of the king of Tyre, the man of
Go forth in Jesus' name, sin and son of perdition, Ezek. xxviii. 14,
Ask wisdorn from on high ; where he is called the anointed cherub;
God has engaged to give it thee, which can never be in allusion to the divine
Thy Maker cannot lie. Being, and the persons in the Godhead; Speak of electing love; but may be in allusion to the ministers of
This glorious truth proclaim, the word, the cherubim are the emblems
Diffused throughout the written word
in one pure golden chain. of, as will be presently seen; since he is an ecclesiastical person, calls himself a bishop,
Speak of that 'council held,'
To rescue fallen man i an universal bishop, Christ's anointed vicar,
Held by the Father, Spirit, Son, and head of the church, the sole and infal
Ere time its conrse began. lible interpreter of the sacred scriptures.
• Fear not ;' take up thy cross, Nor, are the angels meant by the cherubim;
T'ho' weighty it may be: though this is a much better sense than the
Thy Saviour bore it first, and now
He intercedes for thee. former, and has been generally received by the Jews and Christians : and what has led
Then ro!l thy fears on him,
Go forth in his great name, many to embrace his sense is, the supposed allusion to the cherubim looking at the
And Calvary's lovely mysteries
To dying worms proclaim.
Two Ministers of the Gospel Walking in the Ordinances of the Lord's House.
DEAR BROTHER BANKS--Grace, mercy, and feelings do we pass through in these things ! peace be with thee. By the particular request a fear of being wrong-a hope of being right and desire of mine and your friends at this -a light on our path, and on the word-and place, I make an attempt to give you a brief then a cloud seems to cover all and we account of a day we spent together at Rip- question all we see through a glass darkly ; ley ; hoping it may be the means in the and thus it is all dark, and we cannot see Lord's hands, of stirring up the pure minds at all. of some of the Lord's living family to a In the midst of these things, the tenth practical obedience of our Commander's verse of the first chapter of the first epistle commands ; excited and moved by love, to the Corinthians was found by one of them, agreeable and in accordance with that por- which seemed to be good indeed in settling tion, . If ye love me, keep my command their minds on particular communion. ments ;' and (if it be the will of our God) to I having an invitation to preach one of confirm, and encourage, and comfort others their anniversary sermons the day you was at by the testimony and example of these pro- Knowl Hill, I felt impressed in writing an fessed followers of the Lamb.
answer about my coming, to say (not knowThere is a young man in the ministry of ing how they were situated) if the Lord had the name of Matthew Welland, whose min- opened his eyes to see the way the saints of istry the Lord has owned, and blessed to many God walked in former times, (the way of souls, who practised, as others do, that un- obedience, the Lord had left on record for scriptural and nowhere commanded system them to go now ;) and he, or any friend of man's inventing, flesh-pleasing, and in which had a desire to follow the Lord in the many instances, soul-deluding practice of way the fathers trod, we had a pool of sprinkling infants. Some time since his water deep enough, at Ripley, to bury such mind has been greatly exercised on that poor things as were dead to the law, as a point; searching for authority from the covenant of works, whose souls hung and Word of God, and finding none, he was clung to Christ alone for salvation ; dead to obliged to refuse and decline this false sin as it regards its service; that they had institute, feeling conscience upbraid and no pleasure therein, though they found it condemn for the neglect of the Lord's plain alive in all their members, warring against commands to them that believe. If I un- the law of their mind, and bringing them derstood right he got some help and en- into captivity ; dead to the world, as being couragement from the ministry of our dear their home, resting place, or element, and brother, James Raynsford, on this point. In that could say the time past of our life sufcommunicating publicly and privately he ficeth us to have wrought the will of the found he was not alone in this exercise ; for, Gentiles. Now they that say such things 'he had brethren and sisters in this trial, declare plainly that they seek a city which who inwardly longed to follow their Lord, hath foundations, whose Builder and Maker is but they did not know how or which way; God, and there were a few travellers at having little or no acquaintance with the Ripley, with myself, who would give them a dippers, or their place or mode; having hearty welcome to follow our Lord in the never seen what they found in the Scriptures good old way of the Master's example; not to of truth. These souls had desired to form obtain salvation ; but out of love to the Lord. themselves into a church ; and as the Lord In answer to this, a communication came was pleased to open their eyes to see for that there were ten or eleven willing and dethemselves in his truth, it was baptised be- sirous of being baptised; and that they had lievers according to God's word, who should made, or given a confession of their faith in compose the church, fresh difficulties arose, the Lord Jesus Christ, and that they, with as some of their friends, whom they loved one of their ministers, would, on Monday, and received, were of a contrary opinion with September 11, come to Ripley, and there them, counting it fleshly, non-essential, un- make an open profession of their attachment important, and quite unnecessary; thus the to the Lord and his ways, as there was much commands of our dear Lord are slighted, water at Ripley, and a good report of some treated with indifference, and his followers honest souls, so they saw nothing to hinder. branded with trusting to it for salvation. Three of our kind hearted friends proposed Why do they not throw out some of their meeting them on the road a mile or two; aspersions on the spotless Lamb in Jordan's which they did, and thus got their up and river? This is a place of trial for helpless down (journey of eighteen or nineteen and ones.' And as one says,
more miles) over between ten and eleven Prayer is a weapon for the feeble,
o'clock, in time for our service to commence. Helpless souls can wield it best.
A good gathering of friends from Guildford, So I trust they found it. What mingled | Godlingham, Farnham, Woking, &c., were